Jun-Yu Zhu, Jun Yan, Jian Xiao, Hai-Guang Jia, Hao-Jun Liang, Geng-Yan Xing
BACKGROUND: Celecoxib has been used to treat hip discomfort and functional difficulties associated with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), although significant adverse reactions often follow long-term use. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) can delay the progression of ONFH, alleviate the pain and functional limitations it causes, and avoid the adverse effects of celecoxib. AIM: To investigate the effects of individual ESWT, a treatment alternative to the use of celecoxib, in alleviating pain and dysfunction caused by ONFH...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Min-Hee Choi, In-Young Yoon, Won-Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: Manubriosternal joint (MSJ) disease is a rare cause of anterior chest pain but can be a major sign of systemic arthritic involvement. In patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), a type of systemic arthritis, chest pain can be due to MSJ involvement and can be improved by ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection into the joint. CASE SUMMARY: A 64-year-old man visited our pain clinic complaining of anterior chest pain. There were no abnormal findings on lateral sternum X-ray, but arthritic changes in the MSJ were observed on single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Ren Shen, Jian-Hua Feng, Shan-Pu Yang
BACKGROUND: Acromicric dysplasia (AD) is a rare skeletal dysplasia. Its incidence is < 1/1000000, and only approximately 60 cases are reported worldwide. It is a disease characterized by severe short stature, short hands and feet, facial abnormalities, normal intelligence, and bone abnormalities. Unlike other skeletal dysplasia, AD has a mild clinical phenotype, mainly characterized by short stature. Extensive endocrine examination has not revealed a potential cause. The clinical effect of growth hormone therapy is still uncertain...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Andi Kurnia Bintang, Ashari Bahar, Muhammad Akbar, Gita Vita Soraya, Anthony Gunawan, Nurussyariah Hammado, Mochammad Erwin Rachman, Zulvikar Syambani Ulhaq
BACKGROUND: Brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) remains one of the most prevalent causes of intracranial hemorrhage and stroke-like syndromes in the young adult population. Although it has been agreed upon that definitive treatment using either single or multi-modal approach is warranted for successful bAVM management, much debate still revolves regarding the optimal timing of definitive treatment. CASE SUMMARY: In this report, we present a case of delayed, definitive endovascular treatment for ruptured bAVM in a 21-year-old female, 3 mo post-ictus...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Zi-Yan Dong, Wei Shao, Yue Yuan, Li Lin, Xia Yu, Lang Cui, Zhen Zhen, Lu Gao
BACKGROUND: Left-sided accessory pathways (APs) can be accessed with either a transaortic (TA) or transseptal approach (TS). For children with Marfan syndrome (MFS) who have aortic disease, the use of TA can aggravate the disease, making TS the best choice for these patients. CASE SUMMARY: A 10-year-old girl was hospitalized because of intermittent heart palpitations and chest tightness. She was diagnosed with MFS, supraventricular tachycardia, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, and left-sided AP was detected by cardiac electrophysiological...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Yu-Hong Xie, Ye-Min Zhang, Fan-Fan Fan, Xi-Yan Song, Lei Liu
Depression is a psychological disorder that affects the general public worldwide. It is particularly important to make an objective and accurate diagnosis of depression, and the measurement methods of brain activity have gradually received increasing attention. Resting electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha asymmetry in patients with depression shows changes in activation of the alpha frequency band of the left and right frontal cortices. In this paper, we review the findings of the relationship between frontal EEG alpha asymmetry in the resting state and depression...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Huan Wang, Yu-Zhong Hu, Xian-Wei Che, Liang Yu
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a typical neuropathic pain condition that appears in the lesioned skin regions following the healing of shingles. The pain condition tends to persist, which is often accompanied by negative emotions ( e.g., anxiety and depression) and substantially reduces the quality of life. In addition to analgesia ( e.g., pregabalin and gabapentin), nerve radiofrequency technology is an effective treatment for intractable PHN. However, there is still a significant portion of patients who do not benefit from this treatment...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Yi Zeng, Lu-Chuan Chen, Zai-Sheng Ye, Jing-Yu Deng
Lymph node (LN) metastasis is the most common form of metastasis in gastric cancer (GC). The status and stage of LN metastasis are important indicators that reflect the progress of GC. The number of LN metastases is still the most effective index to evaluate the prognosis of patients in all stages of LN metastasis. Examined LN (ELN) count refers to the number of LNs harvested from specimens by curative gastrectomy for pathological examination. This review summarizes the factors that influence ELN count, including individual and tumor factors, intraoperative dissection factors, postoperative sorting factors, and pathological examination factors...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Shuang-Zhu Lin, Mei-Jia Qian, Yan-Wei Wang, Qian-Dui Chen, Wan-Qi Wang, Jia-Yi Li, Rui-Tong Yang, Xin-Yao Wang, Chun-Yu Mu, Kai Jiang
BACKGROUND: Ralstonia is a Gram-negative non-fermentative bacterium widespread in nature, and includes four species, Ralstonia pickettii , Ralstonia solanacearum , Ralstonia mannitolilytica , and Ralstonia insidiosa , which were proposed in 2003. Ralstonia is mainly found in the external water environment, including municipal and medical water purification systems. This bacterium has low toxicity and is a conditional pathogen. It has been reported in recent years that infections due to Ralstonia are increasing...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Jong-Hwan Hong, Sung-Chan Jung, Han-Seung Ryu, Tae-Sun Kim, Sung-Pil Joo
BACKGROUND: Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass helps treat cerebral ischemia. However, the STA is not available for bypass in some conditions. Therefore, with some technical tips, the authors introduced a bypass technique using the occipital artery (OA). CASE SUMMARY: Two female patients complained of hemiparesis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated contralateral infarction from the MCA steno-occlusion. On Diamox single photon emission computed tomography or perfusion MRI, the contralateral front parietotemporal reserve was diminished...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Ha-Jong Nam, Syeo-Young Wee
BACKGROUND: Many cases of emphysema associated with blow-out fractures occur before surgery due to trauma. However, emphysema can occur even after surgery, and most of such cases are managed conservatively and allowed to resolve. Swelling in the periorbital area due to emphysema that occurs after surgery can make early recovery difficult. CASE SUMMARY: Herein, we describe a case of postoperative subcutaneous emphysema that was treated using a simple needle aspiration method...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Jun Zheng, Qi-Yue Wu, Xia Zeng, Du-Fei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cerebral ischemic stroke is attributed to paradoxical cerebral embolism. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare potential cause of cerebral ischemic stroke, and cerebral ischemic stroke induced by PAVF in children is rare. CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of right PAVF that presented as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) in a 13-year-old boy. The patient underwent embolization therapy and remained clinically stable for 2 years after treatment...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Metodija Sekulovski, Simona Bogdanova-Petrova, Monika Peshevska-Sekulovska, Tsvetelina Velikova, Tsvetoslav Georgiev
While severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) quickly spread across the globe, our understanding of its pathogenic mechanisms evolved. Importantly, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now considered a syndromic multisystem inflammatory disease involving not only the respiratory system but also the cardiovascular, excretory, nervous, musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal systems. Moreover, a membrane-bound form of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, the entry receptor for SARS-CoV-2, is expressed on the surface of cholangiocytes and hepatocytes, suggesting the potential of COVID-19 to involve the liver...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Shuai Dong, Yang-Chun Xu, Yuan-Chen Zhang, Jian-Xin Xia, Yan Mou
BACKGROUND: Renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC) is a malignant tumor of the genitourinary system with a predilection for males. The most common metastatic sites are the lung, liver, lymph nodes, contralateral kidney or adrenal gland, however, skin metastasis has only been seen in 1.0%-3.3% of cases. The most common site of skin metastasis is the scalp, and metastasis to the nasal ala region is rare. CASE SUMMARY: A 55-year-old man with clear cell carcinoma of the left kidney was treated with pembrolizumab and axitinib for half a year after surgery and was found to have a red mass on his right nasal ala for 3 mo...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Yu Yao, Jun-Jie Ji, Hai-Yun Wang, Li-Jiang Sun, Gui-Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) instillation is recommended in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer who have intermediate-risk and high-risk tumors. However, granulomatous prostatitis is a rare complication induced by BCG instillation, which can easily be misdiagnosed as prostate cancer. Here, we report a case of granulomatous prostatitis that resembled prostate cancer. CASE SUMMARY: A 64-year-old Chinese man with bladder cancer received BCG instillation...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Chien-Cheng Lai, Hsu-Wei Fang, Chih-Hung Chang, Jwo-Luen Pao, Chun-Chien Chang, Yeong-Jang Chen
BACKGROUND: Isolated capitate fractures are rare carpal fractures. Following high-energy injuries, capitate fractures are usually associated with other carpal fractures or ligament injuries. The management of capitate fractures depends on the fracture pattern. Here, we report an unusual capitate fracture with a dorsal shearing pattern and concomitant carpometacarpal dislocation, with a 6-year follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this fracture pattern and surgical management have not been previously reported...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Dan Qiao, Xiao-Yan Liu, Lie Zheng, Ya-Li Zhang, Ren-Ye Que, Bing-Jing Ge, Hong-Yan Cao, Yan-Cheng Dai
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide, with the fourth highest mortality among all cancers. Reportedly, in addition to adenomas, serrated polyps, which account for 15%-30% of CRCs, can also develop into CRCs through the serrated pathway. Sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSAs/Ps), a type of serrated polyps, are easily misdiagnosed during endoscopy. AIM: To observe the difference in the Wnt signaling pathway expression in SSAs/Ps patients with different syndrome types...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Yan Zeng, Jian Yang, Jun-Wen Zhang
Infected necrotizing pancreatitis (INP) represents a severe condition in patients with acute pancreatitis. Invasive interventions are recommended in symptomatic INP. Growing evidence has suggested interventional strategies of INP evolving from traditional surgery to minimally invasive step-up endoscopic procedures. However, there is still no standardized protocol for endoscopic interventions. Recently, various studies have been published about the endoscopic management of INP. This article reviews published articles and guidelines to present the progress and challenges of endoscopic transluminal drainage and necrosectomy in INP...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Wassan Nori, Ban H-Hameed
The vagina has diverse vaginal microbes (Vm). A disturbance in the delicate balance maintained in Vm is linked to women's obstetrical and reproductive tract problems. Vaginal microbes play an essential role in protecting the health of the female reproductive tract by alleviating gynecological infection. However, Vm profiling has many confounders that need to be addressed during sampling, including age, race, pregnancy, medical illness, and smoking. Vm profiling improves reproduction odds, may serve as a marker for genital malignancies and have a therapeutic application in menopausal women and women with cervical cancers...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Mariangela Rondanelli, Zaira Patelli, Clara Gasparri, Francesca Mansueto, Cinzia Ferraris, Mara Nichetti, Tariq A Alalwan, Ignacio Sajoux, Roberto Maugeri, Simone Perna
BACKGROUND: The scientific literature provides evidence that nutritional ketosis can be an important support in the treatment of pathologies in which inflammation is present, as recent studies have shown that ketone bodies have anti-inflammatory activity in numerous diseases, including rheumatic diseases. We report the case of a 22-year-old woman with class I obesity and juvenile idiopathic arthritis who started treatment with a very low calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD). CASE SUMMARY: The patient was a 22-year-old woman diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis at age 4 years and with a body mass index (BMI) of 30...
March 26, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
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