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Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology

Sh Gheibi, M Noroozi, S Hejazi, M Karamyyar, H Farrokh-Eslamlou
BACKGROUND: Iron-deficiency anemia is a widespread public health problem with major consequences for human health especially, children. However, in a fraction of patients an underlying cause is never found during routine investigation. Recent studies have suggested an association between Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) infection and iron-deficiency anemia. CASE PRESENTATION: Here is reported four school aged children (two male, two female) with refractory severe iron-deficiency anemia associated H...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
M Forat-Yazdi, F Hosseini-Biouki, J Salehi, H Neamatzadeh, R Masoumi Dehshiri, Z Sadri, F Ghanizadeh, R Sheikhpour, H Zare-Zardini
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates RFC1 G80A polymorphism as a risk factor for a number of cancers. Increasing studies have been conducted on the association of RFC1 G80A polymorphism with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) risk. However, the results were controversial. The aim of the present study was to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship. MATERIALS AND METHOD: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar were searched to get the genetic association studies between RFC1 G80A polymorphism and ALL...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
R Mohammadi, B Ataei
BACKGROUND: Candida species are normal microflora of oral cavity, vagina, and gastrointestinal tract. They are the third most prevalent cause of pediatric health care-associated bloodstream fungal infection. This study aimed to provide an epidemiological feature of candidiasis and also presents an antifungal susceptibility profile of clinical Candida isolates among children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During July 2013 to February 2015, 105 patients from different hospitals of Isfahan, Iran, were examined for candidiasis by phenotypic tests...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
A H Jafari Nodoshan, A Hashemi, A Golzar, F Karami, R Akhondzaraini
BACKGROUND: Non-organic failure to thrive (NFTT) is the most common cause of failure to thrive (FTT) which is attributed to inadequate nutrition due to economic factors or parental neglect . NFTT can lead to a vicious cycle of poor and inadequate eating and severity of anemia. The aim of this study was to determine the hematological indices in children with NFTT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross sectional case control study, iron status and blood indices of forty five aged 6-60 months children with NFTT were evaluated and compared with 45 healthy control children (with matching of age and sex)...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
R Fallah, S Zare Bidoki, M Ordooei
BACKGROUND: Some researches have shown the association between iron deficiency and migraine headache in adults. The aim of present study was to evaluate efficacy of ferrous sulfate treatment on migraine headaches of 5-15 years old migraineur children with iron deficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a quasi- experimental study, monthly frequency, severity, duration and disability of headaches of 5-15 years old migraineur children that prophylactic therapy was indicated in them and had iron deficiency who were referred to Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran between 2013 and 2015 and were treated with 2mg/kg/day topiramate plus 4mg/kg/day of ferrous sulfate for three consecutive months, were evaluated and headache characteristics before and after treatment were compared...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
H Farhangi, A Ghasemi, A Banihashem, Z Badiei, L Jarahi, G Eslami, T Langaee
BACKGROUND: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is the most prevalent cause of thrombocytopenia in children. Despite the importance of ITP in children under 2-years old, only a few publications are available in the literature.ITP usually presents itself as isolated thrombocytopenia and mucocutaneous bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 187 under 2-year-old children diagnosed with ITP and treated at Dr. Sheikh Hospital from 2004 to 2011...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
F Binesh, A Hashemi, M VakilI, M M Shakeri, R Masoumi Dehshiri
BACKGROUND: Data on childhood and adolescent malignant tumors incidence are skimp in developing countries. In this study, we analyzed the incidence and trend of childhood and adolescent cancers in Yazd city, center of Iran between Jan 2004 and Dec 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The various types of malignant tumors were grouped pursuant to the International Classification for Cancer in Children. To analyze the data, descriptive and illative statistical methods were used...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
A Eghbali, B Taherkhanchi, B Bagheri, B Sadeghi Sedeh
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is an adverse effect of chemotherapy. Type of chemotherapy regimen is the most important factor causing mucositis. Oral mucositis is usually associated with transient decrease in saliva production. The goal was to study effects of gum consumption on oral mucositis in children undergoing chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized controlled trial was done in Amir Kabir Hospital, Arak, Iran. 130 children 5 to 15 years of age were studied...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
H Esfahani, M Ghorbanpor, A Tanasan
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood vessels, due to availability are used for many years in cancer patients, however in patients with potentially harmful drugs to skin (vesicant drugs) or difficult accessibility to vessels, the use of implantable port (totally implantable venous access port-TIVAP) devices with central vascular access are important. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 85 pediatric cancer patients younger than 16 years, with TIVAP implantation, were followed for their complications and outcome...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
E Zarepur, M Moghimi
Vascular abnormalities are characterized by increasing number of vessels. Salivary gland tumors are uncommon and their overall incidence is about 3 per 100000 per year. Salivary gland hemangioma makes up 1 % of all salivary gland tumors. Trismus resulting from parotid hemangioma is so rare. The patient was a 6-month-old boy with a huge lesion in his right parotid who referred to Shahid sadoughi hospital of Yazd, Iran. The lesion appeared at 4 months of age and had rapid growth and was suspected as hemangioma after clinical examination and patient had trismus...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
H Zare-Zardini, A Amiri, M Shanbedi, A Taheri-Kafrani, Z Sadri, F Ghanizadeh, H Neamatzadeh, R Sheikhpour, F Keyvani Boroujeni, R Masoumi Dehshiri, A Hashemi, M M Aminorroaya, M R Dehgahnzadeh, Sh Shahriari
Despite development of new approaches for the treatment of cancer disease, it is the second cause of mortality in world. Annually, 30000 persons die in Iran due to cancer diseases. Eighty percent of cancer patients are children which about 50% children lead to death. Given the high rate of cancer-related death, the new approaches for prevention, control, early diagnosis, and treatment of this disease seem necessary. Investigation of new strategies is the major challenge for scientists at recent century. Nanotechnology as a new scientific field with novel and small compounds utilized different fields over the past ten years especially in medicine...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
K Bolouki Moghaddam, M Zarkesh, A Kamali, S Dalili, A Heidarzadeh, A Hassanzadeh Rad
BACKGROUND: Interventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and Broncho pulmonary dysplasia(BPD) commonly occur in premature infants and they associate with platelet dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of MPV and occurrence of IVH and BPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 3 groups including IVH, BPD and control were compared. All participants were preterm neonates with <35 weeks of gestation. MPV was recorded during the first 48 hours of life for all cases...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
H Dalili, A Baghersalimi, S Dalili, F Pakdaman, A Hassanzadeh Rad, M Abbasi Kakroodi, S M Rezvany, Sh Koohmanaei
BACKGROUND: In the early months of life, Breastfeeding increases chance of survival, reduces recovery time after disease and mortality due to infections such as diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. However, infants who are exclusively breast-fed for more than 6 months in developing countries may be at increased risk of anemia. Therefore, the aim of study was to assess the relation between duration of breastfeeding and anemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, 400 neonates registered in primary health care system since birth time...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
F Moghaddam Tabrizi, S Barjasteh
BACK GROUND: Anemia in pregnancy is associated with increased rates of maternal and perinatal mortality, premature delivery, low birth weight, and other adverse outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 1405 Iranian pregnant women who delivered during 2015. Blood was collected from all the subjects to measure the hemoglobin (Hb) during 16-19 weeks, 22-24 weeks, and 34-36 weeks of gestation. According to the level of hemoglobin, it is divided into 4 groups...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
N Valizadeh, V Alinejad, S Hejazi, M Noroozi, A Hashemi, B Rahimi, Sh Nateghi
BACKGROUND: Iron overload is the main transfusion related side effects in patients with transfusion dependent hemoglobinopathies. Severe iron deposition in tissues leads to organ dysfunction. Many organs can be affected such as heart, liver, and endocrine organs. Cardiac failure and liver fibrosis are the consequent of Iron overload in transfusion dependent hemoglobinopathy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a safe, noninvasive, and accurate method for the assessment of iron deposition in different tissues...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
M Adib-Hajbaghery, M Ahmadi, Poormansouri S
BACKGROUND: Awareness of factors associated with quality of life (QOL) in patients with beta-Thalassemia major (β-TM) is necessary to develop clinical programs in order to improve social support and QOL in β-TM patients. This study aimed to examine QoL, depression, anxiety, and stress in β-TM patients in Ahvaz, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on173 β-TM patients aged ≥12 years (12-18=55, ≥19=118). Subjects were selected using a census method...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
M Mehrmohammadi
BACKGROUND: Parental blood variables are one of the most important medical-biological causes of intellectual and physical-movement disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between parents' blood variables (ABO and Rh blood type) and their relationship with frequency of intellectual and physical-movement disabilities in Isfahan province. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive-analytical study and 494 samples were selected from mothers with more than one disabled child and mothers with normal child using simple and multistage random methods...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
A Ghassemi, H Farhangi, Z Badiee, A Banihashem, M R Mosaddegh
BACKGROUND: Infections in critical care unit are high, and they are serious hospital problems. Infections acquired during the hospital stay are generally called nosocomial infections, initially known as infections arising after 48 h of hospital admission. The mostfrequent nosocomial infections (urinary, respiratory, gastroenteritis and blood stream infection) were common in patients at hospital.The aim was to study, the current status of nosocomial infection, rate of infection among hospitalized children at hematology-oncology ward of Dr...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
F Eskandari, A Allahverdi, H Nasiri, M Azad, N Kalantari, M Soleimani, H Zare-Zardini
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the ex vivo expansion of Umbilical Cord Blood hematopoietic stem cells on biocompatible nanofiber scaffolds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CD133+ hematopoietic stem cells were separated from umbilical cord blood using MidiMacs (positive selection) system by means of monocolonal antibody CD133 (microbeads); subsequently, flowcytometry method was done to assess the purity of separated cells. Isolated cells were cultured on plate (2 Dimensional) and fibronectin conjugated polyethersulfon nanofiber scaffold, simultaneously (3 Dimensional)...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
K Goudarzipour, A Jenabzadeh, H Mirzaei Ilali, B Behnam, H Tavassol
Background Solid pseudo-papillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) is a rare disease with a low malignant potential. Though it shows low malignant potential 10% to 15% of the cases show aggressive behavior with metastatic involvement of the liver. The symptoms include abdominal discomfort and abdominal pain. It is very rare in early years of age. This is the case of a 10 year old girl with abdominal pain and her evaluation revealed solid pseudo papillary tumor of pancreas. In family history, her grandmother died because of pancreas cancer...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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