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Annals of Coloproctology

Chris Tae-Young Chung, Se-Jin Baek, Jung-Myun Kwak, Jin Kim, Seon-Hahn Kim
Purpose: The aims of this study were to identify the clinical characteristics of an anastomotic sinus and to assess the validity of delaying stoma closure in patients until the complete resolution of an anastomotic sinus. Methods: The subject patients are those who had undergone a resection of rectal cancer from 2011 to 2017, who had a diversion ileostomy protectively or therapeutically and who developed a sinus as a sequelae of anastomotic leakage. The primary outcomes that were measured were the incidence, management and outcomes of an anastomotic sinus...
January 25, 2019: Annals of Coloproctology
Injae Hong, Seong Woo Hong, Yeo Gu Chang, Byungmo Lee, Woo Yong Lee, Haeng Jin Ohe, Young Ki Kim
In past decades, hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) has rarely been reported, and the mortality rate has been very high. In most cases, surgical intervention was needed. Presently, abdominal computed tomography can be conveniently used to diagnose HPVG, which has various underlying causes and benign courses. We present the case of a patient with HPVG due to anastomosis leakage after a sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis; the patient was cured with conservative management.
January 25, 2019: Annals of Coloproctology
Mostafa Shalaby, Waleed Thabet, Oreste Buonomo, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Mosaad Morshed, Giuseppe Petrella, Mohamed Farid, Pierpaolo Sileri
Purpose: We evaluate the role of transanal tube drainage (TD) as a conservative treatment for patients with anastomotic leakage (AL). Methods: Patients treated for AL who had undergone a low or an ultralow anterior resection with colorectal or coloanal anastomosis for the treatment of rectal cancer between January 2013 and January 2017 were enrolled in this study. The data were collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. The primary outcomes were the diagnosis and the management of AL...
December 20, 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Faith Qi-Hui Leong, Dedrick Kok Hong Chan, Ker-Kan Tan
Purpose: Perianal adenocarcinoma arising from a chronic anorectal fistula is a rare condition for which the natural history and optimal management are not well established. For that reason, we conducted a retrospective analysis of 5 consecutive patients with a perianal adenocarcinoma arising from a chronic anorectal fistula managed at our institution from January 2014 to December 2015. Methods: The patients were identified from a prospectively collected colorectal cancer database that included all patients managed for colorectal cancer at our institution...
December 3, 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Jung Ryul Oh, Sung Chan Park, Sung Sil Park, Beonghoon Sohn, Hyoung Min Oh, Bun Kim, Min Jung Kim, Chang Won Hong, Kyung Su Han, Dae Kyung Sohn, Jae Hwan Oh
Purpose: This study compared the perioperative clinical outcomes of reduced-port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS) with those of conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery (MPLS) for patients with sigmoid colon cancer and investigated the safety and feasibility of RPLS performed by 1 surgeon and 1 camera operator. Methods: From the beginning of 2010 until the end of 2014, 605 patients underwent a colectomy for sigmoid colon cancer. We compared the characteristics, postoperative outcomes, and pathologic results for the patients who underwent RPLS and for the patients who underwent MPLS...
December 3, 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Seung-Seop Yeom, Kyung Hwan Kim, Soo Young Lee, Chang Hyun Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim, Young Jin Kim
Situs inversus is a rare hereditary disorder in which various anomalies have been reported with internal rotation abnormalities. This case involved an 85-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with transverse colon cancer and who underwent reduced-port laparoscopic surgery. All intra-abdominal organs were reversed left to right and right to left. The aberrant midcolic artery was identified during surgery. The total surgery time was 170 minutes, and the patient lost 20 mL of blood. The patient was discharged on the 8th postoperative day without complications...
December 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
A Naqvi, E Platt, M Jitsumura, M Evans, M Coleman, S Smolarek
PURPOSE: Anemia is associated with poor treatment results for a variety of cancers. The effect of low hemoglobin levels on long-term outcomes after the treatment of patients with an anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) remains unclear. For that reason, this study aimed to investigate the effect of anemia on treatment outcomes following chemoradiation for an anal SCC. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients who underwent curative treatment for an anal SCC between 2009 and 2015 at 2 trusts in the United Kingdom...
December 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Se-Jin Baek, Kil Yeon Lee, Ki Hwan Song, Chang Sik Yu
PURPOSE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Korea has been increasing in recent years, but accurate statistics about operations for IBD are lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trends and current status of IBD surgeries in Korea. METHODS: Using a national database from the Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, we analyzed data from patients who underwent surgery for Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis from January 2009 to October 2016...
December 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Jung Ho Park, Hyoung-Chul Park, Sung Chan Park, Jae Hwan Oh, Duck-Woo Kim, Sung-Bum Kang, Seung Chul Heo, Min Jung Kim, Ji Won Park, Seung-Yong Jeong, Kyu Joo Park
PURPOSE: Stage-IIIC colon cancer is an advanced disease; however, its oncologic outcomes and prognostic factors remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to determine the predictors of disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage-IIIC colon cancer. METHODS: From a multicenter database, we retrospectively enrolled 611 patients (355 men and 256 women) who had undergone a potentially curative resection for a stage-IIIC colon adenocarcinoma between 2003 and 2011...
December 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Kwangmin Kim, Ernes John T Castro, Hongjin Shim, John Vincent G Advincula, Young-Wan Kim
For many years, developmental and physiological differences have been known to exist between anatomic segments of the colorectum. Because of different outcomes, prognoses, and clinical responses to chemotherapy, the distinction between right colon cancer (RCC) and left colon cancer (LCC) has gained attention. Furthermore, variations in the molecular features and gut microbiota between right and LCCs have recently been a hot research topic. CpG island methylator phenotype-high, microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancers are more likely to occur on the right side whereas tumors with chromosomal instability have been detected in approximately 75% of LCC patients and 30% of RCC patients...
December 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Chang-Nam Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Won Park, Won Cheol Park, Keun Young Kim, Seok Youn Lee
PURPOSE: Hartmann operation is widely recognized as a useful procedure, especially in emergencies involving the rectosigmoid colon. One of the surgeon's foremost concerns after Hartmann operation is future colostomy reversal, as colostomy reversal after a Hartmann procedure is associated with relatively high morbidity and mortality. Laparoscopic surgical techniques continue to prove useful for an ever-increasing variety of indications. We analyzed the outcomes of laparoscopic Hartmann colostomy reversals at our center...
December 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
In Teak Woo, Jun Seok Park, Gyu-Seog Choi, Soo Yeun Park, Hye Jin Kim, In Kyu Park
PURPOSE: Redo surgery in patients with a persistent anastomotic failure (PAF) is a rare procedure, and data about this procedure are lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes of redo surgery in such patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent a redo anastomosis for PAF from January 2004 to November 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. Data from a prospective colorectal database were analyzed. Success was defined as the combined absence of any anastomosis-related complications and a stoma at the last follow-up...
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Hyung Ook Kim, Mingoo Kang, Sung Ryol Lee, Kyung Uk Jung, Hungdai Kim, Ho-Kyung Chun
PURPOSE: According to surgical dogma, patients who are recovering from general anesthesia after abdominal surgery should begin with a clear liquid diet, progress to a full liquid diet and then to a soft diet before taking regular meals. We propose patient-controlled nutrition (PCN), which is a novel concept in postoperative nutrition after abdominal surgery. METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and effects of PCN. This study was carried out with a total of 179 consecutive patients who underwent a laparoscopic appendectomy between August 2014 and July 2016...
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Dayoung Ko, Heung-Kwon Oh, Jangwhan Jo, Hyun Hui Yang, Min-Hyun Kim, Myung Jo Kim, Sung Il Kang, Duck-Woo Kim, Sung-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the extent of heterogeneity in medical terminology between South and North Korea by comparing medical terms related to the colorectal system. METHODS: North Korean medical terms were collected from the sections on diseases of the small intestine and colon in a surgery textbook from North Korea, and those terms were compared with their corresponding terms in a South Korean medical terminology textbook. The terms were categorized as either identical, similar, showing disparity, or not used in South Korea...
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Min Jung Kim, Jin Suk Cho, Eun Mi Kim, Woo Ah Ko, Jae Hwan Oh
PURPOSE: Pathologic downstaging of rectal cancer has been suggested to be associated with the time interval from chemoradiotherapy (CRT) completion to surgery. We aimed to evaluate the effect of this time interval for patients with rectal cancer on the pathologic response. METHODS: All patients with rectal cancer undergoing neoadjuvant CRT with evaluable data were selected from among the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service data. Patients were divided into groups according to the time between CRT and surgery...
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Min Jung Kim, Jae Hwan Oh
The lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) is still a subject of great debate as to the appropriate treatment for patients with mid to low advanced rectal cancer. The guidelines of the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum recommend a LLND for patients with T3/4 rectal cancer below the peritoneal reflection. However, in most Western countries, a routine LLND is not recommended unless a node or nodes are clinically suspicious for metastasis. Even after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT), an 8% to 12% lateral pelvic recurrence was noted...
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Chang Hyun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Yuda Handaya, Sutamto Wibowo
Management of large-size retrorectal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) is complex and challenging from diagnosis to treatment. This may create technical difficulties in surgical access and complete resection of the tumor. The abdominosacral resection has the benefit of improved visualization via the anterior incision, with enhanced exposure of the midrectal area, which makes resecting the tumor completely via the posterior approach easier. We report 2 cases of patients with a retrorectal GIST and neurofibromatosis type 1, one in a 27-year-old woman with a defecation complaint and the other in a 58-year-old woman with a defecation and urination complaint...
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah
PURPOSE: A cutting seton is used after a partial distal fistulotomy to treat patients with a high exrasphincteric fistula in ano to avoid fecal incontinence and recurrence. In Saudi Arabia, religious practices necessitate complete cleanness, which makes conditions affecting anal continence a major concern to patients affected by an anal fistula. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the efficiency of the cutting seton in treating a high anal fistula among Saudi Arabians. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2014, a prospective study was done for 372 Saudi Arabian patients diagnosed as having a high anal fistula and treated with a cutting seton at Al-Ansar General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia...
October 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
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