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Journal of Integrative Medicine

Rachael Farrington, Ian F Musgrave, Roger W Byard
Rising rates of obesity across the globe have been associated with an increase in the use of herbal preparations for weight control. However, the mechanisms of action for these substances are often not known, as is the potential for interaction with other herbal preparations or prescription pharmaceutical drugs. To investigate the reported efficacy and safety of herbal weight loss preparations, we conducted a review of the literature focusing on herbs that are most commonly used in weight loss preparations, specifically, Garcinia cambogia, Camellia sinensis, Hoodia gordonii, Citrus aurantium and Coleus forskohlii...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Sonia Chew Wen Phang, Uma Devi Palanisamy, Khalid Abdul Kadir
OBJECTIVE: A preliminary study showed that geraniin extracted from Nephelium lappaceum L. at 50 mg/kg caused reduction in blood glucose and insulin resistance. The present study serves to further investigate the effects of geraniin at increasing doses between 3.125 and 100 mg/kg in high-fat diet-treated rats. METHODS: Geraniin (95% purity) was extracted and purified from rambutan rind. Two groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with 60% high-fat diet and standard rat chow, respectively, for 12 weeks...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Asmae Assaidi, Ikram Dib, Monique Tits, Luc Angenot, Said Bellahcen, Nourelhouda Bouanani, Abdelkhaleq Legssyer, Mohammed Aziz, Hassane Mekhfi, Mohammed Bnouham, Michel Frederich, Abderrahim Ziyyat
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the vasodilatory effect of Chenopodium ambrosioides on the isolated rat aorta, and to explore its mechanism of action. METHODS: The vasorelaxant effect and the mode of action of various extracts from the leaves of C. ambrosioides were evaluated on thoracic aortic rings isolated from Wistar rats. In addition, ethyl acetate and methanol fractions were analyzed, using thin-layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography techniques, for their polyphenolic content...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Arthur Yin Fan, Hui Ouyang, Xinru Qian, Hui Wei, David Dehui Wang, Deguang He, Haihe Tian, Changzhen Gong, Amy Matecki, Sarah Faggert Alemi
Chronic low-back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common pain conditions. Current clinical guidelines for low-back pain recommend acupuncture for CLBP. However, there are very few high-quality acupuncture studies on CLBP in older adults. Clinical acupuncture experts in the American Traditional Chinese Medicine Association (ATCMA) were interested in the recent grant on CLBP research announced by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. The ATCMA experts held an online discussion on the subject of real-world acupuncture treatments for CLBP in older adults...
January 26, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Yoshimi Yamakami, Kyoko Morino, Yuki Takauji, Ryuichiro Kasukabe, Kensuke Miki, Mohammad Nazir Hossain, Dai Ayusawa, Michihiko Fujii
OBJECTIVE: Keratinocytes are the predominant cell type in the epidermis and play key roles in epidermal function. Thus, identification of the compounds that regulate the growth of keratinocytes is of importance. Here we searched for such compounds from the herbs used in traditional medicine Ayurveda. METHODS: Human keratinocytes were cultured in the presence or absence of the herbal extracts for 2 weeks; the effect of the extracts on cell growth was determined by staining the cells with Coomassie brilliant blue...
January 12, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Mohammad Ansaripour, Mohsen Naseri, Mohammad Mahdi Esfahani, Iraj Nabipour, Fatemeh Rakhshani, Arman Zargaran, Roya Kelishadi
Periconceptional care such as lifestyle plays an important impact role in offspring health. The aim of the present study was to clarify the perspective of Avicenna on periconceptional care. Avicenna (980-1037 A.D.) was one of the outstanding Persian physicians, who made great contributions to the field of medical sciences, in particular, obstetrics. In advance, Avicenna's book, Canon of Medicine, was considered to find his perspectives on periconceptional care. Then, his ideas and theories were compared to the current findings by searching the keywords in main indexing systems including PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus and Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science as well as the search engine of Google Scholar...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Hanae Naceiri Mrabti, Nidal Jaradat, Mohamed Reda Kachmar, Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Abdelilah Ouahbi, Yahia Cherrah, Moulay El Abbes Faouzi
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is one of the most life-threatening chronic metabolic disorders and is considered a global health problem due to its prevalence and incidence. In Morocco, several herbal preparations are utilized to treat this disease. For this reason, the current study aimed to identify and to collect data about the medicinal plants utilized in folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes in the Beni Mellal region of Morocco. METHODS: An ethnobotanical survey was carried out among 400 herbalists, competent villagers and traditional healers from the Beni Mellal region through direct interviews using a semistructured questionnaire...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Mary Abiola Okesola, Basiru Olaitan Ajiboye, Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Oluwafemi Adeleke Ojo
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the ameliorative potential of Zingiber officinale Roscoe extract against lead-induced brain damage in rats. METHODS: Thirty male rats were divided into 5 groups of 6 rats each. Lead-acetate toxicity was induced by intraperitoneal injection (10 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) in Groups B-E. Group A (control) and Group B (lead-acetate) were left untreated; vitamin C (200 mg/kg b.w.) was administered to Group C; ethyl acetate fraction from Z...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Che Badariah Abd Aziz, Siti Qusyasyiah Ahmad Suhaimi, Hidani Hasim, Asma Hayati Ahmad, Idris Long, Rahimah Zakaria
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to determine whether Tualang honey could prevent the altered nociceptive behaviour, with its associated changes of oxidative stress markers and morphology of the spinal cord, among the offspring of prenatally stressed rats. METHODS: Pregnant rats were divided into three groups: control, stress, and stress treated with Tualang honey. The stress and stress treated with Tualang honey groups were subjected to restraint stress from day 11 of pregnancy until delivery...
December 15, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid, Hend N Saleh
OBJECTIVE: Psidium guajava occurs worldwide in tropical and subtropical areas. It has been used to treat inflammation, diabetes, fever, hypertension and ulcers. However, its antidiarrheal and protein conservative activities still need to be investigated. METHODS: Fifty-four male rats were divided into normal and diarrheal rats. The normal rats were divided into 4 groups: control, low-dose P. guajava leaf extract (50 mg/kg), high-dose P. guajava leaf extract (100 mg/kg) and gallic acid...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Lucky Legbosi Nwidu, Yibala Ibor Oboma
OBJECTIVE: Drug-induced liver injury complicates antituberculosis drug treatment and is a leading cause of death worldwide. The aim of this study is to establish the ethnomedicinal claim of hepatoprotective effects of fruit pulp extract of Telfairia occidentalis against rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH)-induced oxidative stress in rats. METHODS: T. occidentalis pulp extract (TOPE) (125-500 mg/kg) and silymarin (50 mg/kg) were evaluated in an induced hepatotoxicity model of oxidative stress in Wistar rats by intoxication with RIF and INH (100 mg/kg each) orally for 60 d...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Alexandra R Vaughn, Aunna Pourang, Ashley K Clark, Waqas Burney, Raja K Sivamani
BACKGROUND: Facial redness is multifactorial in nature and may be a sign of many different conditions, including rosacea, photo damage and flushing. Herbal medicines have been used for thousands of years to treat a variety of dermatological conditions. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and its constituents have been shown to mediate dilation and constriction of peripheral arterioles and have demonstrated anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of turmeric and turmeric-containing polyherbal combination tablets versus placebo on facial redness...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Preethi Mohan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Michelle T Jesse, Mathew Kulas, Josephine Unitis, Nemie Beltran, Marwan Abouljoud
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of integrating acupuncture into the routine care of living liver and kidney donors during the process of donation and recovery. METHODS: This is a pilot study on the feasibility of a brief acupuncture intervention for living liver and kidney donors. Participants received acupuncture immediately prior to organ donation surgery, every day as inpatients, while recovering from donation, and at a 2-week follow-up...
January 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Jillian Marie McDowell, Susan Heather Kohut, Debra Betts
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture guidelines have advised caution when treating women during pregnancy, because historical "forbidden" acupuncture points are believed to stimulate miscarriage or early labor. Despite recent research demonstrating that acupuncture is a useful and safe treatment tool for pregnancy-related low-back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP), it is postulated that fear of miscarriage and subsequent blame by association, restricts its provision. More recently, an increase in dry needling (DN) courses for physiotherapists has potentiated the rapid growth in DN practice in New Zealand (NZ)...
January 2019: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Pei Qin, Bruce D Dick, Ada Leung, Cary A Brown
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of sport-related concussion (SRC) is high and results in a number of serious health consequences. One area that has received minimal research is the relationship between SRC and sleep. The literature shows that sleep deficiency is a frequent negative consequence of SRC. At the same time, sleep deficiency delays recovery from SRC and contributes added risk of symptom recurrence. A 2014 study of chronic pain patients who learned to apply the complementary and alternative medicine intervention hand self-shiatsu (HSS) had promising, sleep-promoting results that warrant further investigation with other populations...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Yoshiharu Motoo, Keiko Yukawa, Kazuho Hisamura, Kiichiro Tsutani, Ichiro Arai
OBJECTIVE: Although the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by the general population has been surveyed previously, the provision of CAM by Japanese physicians in private clinics has not been studied. Universal health insurance system was established in Japan in 1961, and most CAMs are not on the drug tariff. We aimed to clarify the current status of CAM provided by physicians at private clinics in Japan. METHODS: We conducted an internet survey on 400 directors/physicians of private clinics nationwide on the provision of CAM from February 6 to February 10, 2017...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
L Elisabeth Burton, Fares Qeadan, Mark R Burge
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common and debilitating disorder among war veterans. Although complementary and alternative therapies are gaining acceptance in the treatment of PTSD, the efficacy of animal-based therapies in this disorder is unknown. The goal of equine-assisted psychotherapy (EAP) is to improve the social, emotional, and/or cognitive functions of individuals with PTSD. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the effects of EAP on PTSD symptoms...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Fung-Kei Cheng
Thyroid dysfunction, affecting people of all ages, not only damages human growth and energy metabolism but is also comorbid with other illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and gastrointestinal disorders. With the increasing acceptance of alternative and complementary therapies, acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medical practice, has also been employed to address this problem. Analysing 29 clinical projects that were retrieved from 29 major digital databases and include 1757 patients aged 7-79 years from China, Italy, Korea, Macedonia and Russia, this narrative review offers an overview of the efficacy, and evaluated the safe and cost-effective use of acupuncture against hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism and thyroid-relevant illnesses...
November 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Arthur Yin Fan, Sarah F Alemi, Yingping H Zhu, Sudaba Rahimi, Hui Wei, Haihe Tian, Deguang He, Changzhen Gong, Guanhu Yang, Chong He, Hui Ouyang
BACKGROUND: Vulvodynia, or vulvar pain, is a common condition in women; however, there are few evidence-based clinical trials evaluating nonpharmacological therapies for this condition. Acupuncture is one complementary and integrative medicine therapy used by some patients with vulvodynia. This study evaluates two different acupuncture strategies for the treatment of vulvodynia and aims to evaluate whether either of the acupuncture protocols reduces vulvar pain, pain duration or pain with intercourse...
November 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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