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Iranian Journal of Neurology

Mohammad Reza Sasani, Ali Reza Dehghan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Reza Boostani, Zahra Baghestani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Masoud Etemadifar, Fatemeh Sabeti, Mehri Salari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Seyed Mohammad Baghbanian, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Marianna Riolo, Valentina Arnao, Fabio Giacalone, Roberto Citarrella, Daniela Cabibbi, Massimo Cajozzo, Paolo Aridon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Arezoo Chouhdari, Kaveh Ebrahimzadeh, Omidvar Rezaei, Mohammad Samadian, Giv Sharifi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili
Background: Postoperative meningitis (POM) is the most dreaded cause of morbidity and mortality in neurosurgery patients. This study aimed to identify incidence and mortality rate as well as related factors to outcome in patients with POM. Methods: This descriptive longitudinal study conducted on patients with POM in duration of 2 years. Incidence and mortality rates as well as related factors were studied. Results: The incidence and mortality rates of POM was 8.9% and 50%, respectively. There were statistically significant association between male gender, as well as having mechanical ventilation, and death outcome in univariable analysis...
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Mahsa Owji, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Maryam Bidadian, Fereshteh Ghadiri, Farnaz Etesam, Amirreza Azimi, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi
Background: Emotional intelligence refers to a process through which an individual is not only capable of understanding his/her/others' emotions, but also is able to manage them. Emotional intelligence can get disturbed due to different neurological diseases. Since cognition and emotion are directly and closely related, the present study aims to evaluate the relationship between emotional intelligence and cognitive disorders in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Methods: The demographic data of 92 MS patients participating in this study were recorded...
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Mehri Salari, Mahdi Barzegar, Masoud Etemadifar, Omid Mirmosayyeb
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder, has been related with weight loss and energy balance. Some studies showed that leptin might be playing an important role in satiety, energy balance and immune response. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum leptin level in patients with PD and its association with clinical severity. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 35 patients with PD and 51 healthy controls (HCs), matched for age, sex and body mass index (BMI), were recruited...
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Rozita Doosti, Mansoureh Togha, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi, Aida Aghsaie, Amir Reza Azimi, Saeideh Khorramnia, Zahra Moinfar, Fereshteh Ensani, Mohammad Hossein Harirchian, Alireza Minagar, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
Background: Since most patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) are women, the present study aimed to determine whether treatment of patients with MS by cytotoxic agents is associated with an increased risk of cervical dysplasia. Cancer screening is often neglected in the chronic diseases such as MS, so more attention in this field was needed. Decreasing morbidity and mortality due to cervical cancer is the most important goal of screening in female MS patients especially in child bearing age...
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Roshanak Mehdipour-Dastjerdi, Fereshteh Ashtari, Vahid Shaygannejad, Marjan Mansourian, Ali Safaei
Background: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disease (NMOSD) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder that involves central nervous system (CNS) with high affinity for involvement of optic nerve and spinal cord. In current study, due to high prevalence of NMOSD in Isfahan, Iran, we have aimed to assess brain and spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of patients with NMOSD. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 62 patients with diagnosis of NMOSD, who referred to MS clinic of Kashani hospital, Isfahan City, during 2015-17...
April 4, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Mohammad Paktinat, Soroor Inaloo, Zahra Serati, Eslam Shorafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Kaveh Shafiei, Mahdiyeh Khazaneha
Background: The extent to which a publication attracts scientific attention by virtue of its focus, provides clues about the trend and volume of scientific production in a particular field. Bibliometric analysis is a method to quantify aspects of a specific research area. This article focused on publication on the movement disorders. Methods: The bibliometric data on movement disorder were retrieved in relation to set of keywords from the Thomson Reuters Web of Science (WOS) available by January 2017. As many bibliometric statistics, such as citation indexes change during time, it was decided to compare two successive 5-years periods, 2007-2011 and 2012-2016...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Farzad Rahmani, Reza Rikhtegar, Alireza Ala, Aysan Farkhad-Rasooli, Haniyeh Ebrahimi-Bakhtavar
Background: Different criteria have been proposed to determine the mortality rate of primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed to evaluate ICH and Modified New ICH scores in predicting 30-day mortality in patients with primary ICH. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 107 patients diagnosed with primary ICH were enrolled at an interval of six months (October 2015-March 2016). They were evaluated using Modified New ICH and ICH scores. The Modified New ICH score was different from the New ICH score since the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) variables were replaced by Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) in the modified score...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Ebru Umay, Eda Gurcay, Azize Serçe, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Aytul Cakci
Background: A wide variety of factors influence stroke prognosis, including age, stroke severity, stroke mechanism, infarct location, comorbid conditions, clinical findings, and related complications. The aim of this study was to detect the prognostic determinants in patients with acute stroke for guiding rehabilitation. Methods: Patients with ischemic acute stroke were included in the study. Patients' age, sex, education level, and marital status, premorbid personality traits, comorbidities such as current smoking status and alcohol consumption, regular exercise habits, and sleeping disorder were recorded...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabadi, Mohammad Yazdchi, Mehdi Farhoudi, Homayoun Sadeghi, Aliakbar Taheraghdam, Reza Rikhtegar, Hannaneh Aliyar, Sahar Mohammadi-Fallah, Rogayyeh Asadi, Elham Mehdizadeh-Far, Neda Ghaemian
Background: Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) has been long approved as an efficacious treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS); however, due to some serious complications, particularly intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), many physicians are still reluctant to use it liberally. This study sought to find potential prognostic factors in patients with AIS treated with tPA. Methods: A retrospective, hospital-bases observational study was conducted. Consecutively, a total of 132 patients with AIS treated with intravenous tPA, form June 2011 to July 2015 were enrolled...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Nazem Ghasemi
Background: Stem cell-based therapy is a new method for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) are a kind of adult stem cells which have a higher frequency in the fat tissue and have the ability to differentiate into other cell types outside their lineage. Due to some serious adverse events of cell-based therapy such as tumorigenic potential, the aim of this study was to evaluate of hADSCs differentiation into oligodendrocytes as a valuable way for future cell transplantation...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Azar Mehri, Seyede Zohreh Mousavi, Mohammad Kamali, Saman Maroufizadeh
Background: Semantic test of Pyramids and Palm Trees (PPT) is the most common test for assessing memory. Since this test is related to language and culture, normative data in different populations are needed. Methods: This study was conducted on 270 literate men and women Persian adults aged from 20 to 69 years. Subjects must select a picture or word between two pictures or words that was closer to target. Results: The word score was significantly positively correlated with the picture score (r = 0.508, P < 0...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Farzaneh Foroughinia, Elaheh Jamshidi, Haniyeh Javanmardi, Anahid Safari, Afshin Borhani-Haghighi
Background: We aimed to study the possible beneficial effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in carotid artery stenting (CAS) procedure for decreasing post-procedural ischemic complications. Although previous evidence demonstrated that omega-3 PUFAs, present in fish oil, can significantly enhance platelet response to antiplatelet agents after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it is unknown whether they can be used in patients undergoing CAS. Methods: The single-blind, case-control, pilot randomized trial study was planned to perform on 60 patients undergoing CAS (30 in case and 30 in control group)...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Mehri Salari, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Masoud Etemadifar, Vahid Shaygannejad, Fariborz Khorvash, Mohammad Reza Najafi, Fereshteh Ashtari, Ahmad Chitsaz
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. Its worldwide incidence rate varies between 18 and 418 cases per 100000 annually. This cross-sectional study was carried out with the aim to identify the clinical characteristics and demographic features of a huge number of patients with PD in Isfahan, Iran. Methods: The study was conducted on 987 patients with PD in Isfahan city and checklists were used to evaluate the demographic features and clinical characteristics of the patients...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Benyamin Seyfari, Farzad Fatehi, Abolfazl Shojaiefard, Mehdi Jafari, Ali Ghorbani-Abdehgah, Shirzad Nasiri, Aidin Yaghoobi-Notash, Behnam Molavi, Amir Hossein Latif, Reza Eslamian, Ali Mir, Ahmadreza Soroush
Background: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease affecting acetylcholine postsynaptic receptor of voluntary muscles. Thymectomy is done in these patients and is a mainstay in the treatment of MG; however, the long-term result of surgery is still controversial. This study dealt with the investigation of the results of thymectomy in treatment, recovery and control of the symptoms of these patients. Methods: This study was performed through a retrospective method in patients suffering from MG who underwent trans-sternal thymectomy between 2011 and 2016...
January 5, 2018: Iranian Journal of Neurology
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