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Journal of Behavioral Addictions

Wenjing Xie, Kavita Karan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although social networking sites brought giant convenience, many negative effects on users' psychological well-being need more investigation. This study used a survey to examine Facebook addiction and state anxiety without Facebook. As research shows gender is related to trait anxiety and may interact with trait anxiety to influence state anxiety, we also assess the interaction effect between gender and trait anxiety. METHODS: A total of 526 college students in the US participated in the survey...
March 18, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Melina A Throuvala, Mari Janikian, Mark D Griffiths, Mike Rennoldson, Daria J Kuss
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gaming disorder was recently recognized as a mental health disorder by the World Health Organization and included in the International Classification of Diseases. Extensive research has been conducted with regard to psychosocial correlates and comorbidity, less so for the developmental mechanisms and the processes leading to the disorder. The association between family factors, personality traits, and gaming has been studied independently but not in combination. To fill this gap in knowledge, this study examined (a) the association between parental acceptance-rejection theory and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and (b) the mediating and moderating effect of core self-evaluations (CSE), a personality construct, on the aforementioned variables...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
András N Zsidó, Gergely Darnai, Orsolya Inhóf, Gábor Perlaki, Gergely Orsi, Szilvia Anett Nagy, Beatrix Lábadi, Kata Lénárd, Norbert Kovács, Tamás Dóczi, József Janszky
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet addiction is a non-substance-related addiction disorder with progressively growing prevalence. Internet addiction, like substance-related addictions, has been linked with high impulsivity, low inhibitory control, and poor decision-making abilities. Cortical thickness measurements and trait impulsivity have been shown to have a distinct relationship in addicts compared to healthy controls. Thus, we test whether the cortical correlates of trait impulsivity are different in Internet addicts and healthy controls, using an impulsive control group (smokers)...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Natale Canale, Claudia Marino, Mark D Griffiths, Luca Scacchi, Maria Grazia Monaci, Alessio Vieno
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vulnerability to stress appears to be a potential predisposing factor for developing specific internet-use disorders, such as Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). Studies investigating the protective effect of psychological resilience against the impact of perceived stress on IGD and weekly gameplay have yet to be reported in the existing literature. The aim of this study was to examine the potential moderating relationships between perceived stress and online gaming (more specifically operationalized as IGD and weekly gameplay) with psychological resilience...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Maria Di Blasi, Alessandro Giardina, Cecilia Giordano, Gianluca Lo Coco, Crispino Tosto, Joel Billieux, Adriano Schimmenti
BACKGROUND: A positive relationship between problematic gaming and escapism motivation to play video games has been well established, suggesting that problematic gaming may result from attempts to deal with negative emotions. However, to date, no study has examined how emotion dysregulation affects both escapism motives and problematic gaming patterns. METHODS: Difficulties in emotion regulation, escapism, and problematic involvement with video games were assessed in a sample of 390 World of Warcraft players...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Martin Špolc, Viktor Mravčík, Barbora Drbohlavová, Pavla Chomynová
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling in adolescence is often related to licit and illicit substance use. Some evidence shows that teenage smokers gamble more than non-smokers. The aim of the study is to analyze the relationship between problem gambling and smoking among Czech adolescents. METHODS: Data on 6,082 adolescents (50.1% boys and 49.9% girls) aged 15-19 years were collected as part of the ESPAD study in the Czech Republic in 2015. Logistic regression and linear regression models were used to test the hypothesis that the early onset of daily smoking increases the risk of problem gambling...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Kai W Müller, Manfred E Beutel, Michael Dreier, Klaus Wölfling
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and other Internet-related disorders (IRDs) have become growing health concerns in our today's lives. Based on defined diagnostic criteria, IGD has been recognized as a condition for further research in the DSM-5; however, other IRDs have been excluded. Since the release of the DSM-5, representativeness and appropriateness of the nine diagnostic criteria have been debated. Although some first evidence has been published to evaluate these criteria, our knowledge is still limited...
January 20, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Svenja Orlowski, Anja Bischof, Bettina Besser, Gallus Bischof, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) are associated with mental disorders. To date, there are hardly any studies focusing on the role of ER strategies in the context of gambling behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between specific ER strategies and pathological as well as problematic gambling in a proactively recruited sample. METHODS: A large and unselected sample (n = 4,928) has been screened proactively and systematically in vocational schools...
January 20, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Orsolya Inhóf, András N Zsidó, Gábor Perlaki, Gergely Orsi, Beatrix Lábadi, Norbert Kovács, Anna Szente, Tamás Dóczi, József Janszky, Gergely Darnai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Structural differences in higher-order brain areas are common features of behavioral addictions, including Internet addiction (IA) as well. Taking into consideration the limited number of studies and methods used in previous studies on IA, our aim was to investigate the correlates of IA and the morphometry of the frontal lobes. METHODS: To observe these relationships, the high-resolution T1-weighted MR images of 144 healthy, Caucasian, university students were analyzed with volumetry and voxel-based morphometry...
January 20, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Nicolas A Bonfils, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Julie Caillon, Frédéric Limosin, Amine Benyamina, Henri-Jean Aubin, Amandine Luquiens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Problem gambling is characterized by high stigma and self-stigma, making relevant measurement of the burden of the disorder complex. The aim of our qualitative study was to describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) impacted by problem gambling from the patients' perspective. METHODS: We conducted 6 focus groups with 25 current or lifetime at-risk problem gamblers to identify key domains of quality of life impacted by problem gambling. A content analysis from the focus groups data was conducted using Alceste© software, using descendant hierarchical classification analysis, to obtain stable classes and the significant presences of reduced forms...
January 20, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Joshua B Grubbs, Shane W Kraus, Samuel L Perry
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite controversies regarding its existence as a legitimate mental health condition, self-reports of pornography addiction seem to occur regularly. In the United States, prior works using various sampling techniques, such as undergraduate samples and online convenience samples, have consistently demonstrated that some pornography users report feeling dysregulated or out of control in their use. Even so, there has been very little work in US nationally representative samples to examine self-reported pornography addiction...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Kayla M Joyce, Amanda Hudson, Roisin M O'Connor, Abby L Goldstein, Michael Ellery, Daniel S McGrath, Tara S Perrot, Sherry H Stewart
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite increases in female gambling, little research investigates female-specific factors affecting gambling behavior (GB). Although research suggests that some addictive behaviors may fluctuate across menstrual cycle phase (MCP), gambling requires further investigation. In two studies, we examined associations between MCP and three risky GBs: time spent gambling, money spent gambling, and the probability of consuming alcohol while gambling. Associations between MCP and negative affect were also examined in Study 2...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Dar Meshi, Anastassia Elizarova, Andrew Bender, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Online social networking sites (SNSs) like Facebook provide users with myriad social rewards. These social rewards bring users back to SNSs repeatedly, with some users displaying maladaptive, excessive SNS use. Symptoms of this excessive SNS use are similar to symptoms of substance use and behavioral addictive disorders. Importantly, individuals with substance use and behavioral addictive disorders have difficulty making value-based decisions, as demonstrated with paradigms like the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT); however, it is currently unknown if excessive SNS users display the same decision-making deficits...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Katrin Sevelko, Gallus Bischof, Anja Bischof, Bettina Besser, Ulrich John, Christian Meyer, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet Addiction (IA) has consistently been related to comorbid psychiatric disorders and lowered self-esteem. However, most studies relied on self-report questionnaires using non-representative samples. This study aims to analyze the relative impact of self-esteem and comorbid psychopathology with lifetime IA in a population-based sample of excessive Internet users using clinical diagnoses assessed in a personal interview. METHODS: The sample of this study is based on a general population survey...
December 26, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Roser Granero, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder (GD) presents high rates of suicidality. The combined influences of emotion dysregulation and trait impulsivity are crucially important (albeit understudied) for developing strategies to treat GD and prevent suicide attempts. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between trait impulsivity, emotion dysregulation, and the dispositional use of emotion regulation (ER) strategies with suicidal ideation and psychopathological symptom severity in GD...
December 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Christian Nyemcsok, Samantha L Thomas, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Mike Daube, Rebecca Cassidy
BACKGROUND: There has been an increased international policy focus on the factors that may contribute to, and prevent, the normalization of gambling for young people. However, there is still limited research, which investigates the role of advertising in shaping young people's gambling attitudes and consumption intentions. METHODS: Mixed methods study of 111 young people aged 11-16 years recruited from community basketball stadiums in Victoria, Australia, between May and July 2018...
December 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Gretchen R Blycker, Marc N Potenza
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mindfulness-based approaches, derived from centuries of eastern philosophy and practice, have been increasingly incorporated into western medicine. For example, data support the efficacy of mindfulness-based therapies to reduce stress and promote mental health. METHODS: In this study, we briefly review models and approaches to sexual health in the context of considering compulsive sexual behavior disorder, describe mindfulness-based approaches to stress, addiction, and compulsive sexual behaviors, and present a Mindful Model of Sexual Health (MMSH) that incorporates elements of eastern and western philosophies...
December 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Madison Stange, Alexander C Walker, Derek J Koehler, Jonathan A Fugelsang, Mike J Dixon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Scratch cards are a popular form of lottery gambling available in many jurisdictions. However, there is a paucity of research that examines associations between individual differences in thinking style, participation in scratch card gambling, and problem gambling severity. METHODS: In three studies, we sought to examine the relationships among these variables in large, online samples of participants. Participants completed the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT), the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), the Actively Open-Minded Thinking Scale, and self-reported their frequency of scratch card gambling...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
István Tóth-Király, Beáta Bőthe, Gábor Orosz
We live in exciting times for the scientific study of work addiction, given its increased relevance and the diverse perspectives one might take to approach this phenomenon. Simultaneously, this field does not appear to be unified as a result of several misleading myths, which are addressed by the debate paper of Griffiths et al. (2018). In response, we would like to complement this study by proposing that the construct of interest should be more precisely identified in the context of related constructs and that an integrative framework should be applied, which is able to take into account not just the micro-level characteristics (i...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Jana Strahler, Andrea Hermann, Bertram Walter, Rudolf Stark
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Numerous studies have provided evidence for orthorexia nervosa (ON), an eating pattern characterized by an almost manic obsession for and fixation on healthy eating, to be of epidemiological relevance. However, there is scientific debate on whether it is merely a behavioral or lifestyle phenomenon as compared to a mental disorder. Aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether ON is of epidemiological and clinical relevance, and whether ON can be distinguished from other mental health disorders and healthy lifestyle features...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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