Christopher Robinson, Evan Downs, Yanet De la Caridad Gomez, Chinonso Nduaguba, Parker Woolley, Giustino Varrassi, Jatinder Gill, Thomas T Simopoulos, Omar Viswanath, Cyrus A Yazdi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Notalgia paresthetica (NP) is a chronic cutaneous neuropathy primarily characterized by localized pruritus and associated dysesthesias, including sensations of pain, numbness, and tingling. The sensory neuropathy characteristic of NP is thought to result from spinal nerve entrapment caused by degenerative changes in the spine or musculoskeletal compression. This review summarizes the current medical literature with a focus on the past five years regarding NP, its pathophysiology, presentation, and current treatment options...
February 19, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Unmesh Khanvilkar, Hitesh Patil, Siddhesh Bandekar, Shirin Kshirsagar, Ajinkya M Pawar, Dian Agustin Wahjuningrum, Francesco Pagnoni, Rodolfo Reda, Alessio Zanza, Luca Testarelli
The pushout bond strength of root fillings at radicular dentin was investigated employing NaOCl, CHX, and homoeopathic mother tincture ( Arnica montana ) as an irrigant. Sixty human permanent single-rooted extracted teeth were decoronated. The root canals were instrumented using Pro taper universal rotary system (Dentsply Tulsa Dental; Tulsa, Oklahoma) and were prepared up to F3 apical size. The roots were then randomly divided into three groups according to irrigation solution ( n = 20) according to the final irrigation regimen: Group I: 3 mL 5...
February 17, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Athanasia Alexoudi, Efstathios Vlachakis, Stamatios Banos, Konstantinos Oikonomou, Panayiotis Patrikelis, Anastasia Verentzioti, Maria Stefanatou, Stylianos Gatzonis, Stefanos Korfias, Damianos Sakas
The introduction of ventricular shunts dramatically changed the outcome and quality of life of hydrocephalic patients. However, shunt surgery continues to be associated with numerous adverse events. Headache is one of the most common complications after shunt operation. It is often of prolonged duration, the symptoms resemble those of migraine, and pain does not respond to medication. We propose invasive peripheral nerve stimulation as a potential solution in the treatment of patients suffering from chronic headache associated with shunted hydrocephalus...
February 17, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Claudia Manini, Claudia Provenza, Leire Andrés, Igone Imaz, Rosa Guarch, Raffaelle Nunziata, José I López
Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is a rare event which it is specifically up to pathologists to bring to light correctly. The histological identification of such tumor-to-tumor cases is simple when the respective histologies are different but can be problematic if the case includes two carcinomas with similar cytoarchitecture viewed one inside the other under the microscope. We report four cases of this condition in which clear cell renal cell carcinoma is involved, either as a receptor or as a donor, and remark on the difficulties in recognizing some of them...
February 16, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Alina Cernasev, Rachel E Barenie, Breanne R Wofford, Jay Golden, Crystal Walker
BACKGROUND: The uptake of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) has revolutionized the fight against the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic. Consistent obstacles remain that have influenced the slow uptake of PrEP in the United States of America (USA). In order to address these barriers, pharmacists must be included in the dispensing and management of PrEP through collaborative pharmacy practice agreements (CPPAs). Our aim for this study was to characterize pharmacists' perceptions of initiating PrEP through a CPPA in the state of Tennessee...
February 15, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Mutali Musa, Marco Zeppieri, Ehimare S Enaholo, Ekele Chukwuyem, Carlo Salati
The cornea is a transparent avascular structure located in the front of the eye that refracts light entering the eyes and also serves as a barrier between the outside world and the internal contents of the eye. Like every other body part, the cornea may suffer insult from trauma, infection, and inflammation. In the case of trauma, a prior infection that left a scar, or conditions such as keratoconus that warrant the removal of all or part of the cornea (keratoplasty), it is important to use healthy donor corneal tissues and cells that can replace the damaged cornea...
February 14, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Panagiota Dourou, Kleanthi Gourounti, Aikaterini Lykeridou, Konstantina Gaitanou, Nikolaos Petrogiannis, Antigoni Sarantaki
Fertility-related stress can negatively impact infertile couples' quality of life (QoL). Most previous studies have concentrated on the effects of stress and infertility on individual persons, especially women, though infertility affects the QoL of both spouses. Our research aimed to investigate the roles of infertility and stress in couples' quality of life as a single unit. The research sample consisted of 202 spouses, i.e., 101 couples, with a mean age of 39.5 years (SD = 4.9 years) undergoing fertility treatment at Athens Naval Hospital-Assisted Reproduction Unit...
February 9, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Makoto Kondo, Yoshiaki Matsushima, Takehisa Nakanishi, Shohei Iida, Habe Koji, Keiichi Yamanaka
Rickettsia and Coxiella spp. are pathogens transmitted by ticks to humans. However, the developmental stage of the tick carrying the greatest risk of infection is unknown. Detection of pathogen-specific genes proves that ticks carrying Rickettsia or Coxiella spp. constitute a reservoir of infection. However, conventional PCR methods are unable to quantitate the pathogens within ticks. In the present study, we collected ticks in the endemic area of Japanese spotted fever, caused by Rickettsia japonica , and determined the rate of tick-borne pathogens carried by the ticks...
February 6, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Mutali Musa, Marco Zeppieri, Ehimare S Enaholo, Carlo Salati, Pier Camillo Parodi
Stem cells (SCs) have evolved as an interesting and viable factor in ophthalmologic patient care in the past decades. SCs have been classified as either embryonic, mesenchymal, tissue-specific, or induced pluripotent cells. Multiple novel management techniques and clinical trials have been established to date. While available publications are predominantly animal-model-based, significant material is derived from human studies and case-selected scenarios. This possibility of explanting cells from viable tissue to regenerate/repair damaged tissue points to an exciting future of therapeutic options in all fields of medicine, and ophthalmology is surely not left out...
February 4, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Alessandro Bertuccio, Stefano Marasco, Yaroslava Longhitano, Tatsiana Romenskaya, Angela Elia, Gianluca Mezzini, Matteo Vitali, Christian Zanza, Andrea Barbanera
External ventricular drainage is often considered a life-saving treatment in acute hydrocephalus. Given the large number of discussion points, the ideal management of EVD has not been completely clarified. The objective of this study was to review the most relevant scientific evidence about the management of EVD in its main clinical scenarios. We reviewed the most recent and relevant articles about indications, timing, management, and complications of EVD in neurocritical care, with particular interest in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) using the following keywords alone or matching with one another: intracranial pressure, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, intraventricular hemorrhage, external ventricular drainage, cerebrospinal shunt, intracranial pressure monitoring, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
January 31, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Luigi Falco, Maria Luigia Martucci, Fabio Valente, Marina Verrengia, Giuseppe Pacileo, Daniele Masarone
Even though acute heart failure (AHF) is one of the most common admission diagnoses globally, its pathogenesis is poorly understood, and there are few effective treatments available. Despite an heterogenous onset, congestion is the leading contributor to hospitalization, making it a crucial therapeutic target. Complete decongestion, nevertheless, may be hard to achieve, especially in patients with reduced end organ perfusion. In order to promote a personalised pathophysiological-based therapy for patients with AHF, we will address in this review the pathophysiological principles that underlie the clinical symptoms of AHF as well as examine how to assess them in clinical practice, suggesting that gaining a deeper understanding of pathophysiology might result in significant improvements in HF therapy...
January 31, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Ping-Chih Hsu, Tai-Di Chen, Tsung-Yu Tsai, Cheng-Ta Yang
Anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), combined with bevacizumab and platinum-based chemotherapy, have shown promising efficacy in treating metastatic non-squamous cell lung cancer in phase 3 clinical trials. However, drug-induced nephrotoxicity is an uncommon but threatening adverse effect when using this combination therapy, and should be evaluated and managed carefully. Here, we present two patients experiencing late-onset asymptomatic heavy proteinuria during the clinical trial...
January 30, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Alberto Di Martino, Gabriele Di Carlo, Davide Pederiva, Valentino Rossomando, Federico Pilla, Matteo Brunello, Claudio D'Agostino, Leonardo Tassinari, Eleonora Zamparini, Cesare Faldini
BACKGROUND: Two-stage exchange (TSE) arthroplasty is currently considered the gold standard for chronic periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs), despite a failure rate reported in up to 10% of patients. Little is known about the risk factors that may compromise successful TSE arthroplasty management in such patients. The main purpose of the current study was to highlight the potential risk factors of patients with chronic PJIs after THA managed by implant removal, outlining the differences between reimplanted patients and those that were never reimplanted because of a non-eradicated infection...
January 28, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Tomoko Akeda, Keiichi Yamanaka
The incidence of psoriasis, an intractable long-lasting inflammatory skin disease, is increasing and has many complications and comorbidities. Approximately 14% of patients have psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is not a rare disease worldwide, and some patients may have both PsA and RA. In the present study, we encountered seven patients with concurrent diagnoses of RA and psoriatic disease and reported the details of clinical data, treatment efficacy, and X-ray findings. The diagnosis may require not only classification criteria but also a comprehensive judgment in collaboration with rheumatology over time...
January 28, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Persefoni Kritikou, Athina Vadalouca, Martina Rekatsina, Giustino Varrassi, Ioanna Siafaka
The diagnosis of chronic neuropathic pain requires a laborious process and can be a very long journey for the patients, one that can be characterized as an "odyssey." Our aim was to describe the "diagnostic odyssey" associated with chronic neuropathic pain in the Greek context. Specialized clinicians working at dedicated chronic pain and palliative care centers were asked to participate in a survey regarding the diagnostic process in Greece. In total, 44 respondents provided information on the organization of their centers, the diagnostic process, and the perceived obstacles involved in the diagnosis of chronic neuropathic pain...
January 27, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Ira Glassman, Kevin H Nguyen, Jane Giess, Cheldon Alcantara, Michelle Booth, Vishwanath Venketaraman
Tuberculosis (TB) prevalence is increasing in developed nations and continuing to cause significant mortality in low- and middle-income countries. As a result of the uptick in cases, there also exists an increased prevalence of extrapulmonary TB. TB is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( M. tb ). When M. tb disseminates to the vertebral column, it is called Pott's disease or spinal TB. The frequency, symptoms, and severity of the disease range by the location of the spine and the region of the affected vertebrae...
January 25, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Akira Minoura, Kouzou Murakami, Masaaki Matoba, Yoshinori Ito, Yumi Kamijo, Akatsuki Kokaze
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of Japan's state of emergency on trends in diabetes care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. DESIGN: A descriptive and retrospective study. SETTING: Showa University Hospital, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with diabetes who received medical treatment from 2018 to 2020. Determinants of interest: Number of patients with diabetes visiting the hospital per week...
January 16, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Piyush Baindara, Sriradha Ganguli, Ranadhir Chakraborty, Santi M Mandal
The vast surface area of the respiratory system acts as an initial site of contact for microbes and foreign particles. The whole respiratory epithelium is covered with a thin layer of the airway and alveolar secretions. Respiratory secretions contain host defense peptides (HDPs), such as defensins and cathelicidins, which are the best-studied antimicrobial components expressed in the respiratory tract. HDPs have an important role in the human body's initial line of defense against pathogenic microbes. Epithelial and immunological cells produce HDPs in the surface fluids of the lungs, which act as endogenous antibiotics in the respiratory tract...
January 16, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Sonu M M Bhaskar
The handling of incidental findings (IFs) in brain imaging studies has been a source of contention among scientists and bioethicists. A conceptual framework informed by diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) and distributive justice approaches, namely EUSTICE, is proposed for the ethical handling and reporting of IFs in brain imaging research. I argue that EUSTICE provides a systematic and inclusive approach to addressing the ethical conundrum around IF disclosure and managing IFs proportionately and sensitively in brain imaging research...
January 16, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Farah Marraha, Ibtissam Al Faker, Hanane Chahoub, Youness Benyamna, Najlae Rahmani, Salim Gallouj
Monkeypox is a disease caused by Orthopoxvirus, which also includes the smallpox virus. Several endemics have been reported on the African continent, typically in the western and central regions. However, since 13 May 2022, there have been several cases reported from different member states; the number of confirmed cases in 1 month exceeded the total number of cases reported outside the African continent since the first case in 1970. The World Health Organization (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) consider monkeypox as an important disease for global public health...
January 13, 2023: Clinics and Practice
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