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Journals Iranian Journal of Otorhinolar...

Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259692/cochlear-implantation-with-a-combined-approach-a-case-report
#21
Reza Jahangiri, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Elahe Kohan, Amirhossein Babaei
INTRODUCTION: Ear symptoms of granulomatosis with polyangiitis can range from ear fullness and otalgia to conductive or sensory neural hearing loss and sudden deafness. Cochlear implantation in these patients faces two challenges: access to the round window and control of mastoid and middle ear inflammation. The combined approach in cochlear implantation is a classic trans-facial recess approach facilitated by a trans-canal view. CASE REPORT: In this case report, we present the "combined approach" in a 20-year-old lady with granulomatosis with polyangiitis who underwent cochlear implantation successfully using the combined approach...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259691/transoral-endoscopic-assisted-resection-of-laryngeal-schwannoma-a-case-report
#22
Dian Paramita Wulandari, Anisa Haqul Khoiria, Elida Fadhilatul Latifa
INTRODUCTION: Schwannoma, a peculiar benign nerve sheath tumour, is frequently hard to differentiate from other nerve tumours, such as neurofibroma. Around 25%-45% of all schwannomas emerge in the head and neck region, but only 0.1-1.5 % involve laryngeal structure. This tumour is most accurately diagnosed with biopsy via direct laryngoscopy; however, at some points this approach cannot detect a definitive diagnosis due to the surrounding capsule of the tumour and its similar histopathologic finding with other nerve sheath tumour...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259690/nasopharyngeal-foreign-body-with-unusual-presentation
#23
Pratik Kumar, Meenakshi Sachdeva, Nandini Shruti
INTRODUCTION: An unusual nasopharyngeal foreign body in a very young child with no clinical symptoms is a rare case presentation. CASE REPORT: A nine-month-old child presented with a suspected history of foreign body ingestion without any clue to the parents about the nature of the foreign body. X-ray of the nasopharynx revealed a sharp unusual metallic "Louis Vuitton" shoe logo that the child had accidentally inserted into the nasopharynx via the oral cavity while playing...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259689/the-effect-of-three-forms-of-local-corticosteroids-on-sinonasal-polyposis
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matin Ghazizadeh, Ali Goljanian Tabrizi, Najmeh Rajabi
INTRODUCTION: Since sinonasal polyposis (SNP) has a high recurrence rate after surgery, various studies have investigated the effect of corticosteroid medications to prevent disease recurrence. The present study was designed to compare the effect of three forms of local corticosteroids on preventing SNP recurrence post-operatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This double-blind, randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 108 patients with SNP who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38074483/ectopic-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-of-the-posterior-pharynx
#25
Chang Haur Lee, Firdaus Hayati, Nornazirah Azizan, Siti Zubaidah Sharif
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic thyroid is an uncommon condition resulting from the aberrant development of the normal thyroid gland and is usually found along the thyroglossal tract: lingual, submandibular, thyroglossal cysts, intra-tracheal and mediastinal, or, on rare occasions, in the adrenal gland, gallbladder, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, and struma ovarii. CASE REPORTS: We describe a novel case where primary papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) was found after a trans-oral excision of a tumor containing ectopic thyroid tissue at the posterior pharynx, an area not known to be a location for ectopic thyroid...
November 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38074482/identifying-affecting-factors-on-acceptance-with-cpap-on-the-first-night-of-pap-titration-in-sleep-clinic-on-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Reihaneh Heidari, Ayeh Shamsadini, Arezu Najafi, Reza Erfanian
INTRODUCTION: This research examined the causes of low acceptance with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) especially anatomical causes and if eliminating them would result in increasing its adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional study was performed on patients with moderate to severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) undergoing PAP titration in the sleep clinic. CPAP acceptance was evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS) about mask and sleep satisfaction and the possibility of using CPAP in the future, mask complications, physical examination of the upper airway and polysomnographic (PSG) results before and after titration...
November 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38074481/omega-3-adjunctive-therapy-in-idiopathic-ssnhl-a-randomised-triple-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Benyamin Rahmaty, Kayvan Aghazadeh, Sasan Dabiri, Masoud Motasaddi Zarandy, Ali Kouhi, Nasrin Yazdani, Reza Erfanian, Ardavan Tajdini, Saeed Sohrabpour, Fatemeh Safi, Reza Shamsa, Hamideh Ravand, Neda Jafari
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss as a subset of sensorineural hearing loss will be confirmed by a progressive hearing loss of at least 30 dB at three contiguous frequencies over 72 hours or less. A sudden or abrupt hearing loss correlates with the time course, and a vascular event is presumptive aetiology. There is an inverse association between Omega-3 consumption and hearing loss. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Omega-3 adjunctive therapy in Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss by audiometric assessments...
November 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38074480/a-comparative-immunohistochemical-expression-of-trap-in-odontogenic-cysts
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hamideh Kadeh, Shirin Saravani, Ali Jamshidi
INTRODUCTION: Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) is an acid phosphatase metalloprotein enzyme expressed in osteoclasts and is related to bone resorption. The molecular mechanisms involved in the different behavior of odontogenic keratocysts have not yet been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to compare TRAP expression in odontogenic keratocysts, radicular cysts, and dentigerous cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we selected 60 samples, including 20 cases of each one of the odontogenic keratocysts (OKC), radicular cysts (RC) and dentigerous cysts (DC)...
November 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38074479/a-rare-case-of-solitary-fibrosus-tumor-sft-of-the-nasal-septum
#29
Davide Burrascano, Salvatore Dolores, Angelo Immordino, Francesco Lorusso, Francesco Dispenza, Federico Sireci
INTRODUCTION: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal tumor that usually arises from the pleura but can also occur in extrapleural sites, such as the sinonasal region. It causes aspecific symptoms, including nasal obstruction and discharge, postnasal drip, anosmia, epistaxis, and headache. It may be difficult to distinguish these symptoms from those caused by other mesenchymal lesions that usually occur in this site, especially when the tissues undergo iatrogenic damage following surgical removal...
November 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38074478/sinonasal-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-in-adult-proteus-syndrome
#30
Giorgos Sideris, Thomas Nikolopoulos, Antigone Sourla, Penelope Korkolopoulou, Pavlos Papadakis, Alexander Delides
INTRODUCTION: Proteus syndrome (PS) is a rare genetic disorder usually caused by mutations in AKT1 or PTEN genes, characterized by multiple, asymmetric tissue overgrowth with high clinical variability. Sinonasal neuroendocrine carcinomas (SNEC) are exceptionally rare tumors encountered in the ethmoid sinus, nasal cavity, or maxillary sinus. CASE REPORT: We report a 35-year-old patient with PS, who underwent successful surgical removal of a well-differentiated SNEC obstructing his nasal cavity and highlight the role of the otolaryngologist for safe airway management, minimal surgical intervention and coordination of the multidisciplinary care...
November 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090619/sars-cov-2-cycle-threshold-value-and-olfactory-dysfunction-in-covid-19-patients
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali Goljanian Tabrizi, Maliheh Mohseni Ashjerdi, Matin Ghazizadeh, Majid Maleki
INTRODUCTION: Considering the inconsistent results regarding the association between the severity and duration of olfactory dysfunction (OD), and the viral load in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, we aimed to conduct this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study in which COVID-19 patients were evaluated for the initial cycle threshold value (Ct values) measured by the nasopharyngeal samples along with olfactory function measured by the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) within 2 months of COVID-19 onset...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090618/the-effect-of-corticosteroids-on-post-covid-19-smell-loss-a-meta-analysis
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mona Kabiri, Maryam Emadzadeh
INTRODUCTION: The rate of olfactory loss related to COVID-19 was reported between 4-89 percent. There is no approved treatment for patients who experience anosmia after the mentioned infection. This systematic review aimed to assess the therapeutic effects of corticosteroids on anosmia in COVID-19 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases including PubMed, ISI Web of Sciences, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. Databases were searched up to September 2022 to find out randomized controlled trials that assessed the effect of corticosteroids on post-COVID anosmia/hyposmia...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090617/rhinosporidiosis-epidemiological-clinicoradiological-immunological-profile
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Megha Chandran, Rupa Mehta, Nitin M Nagarkar, Anudita Bhargava, Eli Mohapatra, Saroj Kumar Pati
INTRODUCTION: Rhinosporidiosis is an enigmatic disease with many unsolved queries right from taxonomy to treatment. This study has been done to understand the disease characteristics with a peek into the lesser known immunological aspects of it by studying the changes in levels of certain primarily cell-mediated immunity (CMI)-specific cytokines in rhinosporidiosis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed. Detailed epidemiological and clinicoradiological assessment was done along with selected inflammatory and immunological markers...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090616/frequency-specific-air-conduction-and-bone-conduction-outcomes-after-stapedotomy
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohsen Rajati, Ali Ghanbari, Razieh Yousefi, Sadegh Jafarzadeh, Navid Nourizadeh, Mohammad Reza Sharifian, Imaneh Roshanzamir
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate hearing outcome of stapes surgery, considering the post-operative air and bone conduction (AC&BC) changes, in a frequency specific approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. A total of 245 ears (231 patients), who underwent Stapedotomy at our tertiary referral center in a period of 5 years were enrolled in the study. Pure tone audiometry (PTA) was evaluated preoperatively and one month postoperatively...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090615/necrosis-of-the-tongue-as-a-late-complication-of-radiotherapy
#35
Cristina Aguiar, Paulo Pina, Nuno Medeiros, Mónica Teixeira, Leandro Ribeiro, Pedro Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Irradiation to treat head and neck cancer, causing chronic tissue damage, is associated with the development of vascular disease. Interest has risen over the effects of radiotherapy on major vessels, due to its high morbidity and mortality rate. However, small-vessel disease has been poorly studied and described. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a patient with bilateral necrosis of the anterior third of the tongue, occurring 3 years after chemoradiotherapy treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the floor of the mouth...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090614/comparing-the-patients-with-or-without-inner-ear-malformations-in-terms-of-intra-and-postoperative-complications-of-cochlear-implantation
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adib Molaei Sisakht, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Leila Monshizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Since 20% of the patients with sensorineural hearing loss have confirmed radiographically inner ear malformation, this study aimed to compare the incidence rate of intra and postoperative complications of cochlear implantation amongst the patients with or without inner ear malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the medical record of 954 patients who had undergone cochlear implantation. Seventeen patients had inner ear malformations and were selected as the case group, and 25 patients with normal inner ear were selected as the control group...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090613/nasopharyngeal-branchial-cyst-and-thornwaldt-cyst-in-a-patient-with-hearing-loss-after-coronavirus-infection
#37
Hosna Zobairy, Shahin Rajaeih, Mersad Mehrnahad, Parisa Modaresi, Ahmad Sofi-Mahmudi
INTRODUCTION: The majority of nasopharyngeal cysts are asymptomatic and rare. Nevertheless, these lesions are rarely discovered during regular endoscopies and imaging tests. An upper nasopharyngeal Thornwaldt cyst is a benign, mucosal congenital cyst. Even less frequently, they can cause unexplained sinonasal symptoms such as rhinorrhea, vision problems, and nasal blockage. CASE REPORT: Here, we report a case with new-onset hearing loss after the coronavirus infection, in which his imaging investigation showed a nasopharyngeal mass...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38090612/serum-level-of-vitamin-d-in-patients-with-salivary-gland-tumors
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sedigheh Moayedi, Bijan Khademi, Mahyar Malekzadeh, Golnoush Farzinnia, Zohreh Jaafari-Ashkavandi
INTRODUCTION: The active vitamin D metabolites have anticancer effects on many human neoplasms. The vitamin D receptors have been detected in salivary glands tissue. This study aimed to evaluate the serum level of vitamin D in patients with malignant and benign salivary gland tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective and cross-sectional study, 151 participants, including 42 patients with benign, 42 malignant salivary gland tumors, and 67 healthy subjects, participated...
September 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37497164/curcumin-prevents-ototoxicity-induced-by-cisplatin-as-evaluated-with-oae
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muhammad Dana Arwanda, Tengku-Siti-Hajar Haryuna, Indri Adriztina, Khalisanni Khalid
INTRODUCTION: This study, assess the efficacy of curcumin therapy in preventing/improving cochlear damage in Rattus norvegicus ototoxic model as evaluated with OAE examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilized 27 rats which had been injected with single dose 8mg/KgBB of cisplatin, and then divided into 3 groups. The first group was not given curcumin. The second group received curcumin at a dose of 150 mg/KgBB. The third group received curcumin at a dose of 300 mg/KgBB...
July 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37497163/subperichondrial-hematoma-of-alar-cartilage-a-case-report
#40
Mehmet Ali Say
INTRODUCTION: Cartilage deformation may develop due to congenital and trauma-related hematomas. Early diagnosis and treatment are imperative to prevent aesthetic and functional complications related to alar cartilage hematomas. CASE REPORT: An 8-year-old male presented with a major alar cartilage hematoma with a nasal fracture as a result of trauma. The patient underwent surgery on the 1st day of trauma for alar cartilage hematoma drainage and nasal bone reduction...
July 2023: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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