Emma A Koemans, Marianne A A van Walderveen, Sabine Voigt, Ingeborg Rasing, Thijs W van Harten, Hine J A van Os, Nelleke van der Weerd, Gisela M Terwindt, Matthias J P van Osch, Susanne J van Veluw, Whitney M Freeze, Marieke J H Wermer
BACKGROUND: We observed subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hyperintensities at non-contrast 7-tesla (T) fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI, frequently topographically associated with cortical superficial siderosis (cSS), in participants with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). To systemically evaluate these CSF hyperintensities we investigated their frequency and anatomical and temporal relationship with cSS on 7T and 3T MRI in hereditary Dutch-type CAA (D-CAA), sporadic CAA (sCAA), and non-CAA controls...
March 25, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Karissa Chan, Corinne Fischer, Pejman Jabehdar Maralani, Sandra E Black, Alan R Moody, April Khademi
Interactions between subcortical vascular disease and dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) are unclear, and clinical overlap between the diseases makes diagnosis challenging. Existing studies have shown regional microstructural changes specific to each disease, and that textures in fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI images may characterize abnormalities in tissue microstructure. This work aims to investigate regional FLAIR biomarkers that can differentiate dementia cohorts with and without subcortical vascular disease...
March 24, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Sierra L Alban, Kirsten M Lynch, John M Ringman, Arthur W Toga, Helena C Chui, Farshid Sepehrband, Jeiran Choupan
White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) frequently occur in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and have a contribution from ischemia, though their relationship with β-amyloid and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) is not completely understood. We used AT classification to categorize individuals based on their β-amyloid and tau pathologies, then assessed the effects of β-amyloid and tau on WMH volume and number. We then determined regions in which β-amyloid and WMH accumulation were related. Last, we analyzed the effects of various CVRFs on WMHs...
March 20, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Lorenza Dall'Aglio, Fernando Estévez-López, Mónica López-Vicente, Bing Xu, Oktay Agcaoglu, Elias Boroda, Kelvin O Lim, Vince D Calhoun, Henning Tiemeier, Ryan L Muetzel
BACKGROUND: Functional connectivity has been associated with psychiatric problems, both in children and adults, but inconsistencies are present across studies. Prior research has mostly focused on small clinical samples with cross-sectional designs. METHODS: We adopted a longitudinal design with repeated assessments to investigate associations between functional network connectivity (FNC) and psychiatric problems in youth (9- to 17-year-olds, two time points) from the general population...
March 20, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Riaan Zoetmulder, Lisanne Baak, Nadieh Khalili, Henk A Marquering, Nienke Wagenaar, Manon Benders, Niek E van der Aa, Ivana Išgum
BACKGROUND: Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) is associated with adverse neurological outcomes. Quantification of ischemic lesions and consequent brain development in newborn infants relies on labor-intensive manual assessment of brain tissues and ischemic lesions. Hence, we propose an automatic method utilizing convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to segment brain tissues and ischemic lesions in MRI scans of infants suffering from PAIS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included 115 patients with PAIS that underwent MRI after the stroke onset (baseline) and after three months (follow-up)...
March 17, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Changjin Jung, Jieun Kim, Sunyoung Choi, Young Kyung Seo, Ki-Sun Park, Youngeun Choi, Sung Min Choi, Ojin Kwon, Youngkyu Song, Jooyeon Kim, Gyunggoo Cho, Chaejoon Cheong, Vitaly Napadow, In Chul Jung, Hyungjun Kim
It is assumed that mood can be inferred from one's facial expression. While this association may prove to be an objective marker for mood disorders, few studies have explicitly evaluated this linkage. The facial movement responses of women with major depressive disorder (n = 66) and healthy controls (n = 46) under emotional stimuli were recorded using webcam. To boost facial movements, the naturalistic audio-visual stimuli were presented. To assess consistent global patterns across facial movements, scores for facial action units were extracted and projected onto principal component using principal component analysis...
March 16, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Smrithi Sunil, John Jiang, Shashwat Shah, Sreekanth Kura, Kivilcim Kilic, Sefik Evren Erdener, Cenk Ayata, Anna Devor, David A Boas
Functional neuroimaging, which measures hemodynamic responses to brain activity, has great potential for monitoring recovery in stroke patients and guiding rehabilitation during recovery. However, hemodynamic responses after stroke are almost always altered relative to responses in healthy subjects and it is still unclear if these alterations reflect the underlying brain physiology or if the alterations are purely due to vascular injury. In other words, we do not know the effect of stroke on neurovascular coupling and are therefore limited in our ability to use functional neuroimaging to accurately interpret stroke pathophysiology...
March 15, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Hongbo Xu, Yan Liu, Ling Wang, Xiangzhu Zeng, Yingying Xu, Zeng Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are progressive neurodegenerative diseases. Early identification is very important for the prevention and intervention of their progress. Hippocampus plays a crucial role in cognition, in which there are correlations between atrophy of Hippocampal subfields and cognitive impairment in neurodegenerative diseases. Exploring biomarkers in the prediction of early cognitive impairment in AD and PD is significant for understanding the progress of neurodegenerative diseases...
March 15, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Llucia Coll, Deborah Pareto, Pere Carbonell-Mirabent, Álvaro Cobo-Calvo, Georgina Arrambide, Ángela Vidal-Jordana, Manuel Comabella, Joaquín Castilló, Breogán Rodríguez-Acevedo, Ana Zabalza, Ingrid Galán, Luciana Midaglia, Carlos Nos, Annalaura Salerno, Cristina Auger, Manel Alberich, Jordi Río, Jaume Sastre-Garriga, Arnau Oliver, Xavier Montalban, Àlex Rovira, Mar Tintoré, Xavier Lladó, Carmen Tur
The application of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to MRI data has emerged as a promising approach to achieving unprecedented levels of accuracy when predicting the course of neurological conditions, including multiple sclerosis, by means of extracting image features not detectable through conventional methods. Additionally, the study of CNN-derived attention maps, which indicate the most relevant anatomical features for CNN-based decisions, has the potential to uncover key disease mechanisms leading to disability accumulation...
March 15, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Kaitlin M Stouffer, Claire Chen, Sue Kulason, Eileen Xu, Menno P Witter, Can Ceritoglu, Marilyn S Albert, Susumu Mori, Juan Troncoso, Daniel J Tward, Michael I Miller
Previous research has emphasized the unique impact of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) pathology on the medial temporal lobe (MTL), a reflection that tau pathology is particularly striking in the entorhinal and transentorhinal cortex (ERC, TEC) early in the course of disease. However, other brain regions are affected by AD pathology during its early phases. Here, we use longitudinal diffeomorphometry to measure the atrophy rate from MRI of the amygdala compared with that in the ERC and TEC in cognitively unimpaired (CU) controls, CU individuals who progressed to mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and individuals with MCI who progressed to dementia of the AD type (DAT), using a dataset from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI)...
March 15, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Vasiliki Salvari, Daniela Korth, Evangelos Paraskevopoulos, Andreas Wollbrink, Daniela Ivansic, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Carsten Klingner, Christo Pantev, Christian Dobel
Tinnitus pathophysiology has been associated with an atypical cortical network that involves functional changes in auditory and non-auditory areas. Numerous resting-state studies have replicated a tinnitus brain network to be significantly different from healthy-controls. Yet it is still unknown whether the cortical reorganization is attributed to the tinnitus frequency specifically or if it is frequency-irrelevant. Employing magnetoencephalography (MEG), the current study aimed to identify frequency-specific activity patterns by using an individual tinnitus tone (TT) and a 500 Hz-control tone (CT) as auditory stimuli, across 54 tinnitus patients...
March 14, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Xiaona Xia, Xiaoqian Zhang, Jiufa Cui, Qingjun Jiang, Shuai Guan, Kongming Liang, Hao Wang, Chao Wang, Chencui Huang, Hao Dong, Kai Han, Xiangshui Meng
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of a new non-contrast CT scan (NCCT) sign called the dHU, which represented the difference in mean Hounsfield unit values between follow-up and the initial NCCT for predicting 90-day poor functional outcomes in acute supratentorial spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage(sICH) using deep convolutional neural networks. METHODS: A total of 377 consecutive patients with sICH from center 1 and 91 patients from center 2 (external validation set) were included...
March 14, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Rashi Pant, José Ossandón, Liesa Stange, Idris Shareef, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Brigitte Röder
Persistent visual impairments after congenital blindness due to dense bilateral cataracts have been attributed to altered visual cortex development within a sensitive period. Occipital alpha (8-14 Hz) oscillations were found to be reduced after congenital cataract reversal, while participants performed visual motion tasks. However, it has been unclear whether reduced alpha oscillations were task-specific, or linked to impaired visual behavior in cataract-reversed individuals. Here, we compared resting-state and stimulus-evoked alpha activity between individuals who had been treated for dense bilateral congenital cataracts (CC, n = 13, mean duration of blindness = 11...
March 13, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Chunwei Ying, Peter Kang, Michael M Binkley, Andria L Ford, Yasheng Chen, Jason Hassenstab, Qing Wang, Jeremy Strain, John C Morris, Jin-Moo Lee, Tammie L S Benzinger, Hongyu An
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) pathologies coexist in patients with cognitive impairment. Abnormal amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition is the hallmark pathologic biomarker for AD. Neuroinflammation may be a pathophysiological mechanism in both AD and VCID. In this study, we aimed to understand the role of neuroinflammation and Aβ deposition in white matter hyperintensities (WMH) progression and cognitive decline over a decade in patients with mixed AD and VCID pathologies...
March 11, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Carl Trolle, Estee Goldberg, Clas Linnman
Cervical spinal cord atrophy occurs after spinal cord injury. The atrophy and how level of injury affects atrophy differs between studies. A systematic review and metaanalysis were done after systematic searches of PubMed, CINAHL, APA PsycInfo and Web of Science. English language original studies analyzing MRI cervical spinal cord cross-sectional area in adults with spinal cord injury were included. Atrophy and correlation between injury level and atrophy were estimated with random-effects models, standardized mean differences, and 95% confidence intervals...
March 10, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Tobias Bachmann, Matthias L Schroeter, Kewei Chen, Eric M Reiman, Christopher M Weise
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with marked brain atrophy. While commonly used structural MRI imaging methods do not account for the complexity of human brain morphology, little is known about the longitudinal changes of cortical geometry and their relationship with cognitive decline in subjects with AD. METHODS: Data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) were used to perform two-sample t-tests to investigate longitudinal changes of cortical thickness (CTh) and three surface-based morphometry measures: fractal dimension (i...
March 8, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Syu-Jyun Peng, Yu-Wei Chen, Andrew Hung, Kuo-Wei Wang, Jang-Zern Tsai
Patients of acute ischemic stroke possess considerable chance of recovery of various levels in the first several weeks after stroke onset. Prognosis of functional recovery is important for decision-making in poststroke patient care and placement. Poststroke functional recovery has conventionally been based on demographic and clinical variables such as age, gender, and severity of stroke impairment. On the other hand, the concept of connectome has become a basis of interpreting the functional impairment and recovery of stroke patients...
March 8, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Arya Yazdan-Panah, Marius Schmidt-Mengin, Vito A G Ricigliano, Théodore Soulier, Bruno Stankoff, Olivier Colliot
Choroid Plexuses (ChP) are structures located in the ventricles that produce the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the central nervous system. They are also a key component of the blood-CSF barrier. Recent studies have described clinically relevant ChP volumetric changes in several neurological diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, a reliable and automated tool for ChP segmentation on images derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a crucial need for large studies attempting to elucidate their role in neurological disorders...
March 6, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Jason Kai, Michael Mackinley, Ali R Khan, Lena Palaniyappan
Schizophrenia is believed to be a developmental disorder with one hypothesis suggesting that symptoms arise due to abnormal interactions (or disconnectivity) between different brain regions. While some major deep white matter pathways have been extensively studied (e.g. arcuate fasciculus), studies of short-ranged, "U"-shaped tracts have been limited in patients with schizophrenia, in part due to the sheer abundance of tracts present and due to the spatial variations across individuals that defy probabilistic characterization in the absence of reliable templates...
March 5, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Stefano Cerri, Douglas N Greve, Andrew Hoopes, Henrik Lundell, Hartwig R Siebner, Mark Mühlau, Koen Van Leemput
In this paper we describe and validate a longitudinal method for whole-brain segmentation of longitudinal MRI scans. It builds upon an existing whole-brain segmentation method that can handle multi-contrast data and robustly analyze images with white matter lesions. This method is here extended with subject-specific latent variables that encourage temporal consistency between its segmentation results, enabling it to better track subtle morphological changes in dozens of neuroanatomical structures and white matter lesions...
March 2, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
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