Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Mohammad Keramatipour, Arezou Karamzade, Elham Pourbakhtyaran
Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder that causes brain insult, neurodevelopmental delay, exercise intolerance, and cardiomyopathy. A 25-month-old boy was referred to our neurometabolic center due to developmental regression after injecting the influenza vaccine when he was 10 months old. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed high signal changes in the brain white matter, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) detected a high succinate peak at 2...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Alireza Nateghian, Saeed Anvari
We live at the time of the coronavirus pandemic in the world (1, 2). The symptoms of COVID19 are similar in children and adults. However, children with confirmed COVID19 have generally shown mild symptoms (3). The symptoms in children include cold-like symptoms, such as fever, runny nose, and cough, vomiting, and diarrhea. In this study, we describe an eight-month-old boy with recurrent partial seizure and mild diarrhea. It was later revealed that he was COVID19 positive.
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Shameem Ahmed, Deep Dutta, Siba Prosad Paul
Spinal dysraphism (SD) includes a group of developmental anomalies resulting from failure of fusion of parts along dorsal aspect of midline structures lying along spinal axis from skin to vertebrae and spinal cord. There are two types of SD, open and closed. Close SD, also known as spina bifida occulta, can present with diagnostic challenges in resource limited settings where awareness regarding the condition and specialist radiological investigations, including Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), may not be easily available...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Motahareh Afrakhteh, Mostafa Almasi-Dooghaee, Fahimeh Haji Akhoundi
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a rare congenital disorder of connective tissues which involves the skin and musculoskeletal system. There are also some reports for the involvement of the central and peripheral nervous systems. We want to present a very rare coassociation of EDS, spondylolisthesis, and Agenesis of the corpus callosum in an Iranian lady.
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Zahra Farjami, Negar Khodaenia, Neshat Ebrahimi, Gholamreza Zamani, Amir Hosein Ashnaei, Mohammad Galehdari, Mehdi Moradyar, Massoud Houshmand
Congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) refers to a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders, characterized by defective transmissionat the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Patients with CMS showed similar muscle weakness, while other clinical manifestations are mostly dependent on genetic factors. This disease,caused bydifferent DNA mutations, is genetically inherited. It is also associated with mutations of genes at NMJ, involving the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) subunits. Here, we present the case ofa five-year-old Iranian boywith CMS, undergoingtargeted sequencing of a panel of genes, associated with arthrogryposis and CMS...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Razieh Fallah, Saeedreza Sarraf Yazd, Seid Mojtaba Sohrevardi
Objective: Topiramate is effective in the prevention of pediatric migraine, and studies show that vitamin D3 supplementation might also be useful in the treatment of adult migraineurs with a normal vitamin D3 level. The present study aimed at comparing the efficacy and safety of topiramate plus vitamin D3 and topiramate alone in the prophylaxis of pediatric migraine. Materials & Methods: In a single-blinded, randomized, clinical trial, 5-15-year-old children with migraine headaches, referred to the Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Shahid Sadoughi Medical Sciences University, Yazd, Iran from January 2016 to January 2017, were randomly allocated to receive 2 mg/kg/day of topiramate or 2 mg/kg/day of topiramate plus one 500,000 IU vitamin D3 pearl weekly for two consecutive months...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Firoozeh Sajedi, Mahbobeh Ahmadi Doulabi, Roshanak Vameghi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Farzaneh Rashidi Fakari, Mohammad Ali Mazaheri
Objectives: In the process of child development, a variety of factors are at play. In this regard, social determinants of health play a determining role in the development and growth of the child. This study aimed to design and test the model for social determinants of health for the development of 36-6o-month-old children in Tehran with the mediation of maternal involvement. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1067 mothers and their 36-60-month-old children in childcare centers in Tehran, using multistage sampling...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Ghazal Zahed, Hadi Zarafshan
Objective: The aim of the present study was to screen the toddlers who are suspected to be autistic in their well-child visits at age 18 to 24 months via the Quantitative-Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (Q-CHAT). Materials & Methods: After the screening, the screen-positive cases were clinically assessed by a child psychiatrist and a child developmental psychologist. The total sample included 2467 toddlers; the mean total score of Q-CHAT was 30.64 (SD: 9.133)...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Ezatolah Abbasi, Ahad Ghazavi, Masoud Hassanvand Amouzadeh, Mohammad Valizadeh, Masoud Matinkhah
Objective: A breath-holdingspell (BHS) is defined as an apnea attack following an initial stressful event like anger, sadness, and fear, a painful event like falling or head trauma or any stressful psychology event. This study was designed to assessthe comparative efficacy of levetiracetam plus iron and iron alone in reducingthe BHS frequency in children aged 6 months to 5 years. Materials &Method: This study was designed asa double-blinded randomized clinical trial...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mehdi Rassafiani, Nazila Akbarfaimi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Soheila Shahshahani, Masoud Karimlou, Farhad Tabatabai Ghomsheh
Objective: The current study aimed to examine the effect of the combined administration of active vestibular interventions and occupational therapy on balance and the relationship between balance changes and Activity of Daily Living in school-aged children with cerebral palsy (CP). Materials & Methods: Twenty-four children with Spastic CP, at the level I and II (according to the "Gross Motor Function Classification System) aged 7-12 years were enrolled and randomly assigned into control and intervention groups...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Farzad Ahmadabadi, Hamid Nemati, Amirmohammad Abdolmohammadzadeh, Adel Ahadi
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a category of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by social and communication impairment and restricted or repetitive behaviors. The pathogenesis of ASD is not well understood and it's proved that genetic is strongly associated with ASD in 5 to 25% of cases. Inborn errors of metabolism(IEMs), defined by a vast array of disorders that are caused by specific enzyme deficiencies or transport protein defects, is as frequent as in 1 in 800 births. IEMs can manifest several psychiatric or behavioral manifestations such as self-injuriesincreased activity and aggression, personality changes, paranoia, depression, catatonia, and psychosis...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mahmoud Mohammadi, Zahra Rezaei
Seizure is the most common neurologic event in the neonatal period when the immature, growing brain is vulnerable to various injuries. Seizure might be present as an atypical feature in neonates, which makes diagnosis a challenge. A vast majority of seizures are symptomatic due to an underlying cause, searching for etiology to remove them leads to more effective therapy. However, there is doubt about the diagnosis of seizures and the best treatment for them. Here, we reviewed articles related to diagnosis and treatment of neonatal seizures to evaluate the available evidence...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mehrnoush Hassas Yeganeh, Pooria Ahmadi, Yalda Nilipour, Mohadese Sadat Mousavi Khorshidi, Reza Sinaei, Mohammad Reza Fathi, Reza Shiari
Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare idiopathic inflammatory disease, which usually presents with skin rashes along with muscle weakness. We report a case of JDM in a 10- year-old girl with no skin manifestations presenting with progressive muscle weakness and fatigue. Further laboratory investigations, along with a muscle biopsy, confirmed the diagnosis of adermatopathic JDM. The patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin, corticosteroids, methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, pamidronate, and rituximab...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mohammad Hasan Mohammadi, Iraj Shahramian, Ali Bazi, Mojtaba Delaramnasab
Epilepsy in autism is a relatively common phenomenon. However, reflex seizures provoked by multifactorial stimuli are rare in these patients. We here reported the first case of defecation-induced seizure in a 15-year old autistic girl. The patient had been diagnosed with epilepsy within the first year after birth; however, seizures induced by bowel movements were observed at the age of 15. Reflex seizures showed a myoclonic pattern represented with one-sided neck deflection. EEG showed an abnormal polyspike and wave pattern during defecation while the patterns were normal between the attacks...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Farhad Heydarian, Elham Bakhtiari, Hasan Golmakani, Neda Fakhr Ghasemi, Mohammad Heidarian
Objective: To evaluate the serum level of vitamin D in children aged six to 60 months with febrile seizure and febrile children without the seizure. Materials & Methods: Febrile children aged six to 60 months with or without seizure were studied. Demographic characteristics, serum level of vitamin D, and other laboratory findings were recorded. Results: Among the 104 children, 51 patients had fever without a seizure and 53 patients had a febrile seizure...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Manijeh Tabrizi, Peyman Dadashzadeh, Vahid Aminzadeh
Objectives: The current study aimed to assess the need for emergency neuroimaging in children with first CFC. Materials and methods: This is an analytic cross-sectional study conducted on children aged 6-60 months with first CFC. Data were gathered by a form that evaluates age, sex, imaging type, body temperature, and the duration of fever before convulsion, the duration and frequency of convulsion, and family history of FC. Data were analyzed via the Fisher Exact Test in SPSS version 19...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Samira Rajaei, Minoo Kalantari, Zahra Pashazadeh Azari, Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaee, Winnie Dunn
Objectives: Sensory processing and sleep quality affect children's academic performance and their quality of life. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sensory processing patterns and sleep quality in primary school children. Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 231 primary school students aged 7 to 12 years old (133 girls and 98 boys, the mean age of 8.68±1.51) who were studying in schools in Tehran were randomly selected through cluster sampling...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Soroor Inaloo, Forough Saki, Mohammad Paktinat, Pegah Katibeh, Hamid Nemati, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani
Objectives: Previous studies in adults with epilepsy revealed a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome, resulting in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events. However, there is insufficient data about body composition and metabolic syndrome in children, especially in the Middle Eastern region. We aimed to investigate metabolic syndrome criteria and body composition in ambulatory children with Epilepsy in Southern Iran. Material & Methods: Seventy seven epileptic children with an average age of 11...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mohammad Barzegar, Vahideh Toopchizadeh, Diena Golalizadeh, Ali Pirani, Fatemeh Jahanjoo
Objective: Determining the predictors of respiratory failure and duration of intubation in children with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). Materials & Methods: Children diagnosed with GBS at Tabriz Children's Hospital were studied. Factors associated with and influencing respiratory failure as well as the duration of intubation were determined using both univariate and multiple analyses. Results: Overall, 324 children were enrolled in the study, 54...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Mohammad Ghofrani, Shahram Nasiri
Neurometabolic disorders are hereditary conditions mainly affect the function of the brain and the nervous system. The prevalence of these disorders is 1 in 1,000 live births. Such disorders, at different ages, could manifest as sepsis, hypoglycemia, and other neurologic disorders. Having similar manifestations leads to delayed diagnosis of neurometabolic disorders. A number of neurometabolic disorders have known treatments; however, to prevent long-term complications the key factors are early diagnosis and treatment...
2020: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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