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Journals Journal of Cardiovascular and ...

Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584665/age-related-considerations-in-the-relationship-between-educational-level-and-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatemeh Omidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584664/effects-of-citalopram-on-blood-pressure-control-in-depressive-patients-with-hypertension-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hossein Namdar, Elnaz Khani, Sajad Khiali, Naser Safaie, Hedieh Ameli, Gholamreza Rahbari Banaeian, Taher Entezari-Maleki
INTRODUCTION: Since there is a bi-directional interaction between hypertension and depression, we aimed to evaluate the effects of citalopram administration in the management of hypertension. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 72 patients with concomitant depression and hypertension. The intervention group (n=41) received citalopram 20 mg daily plus anti-hypertensive standard treatment, while the control group (n=31) received only the standard treatment...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584663/vietnamese-version-of-the-hypertension-knowledge-level-scale-hk-ls-translation-and-validation
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thao Huong Nguyen, Hanh Hong Nguyen, Anh Mai Huynh, Thanh Van Vo, Han Diep Gia, Thang Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: In Vietnam, the prevalence of hypertension is increasing rapidly. Patients need to be conscious of the disease for timely prevention and treatment. The Hypertension Knowledge Level Scale (HK-LS) is commonly used to assess knowledge about hypertension. METHODS: Data collection was took place in a hospital in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam in February 2020 with a total of 184 paticipants. Translation and adaptation of the HK-LS, validate the questionnaire through in-person interviews with outpatients diagnosed with hypertension...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584662/low-dose-high-pitch-spiral-flash-mode-versus-conventional-sequential-method-for-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-a-derivation-validation-study
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Niraj Nirmal Pandey, Sayannika Chakraborty, Mansi Verma, Priya Jagia
INTRODUCTION: The present study sought to compare the diagnostic accuracy and radiation dose of ECG-gated, ultra-fast, low-dose, high-pitch, spiral (FLASH) mode versus conventional, ECG-gated, sequential coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study included 120 patients who underwent both conventional scanning and FLASH mode scanning and were subdivided into derivation and validation cohorts. In the conventional sequential (step-and-shoot) protocol, prospective ECG-gated, non-contrast acquisition was performed at 70% of R-R interval...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584661/acellular-carotid-scaffold-and-evaluation-the-biological-and-biomechanical-properties-for-tissue-engineering
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Farina Rashidi, Mehdi Mohammadzadeh, Arash Abdolmaleki, Asadollah Asadi, Mehrdad Sheikhlou
INTRODUCTION: The issues associated with the limitation of appropriate autologous vessels for vascular reconstruction via bypass surgery highlight the need for new alternative strategies based on tissue engineering. The present study aimed to prepare decellularized scaffolds from ovine carotid using chemical decellularization method. METHODS: Ovine carotid were decellularized with Triton X-100 and tri-n-butyl phosphate (TnBP) at 37 °C. Histological analysis, biochemical tests, biomechanical assay and biocompatibility assay were used to investigate the efficacy of decellularization...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584660/risk-factors-for-re-expansion-pulmonary-edema-following-chest-tube-drainage-in-patients-with-spontaneous-pneumothorax-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Herick Alvenus Willim, Eva Lydia Munthe, Yoni Vanto, Alvin Ariyanto Sani
Re-expansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication that can occur after rapid lung expansion following the management of lung collapse. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the risk factors for RPE following chest tube drainage in patients with spontaneous pneumothorax. We conducted a comprehensive systematic literature search in electronic databases of PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, and ProQuest to identify studies that explore the risk factors for RPE following chest tube drainage in spontaneous pneumothorax...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584659/right-pulmonary-artery-compression-following-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-resulting-in-acute-right-ventricular-heart-failure-a-case-report
#7
Hedieh Alimi, Azadeh Izadi Moud, Asal Yadollahi
Right ventricular failure is a mechanism of hemodynamic collapse in acute aortic dissection. Mostly RV failure happens as a result of coronary malperfusion secondary to compression of right coronary artery ostium by the false lumen of type A aortic dissection or the dissection flap involving this coronary artery. Another mechanism is compression of pulmonary artery and an acute rise of pulmonary pressure below the level of obstruction, which is rarely reported. Herein, we presented an 82-year-old man who was admitted with type A aortic dissection in whom echocardiographic examination revealed right pulmonary artery compression resulting in acute right ventricular failure...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584658/spectrum-of-myocardial-involvement-in-patients-with-covid-19-an-echocardiography-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manoj Kumar Dubey, Avinash Mani, Vineeta Ojha
INTRODUCTION: Covid-19 patients can have both regional and global ventricular dysfunction. We aim to study the spectrum of myocardial involvement in Covid-19 patients on echocardiography. METHODS: This is a single center, observational study where wall motion abnormality patterns were studied in Covid-19 patients along with global and regional longitudinal strain analysis (GLS). RESULTS: 30 Covid-19 patients were included in the study, with a mean age of 35...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584657/evaluation-of-serum-pro-anti-angiogenic-biomarkers-in-hyperglycemic-rats-treated-with-securigera-securidaca-seeds-alone-and-in-combination-with-glibenclamide
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elham Bahreini, Mohammad Babaei, Forogh Mohammadi, Shahin Alizadeh-Fanalou
INTRODUCTION: Herbal medicines are commonly used by many people with diabetes in addition to standard treatment. Plants contain numerous known and unknown compounds that may exacerbate or ameliorate diabetes complications. Therefore, it is crucial to be aware of the side effects of these herbs before prescribing them. This study aimed to investigate the effects of hydroalcoholic extracts of Securigera securidaca (HESS) seeds alone and in combination with glibenclamide on the angiogenic/anti-angiogenic balance in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584656/post-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pseudo-aneurysm-formation-treated-by-coil-embolization-a-study-of-seven-cases
#10
Niki Tadayon, Meisam Refaei, Sina Zarrintan, Saleh Shahsavari, Doras Najari, Mohsen Sheikhzadeh
Renal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with symptoms of flank pain and hematuria. Endovascular coil embolization has been proposed as a safe management option. We report Seven male patients, aged 36 to 65 years, with post-PCNL pseudoaneurysms presenting as gross hematuria. They all underwent CT angiography prior to endovascular intervention. The access was from common femoral artery in 6 cases and from left brachial artery in one case. Selective angiography of affected renal artery and branches were performed by suitable catheter...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584655/predictors-of-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-electrical-cardioversion
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Reza Dehghani, Navideh Safarzadeh, Akram Shariati, Yousef Rezaei
INTRODUCTION: Cardioversion for atrial fibrillation (AF) is routinely implemented in daily practice; however, it can be associated with the development of recurrent AF. In this study we aimed to evaluate the predictors of AF recurrence after electrical cardioversion, and to compare the outcomes of patients with or without AF recurrence during follow-up. METHODS: Patients with persistent AF were enrolled from March 2015 to September 2018. Patients with recurrent AF within 6 months after the index cardioversion were considered as AF recurrence (AFR) group, and those with normal sinus rhythm were defined as normal sinus rhythm (NSR) group...
2024: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357568/effects-of-coenzyme-q10-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-following-reperfusion-in-stemi-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amirhossein Yazdi, Kimia Shirmohammadi, Erfan Parvaneh, Taher Entezari-Maleki, Seyed Kianoosh Hosseini, Akram Ranjbar, Maryam Mehrpooya
INTRODUCTION: It is well-established that oxidative stress is deeply involved in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Considering the potent antioxidant properties of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), we aimed to assess whether CoQ10 supplementation could exert beneficial effects on plasma levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPIC). METHODS: Seventy patients with the first attack of STEMI, eligible for PPCI were randomly assigned to receive either standard treatments plus CoQ10 (400 mg before PPCI and 200 mg twice daily for three days after PPCI) or standard treatments plus placebo...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357567/artificial-intelligence-in-cardiovascular-medicine-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Arian Zargarzadeh, Elnaz Javanshir, Alireza Ghaffari, Erfan Mosharkesh, Babak Anari
Screening and early detection of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are crucial for managing progress and preventing related morbidity. In recent years, several studies have reported the important role of Artificial intelligence (AI) technology and its integration into various medical sectors. AI applications are able to deal with the massive amounts of data (medical records, ultrasounds, medications, and experimental results) generated in medicine and identify novel details that would otherwise be forgotten in the mass of healthcare data sets...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357566/age-and-sex-related-differences-in-epidemiology-treatment-and-mortality-of-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-iran
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mehdi Darabi, Reza Heidari Moghaddam, Farzaneh Godarzi, Sahar Karami, Soraya Siabani, Nahid Salehi
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have investigated the characteristics of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) according to age and sex in Iran. This study aims to investigate the risk factors profile, treatment, and mortality of STEMI based on age and sex. METHODS: From 10th June 2016 to December 2019 a total of 2816, STEMI patients referred to the Imam Ali heart center of Kermanshah were included in the study. Profile of the risk factors, epidemiology, treatment and 30- day mortality for all cases in the age categories of 18-49, 50-64, and≥65 years were studied...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357565/association-between-nutritional-risk-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-an-investigation-on-the-aging-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leili Faraji Gavgani, Somayeh Alipour, Roghayeh Khabiri, Delara Laghousi, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Haniyeh Farajiazad, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Leila Jahangiry
INTRODUCTION: Acknowledging the considerable influence of undernutrition on health outcomes and HRQOL, this study sought to appraise the nutritional risk status of elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) through the utilization of the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS). Additionally, the investigation aimed to evaluate the correlation between NRS status and HRQOL within the context of patients referred to a cardiac hospital in Tabriz, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tabriz, Iran...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357564/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-east-azerbaijan-iran-and-its-determinants-factors
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali Farshbaf Khalili, Shahryar Razzaghi, Zeinab Nikniaz, Leila Nikniaz, Ali Hossein Zeinalzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a prevalent metabolic disorder with increasing prevalence attributed to extended life expectancy. This study aims to investigate MetS prevalence and its determinants in the East-Azerbaijan population. METHODS: Conducted as a cross-sectional study within the East Azerbaijan region, this research is based on a major Lifestyle Promotion Project. The study encompasses 700 participants aged 15 to 65 years, representing the general population and selected using probability proportional to size multistage stratified cluster sampling...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357563/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-coronary-artery-anomalies-caas-in-3016-symptomatic-adult-participants-undergoing-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-ccta-a-single-center-retrospective-study-in-iran
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abbas Andishmand, Hossein Montazerghaem, Ali Pedarzadeh, Hamid Reza Varastehravan, Hamidreza Mohammadi, Reza Nafisi Moghadam, Marzieh Azimizadeh, Mohammad Hossein Ahrar, Abdolrahim Khezri, Mohsen Andishmand
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, including sudden cardiac death, especially in young people. A different prevalence has been reported based on the USED diagnostic modality. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and type of these anomalies using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS: This single-center retrospective study was performed on 3016 consecutive cases who underwent CCTA for cardiac symptoms from March 2015 to August 2020 and the prevalence and types of CAAs were evaluated...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357562/assessment-of-ventricular-function-after-total-cavo-pulmonary-derivation-in-adult-patients-interest-of-global-longitudinal-strain
#18
Kaouther Hakim, Nouha Mekki, Rihab Benothmen, Mokbli Malek, Jarray Abdelkader, Msaad Hela, Habiba Mizouni, Ouarda Fatma
Ventricular dysfunction is the most frequent complication in adult patients post-Fontan completion. Through this work, we aim to evaluate ventricular systolic function by conventional echographic parameters and by global longitudinal strain (GLS) to determine the prediction of early ventricular systolic dysfunction. This is a prospective monocentric study enrolling 15 clinically stable adult Fontan patients with preserved ejection fraction (EF). Myocardial deformation study by GLS with speckle tracking technique in addition to a standard Doppler transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357561/evaluation-of-mmp-9-il-6-tnf-%C3%AE-levels-and-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-genes-expression-of-mmp-9-and-timp-1-in-iranian-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tooran Akbari, Toktam Kazemi Fard, Reza Fadaei, Rahim Rostami, Nariman Moradi, Monireh Movahedi, Soudabeh Fallah
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of death and is characterized by atherosclerosis in coronary arteries. Inflammation plays a crucial role in the progression and development of atherosclerosis. METHODS: The present study consisted of 132 Iranian individuals who underwent coronary angiography, 65 patients with CAD, and 67 controls. The matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), TNF-α, IL-6, and vitamin D serum levels were measured by the ELISA technique...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357560/mechanical-properties-of-the-rabbit-and-human-decellularized-patches-for-well-tolerated-reinforced-organ-in-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maryam Mousavi Khatat, Saeideh Same, Keyvan Moharamzadeh, Jafar Soleimani Rad, Ahmad Mehdipour, Leila Roshangar
INTRODUCTION: Natural decellularized patches have been developed as the therapeutic platform for the treatment of different diseases, especially cardiovascular disorders. Decellularized scaffolds (as both cell-seeded and cell-free patches) are broadly studied in heart tissue redevelopment in vivo and in vitro. The designed regenerative bio-scaffold must have desirable physicochemical properties including mechanical stiffness for load-bearing, and appropriate anatomical characteristics to mimic the native biological environment properly and facilitate tissue reconstruction...
2023: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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