Journals Journal of Community Hospital ...

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Bassam Hossain, Fahad Malik, Ali Khan, Mohammad Abidi, Ali Marhaba, Amanke Oranu, Mark Shumeyko, Amine Hila, Lesli Banks, Owais A Patel, Marrium Nawaz, Shehryar Shaikh, Hafsa Nadeem, Shoreh Qazi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to systematically analyze and summarize the implications of COVID-19 on the digestive system by quantitatively evaluating the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, anorexia. reported in COVID-19 cases. We simultaneously investigated other variables to determine the association of such symptoms in COVID-19 patients which can potentially influence the disease prognosis and outcome...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Muhammad Asif, Hammad S Chaudhry, Sadia Aslam, Ifrah Nadeem, Sunia S Chaudhry, Wahab Khan
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is well known to cause pulmonary infection. However, it often has extrapulmonary manifestations as well. We diagnosed and treated a 41-year-old female who presented with symptoms of pneumonia along with multisystem involvement, including rash, acute hepatitis, and new onset heart failure that improved with steroids and doxycycline. Subsequent guideline-directed medical therapy for non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) coincided with the complete recovery of the left ventricular function in three months...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Indira Acharya, Gifty A Dominah, Dongmei Xing, Elizabeth Allen, Jeffrey S Iding, Christopher J Haas
Amyloid is a systemic disease characterized by extracellular deposition of misfolded protein. Gastrointestinal and peritoneal deposition of light chain (AL) amyloid is an under-recognized manifestation of this systemic disease, usually as a late sequela. Here we present a case of recently diagnosed AL peritoneal amyloid that presented in the context of recurrent, acute onset abdominal discomfort and was found to have bowel obstruction complicated by perforation in the setting of AL-mediated gastrointestinal tract infiltration and dysmotility...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Kara E Hensley, Christopher W Fiechter, Alysson Klein, Rhabia Hussein, Henry J Weiss, Mihail Zilbermint
We present a rare case of hydatidiform molar pregnancy, which led to the development of thyroid storm, followed by a rare complication of takotsubo cardiomyopathy in the setting of a COVID-19 infection. A 21-year-old female of 22 weeks gestational age presented with heavy vaginal blood loss, brown emesis, tachycardia, and lethargy. Through clinical presentation and ultrasound confirmation, a molar pregnancy was diagnosed. Laboratory data and clinical presentation of thyrotoxicosis supported a diagnosis of thyroid storm...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Brianna Probasco, Veniamin Melnychuk, Angelina Hong, Abanoub Gabra, Scott Lieberman
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) has a multitude of presentations, including appearing as a refractory community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) or an isolated localized pulmonary disease. This case describes a patient suspected to have a CAP before further workup and lung biopsy revealed his diagnosis of GPA. This case report demonstrates GPA's diverse presentations, critical complications such as diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) and cardiac tamponade, and nuanced management options.
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Amelie Spangenberg, Shiavax J Rao, John Mackrell, Sarah Rimm, Christopher J Haas
Non-contrast enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) carries a low sensitivity for acute aortic dissection; CT Angiography remains the gold standard. We highlight the potential utility of non-contrast CT for detection of aortic dissection in a case of a young, immunocompromised man presenting with acute abdominal pain and renal injury. Given elevated creatinine, an initial non-contrast chest CT demonstrated subtle findings suggestive of aortic dissection (aneurysmal dilation of the proximal ascending aorta as well as displaced calcified intimal flap/intraluminal high linear density in the thoracic descending and distal abdominal aorta)...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Sherif Elkattawy, Jesus Romero, Kalpesh Shah, Paul Fanous, Muhammad A Masood Noori, Nikita Sachdeva, Asnia Latif, Neil Williams, Ana L Romero
Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a rare myocardial disorder characterized by abnormal myocardial tissue formation in which the left ventricular wall appears to be trabecular with prominent intertrabecular recesses. The diagnosis of LVNC is predominantly reliant on cardiac imaging, namely thoracic echocardiography, however, cardiac MRI is indicated in conditions in which echocardiography is inconclusive. Diagnostic criteria for both echocardiography and cardiac MRI differ, however, the general principle of diagnosis is a comparison of the thickness of non-compacted to compacted myocardial tissue...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Samiullah Khan, Hifza Naz, Muhammad S Q Khan, Asif Ullah, Danish I Satti, Jahanzeb Malik, Amin Mehmoodi
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke, accounting for more than 37 million cases worldwide. In AF, the left atrial appendage (LAA) is the most common site of thrombus formation, and its ligation/closure with the WATCHMAN device is a good alternative to long-term oral anticoagulation, especially in patients with contraindications to warfarin. However, the implantation procedure is associated with various risks and complications. A short-term anticoagulant and antithrombotic administration are essential after implantation...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Alex Ashkin, Joshua Parmenter, Keegan Plowman, Ricardo Franco-Sadud
Cavernous malformations (CMs) are abnormal clusters of thin-walled blood vessels located in the central nervous system. An 87-year-old male with a history of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, coronary artery disease, and atrial fibrillation on rivaroxaban was admitted for acute onset, bilateral lower extremity weakness. He was found to have hemorrhagic transformation of a pre-existing spinal cord cavernous malformation located at the level of T9 of the thoracic column worsened by his use of anticoagulation...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Vikram Sangani, Mytri Pokal, Edva Noel, Narsimha R Keetha, Sasmit Roy, Indrajeet Mahata
Ischemic monomelic neuropathy (IMN) is a relatively uncommon and under-recognized complication of vascular access creation for arteriovenous (AV) fistula in hemodialysis patients. They usually develop distal muscle weakness, sensation loss, and severe acute pain without muscle necrosis soon after AV fistula creation. Physicians should be aware of this condition as prompt diagnosis and timely vascular interventions are necessary to save the limbs and prevent permanent functional disability. Once the diagnosis of IMN is made, the patients will need emergent ligation of the fistula to restore the distal perfusion...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Ella Teplitsky, Maryam Zafar, Abubakar Tauseef, Marissa Varghese, Joseph Thirumalareddy, Sunil Nair, Akshat Sood, Mohsin Mirza
IgA vasculitis formerly known as Henoch-Schonlein Purpura is characterized by leukocytoclastic vasculitis and IgA immune complex in small vessels of the affected organ. IgA vasculitis can involve any organ system depending upon the deposition of the IgA immune complex. IgA vasculitis is a clinical diagnosis which manifest with abdominal pain, arthralgia/arthritis, palpable purpura, and kidney involvement. Occasionally, serum IgA levels or skin or kidney biopsy can help in confirming the diagnosis. Treatment is usually supportive, but studies have proved that prednisone or immunosuppressive agents can help in the prevention or progression of the disease...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Adnan Gulzar, Anosh Javed, Amna Liaquat, Daniyal Javed, Maham Zahid, Hassan Mumtaz
BACKGROUND: Pandemics greatly affected human health due to changes in dietary habits and lifestyle. METHODS: A multi-centric comparative cross-sectional study was conducted online using a structured questionnaire with 323 respondents from two medical colleges of Lahore, Pakistan. The collected data was analyzed including various variables of dietary habits, lifestyle changes and were compared by using paired sample t-test. Chi-square test was applied to measure the relation of weight gain with lifestyle and dietary habits changes...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Wahab J Khan, Muhammad Asif, Hammad S Chaudhry, Sadia Aslam, Ifrah Nadeem
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are novel medications used to treat a wide range of solid organ tumors and work by stimulating the cellular immune response. With their increasing use, more and more multiorgan side effects are reported in the literature. Prompt recognition of these findings is vital for the safe clinical use of these agents. Most side effects are immune-mediated injury, and the treatment involves stopping the ICI drug and systemic steroids. We report a case of a 72-year-old female treated with pembrolizumab monotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Thilini Delungahawatta, Ashik Pokharel, Robert Paz, Christopher J Haas
The hepatotoxic potential of diclofenac, a commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, is well established in literature. However, cases of diclofenac-induced liver disease have occurred almost exclusively with the oral formulation of this medication. We report the case of an elderly man with Paget's disease and osteoarthritis who developed acute hepatotoxicity, as evidenced by laboratory diagnostics, four months after use of topical diclofenac 1% gel. Once diclofenac gel was discontinued, repeat blood work three weeks after discharge demonstrated return of liver function tests to baseline...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Ashik Pokharel, Xinhang Tu, Haider A Naqvi, Rafi Raza, Christopher J Haas
While parental or oral anticoagulation remains a mainstay of therapy for thrombosis, in sporadic clinical situations, percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy is favored. Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy is a well-tolerated subtype of catheter-directed intervention resulting in thrombus breakdown and removal. This procedure combines endovascular mechanical thrombectomy in combination with pharmacologic thrombolysis allowing for a significant reduction in procedure time. Similar to other catheter-based procedures, common complications include hemorrhage, dissection, pseudoaneurysm, and perforations...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Ayrton Bangolo, Sowmya Sagireddy, Sarah Mahamadeen, Felicia Hasta, Sadhu A Reddy, Afshan Naz, Ravishankar Ranganatha, Cleveland Ricketts, Padmavathi Muppalla, Swathi Veliginti, Georgemar Arana, Dily T Sathyarajan, Sachin Singh, Tanvi Shetty, Kshitij Bhardwaj, Sayed Hashemy, Roberto L Duran, Sung H Kim, Candice M Hipolito, Kibo Yoon, Vrusha Patel, Aseel Alshimari, Pugazhendi Inban, Saaniya Yasmeen, Simcha Weissman
A small subset of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) may develop widespread thrombotic disease with organ damage, referred to as catastrophic APS (CAPS) that is associated with a high mortality. Medical therapy typically involves a combination of anticoagulation, systemic glucocorticoids, plasmapheresis, and intravenous immune globulin (IVIG). There is currently no consensus for the management of refractory cases of CAPS. However, monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab and eculizumab have shown some benefits...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Mahta Salehi, Shehrose Chaudry, Rebecca B Newman, Josette Hartnett, Suzanne J Rose, Forugh Homayounrooz
INTRODUCTION: During the initial COVID-19 pandemic peak, Stamford Hospital implemented a home oxygen program (HOP) to create a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary outpatient initiative without sacrificing a safe discharge. Primary care physicians monitored program participants, whose only indication for remaining admitted was an oxygen requirement. We retrospectively examined participant co-morbidities and outcomes, including death and readmission rates to evaluate HOP safety. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of program participants discharged between April 2020-Janurary 2021 was performed...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Mohammed R Shaik, Nishat A Shaik, Elvina Yunasan, Erika Wheeler, Robert Td Chow
Systemic amyloidosis has been reported in the context of injection drug use, usually related to ongoing chronic inflammation and persistent cutaneous infections. The kidneys are almost always the first organs affected in that setting. Involvement of the gastrointestinal tract is less common and rarely the initial site of presentation. We present a case of systemic amyloidosis that primarily manifested in the gastrointestinal tract, occurring in the setting of chronic injection drug use. The patient's hemoglobin level dropped progressively over time due to ongoing, slow gastrointestinal bleeding, prompting an endoscopic examination that ultimately confirmed the presence of gastrointestinal amyloidosis...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Scarlet Louis-Jean, Shire Chaudhry
Neuropsychological manifestations following food exposures in patients with food sensitivities are increasingly being identified in the literature, as understanding of the gut-brain axis is further improved. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) has been shown to occur in individuals without serological or biopsied evidence of celiac disease (CD), who manifest psychotic ormood disorders that resolve following elimination of gluten. In this case history, we discuss a similar manifestation in a 31-year-old woman without serological evidence of CD, whose psychiatric symptoms improve with gluten elimination...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Keegan Dunn, Jonathan Kopel, Mousab Diab, Franklyn Babb
BACKGROUND: Statins are the primary drug used to reduce morbidity and mortality for cardiovascular disease. However, many type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients who are currently not on a statin would otherwise qualify. Therefore, we investigated the proportion of T2DM patients on a statin compared to the total number of T2DM patients eligible to be on a statin. We also examined potential barriers that prevent T2DM patients from being prescribed statins by physicians. METHODS: A retrospective chart study on family medicine patients was collected data on age, race, cholesterol readings, blood pressure, and whether the patient was on blood pressure medications, aspirin, and/or a statin...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.