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Global Spine Journal

Jens R Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Ronen Blecher, Michael A Elliott, Emre Yilmaz, Joseph R Dettori, Rod J Oskouian, Akil Patel, Andrew Clarke, Mike Hutton, Robert McGuire, Robert Dunn, John DeVine, Bruce Twaddle, Jens R Chapman
Study Design: Systematic review. Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, ultimately resulting in paralysis and death. The condition is considered to be caused by a complex interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Although vast genetic research has deciphered many of the molecular factors in ALS pathogenesis, the environmental factors have remained largely unknown. Recent evidence suggests that participation in certain types of sporting activities are associated with increased risk for ALS...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Lindsay Tetreault, Hiroaki Nakashima, So Kato, Michael Kryshtalskyj, Nagoshi Nagoshi, Aria Nouri, Anoushka Singh, Michael G Fehlings
Design: Systematic review. Objective: To conduct a systematic review to (1) summarize various classification systems used to describe cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and (2) evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of various imaging modalities and the reliability of these classification systems. Methods: A search was performed to identify studies that used a classification system to categorize patients with OPLL...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
William Ryan Spiker, Vadim Goz, Darrel S Brodke
Study Design: Broad narrative review. Objectives: To review and summarize the current literature on the outcomes, techniques, and indications of lumbar interbody fusion in degenerative spondylolisthesis. Methods: A thorough review of peer-reviewed literature was performed on the outcomes, techniques, and indications of lumbar interbody fusions in degenerative spondylolisthesis. Results: A number of studies have found similar results between interbody fusions and posterolateral fusion in the setting of degenerative spondylolisthesis...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Nikhil R Nayak, James H Stephen, Matthew A Piazza, Adetokunbo A Obayemi, Sherman C Stein, Neil R Malhotra
Study Design: Meta-analysis. Objective: Despite the increasing importance of tracking clinical outcomes using valid patient-reported outcome measures, most providers do not routinely obtain baseline preoperative health-related quality of life (HRQoL) data in patients undergoing spine surgery, precluding objective outcomes analysis in individual practices. We conducted a meta-analysis of pre- and postoperative HRQoL data obtained from the most commonly published instruments to use as reference values...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Aakash Agarwal, Boren Lin, Jeffrey C Wang, Christian Schultz, Steve R Garfin, Vijay K Goel, Neel Anand, Anand K Agarwal
Study Design: A prospective single-center study. Objectives: Assess to what degree contamination of pedicle screws occur in standard intraoperative practice and if use of an impermeable guard could mitigate or reduce such an occurrence. Methods: Two groups of sterile prepackaged pedicle screws, one with an intraoperative guard (group 1) and the other without such a guard (group 2), each consisting of 5 samples distributed over 3 time points, were loaded onto the insertion device by the scrub tech and left on the sterile table...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Andrey Bokov, Anatoliy Bulkin, Alexander Aleynik, Marina Kutlaeva, Sergey Mlyavykh
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: To determine risk factors that may affect the rate of pedicle screws loosening in patients with degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine. Methods: A total of 250 patients with a low-grade spondylolisthesis and lumbar instability associated with degenerative diseases were enrolled. Preoperatively patients underwent computed tomography (CT) and cancellous bone radiodensity of a vertebral body was measured in Hounsfield units (HU)...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Stephen Pehler, Ross Jones, Jackson R Staggers, Jonathan Antonetti, Gerald McGwin, Steven M Theiss
Study Design: Retrospective review. Objectives: To evaluate the rate of nonoperative treatment failure for cervical facet fractures while secondarily validating computed tomography-based criteria proposed by Spector et al for identifying risk of failure of nonoperative management. Methods: Single-level or multilevel unilateral cervical facet fractures from 2007 to 2014 were included. Exclusion criteria included spondylolisthesis, dislocated or perched facets, bilateral facet fractures at the same level, floating lateral mass, thoracic or lumbar spine injuries, or spinal cord injury...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Robert K Eastlack, Ravi Srinivas, Gregory M Mundis, Stacie Nguyen, Praveen V Mummaneni, David O Okonkwo, Adam S Kanter, Neel Anand, Paul Park, Pierce Nunley, Juan S Uribe, Behrooz A Akbarnia, Dean Chou, Vedat Deviren
Study Design: A multicenter retrospective review of an adult spinal deformity database. Objective: We aimed to characterize reoperation rates and etiologies of adult spinal deformity surgery with circumferential minimally invasive surgery (cMIS) and hybrid (HYB) techniques. Methods: Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, and one of the following: coronal Cobb >20°, sagittal vertical axis >5 cm, pelvic tilt >20°, and pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis >10°...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, Zoe B Cheung, Nam Lee, Luilly Vargas, Varun Arvind, Robert K Merrill, Sunder Gidumal, John Di Capua, Samuel Overley, James Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Meta-analysis. Objective: Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a complication of surgical management for adult spinal deformity with a multifactorial etiology. Many risk factors are controversial and their relative importance are not fully understood. We aimed to identify the surgical, radiographic, and patient-related risk factors associated with PJK and proximal junctional failure (PJF). Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and EMBASE...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Narihito Nagoshi, Akio Iwanami, Norihiro Isogai, Masayuki Ishikawa, Kenya Nojiri, Takashi Tsuji, Kenshi Daimon, Ayano Takeuchi, Osahiko Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Nobuyuki Fujita, Mitsuru Yagi, Kota Watanabe, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Ken Ishii, Junichi Yamane
Study Design: Retrospective multicenter study. Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of posterior cervical decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) when performed by board-certified spine (BCS) or non-BCS (NBCS) surgeons. Methods: We reviewed outcomes for 675 patients who underwent surgery for CSM, were followed at least 1 year after surgery, and were assessed preoperatively and at final follow-up by Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores and by the visual analog scale (VAS) for the neck...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Antony H Bateman, Jeremie Larouche, Christina L Goldstein, Daniel M Sciubba, Theodore J Choma, Brandon Lawrence, Joseph Cheng, Michael G Fehlings, Scott J Paquette, Albert J M Yee
Study Design: Longitudinal survey. Objective: It remains important to align competence-based objectives for training as deemed important by clinical fellows to those of their fellowship supervisors and program educators. The primary aim of this study was to determine trainee views on the relative importance of specific procedural training competencies. Secondarily, we aimed to evaluate self-perceived confidence in procedural performance at the commencement and completion of fellowship...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Vadim Goz, Christopher Anthony, Andrew Pugely, Brandon Lawrence, Nicholas Spina, Darrel Brodke, William Ryan Spiker
Study Design: Observational study. Objectives: Perioperative patient anxiety is a major concern in orthopedic surgery. Mobile messaging applications have been used in a number of healthcare settings. The goal of this project is to develop a novel mobile messaging application aimed at decreasing perioperative patient anxiety in spine surgery patients. Methods: Postoperative recovery journals were collected from patients undergoing spine surgery...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Sravisht Iyer, Han Jo Kim, Alexander Theologis, Venu M Nemani, Todd J Albert, Lawrence G Lenke, Shane Burch, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Vedat Deviren, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Justin S Smith, Justin K Scheer, Jun Mizutani, Eric O Kleinberg, Christopher P Ames
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: Determine the indications, complications, and clinical outcomes in patients requiring fusions from the cervical spine to the pelvis. Several investigators have examined fusions from the thoracic spine to the sacrum, but no similar study has been performed for cervical-to-pelvis fusions. Methods: Patients from 2003 to 2014 with an upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) in the cervical spine (any level) and a lower instrumented vertebrae (LIV) in the sacrum or pelvis were included in the study...
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
Jeffrey C Wang, Jens R Chapman, Karsten Wiechert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Global Spine Journal
S Rajasekaran, Dilip Chand Raja Soundararajan, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, Rishi Mugesh Kanna
Study Design: Review article. Objectives: A review of literature on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of spinal tuberculosis (TB). Methods: A systematic computerized literature search was performed using Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, and PubMed. Studies published over the past 10 years were analyzed. The searches were performed using Medical Subject Headings terms, and the subheadings used were "spinal tuberculosis," "diagnosis," "epidemiology," "etiology," "management," "surgery," and "therapy...
December 2018: Global Spine Journal
Charles N de Leeuw, Patrick R Fann, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Avery L Buchholz, Brett A Freedman, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Spinal epidural abscesses (SEAs) are rare, but when missed or when diagnosis is delayed, SEA can lead to permanent neurological impairment or death. Limited information exists on the optimal treatment modalities for SEA, especially in the lumbar spine. We synthesize the current literature to identify the clinical features, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of lumbar SEA. Methods: Queries in 4 databases-EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science-were performed using comprehensive search terms to locate published literature on lumbar SEA...
December 2018: Global Spine Journal
Benjamin A Howie, Iyooh U Davidson, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Markian A Pahuta, Avery L Buchholz, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Past research has demonstrated increased speed and severity of progression for spinal epidural abscesses (SEAs) of the thoracic level, specifically, when compared with SEAs of other spinal cord levels. Untreated, this infection can result in permanent neurological sequelae with eventual progression to death if inadequately managed. Despite the seriousness of this disease, no articles have focused on the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of SEAs of the thoracic level...
December 2018: Global Spine Journal
Reina Yao, Hanbing Zhou, Theodore J Choma, Brian K Kwon, John Street
Study Design: Retrospective literature review of spine surgical site infection (SSI). Objective: To perform a review of SSI risk factors and more specifically, categorize them into patient and surgical factors. Methods: A review of published literature on SSI risk factors in adult spine surgery was performed. We included studies that reported risk factors for SSI in adult spinal surgery. Excluded are pediatric patient populations, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses...
December 2018: Global Spine Journal
Geoffrey Stricsek, Justin Iorio, Yusef Mosley, Srinivas Prasad, Joshua Heller, Jack Jallo, Soroush Shahrokh, James S Harrop
Study Design: Systematic analysis and review. Objective: Evaluation of the presentation, etiology, management strategies (including both surgical and nonsurgical options), and neurological functional outcomes in patients with cervical spinal epidural abscess (SEA). Methods: The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) criteria were used to create a framework based on which articles pertaining to cervical SEA were chosen for review following a search of the Ovid and PubMed databases using the search terms "epidural abscess" and "cervical...
December 2018: Global Spine Journal
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