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Interventional Medicine & Applied Science

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713757/chronic-ethanol-ingestion-induces-glomerular-filtration-barrier-proteins-genes-expression-alteration-and-increases-matrix-metalloproteinases-activity-in-the-kidney-of-rats
#1
Mahrokh Samadi, Alireza Shirpoor, Ali Taghizadeh Afshari, Fatemeh Kheradmand, Yousef Rasmi, Maryam Sadeghzadeh
Background: Chronic alcohol ingestion-induced kidney structure and function alterations are very well known, but the precise underlying molecular mediators involved in ethanol-induced kidney abnormalities remain elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic ethanol exposure on matrix metalloproteinase 2, 9 (MMP), glomerular filtration barrier proteins (nephrin and podocin), as well as vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1, 2 (VEGFRs) isoforms gene expression in the kidney of rats...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713756/a-novel-hydrogel-scaffold-for-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells
#2
Krisztina Nagy, Orsolya Láng, Júlia Láng, Katalin Perczel-Kovách, Szabolcs Gyulai-Gaál, Kristóf Kádár, László Kőhidai, Gábor Varga
Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) possess extensive regeneration potential. However, their therapeutic application demands a scaffold with appropriate properties. HydroMatrix (HydM) is a novel injectable peptide nanofiber hydrogel developed recently for cell culture. Our aim was to test whether HydM would be a suitable scaffold for proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs. PDLSCs were seeded on non-coated or HydM-coated surfaces. Both real-time impedance analysis and cell viability assay documented cell growth on HydM...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713755/acute-myocardial-infarction-and-concomitant-ischemic-stroke-as-an-unusual-presentation-of-native-mitral-valve-endocarditis
#3
Osman Karaarslan, Macit Kalçık, Volkan Çamkıran, Sinan Eliaçık, Çağlar Alp, Yusuf Karavelioğlu
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to septic coronary embolism is a rare complication of infective endocarditis (IE) and is associated with high mortality rates. When common signs of IE are often overlooked on admission, the diagnosis may be established through complications, which may cause prominent symptoms. Here, we report a case of native mitral valve endocarditis with an unusual presentation with STEMI and concomitant ischemic stroke, which was due to multiple coronary and cerebral septic embolisms...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713754/decreased-left-atrial-strain-parameters-are-associated-with-prolonged-total-atrial-conduction-time-in-lichen-planus
#4
Hakan Duman, Nursel Dilek, Hüsnü Değirmenci, Handan Duman, Damla Tüfekçi, Abdulkadir Uslu, Ömer Şatiroğlu, Yüksel Çiçek
Background: Lichen planus (LP) carries the increased risk of cardiovascular events as it is a chronic inflammatory disease. This study aimed at determining the relationship between total atrial conduction time (TACT), P-wave dispersion, and the left atrium (LA) global strain in the patients with LP. Methods: Forty people as a control group and 40 patients with LP were included in this study. Patient assessed global longitudinal LA strain by two-dimensional speckle-tracking strain echocardiography...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713753/a-search-for-new-otomycotic-species-and-their-sensitivity-to-different-antifungals
#5
Mohammed Rifaat Ahmed, Ashraf Saad Abou-Halawa, Waheed F Hessam, Diaa' Salaheldin Aly Abdelkader
Background: Otomycosis is a common ear problem in countries with hot and humid climate. Emergence of new fungal species is a possibility particularly in patients with chronic illness or who receives antibiotics either systemically or topically. Aim: To identify the otomycotic species, which are responsible for developing the otomycosis. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in 63 patients who were clinically diagnosed with otomycosis...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713752/a-study-of-right-ventricular-function-in-pre-and-post-valvular-surgeries
#6
Tejaswi Jadhav, Hashir Kareem, Krishnananda Nayak, Umesh Pai, Tom Devasia, Ramachandran Padmakumar
Aims: The aim of this study is to compare tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) in pre- and postoperative valvular heart surgery patients using M-mode imaging, to determine changes in tissue Doppler parameters among patients undergoing valvular heart surgery, and to analyze tissue deformation parameters of right ventricle (RV) and RV strain in pre- and postoperative patients. Materials and methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional, single-center study that included 24 patients who underwent echocardiographic assessment prior to surgery, after surgery, and at 1-month follow-up...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713751/efficacy-of-second-trimester-termination-procedure-medical-mechanic-or-combine
#7
Tuncay Yüce, Dilek Yüksel, Erkan Kalafat, Acar Koç
Objectives: During mid-trimester, it is necessary to terminate pregnancy due to some fetal anomalies and intrauterine death. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to compare abortion induction methods and combined use retrospectively. Methods: About 112 out of 223 pregnant patients were included in the study. The groups were determined as follows: Group 1 including pregnant patients who were administered misoprostol only (50 patients), Group 2 including pregnant patients who were administered single dose misoprostol (according to FIGO) and subsequently received cervical Foley catheter (30 patients), and Group 3 including pregnant patients who received Foley catheter only (32 patients)...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713750/the-association-between-blood-vitamins-d-and-e-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-pilot-study
#8
Rezvan Hashemi, Mahin Bandarian, Elahe Abedi-Taleb, Hassan Khojasteh, Leila Khedmat, Elnaz Asadollahi, Mina Beytollahi, Asghar Mollazadeh Jelodar
Background: This study was aimed to evaluate the association of serum vitamins D and E level with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: This pilot study was performed in two groups of 15 patients in treatment group and 15 patients in control group. Measurements of blood factors [such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)] were performed after 12 h of fasting. To measure vitamins D and E, the serum was isolated from 5 cc blood samples...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713749/evaluation-of-the-electromagnetic-field-intensity-in-operating-rooms-and-estimation-of-occupational-exposures-of-personnel
#9
Karim Ghazikhanlou-Sani, Azizollah Rahimi, Maryam Poorkaveh, Samira Eynali, Fereshteh Koosha, Mohsen Shoja
Introduction: Operating rooms in hospitals are facilitated with different types of electronic systems, which produce electromagnetic waves. High intensities of magnetic waves may have harmful effects on biological environments. This study aims to evaluate the electromagnetic field intensity at different parts of operating rooms at the first stage and estimate the occupational exposure to operating room personnel at the next phase. Materials and methods: At this cross-sectional study, the magnetic field intensity was evaluated using teslameter at several parts of operating rooms, during operating procedures, while electrical instruments were working...
September 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363361/association-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-level-of-hs-crp-lp-a-and-serum-ferritin-in-young-asian-patients-%C3%A2-45-years-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
Gadepalli Ramesh, Nyayapathi Venkata Balakrishna Sai, Pramod Gururaj, Reddy Bhupal, Nilesh Patel
Aims: This study was aimed to determine the levels of hs-CRP, serum ferritin, and Lp(a) and to study the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young patients (≤45 years) with and without acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: This was a cross-sectional, case-control study conducted at a tertiary care center in India. Equal number of patients with matched age and sex ( n  = 51) were included in case group (with AMI) and in control group (without AMI)...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363355/determination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-patients-self-efficacy-scale-in-blood-pressure-patients
#11
Raheleh Ghadiri, Masoumeh Alimohammadi, Hesamedin Askari Majdabadi
Introduction: This study was designed to determine self-efficacy and its related factors in patients with hypertension. Materials and methods: This study is descriptive-sectional from the correlation. A total of 250 patients from a blood pressure clinic of Semnan city (in Iran) completed Medication Understanding and Use Self-Efficacy Scale were randomly selected in 2017. Data were analyzed using variance, Pearson's Correlation, and χ2 using the LISREL 8.8 software...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363354/comparison-of-microleakage-between-bulk-fill-flowable-and-nanofilled-resin-based-composites
#12
Eman I AlSagob, David N Bardwell, Ala O Ali, Samer G Khayat, Paul C Stark
Aim: The objective was to compare the marginal leakage (silver nitrate uptake) of nanohybrid resin-based composite (RBC) and two bulk-fill flowable RBCs with specific clinical protocols. Methods: Four experimental groups of RBC were investigated including conventional composite Filtek™ Supreme in 2 mm increment (FS2), Filtek™ Supreme in 4 mm increment (FS4), Filtek™ Supreme Flowable (BFF), and SureFil® SDR® flow (SDR). Class II box preparation (4 × 4 × 3 mm) in extracted intact human molars was carried out and restored using the experimental groups, all according to the manufacturers' recommendations except FS4...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363352/the-relationship-of-charlson-comorbidity-index-with-stent-restenosis-and-extent-of-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Turgut Karabağ, Emіne Altuntaş, Belma Kalaycı, Bahar Şahіn, Mustafa Umut Somuncu, Mustafa Ozan Çakır
Objectives: The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of comorbid conditions [Charlson comorbidity index (CCI)] on stent restenosis who underwent coronary angioplasty earlier. Methods: Patients were divided into two groups; patients with critical restenosis [recurrent diameter stenosis >50% at the stent segment or its edges (5-mm segments adjacent to the stent) (Group 1; n  = 53, mean age: 63.8 ± 9.9 years)] and patients with no critical restenosis [<50% obstruction (Group 2; n  = 94, mean age: 62...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363347/structural-and-crystal-chemical-characteristics-of-the-apatite-deposits-from-human-aortic-walls
#14
Sergei N Danilchenko, Aleksei N Kalinkevich, Roman A Moskalenko, Vladimir N Kuznetsov, Aleksandr V Kochenko, Evgenia V Husak, Vadim V Starikov, Fuyan Liu, Junhu Meng, Jinjun Lü
Thermal behavior of biological apatite is the object of several studies. Crystal size, carbonate content, phase composition, and other parameters change during annealing up to 900 °C in biological minerals with apatite structure. The way these parameters change reflects the specific properties of the initial bioapatite. This work presents data on thermal transformations of pathological bioapatite from the human cardiovascular system, namely aortic wall deposits. Some minor elements, foreign to calcium hydroxyapatite (e...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363337/association-of-serum-total-bilirubin-and-plasma-8-ohdg-in-hiv-aids-patients
#15
Vaishali Kolgiri, Vidya Nagar, Vinayak Patil
Oxidative stress is a major contributor in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance (IR) and DNA damage in HIV/AIDS patients. Bilirubin has been shown to have antioxidant effects. In this case-control study, 600 subjects were included. We determined serum total bilirubin and IR in all subjects. We measured 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine with 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. IR and oxidative DNA damage were significantly higher in HIV-positive patients with second-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) and first-line ART than ART-naive patients...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363331/massive-coronary-artery-air-embolism-due-to-an-unusual-cause
#16
Ioannis Tziatzios, Matthaios Didagelos, Stefanos Votsis, Georgios Tziatzios, Stavros Hadjimiltiades
A 46-year-old man underwent angioplasty of a restenotic bifurcation lesion of the circumflex artery. The procedure required repeated balloon exchanges and during the last balloon inflation, no balloon was visualized. A test injection revealed a massive coronary air embolism due to expulsion of air that had accumulated in the guiding catheter shaft. The patient was rapidly resuscitated from electromechanical dissociation with intracoronary injection of adrenaline and atropine and forceful intracoronary saline injections...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363298/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-kidney-with-metastasis-to-contralateral-kidney-case-report
#17
Sergio Vasquez Ciriaco, Jaime Aron García Espinoza, Elena Enselmini Garcia Pedro
Introduction: Renal leiomyosarcoma is a rare entity in the world and its understanding is based on reports and various cases; however, the prognosis is bleak for its malignant potential and an average survival of 18 months. Clinical case: A 54-year-old woman with a clinical picture of 6 months of pain in the right flank and a tomographic image of a bilateral renal lesion underwent right radical nephrectomy and left conservative surgery. The definitive histopathological study reported right primary renal leiomyosarcoma with left metastasis...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363292/response-of-creatine-kinase-and-lactate-dehydrogenase-enzymes-to-rest-interval-between-sets-and-set-repetition-configuration-during-bouts-of-eccentric-exercise
#18
Hossein Mohammadi, Mohammad Esmaiel Afzalpour, Seyed Hossein Abtahi Ievary
Background and aims: Various studies have demonstrated that different rest intervals and set-repetition have a significant effect on hormonal and metabolic responses. These factors can lead to different muscle damage responses. Methods: Forty untrained subjects (25.4 ± 0.068 years, height: 1.74 ± 0.97 cm, and weight: 30.8 ± 8.48 kg) in three sessions of eccentric resistance exercise with 24-h rest between each session participated in this study...
June 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363373/risk-factors-contributing-to-gingival-recession-among-patients-undergoing-different-orthodontic-treatment-modalities
#19
Nozha Mahmoud Sawan, Ahmed Ghoneima, Kelton Stewart, Sean Liu
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors contributing to gingival recession among patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Methods: Records of 100 Caucasian patients who completed orthodontic treatment were evaluated before and after treatment. Intercanine and molar widths, arch perimeter, arch depth, and keratinized gingival height were measured for both arches. The association of orthodontic treatment strategy (changing incisal inclination, expansion, and extraction), keratinized gingival height, and various other measurements with gingival recession was evaluated by using generalized linear mixed models with logistic regression analysis...
March 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363370/evaluation-of-relationship-between-common-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-coronary-in-stent-restenosis-a-case-control-study
#20
Penta Bhavanadhar, Yerrabandi Venkata Subba Reddy, Adikeshava Naidu Otikunta, Ravi Srinivas
Aim: The study was intended to evaluate relationship of common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) with coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR) and to assess clinical profile of patients to determine the predictors of coronary ISR. Methods: This was a single-center, case-control study performed between December 2012 and February 2015 in India. The study population consisted of PCI-treated patients with ISR ( n  = 32) and those without any post-PCI symptoms at least 6 months prior to the study period ( n  = 40)...
March 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
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