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Journals Iranian Journal of Otorhinolar...

Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745689/pediatric-unilateral-chronic-sinusitis-clinical-and-radiological-patterns-compared-to-adults
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmed Adel Sadek, Maisara Mohamed Mahmoud Nasr, Ahmed Ali Mohamed Badawi, Tamer El Zaeem Esmaeel, Osama Galal Awad
INTRODUCTION: Upper respiratory tract infections and sinusitis are more prevalent in children than in adults. Unilateral sinusitis is not uncommon disease. Our aim was to analyze the disease characteristics in children with unilateral sinusitis and compare them with those of adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 124 patients with unilateral chronic sinusitis divided according to age into two groups: pediatric group ≤18 years (66 cases) and adult group >18 years (58 cases)...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745688/value-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-various-stages
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Goesti Yudistira, Melati Sudiro, Yussy Afriani Dewi
INTRODUCTION: Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) is among the most common head and neck cancer, significantly affecting the growth of human tumors. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) as a measure of inflammation in patients with various stages of NPC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted on patients diagnosed with NPC between 2016 and 2020 in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung Hospital, Indonesia...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745687/autism-s-impact-on-cochlear-implantation-surgery-outcomes-in-deaf-children
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Masoud Naderpour, Yalda Jabbari Moghaddam, Amin Abbasi, Aida Ariafar, Bita Poorshiri
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implants (CI) provide a hearing sense for severe to profound hearing-impaired patients, both adults and children, and they are a broadly effective and accepted therapeutic method for those patients. Also, Deaf children with comorbidities, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), undergo cochlear implantation. ASDs are a group of developing disorders characterized by abnormalities in social interaction and communication with limited repetitive patterns of behavior...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745686/the-effects-of-aloe-vera-cream-on-the-alar-scar-in-rhinoplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Reza Kaboodkhani, Mohsen Sarikhani, Tayebeh Kazemi, Mohammad Mehdi Zarshenas, Mohammad Miaad Shahrizi, Maryam Sadat Sadati, Seyed Hossein Owji
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have been done on the use of aloe vera in wound healing, but fewer studies were done on the influence of this material on the reduction of the alar scar. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of a newly made aloe vera cream on alar wound healing after rhinoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, double-arm, parallel-group, double-blind controlled trial and was done from June 2021 to February 2022. External wedge resection was done for all patients...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745685/prevalence-of-ear-related-problems-in-individuals-recovered-from-covid-19
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmadreza Nazeri, Amir Majidpour, Ali Nazeri, Ali Kamrani, Hashir Aazh
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to assess prevalence of tinnitus, hyperacusis, hearing and balance problems among patients recovered from COVID-19 infection. Self-reported ear and hearing symptoms were compared in three groups comprising: confirmed COVID-19, possible COVID-19, and non-COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1649 participants completed the survey in this cross-sectional study. The mean age was 34 years and 65% were female. Participants with confirmed and possible COVID-19 were asked if after their infection (compared to the past) they experienced hearing loss, ringing or whistling noises, fullness or blockage in their ears, loudness of the sounds that are normal to other people bother them more (an indication of hyperacusis), dizziness, giddiness, or imbalance...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745684/olfactory-dysfunction-in-covid-19-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sreedevi Nunkappa Thippeswamy, Kamalesh Thagadur Nataraju
INTRODUCTION: Sudden onset of olfactory dysfunction (OD) manifesting as hyposmia and/or anosmia occurred in many COVID-19 patients, with a frequency as high as 85.6%. Given the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19, it is important to recognize the symptoms early so that the infected person can be diagnosed, isolated and treated early. Hence, this study was undertaken to know the prevalence of Sino-nasal symptoms with special reference to olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a cross sectional observational study involving 160 COVID-19 patients aged 18 to 100 years selected by universal sampling...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745683/google-trends-analysis-of-otologic-symptom-searches-following-covid-19
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joshua K Kim, Karen Tawk, Jonathan M Kim, Hamid R Djalilian, Mehdi Abouzari
INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 infection was accompanied by otologic symptoms, a pattern that was captured early by Google Trends. The objective of this study is to investigate searches for otologic symptoms and identify correlations with the pandemic onset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search interest for otologic symptoms was gathered using Google Trends from two years before and two years following the pandemic start date. A two-tailed Mann-Whitney U test was used to identify significant changes and effect size...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38745682/evaluation-of-salivary-function-post-partial-superficial-parotidectomy
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sona Sepahi, Atena Aghaee, Imaneh Roshanzamir, Adel Ghorani-Azam, Soheila Erfani, Leila Mashhadi, Kamran Khazaeni
INTRODUCTION: Parotid pleomorphic adenomas necessitate surgical intervention, with a growing emphasis on preserving salivary function post-surgery due to its critical role in maintaining oral health and overall quality of life. This study aims to evaluate a surgical method meticulously designed to preserve salivary function following partial superficial parotidectomy, utilizing Technetium-99m scintigraphy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study was conducted in Mashhad, Iran, between 2022 and 2023...
May 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476567/cerumenolytic-effects-of-carbamide-peroxide-in-patients-with-ear-wax-obstruction
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alireza Asgari, Hamid Reza Asgari, Mehrdad Ghorbanlou, Faramarz Dobakhti, Mohammad Ali Ghorbanian
INTRODUCTION: Accumulated and compacted ear wax or cerumen can cause conductive hearing loss, discomfort and vertigo, and infection. This study investigates the effect of Carbamide peroxide (CP) compared with Phenol glycerin (PG) ear drops on cerumen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This experimental study investigated the effect of PG and CP ear drops on cerumen in ex vivo and in vivo phases. In the ex vivo phase cerumen degredation was scored following PG and CP treatments...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476566/effect-of-combination-montelukast-and-nasal-mometasone-on-childhood-adenoid-hypertrophy
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohsen Jafari, Bahar Pourroshani, Kambiz Eftekhari, Armen Malekiantaghi, Parisa Ashournia, Alireza Shafiei
INTRODUCTION: Adenoid hypertrophy is a common childhood disease; its standard treatment is adenoidectomy. The desire for medical management is increasing due to fewer complications and more convenience. The present study investigated the effect of adding oral montelukast to mometasone nasal spray in treating adenoid hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted at a referral teaching hospital (Tehran, Iran) from September 2020 to September 2021...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476565/pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-nasal-vestibule-an-atypical-presentation
#11
Lady Johana Morales, Alejandro Uribe Escobar, Cesar Augusto Garcia
INTRODUCTION: We introduce the third case reported in the literature of an atypical presentation of pleomorphic adenoma located in the nasal vestibule of a young patient who assisted at our clinic. CASE REPORT: A young man with no important medical history consulted due to a painless mass-type slow-growth lesion associated with right nasal obstruction. He underwent surgical management and complete resection of the mass. The pathological study revealed a pleomorphic adenoma, confirmed by immunohistochemistry...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476564/tonsillar-kaposi-s-sarcoma-in-hiv-positive-patient-with-syphilis-infection
#12
Francesco Lorusso, Salvatore Alberto Di Vincenzo, Valerio Campofiorito, Federico Sireci, Angelo Immordino, Francesco Dispenza
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART), there has been a significant increase in the survival of HIV-infected patients. Consequently, there has been increased attention on the potential neoplastic pathologies, such as Kaposi's sarcoma, associated with AIDS in these individuals. CASE REPORT: In this case report we present, for the first time, a patient affected by Kaposi's sarcoma of the palatine tonsil with a concomitant syphilis infection...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476563/accuracy-and-pitfalls-in-the-smartphone-based-audiometry-examination
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ramtry Waldi Berampu, Indri Adriztina, Ferryan Sofyan, Yetty Machrina, Ichwanul Adenin
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 466 million people suffer from hearing loss worldwide, with Indonesia ranking fourth in Southeast Asia. However, conventional pure-tone audiometry is not yet available in many areas because of its high cost. Numerous available smartphone-based audiometry applications are potential alternative screening tools for hearing loss, especially in Indonesia. This study examined the findings on the validation of smartphone-based audiometry applications to assess hearing functions available in Indonesia...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476562/association-between-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphism-and-susceptibility-to-oral-lichen-planus-and-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nooshin Mohtasham, Farnaz Mohajertehran, Fahimeh Afzaljavan, Alieh Farshbaf, Kiumars Maraqehmoqadam, Maryam Tavakoliroodi, Majid Mirhashemi
INTRODUCTION: Oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) comprise 90-95% of oral cancers. Early diagnosis improved the survival rate of OSCC patients to 80-90%. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chorionic inflammatory disease with malignancy potential. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of oral cancer. This study aimed to determine the association between VDR rs7975232 (Apa I) polymorphism and potential susceptibility to OLP and OSCC risks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective case-control study, a total of 120 blood samples were obtained from OSCC patients (n=29), OLP (n=50), and controls (n=40)...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476561/hematological-indices-in-covid-19-patients-with-rhinosinusitis-mucormycosis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seyedeh Sabereh Mojtahedi, Hossein Zarrinfar, Mehdi Bakhshaee
INTRODUCTION: Rhinosinusitis mucormycosis (RM) is an invasive opportunistic fungal infection, especially among COVID-19 patients. The current study aimed to assess the peripheral blood hematological disorders of COVID-19 patients-associated RM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During ten month, in two COVID-19 centers in Mashhad, Iran, from June 2021 to March 2022, eighty-three patients suspected of COVID-19 with rhinosinusitis or rhino-orbital mucormycosis participated in this study...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38476560/pre-auricular-subtemporal-approach-for-intracranial-angiofibroma
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Neizekhotuo Brian Shunyu, Zareen Lynrah, Manu C Balakrishnan, Lham Dorjee, Ratan Medhi
INTRODUCTION: In around 10-20% of angiofibroma cases, the tumor penetrates the skull base to involve intracranial structures, posing difficulty in treating them surgically. Today, advancement in skull base surgery has brought about a paradigm shift, and extensive angiofibroma tumors with intracranial extension are approached surgically today with minimal morbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of angiofibroma with significant intracranial extension Radkowski staging IIIb from 2011 to 2021 who came to our center...
March 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259696/beyond-the-usual-suspects-primary-premaxilla-sarcoidosis
#17
Pankhuri Mittal, Brijnandan Gupta, Subodh Kumar, Aakanksha Rawat, Anshi Singh
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic systemic granulomatous disorder that can affect multiple organs, including rare extrapulmonary sites like the premaxilla. This case report presents a rare occurrence of premaxillary sarcoidosis, a condition scarcely reported in medical literature. CASE REPORT: The patient, a 62-year-old male, presented with a progressively enlarging painless swelling on the right cheek over a three-year period. Despite multiple Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) examinations yielding no conclusive diagnosis, a contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed an ill-defined lesion in the premaxillary soft tissue...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259695/preoperative-vitamin-d-status-and-post-total-thyroidectomy-hypocalcemia
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Parvin Layegh, Zakie Sadat Sajjadi, Leila V Mostaan, Masoud Mohebbi, Mona Kabiri, Mohammad Ali Yaghoubi
INTRODUCTION: Hypocalcemia is a common complication of total thyroidectomy (TT). This study was designed to investigate the effect of preoperative vitamin.D (Vit.D) status on the occurrence of post-total thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent TT without parathyroidectomy were divided into three groups based on their preoperative Serum Vit.D levels (<20 ng/ml, 20-30 ng/ml, and ≥30 ng/ml were considered deficient, insufficient, and normal Vit...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259694/a-novel-deleterious-myo15a-gene-mutation-causes-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss
#19
Mostafa Neissi, Adnan Issa Al-Badran, Javad Mohammadi-Asl
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss (HL) is the most frequent sensory neurodeficiency, affecting a broad spectrum of individuals globally. Within this context, the role of genetic factors takes center stage, particularly in cases of hereditary HL. CASE REPORT: Here, we present a nonsyndromic HL (NSHL) case report. The patient is a 21-year-old man with progressive HL. The whole-exome sequencing (WES) demonstrated a novel homozygous missense mutation, c.9908A>C; p.Lys3303Thr, in the proband's exon 61 of the MYO15A gene...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38259693/evaluation-of-nasal-obstruction-following-septoturbinoplasty-using-the-vas-and-nose-scale
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Esteban Merino-Galvez, Javier Gómez-Hervás
INTRODUCTION: Patient satisfaction with septoturbinoplasty was measured using the subjective visual analogue scale (VAS) and Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale. In addition, those factors that impacted satisfaction were confirmed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patients who underwent septoturbinoplasty. Age, sex, smoking habit, duration of improvement, postoperative complications, type of packing and surgeon were analysed...
January 2024: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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