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Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation

Su Kang Kim, Hyang Mi Jang, Dae-Young Kim
The progression of ischemic stroke is associated with inflammatory response, in which the nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 (NFKB1) plays an important role. The aim of present study was to determine whether promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the NFKB1 gene was contributed to susceptibility of ischemic stroke. One hundred twenty-one Korean adult patients with ischemic stroke (65.7±12.1 years in age) and 291 Korean healthy controls (63.0±9.3 years in age) were recruited. We genotyped a promoter SNP (rs11940017, -1727, C/T) of NFKB1 gene using direct sequencing in 121 Korean ischemic stroke patients and 291 control subjects...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Seung-Hyun Hyun, Che-Cheong Ryew
While common characteristics between wearing of high heel between carrying an infant elevate height of center of gravity, it is not known what interaction effect influence to leg stiffness. The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of carrying infant by hip seat carrier on leg mechanics during high heel gait. Adult female (n=9) and infant (n=9) participated as subjects. Infant was positioned on rear of trunk as of wearing 6 cm of high heel shoe. Change of leg mechanics was analyzed with ground reaction force variables (1st peak vertical force [PVF], 2nd PVF, center of pressure [medial-lateral, anterior-posterior]), extrapolated center of mass (XCoM) theta, and leg stiffness...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Bruna Spolador de Alencar Silva, Fábio Santos Lira, Fabrício Eduardo Rossi, Marcelo Conrado de Freitas, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Vanessa Ribeiro Dos Santos, Luis Alberto Gobbo
The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of 12 weeks of elastic resistance training on the glucose homeostasis, strength and functionally in sarcopenic older adults. Seven sarcopenic subjects (age, 70.71± 8.0 years; body mass index, 22.75±3.1 kg/m2 ) participated of training protocol with 12 weeks of elastic resistance training. The oral glucose tolerance test, handgrip strength, sit-to-stand test, 4-m walk test, and coordination test were measured at baseline and after training. According to the results, baseline values of area under the curve of glucose and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance were significantly lower than after 12 weeks, respectively (808...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Min-Suk Kang, Jooyoung Kim, Joohyung Lee
The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of different muscle contraction interventions using isokinetic dynamometers on the muscle recovery after muscle injury caused by eccentric exercise. A total of 28 healthy male adults participated in the present study and each subject was randomly assigned to eccentric muscle contraction (EC, n=7), concentric muscle contraction (CC, n=7), both eccentric and concentric muscle contraction (BEC, n=7), and control (CON, n=7) groups after performing eccentric exercise...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Byung-Ki Lee
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of therapeutic exercise for a woman with temporomandibular joint disorder. She was 31 year old and had limitation in the opening of mouth. When opening the mouth, she complained pain in the temporomandibular joint and noise. The health status of the patient was classified based on International Classification Functioning, Disability, and Health regarding the activity of the patient. The activity limitation was determined by the ability of opening the mouth, while the impairments in the body structure and body function were determined by the forward-headed posture due to the hypertension and shortening of upper cervical extensors...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Omid Hesami, Mahsa Haghighatzadeh, Behnam Safarpour Lima, Naghmeh Emadi, Shahin Salehi
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the reasons for labor abandonment due to inability and pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of gabapentin and exercise training in the treatment of CTS and compare their effects. This single-blind clinical trial was conducted on patients referred to the Imam Hossein hospital's electrodiagnostic (EDX) unit. The patients randomly assigned into four groups: using nocturnal splint as an approved treatment in the control group; taking 300-mg gabapentin per night and using nocturnal splint; nerve and tendon gliding exercises and using nocturnal splint; and taking 300-mg gabapentin per night, performing same exercise as group 3 and using nocturnal splint...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Taweesak Janyacharoen, Ponlapat Yonglitthipagon, Saowanee Nakmareong, Natanol Katiyajan, Paradee Auvichayapat, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
This study aimed to investigate the effect of ancient boxing exercise on the strength of leg muscles and quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis. The subjects were divided into 2 groups, control group (CG) and experimental group (EG). The average aged of control and experimental group were 60.3±6.8 and 59.0±7.8 years, respectively. All volunteers were interviewed for basic information, evaluation of the criteria of research and sign consent to participate in the research. The outcome measurement consisted of five time sit to stand test, 6-min walk test, flexibility by sit and reach test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, knee injury and osteoarthritis outcomes score (KOOS) and quality of life of World Health Organization Thai brief version (WHOQOL-BERF-THAI)...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Dae-Hyun Kim, Tae-Ho Kim
Stability exercise (SE) and balance exercise (BE) are generally-applied clinical interventions for back pain. For a proper clinical application, it is necessary to characterize and compare the effects of SE and BE on low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of SE and BE on the activity of trunk muscles in women with chronic LBP. Women with chronic LBP (n=30) who volunteered for this study were randomly divided into two exercise groups of 15 participants. We obtained pre- and postintervention data through application of the visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and electromyography (EMG)...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Özlem Ülger, Aynur Demirel, Müzeyyen Oz, Altan Şahin
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of physiotherapy and minimal invasive technics (MIT) on pain, quality of life and functional disability in geriatric patients with chronic low back pain. According to previous files, 61 geriatric patients who received MIT and physiotherapy allocated to group 1, the patient who received physiotherapy alone allocated to group 2. All patients received soft tissue mobilizations, muscle-energy technics and spinal stabilization exercises. Pain severity, functional disability, life quality, and fear avoidance were assessed with visual analogue scale, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) and Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire, respectively...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Ali Bozorgmehr, Shahla Zahednejad, Reza Salehi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansar, Soheila Abbasi, Holakoo Mohsenifar, Jorge Hugo Villafañe
To clarify the significance of mechanical impairments, pain, and functional limitations as predictors of chronic low back pain (LBP). Ninety patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP) were prospectively studied with clinical tests and questionnaires. Changes in muscle extensibility and endurance tests were evaluated and changes assessed in LBP intensity on numeric rating scale 0-10 and severity with Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) 0-100. In the present study we found significant associations between the 4 muscle extensibility and 2 endurance tests and pain at nonspecific patients with chronic LBP ( P <0...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Jae-Ryang Yoon, Gi-Chul Ha, Kwang-Jun Ko, Seol-Jung Kang
This study aims to identify the effects of exercise type on estrogen, tumor markers, immune function, antioxidant function, and physical fitness in postmenopausal obese women. The subjects were 30 post-menopausal obese women with body fat percentage higher than 30%. Participants were divided into aerobic exercise group (n=10; age, 53.70±3.37 years), resistance exercise group (n=10; age, 52.20±2.15 years), and control group (n=10; age, 52.50±2.68 years). Estrogen and growth hormone showed no significant difference in the aerobic exercise group, resistance exercise group, and control group...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Lida Hosseini, Elham Kargozar, Farshad Sharifi, Reza Negarandeh, Amir-Hossein Memari, Elham Navab
Fear of falling and balance impairment are prevalent in older adults and cause major morbidities for this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Tai Chi Chuan on balance and fear of falling in community-dwelling older adults. This study was a single-blind randomized control trial. Sixty older adults were randomly allocated into two groups using a 4-cell random block design. The participants of intervention group were trained in Tai Chi Chuan for eight weeks, twice a week, and 55 min in each session...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Nan-Soo Kim
Age-related skeletal muscle changes may impact respiratory muscle function, and low muscle mass is associated with low pulmonary function in older adults. Stroke not only causes weakness in the muscles of the upper and lower limbs, but it can also affect the respiratory system. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between grip strength and pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in stroke patients over 50 years of age. Fifty-one patients (68.69±10.40 years) who had been clinically diagnosed with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke were included in this study...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Jin-Cheol Kim, Jae-Heon Lim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of coordinative locomotor training (CLT) on coordination and gait in chronic stroke patients. Thirteen stroke patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: The experimental group (EG, n=7) and control group (CG, n=6). After balanced random assignment, interventions were provided to all patients in twelve 30-min sessions during a 4-week period (3 sessions a week). The EG group underwent CLT after performing the sprinter and skater patterns in four postures...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Sun-Young Ha, Yun-Hee Sung
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Vojta approach on the gross motor function and diaphragm movement in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Ten children with spastic CP were randomly assigned to a general physiotherapy group (trunk strengthening exercise and gait training) (n=5) and a Vojta approach group (n=5). Interventions were implemented for 30 min per time, 3 times a week for a total of 6 weeks. Ultrasonography was used to measure the areas of the diaphragm (during inspiration, expiration) before and after the interventions, the gross motor function measure (GMFM)-88 was used for evaluation of the gross motor function...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Hae-Yeon Kwon, Byeong-Jo Kim
This study was executed as correlation study to investigate the correlation between the dimensions of diaphragm movement, and respiratory functions and pressures in accordance with the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels on children with cerebral palsy as the participants. Forty-three children in the age range of 5-13 years diagnosed with cerebral palsy as the research participants were divided into three groups (levels I, II, and III) through systematic stratified random sampling in accordance with their GMFCS levels...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Jihye Lee, Seungha Park
The purpose of this study to investigate how gait velocity and variability were affected by dual task prioritization in older adults with normal cognitive function and older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Eight older adults with MCI and eight cognitively normal older adults performed a walking task under usual walking with no dual task (usual gait), walk while counting backward from 100 by ones with no priority on task (no priority), walk and count while instructed to prioritize gait task (gait priority), and walk and count while instructed to prioritize the cognitive task (cognitive priority)...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Kwang-Jun Kim, Hong-Sun Song, Dong Hyun Yoon, David H Fukuda, Soon Hee Kim, Dong-Ho Park
This study was designed to investigate the effects of β-alanine (BA) supplementation on peak power, power drop, and lactate response in elite male amateur boxers. Nineteen male Korean national team boxers were divided into groups with either BA (n=9) or placebo (PL, n=10) supplementation. BA consumed 4.9-5.4 g/day of BA with training for 10 weeks and PL took PL in a similar manner. Physical fitness and lactate changes in sparring were measured before and after the 10-week intervention. Significant interactions ( P <0...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Si-Hwa Park, Sung-Jin Park, Mal-Soon Shin, Chang-Kook Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of low-pressure hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment before and after maximal exercise on lactate concentration and heart rate and antioxidant capacity. Ten healthy male college students were recruited from amateur soccer players. Subjects were performed a maximal exercise 3 times at intervals of at least 7 days according to the treatment method (control, pretreatment, posttreatment). Lactate concentration, heart rate, and antioxidant capacity were measured before, post, and after recovery 30 min of maximal exercise...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco, Marcelo Picinin Bernuci, Déborah Cristina Marques, Isabelle Zanquetta Carvalho, Carlos Andrés Lopera Barrero, Fabiano Mendes de Oliveira, Gabriel Fassina Ladeia, Nelson Nardo Júnior
Identification of the body fat (BF) percentage allows health professionals to detect healthy or risky patterns in a population. However, no studies have elaborated BF cutoff points using the bioelectrical impedance method in young Brazilian adults. Thus, the objective of the present study was to elaborate normative tables for BF in Brazilian men and women (sedentary and physically active) between 18 and 39 years of age. A total of 3,111 adults (958 men and 2,153 women) were evaluated using bioimpedance measurements with the InBody 520 device...
December 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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