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Addiction & Health

Mahbobeh Oroei, Ali Asghar Peyvandi, Farhad Mokhtarinejad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Bharat Sankhla, Khushboo Kachhwaha, Sayed Yawer Hussain, Shikha Saxena, Sundaragiri Krishna Sireesha, Akshay Bhargava
Oral cancer is a highly lethal disease and one of the most debilitating and disfiguring of all malignancies in the world. According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2010 report, 60% of tobacco users in India use only smokeless tobacco. Among 206 million smokeless tobacco users, 65.1 million are consuming gutkha. In recent years, gutkha is recognized as a life threatening disorder with the serious health consequences. The aim of this review is to increase the attention to complete ban of tobacco use, awareness, knowledge, and beliefs of public about the harms of not only gutkha but also all other tobacco products and also to promote the intentions to quit the habits...
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Farzaneh Farmani, Hadi Farhadi, Younes Mohammadi
Background: This comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to assess the associated factors of maintenance in patients with methadone therapy in the world. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed from several scientific databases; these include PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, and MEDLINE. We searched the following keywords: "Methadone", "Maintenance", "Retention", "Meta-analysis" and "Associated factors"...
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Masoomeh Koozegar, Armita Shahesmaeili, Mehdi Noroozi
Background: The study aimed to evaluate the interval between first drug use and regular injection and factors associated with transition from first injection into premature regular injection among people who inject drugs (PWIDs). Methods: In a multicenter cross-sectional study, we recruited 400 PWIDs using snowball sampling. Age of first drug use, age of initiation of regular injection, and demographic and behavioral data were collected using face to face interview...
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Shahin Eslami-Saaraab, Heidar Eslami-Shahrbabaki, Mahinin Eslami-Shahrbabaki, Shirin Motaghyan
Background: The study of temperament and problem-solving styles in people with substance abuse is important in promoting the functions of prevention and treatment of this social problem. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the nature and problem-solving skills of methadone treated patients with buprenorphine treated patients. Methods: This study was performed on 62 patients and 54 patients randomly selected for buprenorphine and methadone treatment, respectively...
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Hamid Reza Khoddami-Vishteh, Hooman Narenjiha, Roya Noori, Azadeh Olyaei, Afsaneh Fard-Sanei, Monir Fekri, Ali Farhoudian
Background: To self-medicate substance dependence, many substance users consume herbal medicines delivered in herbal medicine shops which are prepared through non-standard methods using a variety of different materials. Hence, the present study was carried out aiming to investigate and analyze the content of such herbal medicines. Methods: Four herbal medicine shops were selected from each of the 22 zones of Tehran City, Iran, and a total of 95 samples were purchased...
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Fahimeh Mohseni, Raheleh Rafaiee
Background: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the largest non-governmental organization (NGO) for alcoholics in the world. During the recent decades, Iran has suffered from alcohol abuse and its consequences. Alcoholism is a taboo subject in Iran and there are few studies in this area. This is the first study in Iran to investigate the results of the activity of anonymous alcoholics. Methods: Data were collected from the improved members of the AA in Iran (n = 6197)...
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Mohammad Khodayarifard, Gholamreza Sohrabpour
Background: This paper investigated the effectiveness of narrative therapy in groups on psychological well-being and distress among Iranian women with addicted husbands. Methods: The research was an experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design along with follow-ups of one month and three months. The statistical population consisted of all the women with addicted husbands who referred to welfare and social service houses of district 10 in Tehran, Iran...
January 2018: Addiction & Health
Mahmood Alimohammadi, Hossein Jafari-Mansoorian, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Victoria Momenabadi, Seyed Mehdi Ghasemi, Kamaladdin Karimyan
Background: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death in the world, killing nearly 6 million people annually. This article is an investigation of measures implemented laws in the Iran to study the proposed strategy of control and reduce tobacco use based on the monitor, protect, offer, warn, enforce and raise (MPOWER) policy. Methods: All laws approved by the Parliament along with the instructions on tobacco control prepared by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade were collected and studied...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Marjan Rabani-Bavojdan, Mozhgan Rabani-Bavojdan, Ghodratollah Rajabizadeh, Nahid Kaviani, Ali Bahramnejad, Zohreh Ghaffari, Mehdi Shafiei-Bafti
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the harm reduction group therapy based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory on risky behaviors of sex workers in Kerman, Iran. Methods: A quasi-experimental two-group design (a random selection with pre-test and post-test) was used. A risky behaviors questionnaire was used to collect. The sample was selected among sex workers referring to drop-in centers in Kerman. Subjects were allocated to two groups and were randomly classified into two experimental and control groups...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Abdolrazagh Barzegar
Background: Drug abuse is a severe and chronic disorder that leaves morbidity, disability and premature mortality in the society. The study of death due to substance abuse provides useful information for local, national and international administrators. Thus, by identifying the factors that have an impact on overdose-related mortality we can provide suitable intervention for vulnerable groups. The aim of this study was an investigation of mortality rate caused by consumption of narcotic and psychoactive substances in Iran...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Mehdi Yaghubi, Fatemeh Zargar, Hossein Akbari
Background: Impulsivity is one of the causes of relapse that can affect treatment outcomes. Studies have shown that addiction treatments can reduce impulsivity in drug-dependent individuals. Studies also have suggested that mindfulness is associated with impulsivity. However, no study has investigated the effectiveness of the mindfulness-based intervention on impulsivity in opioid-dependent individuals. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) with treatment as usual (TAU) in terms of impulsivity and relapse for methadone-treated patients...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Niloofar Etemadi-Chardah, Bahman Matinpour, Rasoul Heshmati
Background: Addiction brings about severe and profound physical, psychological and social damages such as divorce, crime, and unemployment. The present study was to investigate the effectiveness of transactional analysis (TA) therapy on addiction intensity of woman patients treated with methadone. Methods: The research design was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all the addicted women who referred to any drug rehabilitation center of Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Saeed Samadi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Background: Alcohol consumption is a potential risk factor with acute and chronic health consequences and social impacts, which is more prominent among men. There is no precise statistics on the scope of alcohol consumption in Iran; however, there is some evidences showing an increasing trend, particularly among young generation. In order to evaluate the scope of this issue in Kerman, a large city in the south-east of Iran, this exploratory study was designed to approach a group of people having an experience of alcohol use in 2014...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Mohammadreza Davoudi, Abdollah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Sepehrmanesh
Background: Besides physical problems, cigarette smoking is associated with a high prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. One of the reasons behind high post-cessation smoking lapse and relapse rates is inattentiveness to these symptoms during the process of cessation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on male smokers' comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms and smoking cessation. Methods: This two-group pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial was done on a random sample of seventy male smokers...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Narges Mohammad-Najar, Elaheh Khoshnevis, Parinaz Banisi
Background: The increase of hope and quality of life (QOL) can play a significant role in improving the mental health of drug addicts. Accordingly, the present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of positive thinking skills training on hope and QOL of drug-dependent people. Methods: The present study is a quasi-experimental research with pre- and post-test design with the control group. The study population consisted of all men dependent on drugs who visited addiction treatment centers in Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
Nader Navabi, Afshin Asadi, Nouzar Nakhaee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Addiction & Health
Firoozeh Alavian, Saeedeh Ghiasvand, Hedayat Sahraei, Maryam Rafiei-Rad
Background: The amygdala is one of the nerve centers involved in drug reward. It is suggested that the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is involved in morphine dependency. The CeA gamma-aminobutyric acid-ergic (GABAergic) system is a mediator of morphine rewarding effects. In this research, the effects of stimulation or inhibition of CeA GABA type B (GABAB) receptors on sensitization acquisition to morphine-induced reward was evaluated in Wistar female rats using conditioned place preferential (CPP) method...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
Rosanna Mozafarinia, Mehrdad Assarian, Ahmad Ziaaddini
Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of substance abuse among students of selected schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among students in five schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire which was designed by the researcher. Questionnaires were distributed among participants selected using stratified random sampling...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
Sahar Rismantab-Sani, Babak Soltani, Siamak Soltani, Azadeh Memarian
Background: Studies have shown that Iran has a high rate of opiate abuse and the most prevalently used is opium. This study was aimed to evaluate risk factors in patients with acute opium intoxication who referred to Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran, in 2011. Methods: A total number of 383 patients with acute opium overdose, who were referred to the Emergency Department of Loghman Hakim Hospital in Tehran during 2011, were enrolled into this descriptive, cross-sectional study...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
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