journal
Journals Journal of Physical Therapy Sc...

Journal of Physical Therapy Science

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832221/active-use-of-local-exercise-facilities-can-improve-physical-performance-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuko Sawada, Emiko Tanaka, Etsuko Tomisaki, Taeko Watanabe, Rika Okumura, Hiroshi Kinoshita, Sumio Ito, Tokie Anme
[Purpose] In this study, we investigated the effects of local exercise facility use on physical function of Japanese community-dwelling older adults. [Participants and Methods] We analyzed data obtained from a cohort project initiated in 1991. The study included approximately 4,800 individuals from suburban areas of central Japan; we investigated 322 older individuals residing in Municipality A, who underwent physical fitness assessments in 2018 and 2019. We recorded participants' exercise facility use frequency and physical performance, based on handgrip strength, open-eye single-leg standing, timed up-and-go, and walking speed tests...
June 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832220/effect-of-active-recovery-using-individual-maximum-exercise-capacity-a-pilot-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joya Yui, Satomi Okano, Mizuki Takeuchi, Hitomi Nishizawa
[Purpose] The intensity of active recovery (AR) for performance recovery is often determined using breath gas analyzers and other special equipment. However, such procedures are difficult to perform in the field or where facilities are inadequate. Although several AR methods using simple patient-derived information have been proposed, only a few have specifically addressed their immediate effects. The present study aimed to quantify the immediate effects of AR, which was determined using the maximum exercise capacity calculated using a physical fitness test without specialized devices...
June 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832219/efficacy-of-mental-practice-on-paralyzed-upper-extremity-function-in-the-acute-phase-of-stroke-a-case-study
#3
Akira Nakashima, Tetsuji Koizumi, Tadashi Shimizu, Nobutoshi Ryu, Toshio Higashi
[Purpose] Mental practice (MP) is a method of rehabilitating upper extremity function on the affected side of the body post-stroke, with the aim of improving motor task performance through the sustained repetition of motor imagery (MI). However, most studies thus far have investigated MP for post-stroke paralytic upper limb function in patients in the chronic phase. Therefore, it is necessary to obtain evidence regarding whether MP is an effective intervention modality in the acute phase of stroke. In the present study, we examined the effects of an intervention combining mirror therapy and MP initiated during the acute phase of cerebral infarction...
June 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832218/effects-of-running-with-surgical-masks-on-cardiopulmonary-function-in-healthy-male-university-students
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nozomi Hamachi, Naoya Kawabata, Yukari Horimoto, Kensuke Matsuda, Yoshio Takano
[Purpose] In Japan, one measure against the novel coronavirus disease-2019 infection involves the public use of surgical masks. Research indicates that exercising while wearing a mask increases the physical burden, particularly affecting young people during high-intensity exercise. This study examined the effects of wearing masks while running in male university students. [Participants and Methods] The participants were 20 healthy male university students (21.6 ± 1.6 years). The participants underwent cardiopulmonary exercise tests with the masks on and off on different days until exhaustion...
June 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832217/inducing-unstable-walking-conditions-through-visual-and-auditory-stimuli
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tomomasa Ohara, Chong Yu Zheng, Shinji Murata, Chikamune Wada
[Purpose] Falls can significantly affect elderly individuals. However, most current methods used to detect and analyze high-risk conditions make use of simulated falling movements for data collection, which may not accurately represent actual falls. The present study aimed to induce natural falls using visual and auditory stimuli to create unstable walking conditions. [Participants and Methods] Two experiments were performed. The first experiment focused on inducing unstable walking using visual stimuli; whereas, the second experiment combined visual and auditory stimuli...
June 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832216/accuracy-of-a-portable-lower-limb-muscle-strength-measuring-device-with-a-training-function
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Atsushi Nawata, Hiroshi Koga, Rieko Sasaki, Hiroshi Watanabe, Go Omori, Yoshio Koga, Hiroyuki Kawashima
[Purpose] Quadriceps muscle strength is essential for daily living activities. Therefore, we developed a compact and simple lower limb muscle strength measuring device (LocomoScan [LCS]). This study aimed to compare LCS with other instruments to analyze its simplicity, reproducibility, and accuracy. [Participants and Methods] One hundred and four healthy university students (56 males and 48 females) were included in the study. The knee extension force was measured using LCS, and the knee extension torque was measured using other devices (Cybex)...
June 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832215/factors-influencing-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-acute-cerebral-infarction-who-received-usual-care-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hirofumi Sato, Shinsuke Okawa, Reina Kakehata, Asuka Takayama, Katsunobu Okuma, Kazuhiro Fukata, Hiroshi Miki, Yohei Kobayashi, Koki Hasegawa, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Yuji Fujino
[Purpose] The prognostic factors for patients with acute stroke who received usual care (mobilization ≥48 h after admission) remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic factors that predict functional outcomes using evaluations performed immediately after onset in patients with acute cerebral infarction who received usual care from admission until discharge. [Participants and Methods] Participants with acute cerebral infarction admitted to five acute care hospitals in Tokyo and Saitama, Japan and prescribed physical therapy were included...
June 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694019/evaluation-of-the-accuracy-of-chatgpt-s-responses-to-and-references-for-clinical-questions-in-physical-therapy
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shogo Sawamura, Takanobu Bito, Takahiro Ando, Kento Masuda, Sakiko Kameyama, Hiroyasu Ishida
[Purpose] This study evaluated the accuracy of ChatGPT's responses to and references for five clinical questions in physical therapy based on the Physical Therapy Guidelines and assessed this language model's potential as a tool for supporting clinical decision-making in the rehabilitation field. [Participants and Methods] Five clinical questions from the "Stroke", "Musculoskeletal disorders", and "Internal disorders" sections of the Physical Therapy Guidelines , released by the Japanese Society of Physical Therapy, were presented to ChatGPT...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694018/differences-in-cough-strength-respiratory-function-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-with-and-without-low-swallowing-function-in-the-repetitive-saliva-swallowing-test
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hideo Kaneko, Akari Suzuki, Yoshiharu Nagai, Jun Horie
[Purpose] In older adults, the risk of aspiration pneumonia increases because of coexisting factors such as age-related decline in swallowing function, inefficient cough, reduced respiratory function, and poor physical performance. This study aimed to investigate the differences in cough strength, respiratory function, and physical performance in community-dwelling ambulatory older adults with and without low swallowing function. [Participants and Methods] In 225 community-dwelling ambulatory older adults, swallowing function (the repetitive saliva swallowing test, RSST), cough strength (peak cough flow), lung function (forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity), respiratory muscle strength (maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures), and physical performance (30-second chair stand test and Timed Up and Go test) were evaluated...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694017/assessment-of-retention-of-training-in-improving-the-accuracy-of-needle-penetration-depth
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hirohisa Miyachi, Miyono Okinaka, Tsunehiko Wada
[Purpose] This study aimed to assess whether the effects of training in fine motor skills, such as improving the accuracy of acupuncture depth, persisted after the training was completed. [Participants and Methods] Fifteen students (age, 28.0 ± 8.4 years) participated in the study. A 0.2 × 50 mm needle was inserted, as precisely as possible, against an acupuncture training gel at a depth of 15 mm. After explaining how to check the distance using their fingers as indicators and how to use a guide piece to check for depth, the students were instructed to train independently for two weeks...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694016/classification-and-comparison-of-the-physical-characteristics-and-functions-of-various-age-groups-of-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals-participating-in-the-kayoi-no-ba-program
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Naritoshi Sato, Kosuke Takano, Isamu Konishi, Ryosaku Kobayashi, Kazuo Ishigami, Naohiko Kinoshita, Tomonori Nomura, Toru Nagai, Hiroyuki Masuda, Daisuke Sato, Wataru Uchiyama, Masaru Kanda
[Purpose] To classify and compare the physical characteristics and functions of community-dwelling elderly individuals of various age groups participating in the Kayoi-no-ba program. [Participants and Methods] A total of 176 community-dwelling elderly individuals living in six cities and towns in the Niigata Prefecture who participated in the Kayoi-no-ba program between 2018 and 2020 were recruited in this study. Physical characteristics, such as strength, balance, and mobility, were assessed. [Results] Among elderly females and males who participated in the Kayoi-no-ba program, those >80 years of age showed shorter height, lighter weight, and lower body muscle mass than the other age groups...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694015/changes-in-acceleration-and-deceleration-factors-associated-with-active-gait-speed-adjustment
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tomoya Kokue, Yuma Takenaka, Yuuga Matsue, Masayuki Tsuchida, Kenichi Sugawara
[Purpose] The ability to actively adjust walking speed is fundamental and the factors enabling it should be assessed. The present study aimed to demonstrate how active gait speed is kinematically adjusted. [Participants and Methods] Walking acceleration and deceleration were evaluated in 16 healthy adults using three-axis accelerometers and surface electromyographs. The root mean square (RMS) of each axis in the center-of-gravity acceleration was calculated as an index of gait stability. Electron myograph data were obtained from images captured of the right lower muscles, and the integral value of total muscle activity per gait cycle was calculated...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694014/effect-of-repetitive-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-common-fibular-nerve-on-the-soleus-muscle-hoffmann-reflex
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kazunori Morozumi, Katsuyuki Morishita, Michio Tojima, Takashi Inomata
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effects of repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation of the common fibular nerve on the modification of neural circuit function as measured through the soleus muscle Hoffmann reflex. [Participants and Methods] Twenty-four healthy adult males were randomly and equally divided into the magnetic stimulation (experimental) and control groups. The Hoffmann reflex of the soleus muscle was analyzed before and after 10 min of repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation for the experimental group and before and after 10 min of rest for the control group...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694013/the-effects-of-resistance-exercise-and-leucine-enriched-essential-amino-acid-supplementation-on-muscle-mass-and-physical-function-in-post-gastrectomy-patients-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Atsushi Sawada, Kentaro Yoneta, Eri Togashi, Shogo Asaka, Riho Tada, Takaaki Asada, Seiichi Son, Makoto Tayama, Masami Kimura, Satoshi Fujita
[Purpose] In gastric cancer patients, low muscle mass decreases overall survival and quality of life (QOL). Resistance exercise with leucine-enriched essential amino acid (LEAA) supplementation may prevent muscle mass loss. This study was aimed at determining whether resistance exercise with LEAA supplementation prevents muscle mass loss in post-gastrectomy patients. [Participant and Methods] We conducted a single-center, open-label, randomized controlled pilot trial. Ten participants who underwent gastrectomy were divided into two groups...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694012/participants-with-restricted-dominant-shoulder-internal-rotation-range-of-motion-demonstrate-no-side-to-side-difference-in-humeral-head-translation-and-no-difference-before-and-after-joint-mobilization-a-pilot-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John F Hoops, Troy L Hooper, Stéphane Sobczak, Jeegisha Kapila, Birendra M Dewan, Omer C Matthijs, Jean-Michel Brismée
[Purpose] To compare humeral head translation (HHT) during shoulder elevation between dominant and non-dominant shoulders in participants with limited dominant shoulder internal rotation range of motion (ROM). To determine if joint mobilization alters HHT, and if relationships exist between the bicipital forearm angle and HHT. [Participants and Methods] Fifteen (9 female) participants (age 25.7 ± 6.8 years) with a minimum 15-degree dominant shoulder internal rotation ROM deficit compared to the opposite shoulder participated...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694011/effects-of-exercise-using-a-modified-elastic-band-with-a-coconut-shell-on-muscle-strength-and-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Panida Hanphitakphong, Monthinee Watthanasuwakul, Somruthai Poomsalood
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of exercise using a modified elastic band with a coconut shell on leg muscle strength and balance in older adults. [Participants and Methods] The study consisted of 30 participants aged 60 years and older. The participants were randomly assigned to either the exercise (n=15) or control groups (n=15). The exercise group used a modified elastic band with a coconut shell three days a week for four weeks. Both groups received a single educational session on fall prevention after a baseline assessment...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694010/clinical-applicability-of-automated-tractography-for-stroke-rehabilitation-z-score-conversion-of-fractional-anisotropy
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Midori Mochizuki, Yuki Uchiyama, Kazuhisa Domen, Tetsuo Koyama
[Purpose] To expand the applicability of diffusion-tensor tractography fractional anisotropy for stroke rehabilitation, this study aimed to provide references for representative neural tracts from non-lesioned hemispheres. Therefore, we applied the assessment of neural integrity to representative stroke patients using Z-score conversion. [Participants and Methods] Fractional anisotropy values were assessed in neural tracts, including the corticospinal tract, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, uncinate fasciculus, and anterior thalamic radiation, of stroke patients receiving acute care...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694009/kinesiophysiological-analysis-associated-with-changes-in-subjective-intensities-in-belt-electrode-skeletal-muscle-electrical-stimulation-a-prospective-exploratory-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Norikazu Hishikawa, Koshiro Sawada, Motonori Kubo, Mari Kakita, Takashi Kawasaki, Suzuyo Ohashi, Yasuo Mikami
[Purpose] Belt electrode-skeletal muscle electrical stimulation (B-SES) is a novel electrical muscle stimulation treatment that causes less pain and discomfort and induces contraction in a wider skeletal muscle area than conventional electrodes. However, the stimulation intensity depends on patients' subjectivity. In the present study, B-SES and an expiratory gas device were combined to analyze the kinesiophysiological data associated with changes in subjective intensity. [Participants and Methods] Seventeen healthy participants were recruited...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694008/efficacy-of-ultrasound-therapy-with-neck-retraction-exercises-vs-ultrasound-therapy-with-deep-cervical-flexor-training-for-excessive-screen-time-users-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Monthinee Watthanasuwakul, Panida Hanphitakphong, Somruthai Poomsalood
[Purpose] To compare the effectiveness of ultrasound therapy in combination with neck retraction exercises and deep cervical flexor training on pain, forward head posture, and deep cervical flexor muscle strength in excessive screen time users. [Participants and Methods] This 4-week intervention study included 36 participants with forward head posture, categorized into three groups: 1) ultrasound therapy with neck retraction exercises 2) ultrasound therapy with deep cervical flexor training, and 3) a control group...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694007/seasonal-changes-in-daily-steps-of-community-dwelling-older-individuals-with-and-without-lifestyle-related-diseases-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Akihito Kubota, Toyohiro Hamaguchi
[Purpose] Physical activity helps prevent diseases and mitigate their severity in older individuals with lifestyle-related conditions. We investigated whether seasonal factors and existing diseases affect physical activity in this demographic to identify lifestyle guidance indicators for health maintenance. [Participants and Methods] We compared the daily steps of older individuals (age of ≥65 years) by month, sex, and disease status from August to January by using three-way analysis of covariance...
May 2024: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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