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Journals Annals of the American Thoraci...

Annals of the American Thoracic Society

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38626420/practice-patterns-for-screening-and-treating-interstitial-lung-disease-related-pulmonary-hypertension-at-specialty-care-centers-in-the-united-states
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah L Khan, Sonye K Danoff, Tejaswini Kulkarni, Janell Reichuber, Adrian Shifren, Oksana A Shlobin, Krishna Thavarajah, Krishnan Warrior, Amy Hajari Case
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598791/poison-from-the-root-sociohistorical-perspectives-on-tobacco-the-black-community
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aaron D Baugh, Christopher F Chesley, Krystle Pew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38579175/multisystemic-effects-of-elexacaftor-tezacaftor-ivacaftor-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-advanced-lung-disease
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pierre-Régis Burgel, Jean-Louis Paillasseur, Isabelle Durieu, Martine Reynaud-Gaubert, Rebecca Hamidfar, Marlène Murris-Espin, Isabelle Danner-Boucher, Raphaël Chiron, Sylvie Leroy, Benoit Douvry, Dominique Grenet, Laurent Mely, Sophie Ramel, Sylvie Moncouquiol, Espérie Burnet, El Hassane Ouaalaya, Philippe Sogni, Jennifer Da Silva, Clémence Martin
RATIONALE: Limited data exist on safety and effectiveness of elexacaftor-tezacaftor-ivacaftor (ETI) in people with cystic fibrosis (pwCF) and advanced lung disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of ETI in an unselected population of pwCF and advanced lung disease. METHODS: A prospective observational study, including all adults, aged 18 years and older, with a percent predicted FEV1 (ppFEV1)≤ 40 who initiated ETI from December 2019 to June 2021 in France was conducted...
April 5, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578813/benefit-harm-analysis-of-earlier-initiation-of-triple-therapy-for-prevention-of-acute-exacerbation-in-patients-with-copd
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rachael Mountain, Kevin I Duan, Kate Johnson
Rationale: Reducing the risk of exacerbation is a fundamental goal in managing stable COPD. Guidelines recommend triple therapy (inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting muscarinic antagonists, and long-acting beta-agonists [ICS/LAMA/LABA]) only as a step-up from dual therapy (LAMA/LABA) for patients at continued high risk of exacerbation, due to the trade-off of an increased risk of pneumonia associated with ICS-containing therapies. However, there is little evidence on the optimum timing of initiating triple therapy...
April 5, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578802/three-hidden-disagreements-over-e-cigarettes
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stephanie Harvard, Eric B Winsberg, Kevin I Duan, Christopher Carlsten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578801/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-health-outcomes-in-veterans-hospitalized-with-covid-19-infection
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bharati Prasad, Ashesha Mechineni, Snehitha Talugula, Jessica Gardner, Israel Rubinstein, Howard S Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578799/the-cost-to-breathe-eliminating-cost-sharing-associated-with-lung-cancer-screening
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J'undra N Pegues, Erin E Isenberg, A Mark Fendrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38568439/air-pollution-exposure-and-interstitial-lung-features-in-spiromics-participants-with-copd
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicolas A Baddour, Laura M Paulin, Amanda J Gassett, Han Woo, Eric A Hoffman, John D Newell, Prescott G Woodruff, Cheryl S Pirozzi, Igor Barjaktarevic, R Graham Barr, Wanda O'Neal, MeiLan K Han, Fernando J Martinez, Stephen P Peters, Annette T Hastie, Nadia N Hansel, Victor E Ortega, Joel D Kaufman, Coralynn S Sack
RATIONALE: It is unknown whether air pollution is associated with radiographic features of interstitial lung disease in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether air pollution increases prevalence of interstitial lung abnormalities (ILA) or percent high-attenuation area (HAA) on computed tomography (CT) in individuals with a heavy smoking history and COPD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of SPIROMICS (Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study), focused on current or former smokers with COPD...
April 3, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38530665/flow-limitation-is-associated-with-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-individuals-without-moderate-or-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dwayne L Mann, Eric Staykov, Thomas Georgeson, Ali Azarbarzin, Samu Kainulainen, Susan Redline, Scott A Sands, Philip I Terrill
Rationale: Moderate-Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA, AHI>15) disturbs sleep through frequent bouts of apnea and is associated with daytime sleepiness. However, many individuals without moderate-severe OSA (i.e., AHI<15) also report sleepiness. Objective: To test the hypothesis that sleepiness in the AHI<15 group is a consequence of substantial flow limitation, in the absence of overt reductions in airflow (i.e., apnea/hypopnea). Methods: N=1886 participants from the MESA sleep cohort were analyzed for frequency of flow limitation from polysomnogram recorded nasal airflow signal...
March 26, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38530061/covid-19-severity-and-mortality-in-veterans-with-chronic-lung-disease
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kristina Crothers, Scott V Adams, Aaron P Turner, Lisa Batten, Reyhaneh Nikzad, John R Kundzins, Vincent S Fan
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lung disease (CLD) has been associated with risk for more severe manifestations and death with COVID-19. However, few studies have evaluated the risk overall and by type of CLD for severity of COVID-19 outcomes in a US national cohort. METHODS: Using data from the Veterans Health Administration, we determined the risk associated with CLDs including COPD (mild/severe), asthma (mild/active/severe), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), sarcoidosis and other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) for outcomes among veterans with SARS-CoV-2 positive tests between 3/1/2020-4/30/2021...
March 26, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38530051/vessel-and-airway-characteristics-in-one-year-ct-defined-rapid-emphysema-progression-spiromics
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah E Gerard, Timothy M Dougherty, Prashant Nagpal, Dakai Jin, MeiLan K Han, John D Newell, Punam K Saha, Alejandro P Comellas, Christopher B Cooper, David Couper, Spyridon Fortis, Junfeng Guo, Nadia N Hansel, Richard E Kanner, Ella A Kazeroni, Fernando J Martinez, Amin Motahari, Robert Paine Iii, Stephen Rennard, Joyce D Schroeder, Prescott G Woodruff, R Graham Barr, Benjamin M Smith, Eric A Hoffman
Rationale: Rates of emphysema progression vary in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the relationship with vascular and airway pathophysiology remain unclear. Objective: We sought to determine if indices of peripheral (segmental and beyond) pulmonary arterial (PA) dilation measured via computed tomography (CT) are associated with a 1-year index of emphysema (EI: %voxels<-950HU) progression. Methods: 599 GOLD 0-3 former and never-smokers were evaluated from the SubPopulations and InterMediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS) cohort: rapid-emphysema-progressors (RP, n=188; 1-year ΔEI>1%), non-progressors (NP, n=301; 1-year ΔEI±0...
March 26, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38526585/detection-of-drug-induced-interstitial-lung-disease-caused-by-cancer-treatment-using-electronic-nose-exhaled-breath-analysis
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Iris G van der Sar, Marlies S Wijsenbeek, Daphne W Dumoulin, Agnes Jager, Astrid A M van der Veldt, Mariska J P Rossius, Anne-Marie C Dingemans, Catharina C Moor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38513223/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-risk-of-acute-lower-respiratory-infections-in-the-danish-nurse-cohort
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiawei Zhang, Youn-Hee Lim, Rina So, Laust H Mortensen, George Maria Napolitano, Thomas Cole-Hunter, Stéphane Tuffier, Marie Bergmann, Matija Maric, Seyed Mahmood Taghavi Shahri, Jørgen Brandt, Matthias Ketzel, Steffen Loft, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen
RATIONALE: Air pollution is a major risk factor for chronic cardiorespiratory diseases, affecting both the immune and respiratory systems' functionality, while the epidemiological evidence on respiratory infections remains sparse. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the association of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution with risk of developing new and recurrent ALRIs that characterized by persistently severe symptoms necessitating hospital contact, and identify the potential susceptible populations by socio-economic status (SES), smoking, physical activity status, overweight, and co-morbidity with chronic lung disease...
March 21, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507646/measuring-quality-weighted-hospital-free-days-in-acute-respiratory-failure-a-modified-delphi-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Catherine L Auriemma, Maayra I Butt, Melanie Bahti, Jasmine A Silvestri, Ellen Solomon, Michael O Harhay, Tamar Klaiman, Marilyn M Schapira, Frances K Barg, Scott D Halpern
RATIONALE: Hospital-free days (HFDs), a measure of the number of days alive spent outside the hospital, is increasingly used as an endpoint in studies of patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) or other critical and serious illnesses. Current approaches to measuring HFDs do not account for decrements in functional status or quality of life that ARF survivors and family members value. OBJECTIVES: To develop an acceptable approach to measure quality-weighted HFDs using patient-reported outcomes...
March 20, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507645/association-of-pediatric-post-cardiac-arrest-ventilation-and-oxygenation-with-survival-outcomes
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aisha H Frazier, Alexis A Topjian, Ron W Reeder, Ryan W Morgan, Ericka L Fink, Deborah Franzon, Kathryn Graham, Monica L Harding, Peter M Mourani, Vinay M Nadkarni, Heather A Wolfe, Tageldin Ahmed, Michael J Bell, Candice Burns, Joseph A Carcillo, Todd C Carpenter, J Wesley Diddle, Myke Federman, Stuart H Friess, Mark Hall, David A Hehir, Christopher M Horvat, Leanna L Huard, Tensing Maa, Kathleen L Meert, Maryam Y Naim, Daniel Notterman, Murray M Pollack, Carleen Schneiter, Matthew P Sharron, Neeraj Srivastava, Shirley Viteri, David Wessel, Andrew R Yates, Robert M Sutton, Robert A Berg
RATIONALE: Adult and pediatric studies provide conflicting data whether post-cardiac arrest hypoxemia, hyperoxemia, hypercapnia and/or hypocapnia are associated with worse outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Determine if post-arrest hypoxemia or post-arrest hyperoxemia are associated with lower rates of survival to hospital discharge compared to post-arrest normoxemia, and if post-arrest hypocapnia or hypercapnia are associated with lower rates of survival compared to post-arrest normocapnia...
March 20, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507612/state-dependent-biomechanical-behavior-of-oropharyngeal-structures-in-apneics-and-controls-a-proof-of-concept-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Richard J Schwab, Theodore C Lin, Andrew Wiemken, Raj C Dedhia, Felix W Wehrli, Brendan T Keenan
Rationale: Apneics have reduced airway caliber during sleep. The biomechanical changes in upper airway anatomy contributing to this airway narrowing are largely unknown. Objectives: To investigate the state-dependent (wake vs. sleep) biomechanical behavior of the upper airway soft-tissue and craniofacial structures. Methods: Upper airway magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 15 sleep-deprived controls (AHI<5; 0.3±0.5 events/hour) and 12 sleep-deprived apneics (AHI≥5; 35.2±18.1 events/hour) during wake and sleep and analyzed for airway measures and soft-tissue/mandibular movement...
March 20, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38498902/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-incidentally-detected-by-ct-scan-as-interstitial-lung-abnormalities
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tomohiro Bando, Reoto Takei, Jun Fukihara, Hajime Sasano, Yasuhiko Yamano, Toshiki Yokoyama, Toshiaki Matsuda, Kensuke Kataoka, Tomoki Kimura, Junya Fukuoka, Hiroto Hatabu, Takeshi Johkoh, Yasuhiro Kondoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38498872/influence-of-impaired-diffusing-capacity-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-on-nocturnal-hypoxemia-and-health-outcomes-in-men-with-and-without-hiv
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarath Raju, Trishul Siddharthan, Meredith C McCormack, Sanjay R Patel, Ken M Kunisaki, Gypsamber D'Souza, Joshua Hyong-Jin Cho, Valentina Stosor, Alison Morris, Joseph B Margolick, Todd T Brown, Naresh M Punjabi
RATIONALE: Nocturnal hypoxemia is common in sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Although impaired diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is associated with daytime hypoxemia, its influence on SDB-related nocturnal hypoxemia is not known. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effects of DLCO impairment on SDB-related nocturnal hypoxemia and associated health outcomes. METHODS: Data from a multi-center cohort of men with and without HIV, with concomitant measures of DLCO and home-based polysomnography (N=544), were analyzed...
March 18, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38470228/understanding-team-dynamics-and-culture-of-safety-using-video-reflexive-ethnography-during-real-time-emergent-intubation
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samuel I Garcia, Alexander S Finch, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Thomas J Beckman, Victor M Montori, Mariela Rivera, Ognjen Gajic, Cassie C Kennedy, Diana J Kelm
RATIONALE: Endotracheal intubation is the third most common bedside procedure in U.S. hospitals. In over 40% of intubations preventable complications attributable to human factors occur. A better understanding of team dynamics during intubation may improve patient safety. OBJECTIVE: To explore team dynamics and safety-related actions during emergent endotracheal intubations in the emergency department (ED) and intensive care unit (ICU), and to engage members of the care team in reflection for process improvement through a novel video-based team debriefing technique...
March 12, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38446416/asthma-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-overlap-in-school-aged-children
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seyni Gueye-Ndiaye, Sigfus Gunnlaugsson, Le Li, Jonathan M Gaffin, Ying Zhang, Tamar Sofer, Judith Owens, Diane R Gold, Gary Adamkiewicz, Wanda Phipatanakul, Susan Redline
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2024: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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