Marta Gallas, Aleksandra Gaworska-Krzemińska, Katarzyna Pogorzelczyk
Care for a pregnant woman can take various organizational forms. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends leaders increase research into health systems. The aim of this is to manage the healthcare system in such a way as to provide beneficiaries with access to high-quality services with limited financial resources. The study presented in this paper was conducted using a diagnostic survey on a group of 1697 Polish women in the traditional model of care (TM) and 3216 women in the Coordinated Care for Pregnant Women Program (CCP)...
September 20, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Stojan Latincic, Maja Pavlov, Jovica Vasiljevic, Dragan Vasin, Maja Dimic-Cumic, Marjan Micev, Milena Papovic, Miljan Doskovic, Stefan Bugarin, Stefan Milosevic, Dragutin Kecmanovic
Mucinous ovarian cancer occurs sporadically, with a frequency of approximately 3-5% among all subtypes of ovarian cancer. Extreme leukocytosis >40,000 and 50,000 has been described in most solid tumors and is associated with a poor prognosis, although there is a lack of literal data of its occurrence after cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC in the treatment of advanced mucinous ovarian cancer. There is higher risk of the occurrence of cholecystitis in oncology patients compared to the general population, although there is no formal evidence for this, and the association with ovarian cancer is accompanied by a relative risk of 1...
September 18, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Claudia Manini, Estíbaliz López-Fernández, Nicola Cruciano, Alessandro Comandone, José I López
The correct diagnosis of mesothelial proliferations is a classic problem for pathologists, and one which has important clinical implications. A significant number of such cases appear associated with recurrent hydrocele, as an irritative/reactive response to this condition. The morphological spectrum of mesothelial lesions in this topography is broad, and a set of benign conditions may appear, sometimes with florid gross features and cytologic pseudo-atypia. Here, we present two different examples in which malignancy was initially considered in the differential diagnosis...
September 15, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Eligio Parente, Giulia Colannino, Gabriele Bilotta, Maria Salomé Bezerra Espinola, Sara Proietti, Mario Montanino Oliva, Isabella Neri, Cesare Aragona, Vittorio Unfer
Background-Pregnancy represents a nutritional challenge, since macro- and micronutrients intake can affect mother' health and influence negative outcomes. The aim of this retrospective pilot study is to evidence whether the oral supplementation with high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HMWHA), in association with alpha lipoic acid (ALA), magnesium, vitamin B6 and vitamin D, in pregnant women, could reduce adverse effects, such as PTB, pelvic pain, contraction and hospitalization. Methods-Data were collected from n = 200 women treated daily with oral supplements of 200 mg HMWHA, 100 mg ALA, 450 mg magnesium, 2...
September 15, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Vasiliki Tsolaki, George E Zakynthinos, Sotirios Zarogiannis, Paris Zygoulis, Ioannis Kalomenidis, Rajesh Jagirdar, Ioannis Triantafyllou, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis, Demosthenes Makris, Epaminondas Zakynthinos
BACKGROUND: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) seems to be produced from malignant mesothelial cells other than cardiomyocytes. We aimed to evaluate whether an increased pleural fluid-to-blood BNP ratio in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) could facilitate prognosis beyond diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with MPM were included (observational study). One- and two-year survival and factors affecting it were tested. To evaluate the prognostic significance of the natriuretic peptide precursor B (NPPB) gene expression in MPM, we constructed a survival curve from data derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas...
September 13, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Carole Charavet, Nathan Israël, France Vives, Sophie-Myriam Dridi
(1) Context and Objective: Wire syndrome (WS) refers to dental displacements which can be qualified as aberrant, unexpected, unexplained, or excessive of teeth still contained by an intact orthodontic retainer wire without detachment or fracture, leading to evolving aesthetic and/or functional consequences, both dental and periodontal. The clinical diagnosis of WS in severe cases is often easy. On the other hand, emerging cases must be detected early to stop this evolutionary process as soon as possible, as well as to effectively manage unwanted dental displacements and associated dento-periodontal tissue repercussions...
September 11, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Homid Fahandezh-Saddi Díaz, Antonio Ríos Luna, Manuel Villanueva Martínez, María Elena Cantero Yubero, Roberto Prado, Sabino Padilla, Eduardo Anitua
The infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (SN) is a widely described anatomic and functional structure; however, its relevance in daily clinical practice is underestimated. All surgical procedures performed on the anteromedial aspect of the knee are associated with a risk of iatrogenic injury to this nerve, including knee arthroscopy, knee arthroplasty, tibial nailing, etc. We present the case of a saphenous nerve neuroma after treatment with radiofrequency thermal ablation due to a knee pain problem...
September 6, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Alexander Yakobson, Ala Eddin Neime, Omar Abu Saleh, Kayed Al Athamen, Walid Shalata
Advancements and the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have revolutionized the treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), achieving unprecedented success rates and expanding their applications to various neoplasms. However, the use of TKIs is not without its drawbacks. Skin, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems are particularly susceptible to adverse effects, including a higher incidence of autoimmune responses in treated individuals. In this report, we present a unique case of bullous pemphigoid, a rare autoimmune disease, which has not been previously associated with TKI therapy as an adverse effect, particularly appearing after discontinuing Imatinib® treatment...
September 5, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Giorgio Bolino, Vittorio Fineschi, Camilla Cecannecchia, Gianpiero D'Antonio, Paola Frati
The practice of teaching and scientific research on cadaveric material remains crucial for medical education, especially in surgical disciplines. However, in Italy, this practice has been neglected due to legislative insufficiency and financial constraints. Although innovative methods and tools like simulators and e-learning have been adopted, direct hands-on experience with human cadavers remains irreplaceable for medical and surgical education. The absence of clear legislation governing cadaveric dissection has limited availability for teaching and research, resulting in economic burdens for universities and individuals seeking proper surgical training...
September 1, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Alfredo Iandolo, Massimo Pisano, Alessio Buonavoglia, Francesco Giordano, Alessandra Amato, Dina Abdellatif
According to contemporary dental standards, the primary goal of endodontic therapy is the chemo-mechanical cleaning of the complex root canal system. Watering root canals with approved solutions and activating them are essential parts of this operation. This review outlines various irrigant activation methods for root canal therapy. Specifically, a comparison among the methods of manual dynamic activation, sonics (subsonic, sonic, and ultrasonic), internal heating, and lasers, was conducted. The results in this work were gathered using Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and PubMed databases by searching the following keywords: sodium hypochlorite, cleaning, activation, and irrigation methods...
August 27, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Bogdan Constantin Costăchel, Anamaria Bechir, Alexandru Burcea, Laurența Lelia Mihai, Tudor Ionescu, Olivia Andreea Marcu, Edwin Sever Bechir
BACKGROUND: Abfraction lesions are manifested as damage to hard tissues in the cervical area of dental crowns. The study aimed to assess the direct restoration of abfraction lesions according to the modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria for 24 months. The restorations were accomplished with Fuji Bulk-GC, Omnichroma Flow-Tokuyama, and Beautifil® II-Shofu dental materials, and the therapy was or was not associated with wearing thermoformed mouthguards. METHODS: From the 53 selected and analyzed patients ( n = 53), 28 patients (with restorations of abfraction lesions) belonged to the 1st group and 25 patients (with 105 restorations, who also wore mouthguards) belonged to the 2nd group...
August 26, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Vasiliki Gkika, Michaela Louka, Mihail Tsagkatakis, George Tsirpanlis
Tolvaptan, a selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist, is the first and only approved specific treatment for Autosomal-Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD), and is used in current clinical practice. Real clinical data are missing. In this retrospective study, 41 ADPKD patients received tolvaptan for 3 years, from 2018 to 2021. Total kidney volume (TKV) was measured using Magnetic Resonance Imaging, at initiation and at the end of the treatment period. A complete biochemistry/hematology profile and a 24 h urine volume collection were performed monthly for the first 18 months and every 3 months thereafter...
August 24, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Paolo Meloni, Sara Izzo, Claudia De Intinis, Terenzia Simari, Mariangela Motzo, Riccardo Picazzo, Rodolfo Brizio, Cristina Vignale, Marcello Molle, Luciano Izzo, Paolo Izzo
(1) Background: High-grade cervical dysplasia is primarily caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Conservative surgery is the preferred treatment approach for this condition. The most commonly employed technique is the loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), which involves removing the affected portion of the cervix. Excisional treatments are often curative, and complications are typically rare and minor. (2) Methods: The loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is the standard method used for conservative surgery in high-grade cervical dysplasia...
August 24, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Erika Tabella, Michele Correale, Gianmarco Alcidi, Rosanna Pugliese, Sara Ioannoni, Matteo Romano, Gianpaolo Palmieri, Matteo Di Biase, Natale Daniele Brunetti, Massimo Iacoviello
BACKGROUND: The sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have emerged as a crucial therapeutic option for patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a real-world population from a single centre, the feasibility of introducing SGLT2i and their interaction with other recommended drug classes. METHODS: Consecutive patients affected by chronic heart failure (CHF) were evaluated beginning in January 2022...
August 24, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Noa Hurvitz, Yaron Ilan
The success of artificial intelligence depends on whether it can penetrate the boundaries of evidence-based medicine, the lack of policies, and the resistance of medical professionals to its use. The failure of digital health to meet expectations requires rethinking some of the challenges faced. We discuss some of the most significant challenges faced by patients, physicians, payers, pharmaceutical companies, and health systems in the digital world. The goal of healthcare systems is to improve outcomes. Assisting in diagnosing, collecting data, and simplifying processes is a "nice to have" tool, but it is not essential...
August 20, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Danjela Ibrahimi, Marcos Aviles, Juvenal Rodríguez-Reséndiz
PURPOSE: this research compared the dissociated phoria at near and distance fixation in free space using the Howell test, alternate Cover test, and Thorington test. METHODS: 220 healthy Mexican children (mean age 8.3±2.5 years) participated in this study. Phorias were quantified at both distances using each test, from the least to the most disruptive. The stereopsis degree and near point of convergence (break/recovery) were analyzed to understand their role in the visual system's sensorimotor balance...
August 18, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Jamir Pitton Rissardo, Nilofar Vora, Bejoi Mathew, Vikas Kashyap, Sara Muhammad, Ana Letícia Fornari Caprara
Drug-induced movement disorders affect a significant percentage of individuals, and they are commonly overlooked and underdiagnosed in clinical practice. Many comorbidities can affect these individuals, making the diagnosis even more challenging. Several variables, including genetics, environmental factors, and aging, can play a role in the pathophysiology of these conditions. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) are the most commonly used classification systems in categorizing drug-induced movement disorders...
August 18, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Rachana Punukollu, Margaret Ryan, Suman Misra, Pooja Budhiraja, Stephanie Ohara, Kayla Kumm, Giselle Guerra, Kunam S Reddy, Raymond Heilman, Caroline C Jadlowiec
(1) Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) kidneys have high non-utilization rates due to concerns regarding unfavorable outcomes. In this paper, we aimed to review the past, present, and future opinions on AKI kidneys. (2) Methods: A PubMed search was conducted for topics relevant to AKI kidney transplantation. (3) Results: Current short- and long-term data on AKI kidneys have demonstrated good outcomes including favorable graft function and survival. The role of procurement biopsies is controversial, but they have been shown to be beneficial in AKI kidneys by allowing clinicians to differentiate between reversible tubular injury and irreversible cortical necrosis...
August 14, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Alessandro Gennai, Monica Baldessin, Fabrizio Melfa, Bruno Bovani, Alessandra Camporese, Barbara Claysset, Mattia Colli, Alberto Diaspro, Rosalba Russo, Placido Strano, Daniele Bollero, Guido Capparè, Alessandro Casadei, Giovanni Gallo, Domenico Piccolo, Giovanni Salti, Piero Tesauro
BACKGROUND: The aging process starts in the center of the face, in the periocular region and around the mouth, with a combination of volume loss, tissue descent, deepened wrinkles, and the loss of skin structure and quality. Recently, several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of therapies based on autologous adipose tissue grafting, which leverages the properties of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) to accelerate the regenerative processes of the skin...
August 8, 2023: Clinics and Practice
Takana Okamoto, Tomoo Mano
Constructive disability poses significant challenges. However, such manifestations are often overlooked. To address these disabilities, customized rehabilitation is necessary across disease stages. This case report demonstrates how customized, stage-based occupational therapy interventions can effectively rehabilitate patients with progressive constructive disability. Herein, a 33-year-old female patient with progressive constructive disability underwent direct training and compensatory therapy in early stages and progressed to instrumental activities of daily living training in later stages...
August 8, 2023: Clinics and Practice
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