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Journals Journal of Cardiovascular and ...

Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357559/bariatric-arterial-embolization-in-patients-with-body-mass-index-ranging-from-25-to-40-kg-m-2-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#21
REVIEW
Rishabh Khurana, Niraj Nirmal Pandey, Sanjeev Kumar, Priya Jagia
The present review sought to evaluate by meta-analysis the efficacy of bariatric arterial embolization (BAE) in promoting weight loss in patients with body mass index (BMI) ranging from 25-40 kg/m2 . This study was performed and reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase Google Scholar, and World Health Organization Library database was done for studies evaluating BAE for promoting weight loss in patients with BMI ranging from 25-40 kg/ m2 published up to March 10, 2021...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357558/reply-to-analysis-of-covariance-and-sample-size-calculation-for-comparing-means-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Naimeh Mesri Alamdari, Samad Ghaffari, Neda Roshanravan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028723/polymorphism-of-rs599839-in-the-psrc1-gene-is-associated-with-coronary-artery-disease-in-an-iranian-population
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Golnaz Houshmand, Mohammad Javad Alemzadeh-Ansari, Saeideh Mazloumzadeh, Niloofar Naderi, Maryam Pourirahim, Katayoun Heshmatzad, Majid Maleki, Samira Kalayinia
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading health complication worldwide because of its high prevalence and mortality. The association between CAD susceptibility and the rs599839 (C/T) polymorphism in the human proline and serine-rich coiled-coil ( PSRC1 ) was reported in a genome-wide association study. To validate this association, we performed this case-control study to genotype the 1p13.3 (rs599839) locus in a sample of the Iranian population with CAD (stenosis≥70% in≥1 coronary artery)...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028722/sevoflurane-mediated-modulation-of-oxidative-myocardial-injury
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Siavash Sedghi, Wiam Z Khadra, Leili Pourafkari, Paul R Knight, Faraz A Alderson, Nader D Nader
INTRODUCTION: Volatile anesthetics offer protection when administered throughout an ischemic injury. We examined how volatile anesthetics modulate the cardiac myocytic injury associated with hydrogen peroxide. METHODS: Forty-eight Long-Evans rats were divided into four groups depending on the treatment: none (CONT), Glibenclamide (GLB); Sevoflurane (SEV); or GLB+SEV. Each group was further divided into two, one of which was exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028721/the-hypoglycemic-effects-of-juglans-regia-l-internal-septum-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatemeh Afra, Arman Zargaran, Nooshin Shirzad, Mahboobeh Hemmatabadi, Mahbube Ebrahimpur, Mehrdad Karimi, Mahnaz Khanavi, Mehrzad Mirshekari, Soha Namazi
INTRODUCTION: The internal septum of J.regia is traditionally used to control diabetes, and its effectiveness has been shown in animal studies. Accordingly, human clinical trials are needed to confirm its effectiveness on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting blood sugar (FBS), blood insulin level, and insulin resistance as a complementary for better control of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study was a randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial. The lyophilized powder of extract of the internal septum of J...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028720/distinguishing-dual-from-duplicated-right-coronary-artery-revisiting-the-nomenclature
#26
Niraj Nirmal Pandey, Aprateem Mukherjee, Nitish Naik, Priya Jagia
We report a case of a 53-year-old man with a "short RCA" seen coursing within the proximal part of the right atrioventricular (AV) groove and terminating in the mid-portion of the right AV groove and a "long RCA" seen to have a proximal course outside the right AV groove, over the free wall of the right ventricle, where it gave rise to the right ventricular and acute marginal branches before returning to the right AV groove in its distal course. The discussion highlights the need for revisiting the nomenclature of "dual RCA and drawing a distinction between "dual" and "duplicated" RCA...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028719/atherosclerosis-preventive-effects-of-marrubiin-against-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ailar Nakhlband, Alireza Garjani, Nazli Saeedi, Yadollah Omidi, Samad Ghaffari, Jaleh Barar, Morteza Eskandani
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis is a complicated cascade of inflammatory processes, oxidative stress, and apoptosis, making it the most prevalent cardiovascular disease. The onset and progression of cardiovascular diseases are greatly influenced by oxidative stress. Targeting oxidative stress is an effective strategy for treating such diseases. Marrubiin is a bioactive furan labdane diterpenoid acts as a strong antioxidant to protect against oxidative damage. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of marrubiin against oxidative stress and apoptosis in a cellular model of the vascular system...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028718/plasminogen-activator-urokinase-receptor-as-a-diagnostic-and-prognostic-biomarker-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melak Saleh Mohammed, Hind Shakir Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death among type 2 diabetic patients. Higher levels of plasminogen activator urokinase receptor have been found to predict morbidity and mortality across acute and chronic diseases in the common populace. This study aims to explore the role of serum plasminogen activator urokinase receptor levels as a cardiometabolic risk factor among type 2 diabetic Iraqi patients. METHODS: Seventy type 2 diabetic patients (40 male and 30 female) (mean age: 46...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028717/effectiveness-of-the-oral-clonidine-as-a-pre-anesthetic-medicine-for-thyroidectomy-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sepideh Sadat Zahedi, Bahman Naghipour, Surur Zahedi, Sahar Zahedi, Seyed Ziaeddin Rasihashemi
INTRODUCTION: Hemodynamic disturbance is a common problem in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. It may be due to episodic increases in thyroid hormones (thyroid storm) or stimulation of the carotid sinus baroreflex. The aim of the present study was to investigate effectiveness of the pre-operative oral Clonidine on reducing these hemodynamic changes during total thyroidectomy surgery. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, double-blind study, 80 patients scheduled for elective total thyroidectomy were randomized to receive either 0...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028716/association-of-nfkb1-gene-polymorphism-rs28362491-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zahra Darabi, Sara Jambarsang, Mohammad Yahya Vahidi Mehrjardi, Seyed Mostafa Seyed Hosseini, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi, Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh, Sara Beigrezaei, Azam Ahmadi Vasmehjani, Marzieh Taftian, Vahid Arabi, Maryam Motallaei, Faezeh Golvardi Yazdi, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Genetic and environmental factors are involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The aim of the study was to investigate between the genotype of the NFKB1 gene and the cardiometabolic risk factor in patients undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 462 adults (male and women) aged between 35 and 75 years who referred to Afshar Hospital for coronary angiography in 2021- 2022. The polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used to detect the genotype of rs28362491...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028715/anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-a-midterm-experience-of-a-rare-entity-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#31
Rahul Bhushan, Manish Mallik, Ketika Potey, Vijay Grover, Palash Aiyer, Narender S Jhajhria
ALCAPA is a rare congenital heart disease. Presentation varies from asymptomatic to progressive heart failure and death. Surgical repair is indicated in all patients with a goal of restoring two coronary systems. Data was analysed in regard to presenting features, echocardiographic findings, various surgical approaches used and immediate, early and midterm post-operative results. Most common presentation was growth failure and seen in 6 patients. One patient was taken for elective PDA ligation and diagnosis of ALCAPA was made on table after PDA ligation as patient crashed subsequently...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38028714/goal-directed-therapy-in-cardiovascular-surgery-a-case-series-study
#32
Nader Givtaj, Elnaz Hosseinzadeh, Fatemeh Shima Hadipourzadeh, Zahra Faritous, Mohammad Hasan Askari, Maryam Ghanbari Garekani
Hemodynamic and intravascular volume monitoring has been utilized and significantly improved thanks to the technology revolution. Goal-Directed Therapy (GDT) derived from this advanced monitoring is beneficial for complex surgeries, and it shifted the medical approaches from static therapy to more personalized functional treatments. Conventional monitoring methods such as blood pressure, heart rate, urinary output, and central venous pressure are commonly used. However, studies have shown these routine parameters often cannot precisely estimate the quality of tissue perfusion...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654821/human-cardiac-organoids-a-recent-revolution-in-disease-modeling-and-regenerative-medicine
#33
REVIEW
Neda Roshanravan, Samad Ghaffari, Sepideh Bastani, Sara Pahlavan, Samira Asghari, Mohammad Amin Doustvandi, Sepideh Jalilzadeh-Razin, Mohammadreza Dastouri
Three-dimensional (3D) myocardial tissues for studying human heart biology, physiology and pharmacology have recently received lots of attention. Organoids as 3D mini-organs are created from multiple cell types (i.e. induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) or embryonic stem cells (ESCs)) with other supporting co-cultured cells such as endothelial cells or fibroblasts. Cardiac organoid culture technologies are bringing about significant advances in organ research and allows for the establishment of tissue regeneration and disease modeling...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654820/infective-endocarditis-as-a-complication-of-covid-19-infection-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#34
Khadije Mohammadi, Parya Soltani, Nazanin Davari
COVID-19 has been known to induce systemic inflammation and hyper coagulate state leading to different complications. Cardiovascular complications are one of the most important among complications following COVID-19 infection. A 57 years old woman with past medical history of COVID-19 infection about two months ago came to our hospital with presentation of fever and dyspnea. During workup, tricuspid valve infection associated with pulmonary septic emboli was diagnosed without any obvious risk factor for infective endocarditis...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654819/association-of-the-high-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-t-levels-and-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection-type-a
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yaser Jenab, Seyed-Hossein Ahmadi-Tafti, Tahereh Davarpasand, Arash Jalali, Hamid Khederlou
INTRODUCTION: Acute aortic dissection type A is a life-threatening cardiovascular emergency necessitating rapid diagnosis and treatment. We sought a new prognostic tool with cardiac biomarkers and simple inflammatory factors. METHODS: from 2003 to 2014, 50 patients with documented acute aortic dissection type A were entered to this study. These patients were followed up until December 2020; within median follow up of 93.6 months. The patients were evaluated on the association of the baseline characteristics, first laboratory investigation, echocardiographic findings, surgical approach, and long-term mortality...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654818/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-on-cardiovascular-damage-induced-by-lipopolysaccharides-in-rats
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Narges Marefati, Farimah Beheshti, Akbar Anaeigoudari, Fatemeh Alipour, Reyhaneh Shafieian, Fatemeh Akbari, Maryam Pirasteh, Maryam Mahmoudabady, Hossein Salmani, Sara Mawdodi, Mahmoud Hosseini
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation and oxidative stress are contributed to cardiovascular diseases. Vitamin D (Vit D) has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In the current research, the effect of Vit D on cardiac fibrosis and inflammation, and oxidative stress indicators in cardiovascular tissues was studied in lipopolysaccharides(LPS) injected rats. METHODS: Rats were distributed into 5 groups and were treated for 2 weeks. Control: received vehicle(saline supplemented with tween-80) instead of Vit D and saline instead of LPS, LPS: treated by 1 mg/kg of LPS and was given vehicle instead of Vit D, LPS-Vit D groups: received 3 doses of Vit D (100, 1000, and 10000 IU/kg) of Vit D in addition to LPS...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654817/analysis-of-covariance-and-sample-size-calculation-for-comparing-means-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yousef Alimohamadi, Mojtaba Sepandi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654816/surgical-management-of-tumor-thrombus-into-the-right-atrium
#38
Beatriz Acuña Pais, Rocío Casais, Julio Lugo, Miguel Á Piñón, Juan J Legarra
Renal cell carcinoma represents 3% of solid tumors. In 4-10% of patients, venous tumor thrombosis is present, and 1% reaches the right atrium. Other tumors can be associated with tumor thrombosis. The natural history of venous tumor thrombosis implies a mean survival of 5 months. Between 2001 and 2021, 4 patients underwent resection of tumor thrombi into the right atrium, requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. None of the patients died within 30 days postoperatively. Mean follow-up time was 30.9 months (2.4- 96...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654815/comparative-study-of-the-effect-of-two-different-doses-of-intravenous-labetalol-on-the-cardiovascular-response-to-endotracheal-extubation
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hamidreza Shetabi, Behzad Nazemroaya, Hosein Mahjobipoor, Sanaz Majidi
INTRODUCTION: Providing a stable hemodynamic in extubation is important. We aimed to compare the effect of two different doses of intravenous labetalol on the cardiovascular response to endotracheal extubation. METHODS: This double-blind randomized trial was performed in 2019-2020 in Isfahan on 72 patients under general anesthesia. Patients using Random Allocation software were divided into three groups and received 0.1 mg/ kg or 0.2 mg/kg labetalol and normal saline intravenously 10 min before extubation...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37654814/significance-of-myocardial-injury-on-in-hospital-clinical-outcomes-of-in-hospital-and-covid-19-patients
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pooja Vyas, Ashish Mishra, Kunal Parwani, Iva Patel, Dhara Dhokia, Trishul Amin, Prarthi Shah, Tanmay Boob, Rujuta Parikh, Radhakishan Dake, Khamir Banker
INTRODUCTION: Acute Myocardial injury defined by increased troponin I level is associated with poor in-hospital outcomes and cardiovascular complications in patients with COVID-19. The current study was designed to determine the implications and clinical outcome of myocardial injury in COVID-19. METHODS: This retrospective study included hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Myocardial injury was defined by high sensitivity Troponin I (hs-TNI)≥26ng/l. Cardiac biomarkers, inflammatory markers and clinical data were systemically collected and analyzed...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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