Journals Journal of Community Hospital ...

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Muhammad A Hanif, Biraj Shrestha, Hira Hanif, Aamir Shahzad, Amar Suwal, Smit Shah, Oreoluwa Oladiran, Michael Macciocca, Anthony A Donato
Constrictive pericarditis most commonly results from fibrosis and adhesions of the parietal and visceral pericardium due to long-standing inflammation. Common etiologies include idiopathic, post-surgical, radiation injury and infectious etiologies including tuberculosis. Traumatic hemopericardium is a rare cause of constrictive pericarditis but atraumatic hemopericardium causing constrictive pericarditis has not been reported in the literature to date. We present a case of constrictive pericarditis from an atraumatic hemopericardium after systemic thrombolysis for a massive pulmonary embolism...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Arielle Aiken, Brooke Kania, Riddhi Amin, Moutaz Ghrewati, Patrick Michael
Sickle Cell Disease (SSD) can present with acute painful crises, most commonly manifesting as diffuse bony pain; however, rare presentations of acute coronary syndrome, acute papillary necrosis, or multi-organ failure may also present in these patients. TTP has been rarely described in conjunction with sickle cell pain crisis (SS crisis). In both TTP and sickle cell crises, widespread platelet activation is present with thrombocytopenia as a result. Thrombocytopenia can be utilized as a poor prognostic indicator in patients with SS crisis...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Jonathan Kopel
A catastrophic Spanish flu pandemic spread throughout the world during 1918-1919. In the spring of 1918, an army training center at the Fort Riley Kansas reported the first cases of Spanish flu in the United States. The first reported cases of the Spanish Flu of the virus in Kansas were quite moderate. The Spanish flu took an ominous turn in the fall of 1918 when injured soldiers who contracted the Spanish flu returned to the United States, spreading the illness across urban and rural communities. During this period of the Spanish flu, the freemason lodges served as accessory hospitals to help manage the growing Spanish flu cases across the United States...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Jesus Romero, Shruti Jesani, Ana L Romero, Sherif Elkattawy, Jonathan Sookdeo, Harshwardhan Khandait
Wellens syndrome is usually diagnosed in asymptomatic patients with normal or only slightly elevated cardiac enzymes. There are two different ECG patterns (Type A and Type B) described in the literature. Earlier studies demonstrated that the appearance of the Wellens pattern had a specificity of 89% and a positive predictive value of 86% for severe stenosis of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) hence a timely recognition and therapeutic approach may prevent fatal outcomes in the patients. Here we are presenting a case of a 69-year-old gentleman with chest pain and Type A Wellens Syndrome pattern on ECG who was found to have LAD stenosis...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Sumit Khurana, Jessica Kaushal, Dhruv Markan, John C Wang, Antony Kaliyadan, Amrit Devkota, Christopher Haas
SCAD (Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection) is a rare disorder which rarely recurs. It is increasingly diagnosed as a cause for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with limited insight into its pathophysiology and treatment. Lack of randomized trials and consensus guidelines make this a unique and challenging disease to manage. We describe a complex case of recurrent idiopathic SCAD with prior history of NSTE-ACS (Non-ST elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome) and discuss its management based on current clinical practices...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Muhammad Shahmir Abbasi, Samantha Ouellette, Babar K Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Indira Acharya, Ashik Pokharel, David S Weisman
Retroperitoneal hematoma is rare but potentially life-threatening. It is commonly caused by traumatic or iatrogenic vascular injury, retroperitoneal neoplasm, coagulopathy, chronic anticoagulation, or fibrinolytic therapy. However, retroperitoneal hematoma due to vitamin C deficiency is rare. Here, we report a case of 40 years old man who developed retroperitoneal hematoma in context of very low vitamin C. To our knowledge, this is the second described case of retroperitoneal hematoma from vitamin C deficiency...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Abbas B Jama, Jessica L Sheehy, Hassan Mohamed, Noura Attallah, Esraa Hassan, Anwar Khedr, Hisham Mushtaq, Omar Y Mousa, James J Milavetz, Ali Sadik, Mohamad E Labban, Nitesh Jain, Salim Surani, Eric O Gomez Urena, Syed Anjum Khan
A 35-year-old male greenhouse worker presented with myalgia, fatigue, and fever. Initially, he was thought to have an unspecified viral infection and was treated with conservative therapy. However, the patient's symptoms persisted, and he reported additional symptoms of mild abdominal pain and headaches. Laboratory evaluation was significant for elevated liver enzymes. Due to concern for acute hepatitis and persistent fever the patient was hospitalized. During his hospital course, no infectious etiology was found to explain his symptoms...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Fatima Halilu, Howard Hauptman
Rheumatoid vasculitis is a rare and late complication of rheumatoid arthritis, affecting small to medium sized vessels. Inflammation in the vessel wall produces an occlusive vasculopathy with downstream infarction. We present the case of a 70-year-old female with long standing stable RA status post recent COVID-19 vaccination admitted with community acquired Legionnaires disease found to have an incidental renal infarct on chest imaging without a clear etiology. She improved from a respiratory standpoint but then had a fever spike with repeat imaging showing a second renal infarct and CT angiography showing extensive beading with aneurysmal dilation in the bilateral hepatic and renal arteries consistent with vasculitis...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Brian J Brereton, Rupak V Desai, Siva Naga S Yarrarapu, Jose G Matos Urena, Akhil P Jain
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases contribute to considerable morbidity and mortality in the USA. We sought to establish regional disparities across the nation contributing to cardiovascular disease (CVD) among non-elective young adult hospitalizations. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (2019) was utilized to identify the incidence of non-elective hospitalizations among young adults (18-44 yrs) and analyze the burden of CVD risk factors and outcomes (MACCE; all-cause mortality, AMI, cardiac arrest and stroke) in different US regions...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Dena H Tran, Avelino C Verceles, Ellen T Marciniak
INTRODUCTION: Disseminated cryptococcosis is an opportunistic infection that commonly affects the central nervous and respiratory systems and is often fatal in immunocompromised host patients. Diagnosing disseminated cryptococcosis is challenging at times due to the nonspecific presentation, resulting in delayed treatment and increased mortality. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old man presented with altered mental status and shortness of breath requiring intubation...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Dhruv Patel, Brooke Kania, Ahmed Salem, Wadah Akroush, Minha Naseer, David McNamara, Carlos Perez
Cardiovascular disease, COPD, and diabetes (DM) are associated with increased complications with COVID-19. A correlation between COVID-19 and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Syndrome (HHS) has been suggested; however, the precise mechanism remains unclear. We present a case series of six patients with COVID-19 infections who were found to have DKA, HHS, or mixed picture. Wedescribe an association between COVID-19 and hyperglycemic emergencies. Six patients (50% male, 50% female, mean age 47...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Syed H B Waqar, Biplov Adhikari, Navid Salahi, Sara Ahmed, Isabel McFarlane
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATLL) is a malignancy of mature T lymphocytes caused by chronic human T-lymphotropic virus, type I (HTLV-I) infection. Up to one third of cases of ATLL can present with skin involvement-oftentimes there may only be skin involvement. Rare cutaneous presentations can further obscure the diagnosis, create diagnostic dilemma, and delay the institution of appropriate therapy. We present a case of ATLL where the initial lesion at presentation was pyoderma gangrenosum (PG). To our knowledge, there are no reported cases of ATLL presenting as PG...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Osama Mukhtar, Amos Lal, Meir Tabi, Jacob Jentzer, Kianoush Kashani
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant short- and long-term morbidity and mortality. In critically ill patients with sepsis, AKI tends to be more severe, more likely to require kidney replacement therapy (KRT), with less chance of recovery. Consequently, critically ill patients with sepsis-associated AKI (SA-AKI) have extended intensive care unit (ICU) stays and higher mortality rates. This study evaluated the predictive value of clinical and transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) parameters for recovery from moderate-to-severe SA-AKI in critically ill patients...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Ramez Alyacoub
Fungal empyema is a rare entity, particularly in immunocompetent patients. It has been noted to occur in a patient with esophageal perforation. Esophageal perforation has a wide range of clinical presentations and associated complications depending on the size and site of perforation. Although the classic presentation of esophageal perforation, also known as Boerhaave syndrome, is often dramatic with hemodynamic instability and mediastinitis. Smaller perforations and esophageopleural fistula can lead to more indolent presentation in the form of complications such as necrotizing pneumonia and pleural effusions...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Josef Finsterer, Fulvio A Scorza, Antonio-Carlos M de Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Robert Libera, Christian A Dimala, Kathleen Oakes, Caitlyn Moss
Cryptococcus is a rare pathogenic fungus that is known primarily for causing meningeal and pulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. There are scarce reports of other varieties of cryptococcal infections, such as disseminated and peritoneal disease. Here we present a very rare case of an elderly female patient with a history of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) cirrhosis who presented with symptoms of dyspnea and abdominal distention and was found to have Cryptococcus neoformans pleuritis and peritonitis without evidence of disseminated disease...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Ariana Tagliaferri, Arielle Aiken, Madhav Patel, Monisha Singhal
Adrenal insufficiency can be a primary or secondary disorder occurring from a hormone deficiency or suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis from various etiologies. The diagnosis can be challenging given the lack of specificity and indolence of symptoms. Diarrhea is not a typical presenting symptom of adrenal insufficiency and can be overlooked as an infectious disease during an adrenal crisis. Herein we present a patient with an undiagnosed adrenal insufficiency who presented with subacute diarrhea during an adrenal crisis after a dental procedure and esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Ariana Tagliaferri, Brooke Kania, Dhruv Patel, Iqra Baig, Alisa Farokhian, Angelo Bellardini
Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) usually presents after decades of alcohol consumption and can even manifest with recent abstinence. The clinical presentation may be compounded by underlying liver cirrhosis and liver function enzymes are not a reliable means of diagnosing AH due to poor sensitivity and specificity. One feature of alcoholic hepatitis is thrombocytopenia; however, patients may also have thrombocytopenia due to another underlying condition, such as Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP). ITP is an autoimmune disease caused by autoantibodies against platelet glycoproteins...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Hongli Liu, Chengu Niu, Ahmed Elkhapery, Kaiwen Zhu, Lakshmi G Nair, Zauraiz Anjum, Charoo Iyer, Hafsa Faisal, Ming Chow
INTRODUCTION: Controversies remain regarding the safety of tocilizumab in the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. In this study, we seek to describe the infectious complications after tocilizumab in COVID patients and determine the related risk factors. METHODS: A single-center retrospective observational study was conducted among adult patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection admitted between 06/01/2020 and 12/31/2021 who received tocilizumab at our institution...
2023: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
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