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Frontiers in Public Health

Brian J Morris, Catherine A Hankins, Joya Banerjee, Eugenie R Lumbers, Adrian Mindel, Jeffrey D Klausner, John N Krieger
Background: Male circumcision (MC) is proven to substantially reduce men's risk of a number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We conducted a detailed systematic review of the scientific literature to determine the relationship between MC and risk of STIs and associated conditions in women. Methods: Database searches by "circumcision women" and "circumcision female" identified 68 relevant articles for inclusion. Examination of bibliographies of these yielded 14 further publications...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Sara L C Mackenzie, Deborah M Hinchey, Kathryn P Cornforth
Undergraduate public health degree programs strive to educate students to improve the health of communities. As such we have an obligation to develop curricula that push students to think critically about their perspectives, examine assumptions, and provide supported opportunities to apply their academic learning. In addition, curricula ideally develop and nurture students' sense of civic responsibility. Community-engaged learning provides opportunities for students to interact with populations with a range of needs and different perspectives...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Shivendra Sangar, Varun Dutt, Ramna Thakur
Background: The economic costs associated with morbidity pose a great financial risk on the population. Household's over-dependence on out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure and their inability to cope up with the economic costs associated with illness often push them into poverty. The current paper aims to measure the economic burden and resultant impoverishment associated with OOP health expenditure for a diverse set of ailments in India. Methods: Cross-sectional data from National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) 71st Round on "Key Indicators of Social Consumption: Health" has been employed in the study...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Monika Wetscher, Klaus Hackländer, Viktoria Faber, Ninon Taylor, Herbert Auer, Georg G Duscher
The Austrian province of Tyrol belongs to the areas where the alveolar echinococcosis (AE) caused by the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis ( E. multilocularis ) is highly endemic. In Central Europe and since 2011 in Austria, a growing incidence of human cases of AE has been observed, presumably linked with increasing fox populations infected by the fox tapeworm E. multilocularis . Hunting and the related activities put hunters in a high-risk group, and they are considered particularly vulnerable for the contraction of an AE...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Chyrisse Heine, Colette J Browning, Cathy Honge Gong
The number of older adults with vision and/or hearing loss is growing world-wide, including in China, whose population is aging rapidly. Sensory loss impacts on older people's ability to participate in their communities and their quality of life. This study investigates the prevalence of vision loss, hearing loss, and dual sensory loss (combined vision and hearing loss) in an older adult Chinese population and describes the relationships between these sensory losses and demographic factors, use of glasses and hearing aids, unmet needs, and impacts on social participation...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Philip B Maffetone, Paul B Laursen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Byron J Powell, Maria E Fernandez, Nathaniel J Williams, Gregory A Aarons, Rinad S Beidas, Cara C Lewis, Sheena M McHugh, Bryan J Weiner
The field of implementation science was developed to better understand the factors that facilitate or impede implementation and generate evidence for implementation strategies. In this article, we briefly review progress in implementation science, and suggest five priorities for enhancing the impact of implementation strategies. Specifically, we suggest the need to: (1) enhance methods for designing and tailoring implementation strategies; (2) specify and test mechanisms of change; (3) conduct more effectiveness research on discrete, multi-faceted, and tailored implementation strategies; (4) increase economic evaluations of implementation strategies; and (5) improve the tracking and reporting of implementation strategies...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Gerald J Kost, A Zadran, L Zadran, I Ventura
Objectives: To develop awareness of benefits of point-of-care testing (POCT) education in schools of public health, to identify learning objectives for teaching POCT, to enable public health professionals and emergency responders to perform evidence-based diagnosis and triage effectively and efficiently at points of need, and to better improve future standards of care for public health practice, including in limited-resource settings and crisis situations. Methods: We surveyed all U.S. schools of public health, colleges of public health, and public health schools accredited by the Council on Education in Public Health (CEPH)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Erum Khan, Kelli L Barr, Joveria Qais Farooqi, Dhani Prakoso, Alizeh Abbas, Zain Yar Khan, Shanze Ashi, Kehkashan Imtiaz, Z Aziz, Faisal Malik, John A Lednicky, Maureen T Long
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2018.00020.].
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Peter Morris Gasten Ngomwa
Assistive technologies are one of the five elements under the Health Component of the World Health Organization CBR Guidelines that Malawi is using to implement the Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID) Programme. The technologies enhance independent living by removing barriers that come due to disability or old age and should, therefore, be prioritized. However, Malawi does not have a straightforward way of providing Assistive Technology. Individuals are considered upon the assessment of their needs whose intervention with respect to assistive products may not be available...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Carmel M Martin, Joachim P Sturmberg, Keith Stockman, Narelle Hinkley, Donald Campbell
Purpose: Potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPH) are minimized when adults (usually with multiple morbidities ± frailty) benefit from alternatives to emergency hospital use. A complex systems and anticipatory journey approach to PPH, the Patient Journey Record System (PaJR) is proposed. Application: PaJR is a web-based service supporting ≥weekly telephone calls by trained lay Care Guides (CG) to individuals at risk of PPH. The Victorian HealthLinks Chronic Care algorithm provides case finding from hospital big data...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Matthias Rabel, Michael Laxy, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Lars Schwettmann, Filip Mess
Background: Health behaviors are of great importance for public health. Previous research shows that health behaviors are clustered and do not occur by chance. The main objective of this study was to investigate and describe the clustering of alcohol consumption, nutrition, physical activity and smoking while also considering the influence of sex, age and education. Methods: Using data from the population-based KORA S4/F4 cohort study, latent class regression analysis was undertaken to identify different clusters of health behavior patterns...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Michael A Counte, Steven W Howard, Larry Chang, William Aaronson
Global advances in health policy reform, health system improvement and health management education and practice need to be closely aligned to successfully change national health policies and improve the performance of health care delivery organizations. This paper describes the globally acknowledged need for incentive-based organizational performance and relevant implications for health care management education (HCME) and practice. It also outlines the major rationale underlying Value-Based Payment (VBP) or Pay for Performance (P4P) health policy initiatives and their basic elements...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Alesia Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Sofía Gómez, Anna O O'Leary
Arizona's state-level policies restricting undocumented immigrants' access to public benefits continue to have implications on mixed-status households' accessibility to care. More notably, the effects of prolonged stress, anxiety and trauma remain unaddressed whilst mental health services continue to be absent. This article examines the healthcare experiences of mixed-status households after Arizona's SB1070 ("Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act") was passed. Arizona Senate Bill 1070 (SB1070) was state legislation empowering police to detain individuals unable to prove their citizenship upon request...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Margarida Arede, Maria Bravo-Araya, Émilie Bouchard, Gurlal Singh Gill, Valerie Plajer, Adiba Shehraj, Yassir Adam Shuaib
Despite scientific evidence supporting the fact that vaccines are fundamental tools for preventing infectious diseases, a percentage of the population still refuses some or all of them. Vaccine hesitancy has become a widespread issue, and its complexity lies in the great variety of factors that can influence decisions about immunization, which are not just vaccine-related concerns, but also involve personal and societal levels. Our research group performed an extensive literature review to analyze: (1) different age groups, their relation to the problem and their characteristics; (2) the most important information (key messages) about immunization that could be used to counteract hesitancy; and (3) best approaches to transmit the messages to the target groups...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Arianna Palmieri, Johann Roland Kleinbub, Stefania Mannarini, Sara Molinaro, Cristina Castriotta, Paolo Scocco
Background: The study of Suicidal ideation (SI) in people bereaved through suicide (Suicide Survivors, SSs) could be hampered by the person's willingness to admit it, or by their limited awareness of it. Our main hypothesis is that SI is common in these people, especially if they are parents or children of the victim. For its potential in shedding light on specific unconscious processes, Rorschach test was chosen for our investigation, for the first time in SSs literature. Rorschach suicide ideation and selected variables were further analyzed to better delineate their psychological profile...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Shinya Imai, Manabu Akahane, Tomoaki Imamura
The number of computed tomography (CT) systems in operation in Japan is approximately 4.3 times higher than that of the OECD average. However, CT systems are expensive, and thus, a heavy financial burden for hospital management. We calculate the annual net profits from CT introduction in Japan for single-slice CT (SSCT), multi-slice CT (MSCT), number of hospital beds, and prefecture. We also analyze the factors that affect CT profitability. First, the annual income per CT in operation is estimated for 2011...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Alison F Laycock, Jodie Bailie, Nikki A Percival, Veronica Matthews, Frances C Cunningham, Gillian Harvey, Kerry Copley, Louise Patel, Ross Bailie
Introduction: Increasing the use of evidence in healthcare policy and practice requires greater understanding of how stakeholders use evidence to inform policy, refine systems and change practice. Drawing on implementation theory, we have used system-focused participatory research to engage diverse stakeholders in using aggregated continuous quality improvement (CQI) data from Australian Indigenous primary health care settings to identify priority evidence-practice gaps, barriers/enablers and strategies for improvement...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Sunitha Kalangi, Harshad Thakur
This article provides a perspective on the evolution of health management education in India, its current state and the way forward. Health management originated in India in response to the administrative needs of the healthcare system, which is now moving toward institutional care, away from its earlier form of home healthcare. As this field evolved over time, new roles emerged for health management professionals. Several articles have been published in the past describing the state and growth in the field of health management education...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
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