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Psychiatry Journal

Maulee Hiromi Arambewela, Noel P Somasundaram, Hettiarachchige Buddhi Pradeep Ranjan Jayasekara, Mahesh P Kumbukage
Background: Research focusing on the psychological aspect of diabetes is limited in Sri Lanka. Aim: Determine the prevalence of depression among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) attending an out-patient clinic at a tertiary care hospital in Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among patients diagnosed with T2DM. Pregnant and patients with a prior psychiatric history were excluded...
2019: Psychiatry Journal
Jnadi M Madkhali, Ammar A Hakami, Ali H Dallak, Ramzi M Hakami, Abdullah A Yatimi, Mohmmed E Hamdi, Hisham A Bakkari, Khalil I Kariri, Jubran M Abiri, Anas E Ahmed, Abdulrahman H Mashi
Context: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have a poorer quality of life when compared with patients without DM. In fact, one in every five diabetic patients suffers from comorbid depression, which can lead to poor management, poor compliance with treatment, and low quality of life. Therefore, we assessed the prevalence of depression and identified its associated factors among diabetic patients at Jazan Province, KSA. Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 500 diabetic patients attending a diabetic center in addition to four primary healthcare centers...
2019: Psychiatry Journal
Zahra D Khan, Janet Lutale, Sibtain M Moledina
Despite adequate treatment for diabetes, it is estimated that 15%- 20% of people with diabetes are struggling with a moderate to severe form of depression daily. Little is known about depression in diabetes in East Africa, particularly in Tanzania. The study is aimed at determining the prevalence of depression and associated factors among patients with diabetes. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the diabetes clinic of Muhimbili National Hospital. The 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ 9) scale was used to assess presence of depressive symptoms among diabetes patients at the clinic...
2019: Psychiatry Journal
Tsi Njim, Haman Makebe, Louise Toukam, Belmond Kika, Steve Fonkou, Johnson Fondungallah, Azingala Fondong
Background: Due to a series of recognised psychological stressors in the traditional path of medical studies, medical students are prone to experience burnout syndrome. Objective: This study aimed to determine the predictors of burnout syndrome amongst medical students in Cameroon. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which recruited 413 medical students consecutively after sampling three of the five medical schools in Cameroon using a random sequence generator...
2019: Psychiatry Journal
Cecilia Mattisson, Mats Bogren, Vibeke Horstmann, Leif Öjesjö, Louise Brådvik
Background: Alcohol use disorders are a major health problem, often with a chronic course. Studies on remission from alcohol use disorders are sparse. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the rate of remission from AUD and the possible influence of other mental disorders and sociodemographic factors on the remission in the Lundby Cohort. Method: Remission from AUD was studied for 312 male subjects in the Lundby Cohort, which was followed for 50 years...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Behnam Shariati, Amir-Abbas Keshavarz-Akhlaghi, Arash Mohammadzadeh, Ruohollah Seddigh
Aims: The present study investigates content validity of the open-ended items in Cultural Formulation Interview in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5). Methods: After translating into Persian and assessing the content validity of the items and their modification by psychiatrists, the questionnaire was translated back into English by two translators and then retranslated into Persian. The final Persian version and its back-translation were submitted for approval to the DSM-5 design workshop in the United States...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Eyasu H Tesfamariam, Medhane M Tekie, Amos Y Tesfa, Dawit H Hadgu, Eyob A Awalom, Eyob B Ghebremedhin, Nebay A Tquabo
Secondary School students (SSs) are important members of the community; hence their attitude towards mental illness can be highly influential. Mentally ill individuals are not only suffering from the illness but also suffering from the stigmatizing attitude generated by the community. The objectives of this study were to determine attitude of SSs towards mental illness and its associated factors. A cross-sectional study design employing stratified random sampling was applied to select a sample of 402 students...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Ojaswee Sherchand, Nidesh Sapkota, Rajendra Kumar Chaudhari, Seraj A Khan, Jouslin Kishor Baranwal, Apeksha Niraula, Madhab Lamsal
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression in the working population; to examine if any gender disparity prevails; and to determine the sociodemographic mediators of depression. Methods: Data from previous research was retrieved for this study. Only paid workers were selected (n=160). Sociodemographic variables including prevalence of moderate depression were compared between the genders using Chi square test. Significant variables were subject to logistic regression...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sandra N Ofori, Frances N Adiukwu
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of unrecognized depressive symptoms and its associated risk factors among patients with diabetes and/or hypertension attending medical outpatient clinics of a tertiary health centre in southern Nigeria. A cross-sectional study design was employed to assess 200 randomly selected patients attending the clinics. Questionnaires were administered to obtain sociodemographic and medical history data. The perceived stress scale (PSS) was used to determine the presence of subjective psychological stress and PHQ-9 was used to screen for depression...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Gemechu Shiferaw, Lemi Bacha, Dereje Tsegaye
Introduction: Orphans are the special group of children who are generally deprived and prone to develop psychiatric disorders even those reared in well-run institutions. These children and adolescents living as orphans or in stigmatized environments are vulnerable because of the loss of parent figures. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has contributed to a drastic increase in the number of orphans and vulnerable children and other causes in sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about the prevalence of depression and associated factors among orphanage children in areas such as Ethiopia...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mu-Lin Chiu, Chi-Fung Cheng, Wen-Miin Liang, Pen-Tang Lin, Trong-Neng Wu, Chiu-Ying Chen
Introduction. Previous studies have examined the association between specific mental disorders, particularly mood and anxiety disorders, and substance-related disorders; but the temporal link between them remains unclear. This study aimed to examine whether individuals with specific mental disorders, including affective psychoses, neurotic disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, and adjustment reaction, have higher risks for subsequently developing substance-related disorders compared to those without...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sofia Seid, Demeke Demilew, Solomon Yimer, Awoke Mihretu
Background: Caregiving to individuals with mental illness is a broad responsibility, including not only practical help and care but also emotional support. Cross-sectional studies in different localities suggested a significant burden of mental distress among caregivers of patients with epilepsy, but we are not aware about the condition in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of mental distress among caregivers of patients with epilepsy in Ethiopia...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Getu Belay Ababu, Asmare Belete Yigzaw, Yihunbelay Dinku Besene, Wondale Getinet Alemu
Background: Being in a university for the first time is an unpleasant event and time of heavy pressure relating to social things and dissatisfaction for several new faculty students. Adjustment difficulties are the foremost common issues among freshman students; World Health Organization area unit researched a full-of-life adjustment innovation in universities. Despite this reality, there is a few literature that identifies prevalence and factors related to the adjustment downside among university/college students...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Narges Beyraghi, Azadeh Mazaheri Meybodi, Reyhaneh Sadat Jafarian Bahri
Although the move to smoke-free mental health inpatient settings is an internationally common and popular trend, these policies are neither implemented nor supported by any national program in Iran. This study investigates the attitude of mental health staff and psychiatric patients toward smoking cessation in 2 psychiatric inpatient units (psychosomatic and adult general psychiatry) in the Taleghani general hospital in Tehran. One hundred and twenty participants of this cross-sectional study consist of 30 mental health staff and 90 psychiatric patients...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Ayele Mamo Abebe, Yilma Girma Kebede, Fikir Mengistu
Background: Stress is very common among medical students across the globe with the prevalence of 80%. In Ethiopia, the prevalence is 47.7% among college students. Unless it is managed early, it leads to deterioration of academic performance and overall dissatisfaction with life and different serious health problems including anxiety, depression, and suicide. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of academic related stress among Debre Birhan governmental and nongovernmental health science college regular students 2015/16...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mebrat Abera Woledesenbet, Shegaye Shumet Mekonen, Lamesa Melese Sori, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz
Background: Depression in asthma patients can cause worsening of respiratory symptoms. Addressing mental illness in those with asthma improves asthma outcomes. This study aimed to assess the epidemiology of depression and associated factors among asthma patients attending government hospitals in Ethiopia. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with asthma at three governmental hospitals of Addis Ababa from June to July 2017...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mekdes Beze Demoze, Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Haregwoin Mulat
Background: Orphan adolescents are a special group of people who are generally deprived and prone to develop psychiatric disorder even if reared in a well-run institution. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among orphan adolescents living in Addis Ababa orphan centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 among 453 orphan adolescents in Ethiopia. All orphan adolescents who were living in the selected orphan centers were included in the study...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mina Timalsina, Mana Kafle, Rekha Timalsina
Background: Psychosocial problems refer to the difficulties faced by adolescents in different areas of personal and social functioning. Adolescents are vulnerable to psychosocial problems because of physical and physiological changes that occur in their body during this developmental stage. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify psychosocial problems among school going adolescents in Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was adopted. Nonprobability convenient sampling technique was used for selecting 287 adolescents...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Zakir Abdu, Teshome Kabeta, Lamessa Dube, Workinesh Tessema, Mubarek Abera
Background: Mental disorder is one of the greatest challenges that current and future generations will face. Currently among all people suffering from depression, 85% of them live in low- and middle-income countries. Previous studies reported the global burden/prevalence of depression to be five to ten times higher among prisoners than the general population. However, the prevalence of depression among prisoners in our study area is not known. Objective: This study therefore aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among prisoners in Jimma town in 2017...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Tadele Amare, Solomon Meseret Woldeyhannes, Kelemua Haile, Tebikew Yeneabat
Background: Suicide is a major public health problem and is common among adolescents worldwide. The true extent of the problem in Ethiopia is difficult to ascertain as suicides and suicidal behavior are significantly underreported and understudied. Objective: We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with suicide ideation and suicide attempt among adolescent high school students in Dangila Town, Ethiopia. Methods: This school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2015 in Dangila Town...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
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