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Journal of Education and Health Promotion

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693309/the-relationship-between-childbearing-motivations-with-fertility-preferences-and-actual-child-number-in-reproductive-age-women-in-mashhad-iran
#1
Morvarid Irani, Talat Khadivzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Motivation is directly involved in women's childbearing decision. Considering the lack of information about reproductive-age women's childbearing motivations with preferences and actual child number in Iran, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between childbearing motivations with the fertility preferences and actual child number of reproductive-age women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants in this descriptive-correlational study were 844 reproductive-age women (aged 15-49 years) who were married for the first time and came from a wide range of areas in Mashhad...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693308/comparison-of-skin-traction-pressure-and-rapid-muscle-release-with-conventional-method-on-intramuscular-injection-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Maryam Salari, Zahra Estaji, Rahim Akrami, Mostafa Rad
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular (IM) injection is one of the causes of anxiety and pain in patients, using new techniques and creating a pleasant experience is of the legal and ethical duties of nurses. We aimed to investigate comparison of skin traction, pressure, and rapid muscle release with conventional method on IM injection pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial investigated 28 patients (56 samples) who required Methocarbamol injection. Two 5 cc Methocarbamol were injected for each patient by the conventional and innovative methods...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693307/household-survey-on-public-awareness-and-attitudes-toward-dengue-infection-in-rural-tamil-nadu-south-india
#3
Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy, Deepika Chandar, Venkatachalam Jayaseelan, Karthiga Vijayakumar, K Sivaranjini, M Vijayageetha
BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most common life-threatening arboviral infection contributing to 92 million infections worldwide. India alone contributes for 34% of the global burden. Success of dengue control depends largely on adequate knowledge and good practices of preventive measures. However, there is a need to find the existing awareness among the general population, especially in rural areas. Thus, our present study was done to determine the awareness, attitude, and practice measures regarding dengue fever in rural Tamil Nadu...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693306/women-s-information-needs-in-mental-health-in-disasters
#4
Rahele Samouei, Sara Hajari
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Women are among vulnerable groups and susceptible to mental health problems during any disaster. Therefore, the current study aims to identify the mental health information needs of women during disasters. METHODS: This is a qualitative study carried out using content analysis method through semi-structured interviews with 27 participants in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, and Mashhad during the year 2018. RESULTS: The summary of the findings indicated 8 components and 25 subcomponents for health information needs of women during disasters...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693305/the-adequate-breast-cancer-knowledge-assessment-a-cross-sectional-study-done-among-nonmedical-women-of-karachi
#5
Sarah Arif, Qamaruddin Baloch, Farhan Zaheer, Rehmat Agheem, Madiha Ariff, Mushtaq Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in females' worldwide. Pakistan has higher incidence of the disease than the neighboring countries and one in every nine Pakistani women suffers from breast cancer which is one of the highest incidence rate in Asia. Numerous risk factors such as nulliparity, family history, genetic mutations, increasing age, early menarche, and late menopause are associated with the development of breast cancer...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693304/rehabilitation-of-ocular-defect-a-modified-technique-to-produce-corneal-prominence
#6
Sumit Kumar Misra, Devendra Chopra, Sudhanshu Srivastava
Esthetics is a vital social concern. The loss of any part of the body can be an extremely discouraging occasion in a person's life. Loss of an eye because of tumors, congenital abnormalities, and trauma is one such troublesome situation. Eye prosthesis boosts the morale and makes the life socially acceptable. A correctly placed ocular prosthesis should reestablish the normal opening of the eye, support the eyelids, reestablish a degree of movement, and be satisfactorily held and esthetically satisfying. A customized acrylic eye fulfills all these requirements...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693303/assessment-of-the-levels-of-awareness-toward-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-community-based-study-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#7
Fahad Khalid Alquwaiay, Fayez Ammar Alshammari, Mohammed Saqer Alshammari, Dhari Abdulkarim Alquwaiay, Naif Abdulmohsen Naif Alabdali, Ali E M Elkandow, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a procedure performed in an emergency when the heart stops. Early initiation of CPR can save many lives. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the level of awareness toward CPR in a community-based study in Northern Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted in the city of Hail, Northern Saudi Arabia. Data about CPR were obtained from 442 Saudi volunteers living in the city of Hail...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693302/effect-of-educational-intervention-on-practicing-correct-body-posture-to-decrease-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-computer-users
#8
Ziba Khalili, Mohammad Panahi Tosanloo, Hossein Safari, Bahman Khosravi, Seyyed Abolfazl Zakerian, Nazli Servatian, Farhad Habibi Nodeh
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Studies show that the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among computer users is more than the other occupations. The present study aimed to determine the effect of educational intervention based on the "stages-of-change" model on practicing the correct posture to reduce MSDs among computer user staff of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental study which was carried out on 176 staff of TUMS...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693301/surveying-the-quality-of-prehospital-emergency-services-for-the-elderly-falls-2017
#9
Morteza Ghaderi Azarkhavarani, Negin Masoudi Alavi
INTRODUCTION: Falls are the most common cause of injuries in elderly population. This study aimed to determine the quality of prehospital emergency services (EMS) for the elderly falls in 2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the Pre-hospital Emergency Center of Kashan in 2017. The sample consisted of elderly people who had reported fall incidents in EMS. The questionnaire consisted of 7 areas with 54 items. Data collected by descriptive and inferential statistics of Friedman and Mann-Whitney were analyzed by SPSS v...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693300/predictors-of-substance-abuse-among-risky-drivers-the-role-of-personality-characteristics-and-mental-health
#10
Nasrin Abdoli, Vahid Farnia, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Jalal Shakeri, Behrad Basanj, Toraj AhmadiJuibari, Saiedeh Bahrampouri
BACKGROUND: Regarding the high prevalence of substance abuse and its serious complications, the necessity of assessing factors assuming to make tendency toward substance abuse is justifiable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The statistical population consisted of all car drivers referred to traffic department in 2015 in Kermanshah. In this descriptive study of correlation type, 846 risky drivers from referrals to traffic department were randomly selected. Data were analyzed through NEO personality inventory, general health questionnaire, and discriminant analysis...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693299/the-relationship-between-spiritual-and-emotional-intelligence-and-sexual-satisfaction-of-married-women
#11
Raziyeh Rahmati, Zahra Mohebbi-Dehnavi
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining family stability is an important principle, and sexual satisfaction is an important component of family stability. Disturbance in it is a threat to the survival and stability of the family. Emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence are psychological variables that affect marital satisfaction or dissatisfaction. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between spiritual and emotional intelligence and sexual satisfaction of married women...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693298/early-community-based-teaching-of-medical-undergraduates-for-achieving-better-working-skills-in-the-community
#12
Himashree Bhattacharrya, Gajendra Kumar Medhi, Star Pala, Amrita Sarkar, Ophelia Mary Kharmujai, Wallambok Lynrah
INTRODUCTION: It has been perceived that there is a lack of community exposure and active learning in the community for the first-year undergraduates in Community Medicine. This study is designed to evaluate an early community exposure given to the students to help overcome these lacunae. METHODOLOGY: In this study, the first-year students ( n = 44) were provided an early community exposure and evaluated to understand their perceptions by a prevalidated, pre- and post exposure questionnaire...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693297/psychological-profiles-of-risk-for-antenatal-depression-and-anxiety-in-iranian-sociocultural-context
#13
Zahra Alipour, Gholam Reza Kheirabadi, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Ashraf Kazemi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mental health issues including depression and anxiety are common in pregnancy worldwide. This study aimed to identify factors associated with mental disorders in a sample of Iranian pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women referred to a prenatal-care clinic in an urban area, Isfahan, Iran. The questionnaires in this study included the General Health Questionnaire and additional structured questionnaires exploring sociodemographic, obstetric, and economic risk factors and empowerment for decision-making regarding pregnancy, parenting, financial authority, trust, and confidence in health-care staff...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693296/rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-medicine-and-dentistry-20-and-oral-health-status-among-adolescents-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
M Neelima, B R Chandrashekar, Ravi Kumar Thetakala, Yaswanth Sai, Fathima Arzu, Mohd Neyas Mohd Sali
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy is an important issue in public health. Individuals with low health literacy skills often have poorer health knowledge and health status than those with higher literacy level. Research documented on the assessment of oral health literacy in health settings and its association with oral health outcomes for adolescents was scarce. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess oral health literacy about oral health status among adolescents attending pre-university colleges in Mysore, India...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693295/feasibility-effectiveness-and-students-attitude-toward-using-whatsapp-in-histology-teaching-and-learning
#15
Shital Sopanrao Maske, Prathamesh Haridas Kamble, Sushma Kushal Kataria, Leena Raichandani, Ruchika Dhankar
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the feasibility, effectiveness, and students' attitude toward histology teaching using WhatsApp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted 6 months of histology teaching session on a "Histology learning WhatsApp group" consisting of 250 1st -year medical graduate students at Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur. A teacher posted a digital image of histology slides created using a mobile camera; a slide diagram sketched using hematoxylin and eosin pencil, identification points, and detail description of slide followed by discussion of queries...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693294/influence-of-health-education-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-toward-organ-donation-among-dental-students
#16
Samata Srinivasula, Adepu Srilatha, Dolar Doshi, Bandari Srikanth Reddy, Suhas Kulkarni
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors are essential factors in fostering an environment that positively influences organ donation rates. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the impact of intervention (classroom education) on knowledge, attitude, and practices on organ donation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based interventional study was conducted among 112 dental house surgeon students, Hyderabad. A 27-item self-administered questionnaire was distributed to students as a pretest and collected back after completion...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693293/effects-of-problem-solving-skill-training-on-emotional-intelligence-of-nursing-students-an-experimental-study
#17
Sara Shahbazi, Mohammad Heidari, Ehsan Heidari Sureshjani, Parvin Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Nursing students are generally trained to acquire the knowledge, skills, and approaches required for solving problems and contradictions in life and at work. In fact, problem-solving skills are the core of effective nursing activities. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of problem-solving training on the promotion of emotional intelligence in nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This interventional case-control study used a pretest-posttest design...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693292/financial-challenges-of-teaching-hospitals-and-providing-solutions
#18
Samaneh Safarani, Hamid Ravaghi, Pouran Raeissi, Mohammadreza Maleki
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals are one of the most important institutions in providing health-care services. Highly experienced specialists, advanced technology, and decisive decisions about patients' deaths and lives are all gathered in a dynamic and unique organization called Hospital. A huge portion of human, financial, and equipment resources are allocated to teaching hospitals; however, these hospitals are always faced with a lack of funding. The purpose of this study was to investigate the financial challenges of teaching hospitals and providing solutions...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693291/the-relationship-between-self-regulation-and-educational-performance-in-students
#19
Sara Sahranavard, Mohamad Reza Miri, Hamid Salehiniya
INTRODUCTION: Self-regulation and educational performance are among the most important topics to be discussed in schools and universities. The present study aimed to the relationship between self-regulation and educational performance among daughter students of police officers in Birjand City, Iran (public and Payame Noor) in 2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research is a correlational cross-sectional study. In total, 200 female students were selected using random sampling method...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30693290/perception-of-dental-faculty-and-student-regarding-class-attendance-and-final-performance
#20
Sudhir S Rawlani, Shivlal M Rawlani, Vidya Lohe, Rahul Bhowate, Monika Rawlani Khubchandani, Rakhi Chandak
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lecture attendance on the academic performance of 3rd BDS students at the DMIMS-U, Sawangi (M), Wardha. This project investigated and correlated the difference between faculty and student perceptions regarding attendance and final performance, including factors thought to influence student attendance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants from a single university were included in the present retrospective observational study...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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