journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873304/evaluation-of-healthcare-efficiency-in-china-a-three-stage-data-envelopment-analysis-of-directional-slacks-based-measure
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bingxue Fang, Mincai Li
BACKGROUND: A consensus on the changing pattern of healthcare efficiency in China is current absent. This study tried to identify temporal fluctuations in healthcare efficiency from 2012 to 2021, and conducted a comparative analysis on the performance of 31 regions in China using region-level balanced panel data. METHODS: Employing three-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA) as the analytical framework, we measured healthcare efficiency and its changes using the directional slacks-based measure and global Malmquist-luenberger (GML) indexes...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873303/quantification-of-sources-and-potential-risks-of-cadmium-chromium-lead-mercury-and-arsenic-in-agricultural-soils-in-a-rapidly-urbanizing-region-of-southwest-china-the-case-of-chengdu
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chengyi Huang, Zhangyong Gou, Xinpeng Ma, Guitang Liao, Ouping Deng, Yuangxiang Yang
Rapid urbanization a major factor affecting heavy metal contamination on suburban agricultural soils. In order to assess the dynamic contamination of heavy metals in soil from agricultural land bordering a rapidly urbanizing area and the transfer of human health risks from contaminants in this process, 186 and 293 soil samples from agricultural land in suburban Chengdu were collected in September 2008 and September 2017, respectively. Several indicators, such as the integrated pollution index (PI) and the potential ecological risk index (RI), were employed for analyzing the heavy metal contamination levels, and the APCS-MLR receptor model were applied for analyzing the heavy metal sources...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873302/resilience-of-mental-health-services-amidst-ebola-disease-outbreaks-in-africa
#23
REVIEW
Frankline Sevidzem Wirsiy, Nancy B Tahmo, Lambed Tatah, David M Brett-Major
INTRODUCTION: Health systems including mental health (MH) systems are resilient if they protect human life and produce better health outcomes for all during disease outbreaks or epidemics like Ebola disease and their aftermaths. We explored the resilience of MH services amidst Ebola disease outbreaks in Africa; specifically, to (i) describe the pre-, during-, and post-Ebola disease outbreak MH systems in African countries that have experienced Ebola disease outbreaks, (ii) determine the prevalence of three high burden MH disorders and how those prevalences interact with Ebola disease outbreaks, and, (iii) describe the resilience of MH systems in the context of these outbreaks...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873301/association-between-life-s-essential-8-and-estimated-pulse-wave-velocity-among-adults-in-the-us-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nhanes-2011-2018
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yang Fan, Sisi Yang, Lei Ruan, Cuntai Zhang, Ming Cao
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness, typically evaluated via estimated pulse wave velocity (ePWV), is believed to have a significant association with cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between Life's Essential 8 (LE8), a newly revised metric of cardiovascular health, and ePWV among adult population in the United States. METHODS: This research employed a cross-sectional methodology, drawing upon data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) spanning from 2011 to 2018...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873300/moving-towards-health-promoting-schools-effectiveness-of-an-educational-intervention-to-improve-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-regarding-heart-attack-and-cpr-knowledge-in-high-school-students-in-lebanon
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamad Abdelkhalik, Eliannore Boutros, Khalid Trad, Oulyana Arafat, Mohamad Nihad Alyousfi, Carmel Bouclaous
BACKGROUND: Health promoting schools (HPS) prioritize the health of students and community. One important target of HPS is noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including prevention of heart attacks, due to their burden on healthcare. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the effectiveness of an educational intervention to promote knowledge of signs and symptoms, beliefs and attitudes towards heart attack, and promote knowledge of Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: The intervention consisted of a 6-minute educational video between a pre-and post-survey...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873299/long-acting-prescriptions-and-therapy-for-hiv-1-from-market-launch-to-the-present-in-germany-may-2021-to-december-2023
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Schmidt, Christian Kollan, Matthias Stoll
BACKGROUND: In Europe, the combination of cabotegravir (CAB) with rilpivirine (RPV) has been approved as a dual injection long-acting (LA) therapy for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infections in adults since December 2020. Studies have shown that between 36 and 61% of people living with HIV (PLWHIV) prefer LA therapy. However, there are no real-world data on the number of people receiving LA therapy, in Germany or internationally. The aim of this study was to assess the current situation and trends in usage of LA therapy for the treatment of HIV-1 in Germany...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873298/sleep-duration-and-the-risk-of-new-onset-arthritis-in-middle-aged-and-older-adult-population-results-from-prospective-cohort-study-in-china
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qiangqiang Shang, Jie Zhou, Junjie Yao, Chaoqun Feng, Huijuan Lou, Deyu Cong
BACKGROUND: The pain and sleep disorders caused by arthritis are health issues that have been re-emphasized with the aging population. However, the majority of research on arthritis and sleep disorders has focused on cases that have already been diagnosed with arthritis. This research aims to explore the correlation between sleep duration and new-onset arthritis in middle-aged and older adult individuals. METHODS: Utilizing data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study from baseline (2011) to the Wave 3 follow-up (2018), we conducted a 7-year longitudinal investigation targeting populations with valid sleep questionnaire records and without arthritis...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873297/mental-health-and-conflict-a-pilot-of-an-online-eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-emdr-intervention-for-forcibly-displaced-syrian-women
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aseel Hamid, Amanda C de C Williams, Muslihah Albakri, Katrina Scior, Sian Morgan, Hamodi Kayal, Matthew Wilcockson, Rouba Drouish Alkaja, Sahbaa Alsayed, Robin Logie, Shiraz Farrand, Walid Abdul-Hamid
BACKGROUND: The Syrian conflict has been ongoing since 2011. Practical and scalable solutions are urgently needed to meet an increase in need for specialised psychological support for post-traumatic stress disorder given limited availability of clinicians. Training forcibly displaced Syrians with a mental health background to remotely deliver specialised interventions increases the availability of evidence based psychological support. Little is known about the effectiveness of online therapy for forcibly displaced Syrian women provided by forcibly displaced Syrian women therapists...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873296/assessment-of-awareness-on-consumption-of-irradiated-foods-among-saudi-population-using-a-validated-psychometric-scale
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nasser Shubayr
Despite the application of food irradiation for enhancing food safety, many consumers lack an understanding of its fundamental principles, often misinterpreting the information and exhibiting negative perceptions toward foods treated with ionizing radiation. This study focuses on evaluating public awareness regarding the consumption of irradiated food within Saudi Arabia, utilizing the Awareness Scale on Consumption of Irradiated Foods (ASCIF), a developed and validated tool. The ASCIF encompasses four constructs: concepts, awareness, labeling, and safety concerning irradiated foods...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873295/the-risk-of-low-energy-availability-among-athlete-females-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mai A Khatib, Elham A Aljaaly, Maryam S Hafiz, Alkhuzama Alamri, Wejdan Alzahrani
INTRODUCTION: Low energy availability (LEA) is a state of inadequate energy reserves that results from a negative energy balance. This condition can lead to severe health risks such as amenorrhea and osteoporosis. Various causes for LEA, such as eating disorders and exercise addiction, have been reported in the literature. However, data in Saudi Arabia are lacking. This cross-sectional study measures the prevalence of LEA, eating disorders, and exercise addiction among adult females in Saudi Arabia and identifies possible associated risk factors...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873294/characteristics-of-hospital-and-health-system-initiatives-to-address-social-determinants-of-health-in-the-united-states-a-scoping-review-of-the-peer-reviewed-literature
#31
REVIEW
Pavani Rangachari, Alisha Thapa, Dawa Lhomu Sherpa, Keerthi Katukuri, Kashyap Ramadyani, Hiba Mohammed Jaidi, Lewis Goodrum
BACKGROUND: Despite the incentives and provisions created for hospitals by the US Affordable Care Act related to value-based payment and community health needs assessments, concerns remain regarding the adequacy and distribution of hospital efforts to address SDOH. This scoping review of the peer-reviewed literature identifies the key characteristics of hospital/health system initiatives to address SDOH in the US, to gain insight into the progress and gaps. METHODS: PRISMA-ScR criteria were used to inform a scoping review of the literature...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873293/low-back-pain-prevention-behaviors-and-beliefs-among-the-polish-population-in-a-cross-sectional-survey
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Paulina Kuśmierek, Mateusz Mikołajczyk, Dagmara Złotkowska, Anna Łowczak, Anita Mikołajczyk
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common problems of public health and creates a burden globally. The aim was to assess the Polish population's back pain prevention behaviors and beliefs and to examine how these health behaviors and beliefs vary across sociodemographic factors and physical activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 208 randomly selected patients of the public general practitioner clinic. The differences in LBP-related beliefs and attitudes were determined due to participants' status of requiring or non-requiring LBP treatment...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873292/are-health-claims-in-aging-related-functional-food-packages-different-from-those-of-general-functional-foods-content-analysis-of-food-packaging-from-taiwan
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chih-Chi Liu, Hung-Chou Lin
Given the challenges of aging populations, both in Taiwan and globally, issues related to older consumers need more attention. According to surveys in Taiwan, food is one of the most important consumer products for older adults. In recent years, functional foods have become popular, often using health claims as a promotional tool. Therefore, this study has investigated food product packaging in common retail channels in Taiwan by conducting a content analysis of all items with health claims (160 samples). This study specifically compared products related to aging and those unrelated to aging...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873291/affiliate-stigma-among-family-caregivers-of-individuals-with-dementia-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yingying Shi, Shishi Dong, Zhiqi Liang, Mengting Xie, Hanyi Zhang, Sixie Li, Jufang Li
BACKGROUND: Affiliate stigma experienced by family caregivers of individuals with dementia may seriously affect home care and prognosis of these patients. This study aimed to explore the levels of perceived affiliate stigma and its influencing factors among family caregivers of patients with dementia in mainland China, which remains a relatively unexplored topic. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, purposive sampling was used to recruit dementia family caregivers from an online communication group between April and May 2022...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873290/the-serological-igg-and-neutralizing-antibody-of-sars-cov-2-omicron-variant-reinfection-in-jiangsu-province-china
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jinjin Chu, Qigang Dai, Chen Dong, Xiaoxiao Kong, Hua Tian, Chuchu Li, Jiefu Peng, Ke Xu, Hao Ju, Changjun Bao, Jianli Hu, Liguo Zhu
BACKGROUND: It is important to figure out the immunity of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reinfection to understand the response of humans to viruses. A serological survey for previously infected populations in Jiangsu Province was conducted to compare the antibody level of SARS-CoV-2 in reinfection by Omicron or not. METHODS: Reinfection with SARS-CoV-2 was defined as an individual being infected again after 90 days of the initial infection...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873289/self-perception-of-health-and-physical-activity-levels-among-the-youth-and-adults-before-and-amidst-the-covid-19-pandemic
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vida Korleki Nyawornota, Clement Adamba, Doris Akosua Tay, Oscar C Nyanyofio, Rosemary C Muomah, JohnBosco C Chukwuorji, Sampson K Nwonyi, Leapetswe Malete, Dale Joachim, Reginald T Ocansey
BACKGROUND: Emerging research indicates that the COVID-19 pandemic and associated restrictions led to decreased physical activity levels and poorer health globally. However, most studies on this topic have focused on advanced countries, leaving a gap in understanding the impact in countries like Ghana. This study aimed to fill this gap by assessing self-perceived health status and physical activity levels among youth and adults in Ghana before, during, and after the COVID-19 restrictions...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873288/identifying-social-determinants-of-health-in-populations-exposed-to-structural-inequities-a-qualitative-study-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-experiences-of-black-and-latinx-people-living-with-hiv-and-cardiovascular-risks
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tamra Burns Loeb, Graciela I Albarran, Ethan Lee, Jenna Alarcon McEwan, Karen E Dyer, Michele Cooley-Strickland, Enricka Norwood-Scott, Kate Ramm, David Kesblyan, Aleeja Barnes, Derek Novacek, Dorothy Chin
INTRODUCTION: Black and Latinx communities experience inequities in the social determinants of health (SDOH) and high rates of chronic illnesses [e.g., cardiovascular disease (CVD), HIV]. The COVID-19 pandemic amplified these long-standing SDOH disparities. However, scant attention has been paid to the pandemic-related experiences of populations exposed to structural inequities. METHODS: Using a semi-structured interview guide, 60 in-depth telephone interviews were conducted with Black and Latinx people living with HIV (PLWH) and CVD risks to assess: (1) perceived personal and community risk for COVID-19; (2) knowledge of and access to COVID-19 public health information; (3) barriers to COVID-19 public health recommendations and vaccine uptake; and (4) perceptions of HIV, CVD, and COVID-19...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873287/poor-sleep-quality-and-overweight-obesity-in-healthcare-professionals-a-cross-sectional-study
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hongyun Huang, Tian Yu, Chengyu Liu, Jian Yang, Jianchun Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the sleep quality of healthcare professionals and the incidence of overweight and obesity, exploring the potential impact of sleep quality on the onset of overweight and obesity in order to provide a scientific basis for formulating effective health intervention measures. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to conduct a survey on the sleep characteristics and obesity status among healthcare professionals at Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Tianjin Dongli District Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38868161/intervention-effects-of-telenursing-based-on-m-o-a-model-in-empty-nest-older-adult-individuals-with-chronic-diseases-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#39
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuan Yuan, Ping Hou, Sican Wang, Akio Kitayama, Kiyoko Yanagihara, Jingyan Liang
AIM: This study aims to verify the effectiveness of M-O-A telenursing intervention model in improving the health status and quality of life of the empty-nest older adult individuals with chronic diseases by a randomized comparative trial. METHODS: M-O-A telenursing intervention model was constructed based on the needs of the participants. The control group ( N  = 39) received routine nursing, the experimental group ( N  = 39) received M-O-A telenursing intervention in addition to routine nursing...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38868160/the-association-between-children-s-exposure-to-pesticides-and-asthma-wheezing-and-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Awoke Keleb, Chala Daba, Lakew Asmare, Fekade Demeke Bayou, Mastewal Arefaynie, Anissa Mohammed, Abiyu Abadi Tareke, Natnael Kebede, Yawkal Tsega, Abel Endawkie, Shimels Derso Kebede, Kaleab Mesfin Abera, Eyob Tilahun Abeje, Ermias Bekele Enyew
BACKGROUND: Exposure to pesticides is a global public health problem, especially for children. Its association with chronic respiratory disease among children has attracted considerable attention, but the existing evidence remains inconclusive and cannot be certain. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aim to determine the global pooled effect size of association with pesticide exposure and asthma, wheezing, and respiratory tract infections among children. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted for relevant literature from electronic databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Hinari, Semantic Scholar, and Science Direct...
2024: Frontiers in Public Health
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