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International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881471/the-principles-of-biomedical-scientific-writing-materials-and-methods
#1
REVIEW
Asghar Ghasemi, Zahra Bahadoran, Azita Zadeh-Vakili, Seyed Ali Montazeri, Farhad Hosseinpanah
The materials and methods (M&M) section is the heart of a scientific paper and is subject to initial screening of the editor to decide whether the manuscript should be sent for external review. If the M&M section of a scientific paper be considered as a recipe, its ingredients would be who, what, when, where, how, and why. M&M should effectively respond to the study question/hypothesis using the following basic elements including materials, study design, study population/subjects or animals, methods of measurements/assessments, and statistical analysis...
January 2019: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881470/orbital-radiotherapy-plus-concomitant-steroids-in-moderate-to-severe-graves-ophthalmopathy-good-results-after-long-term-follow-up
#2
Luca Nicosia, Chiara Reverberi, Linda Agolli, Luca Marinelli, Vitaliana De Sanctis, Giuseppe Minniti, Maurizio Valeriani, Mattia F Osti
Background: Orbital radiotherapy (RT) is an effective and consolidate treatment for steroid-refractory Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO); however, long term effects are not well known. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long term efficacy and toxicity of orbital RT plus concomitant systemic steroids in a population of patients with moderate-to-severe GO or with eyesight threatening symptoms refractory to steroids. Methods: Forty patients with moderate-to-severe GO or with eyesight threatening symptoms not responsive/resistant to steroids were treated with orbital RT at the dose of 20 Gy in 10 fractions plus concomitant steroids...
January 2019: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881469/vitamin-d-increases-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-from-insulin-producing-beta-cells-ins1e
#3
Mette Eskild Bornstedt, Nina Gjerlaugsen, Milaim Pepaj, May K L Bredahl, Per M Thorsby
Background: Vitamin D affects the pancreatic beta cell function and in vitro studies have shown that vitamin D may influence insulin secretion, apoptosis, and gene regulation. However, the outcomes have differed and there has been uncertainty regarding the effect of different vitamin D metabolites on insulin secretion. Objectives: We hypothesized that vitamin D could increase insulin secretion in insulin producing beta cells and investigated the effect of 25(OH) vitamin D and 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D on insulin secretion...
January 2019: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881468/effects-of-daily-consumption-of-cashews-on-oxidative-stress-and-atherogenic-indices-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-feeding-trial
#4
Reihaneh Darvish Damavandi, Seyedeh Neda Mousavi, Farzad Shidfar, Vida Mohammadi, Asadollah Rajab, Sharieh Hosseini, Javad Heshmati
Background: Cashews, as the main source of monounsaturated (MUFAs) and polyunsaturated (PUFAs) fatty acids, are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. Despite evidence for beneficial effects of nuts on lipid profile and glycemic control, to the authors' best knowledge, little is known about cashews. Methods: An eight-week, randomized, isocaloric, controlled-feeding study was conducted on 50 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) randomly assigned to either the control or intervention group (10% of total calorie from cashews)...
January 2019: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881467/application-of-the-marginal-beta-binomial-model-in-estimation-the-overall-odds-of-obesity-among-iranian-adults-meta-analysis-method
#5
REVIEW
Atefeh Zeinolabedini, Akbar Biglarian, Behjat Seifi, Enayatollah Bakhshi
Context: To obtain accurate and reliable estimation of overall obesity odds ratio (OR) a statistical method is needed to be designed to account for heterogeneity among studies. The marginal beta-binomial model is a new method with attractive features that make it robust for meta-analysis. Objectives: The aim of this study is the estimation of overall obesity OR among Iranian adults with particularly attention to age, sex, place of residence, and smoking status. Data Sources: We systematically reviewed all studies regarding obesity in Iranian adults in national and international journals that are published between 1990 and 2017, including PubMed, Scopus, SID, Google Scholar, Magiran, and IranMedex...
January 2019: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881466/clinical-trials-in-management-of-anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma-progressions-and-set-backs-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Behrouz Salehian, Simon Y Liem, Hoda Mojazi Amiri, Ellie Maghami
Context: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is associated with rapid tumor growth and extremely poor prognosis. Although ATC is found in only 2% of all thyroid carcinomas, it accounts for up to 50% of thyroid cancer mortality. Objective: To understand the effect of different treatment modalities upon anaplastic thyroid cancer outcomes. Methods: A systematic review of studies from 1995 to 2017 was performed employing the search terms "anaplastic thyroid" and "treatment" in PubMed...
January 2019: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30881465/age-and-gender-specific-thyroid-hormones-and-their-relationships-with-body-mass-index-in-a-large-chinese-population
#7
Qianqian Song, Xinxin Chen, Yang Su, Zhen Xie, Shu Wang, Bin Cui
Objectives: To investigate the associations of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) with body mass index (BMI) and the effect of age and gender on these relationships in a large Chinese population. Methods: A total of 97,997 individuals from a health examination center were selected. The medians (25th and 75th) of TSH, FT3 and FT4 were used to explore the trends based on gender, 10-year age groups and BMI. The relationships of TSH, FT3 and FT4 with BMI were assessed by generalized additive models (GAM) along with adjusting the effect of age and gender...
January 2019: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584448/contributions-and-implications-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#8
REVIEW
Fereidoun Azizi, Miralireza Takyar, Azita Zadeh-Vakili
Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS), an epidemiological study of non-communicable disease with 20 years follow up in a developing country in nutrition transition is a unique study in 15000 family based individuals, 3 - 75 years of age in a part of large city of Tehran. The success rate of recruitment for 20 years, intervention for lifestyle change, and thyroid, reproduction and cardiometabolic genetic studies derived from TLGS have paved suitable path towards precision medicine. In this review, baseline findings and changes of risk factors for the development of NCD including body weight, nutrition, physical activity, blood pressure, tobacco smoking, serum glucose and serum lipids as well as metabolic syndrome, chronic kidney disease, quality of life and biochemical findings in TLGS cohort have been summarized...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584447/nutrition-and-diabetes-cardiovascular-and-chronic-kidney-diseases-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#9
REVIEW
Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Nazanin Moslehi, Golaleh Asghari, Somayeh Hosseinpour-Niazi, Zahra Bahadoran, Emad Yuzbashian, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: The high prevalence of chronic diseases can be prevented or managed by specific changes in lifestyle patterns of individuals of which dietary factors is emphasized. The objective of this study was to review all findings of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study regarding validity and reliability of food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), evaluating dietary quality and association of dietary factors in relation to diabetes, dysglycemia, cardiovascular (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584446/reproductive-assessment-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#10
REVIEW
Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Marzieh Rostami Dovom, Maryam Farahmand, Sonia Minooee, Mahsa Noroozzadeh, Mina Amiri, Sima Nazarpour, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Reproductive domains of the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) are unique in that they provide reliable information on reproduction of an urban population of West Asia. The aim of this review is to present the most important reproductive findings of TLGS. Evidence Acquisition: This review is summarizing all articles published in the context of reproductive aspects of TLGS results over the 20-year follow-up. A comprehensive databases search was conducted in PubMed (including Medline), Web of Science and Scopus for retrieving articles on the reproductive histories in context of the TLGS...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584445/diabetes-mellitus-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#11
REVIEW
Azra Ramezankhani, Hadi Harati, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh, Maryam Tohidi, Davood Khalili, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
Context: We summarized findings from Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) about different aspects of type 2 diabetes (T2D) over the span of nearly 2 decades. Evidence Acquisition: A review was undertaken to retrieve papers related to all aspects of T2D from the earliest date available up to January 30, 2018. Results: An annual crude incidence rate of 10 per 1000 person-years of follow-up was found for T2D in adult participants. Overall incidence rate of pre-diabetes/T2D was 36...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584444/biochemical-assessment-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#12
REVIEW
Mehdi Hedayati, Maryam Sadat Daneshpour, Maryam Zarkesh, Marjan Zarif Yeganeh, Sara Sheikholeslami, Bita Faam, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: The Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) is a community-based study to reveal the frequency of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Tehran's population. This research consists of two main parts, a cross-sectional study on the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and a 20-year-ongoing prospective cohort study, which was initiated in 1999 in several phases with an approximate duration of 3.6 years, and is still ongoing. The aim of the present study is review the 20 year biochemical findings of the TLGS related to the NCDs in a large sample...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584443/overweight-and-obesity-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#13
REVIEW
Maryam Barzin, Majid Valizadeh, Sara Serahati, Maryam Mahdavi, Fereidoun Azizi, Farhad Hosseinpanah
Context: The prevalence of overweight and obesity are increasing worldwide and have frequently been associated with health risks. This review highlighted several studies regarding obesity, outlining contributions of over a span of almost two decades in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). Evidence Acquisition: A systematic review was undertaken to retrieve articles related to all aspects of obesity from the earliest available date up to January 30, 2017. Results: Prevalence of excess weight, including overweight and obesity were 20...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584442/review-of-rationale-design-and-initial-findings-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#14
REVIEW
Fereidoun Azizi, Azita Zadeh-Vakili, Miralireza Takyar
In the late 1990s the non-communicable diseases were becoming increasingly more prevalent and a significant proportion of evidence in this regard had originated from industrialized "Western" countries. This had led to a landscape where most national and local health decisions regarding non-communicable diseases (NCDs) were informed by data generated elsewhere. Iran, as a large country in the Middle East was no exception and was going through significant population growth and urban development at the time...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584441/the-nitrate-nitrite-nitric-oxide-pathway-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#15
REVIEW
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Sajad Jeddi, Amir Abbas Momenan, Fereidoun Azizi, Asghar Ghasemi
Context: We describe here the contributions of the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) to understanding different aspects of the nitrate (NO3 )-nitrite (NO2 )-nitric oxide (NO) pathway in health and disease. Evidence Acquisition: All English-language documents from the TLGS, focused on NO pathway were searched using the PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases. Results: Reference values of serum concentrations of NO metabolites (nitrate+nitrite or NOx) were 11...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584440/tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study-a-national-legacy
#16
EDITORIAL
Fereidoun Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584439/nutrition-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#17
REVIEW
Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Somaye Hosseinpour-Niazi, Golaleh Asghari, Zahra Bahadoran, Nazanin Moslehi, Mahdieh Golzarand, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Genetic and environmental factors contribute to the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to review all findings of studies conducted in framework of the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) regarding the association of dietary factors with cardio-metabolic risk factors. Evidence Acquisition: All English-language studies were searched using PubMed and Scopus databases from 2000 to 2017. Finally, 105 relevant papers were included in this review...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584438/metabolic-syndrome-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#18
REVIEW
Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Zahra Bahadoran, Nazanin Moslehi, Golaleh Asghari, Emad Yuzbashian, Somayeh Hosseinpour-Niazi, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: In recent decades, investigations have been focused on the definition, incidence and predictors of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Iranians. This study aimed to review systematically investigations on MetS, conducted among the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) participants. Evidence Acquisition: Literature on MetS documented by TLGS studies published from 2000 to 2017 were searched using Pubmed and Scopus database in English language with a combination of following keywords: Metabolic syndrome, TLGS...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584437/blood-pressure-and-hypertension-findings-from-20-years-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study-tlgs
#19
REVIEW
Hengameh Abdi, Atieh Amouzegar, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
Context: Hypertension (HTN) is a well-known modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease and mortality. Positive effects of blood pressure (BP) lowering for prevention of CVD and death have been documented in several meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. Evidence Acquisition: This review focuses on the key findings derived from the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) papers on different aspects of BP and HTN. Results: A prevalence of 23% for HTN has been reported in the TLGS population, aged ≥ 20 years...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584436/legacy-of-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
REVIEW
Anita Eftekharzadeh, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Majid Valizadeh, Maryam Barzin, Maryam Mahdavi, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), is correlated with a substantial upsurge in mortality and morbidity worldwide. In this review, we aimed to review the 20-year-findings on CKD of the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS). Evidence Acquisition: We conducted a systematic review of all studies on CKD that had been performed in the context of TLGS. Results: Age adjusted prevalence of CKD, according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) assessed with the two abbreviated equations of the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) and the CKD epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) were 11...
October 2018: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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