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Advances in Medical Education and Practice

Helena Gresty, Saiful Miah, Roland Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Juli A Lambert, Allison A Vanderbilt, Thomas J Papadimos
Emotional intelligence (EI) is the processing of emotional information. It reflects the ability to 1) monitor one's own and others' emotions, 2) discriminate among them, 3) and use this information to guide one's thinking and actions. Higher EI contributes to the doctor-patient relationship, increased empathy, stress management, and leadership. Although EI has been shown to be beneficial in a hospital setting, little work has been done specifically on EI and its efficacy in the perioperative period. There are instances during perioperative care where rise and conflict occur, an environment where EI skills can play an important role...
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Manal R Alammari, Dalea M Bukhary
Introduction: Prosthodontics is a challenging subject for dental students. This study explores the incidence of exam anxiety among prosthodontics students and the variables that moderate it. Methods: A cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to fourth-year undergraduate students immediately before examinations, with a 77% response rate (55.7% female, 44.3% male). Results: A lack of time to prepare before exams and an inability to recall before exams were the main factors affected by gender...
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Hussein Abdellatif, Abdullah M Al-Shahrani
Purpose: Exam blueprinting achieves valid assessment of students by defining exactly what is intended to be measured in which learning domain and defines what level of competence is required. We aimed to detect the impact of newly applied method for blueprinting that depends on total course credit hours and relate the results with item analysis reports for students' performance. Participants and methods: A new method for blueprint construction was created. This method utilizes course credit hours for blueprint creation...
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Vivek T Kulkarni, Sanjay M Salgado, Stephen R Pelletier, Helen M Shields
Background: The specific teaching methods used by internal medicine residents on walk rounds are unknown. Objectives: 1) To characterize in real time the specific teaching methods used by internal medicine residents on rounds and 2) to identify attributes of successful resident teaching on rounds. Materials and methods: We conducted a prospective mixed-methods study on inpatient medical services at a single academic medical center from September 2016 to January 2017...
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Munad-Ar-Rehman Mohammad, Muhammad Yousuf Hayat, Abdirahman Osman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Swina Santhirakumaran, Harkaran Singh Kalkat, Vinay Jamnadas Sonagara
Student-led clinical examinations, including pelvic floor examinations, are an integral part of clinical training and can be beneficial to both students and patients alike. However, our experience and previous literature catalog numerous obstacles in obtaining consent for student-led pelvic floor examinations. Although some of these factors may not be modifiable, it is evident that efforts can be made to overcome those that are. An examination of these obstacles can help to provide a clear and succinct template to overcoming them: we propose a "5-Rs" framework that may bridge the apparent gap between the students' need to practice and obtain valid consent...
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Rachna Parashar, Sandip Hulke, Abhijit Pakhare
Background: Learning style is an individual's natural or habitual pattern of acquiring and processing information in learning situations. Different sensory modalities are used by different types of medical students for assimilating the knowledge and information. Currently, the usage of electronic tools for teaching is widespread that can influence learning styles. Methods: The purpose of this study was to know the pattern of learners among first- and second-year medical students from different institutions in India...
2019: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Humberto M Guiot, Hilton Franqui-Rivera
Background: Finding early specific indicators of failure in the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) could be used to develop early interventions that could solve deficiencies and help at-risk students to ultimately attain a passing score. This study was aimed at determining if the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Comprehensive Basic Science Examination (CBSE) could predict a passing score during the USMLE Step 1. We also assessed if the NBME Medicine Clinical Science Subject Examination (CSSE) or the USMLE Step 1 could predict passing scores during the USMLE Step 2 CK...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Penelope J Slater, Anthony R Herbert, Sarah J Baggio, Leigh A Donovan, Alison M McLarty, Julie A Duffield, Lee-Anne C Pedersen, Jacqueline K Duc, Angela M Delaney, Susan A Johnson, Melissa G Heywood, Charlotte A Burr
Purpose: The Quality of Care Collaborative Australia (QuoCCA) provided pediatric palliative care education across Australia with the aim of improving the quality of services. The education was delivered through a collaboration of six tertiary pediatric palliative care services, through funding for Nurse Educators, Medical Fellows, a National Allied Health Educator, and national project staff. Methods: Pre- and post-education surveys were completed by participants immediately following the education, and confidence and knowledge were measured along nine domains related to the care of the child and family, including managing a new referral, symptom management, medications, preparing the family, and using local agencies...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Varun Kothari, Natalie George, Osama Hamid
Studying medicine at university requires hard work and motivation. The medical school curriculum is vast, and as well as being academically rigorous, also holds emotional challenges. This can predispose students to mental health issues, which include depression and suicidal thinking. Since these are significant issues, we feel it is important to highlight the reasons behind them, and the options available to students to deal with them.
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Teshale Biku, Tangute Demas, Negat Woldehawariat, Meaza Getahun, Altayework Mekonnen
Background: The recent expansion of higher education institutions in Ethiopia provides an opportunity for many citizens who did not previously have access to higher or university level education. This opportunity, however, comes with its own challenges, such as ensuring that minimum standards are set and maintaining quality where pedagogical concerns are compromised. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of teaching without pedagogical training, in St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Hatem Alharbi, Abdulaziz Almalki, Fawaz Alabdan, Bander Haddad
Introduction: Major depressive disorder is a common mental disorder worldwide that has many clinical presentations and is associated with many diseases. The aim of this study is to assess the levels of depression among medical students in Saudi medical colleges. Methods: A cross-sectional study with a convenience sample conducted in Saudi medical colleges. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used for screening and associated with sociodemographic characteristics...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Dmitry Kozhevnikov, Laura J Morrison, Matthew S Ellman
Background: The growing need for palliative care (PC) among patients with serious illness is outstripped by the short supply of PC specialists. This mismatch calls for competency of all health care providers in primary PC, including patient-centered communication, management of pain and other symptoms, and interprofessional teamwork. Simulation-based medical education (SBME) has emerged as a promising modality to teach key skills and close the educational gap. This paper describes the current state of SBME in training of PC skills...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Narendra Kumar, Eqram Rahman, Philip J Adds
Background: An understanding of facial anatomy is crucial for the safe practice of nonsurgical facial esthetic procedures. Contextual learning, aided with instructional design, enhances the trainees' overall learning experience and retention, and makes a positive impact on the performance of procedural skills. The present study aimed to develop a teaching approach based on Bloom's taxonomy involving cognitive, affective, and psychomotor learning domains. Materials and methods: The practicability of Assess & Aware, Demonstrate, Decode, Act & Accomplish, Perform, Teach & Test (ADDAPT), a new approach to teaching applied facial anatomy and procedural skills to esthetic physicians in a large group setting, was evaluated in this study...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Ricardo Coentre, Carlos Góis
Background: Previous studies have indicated that suicidal ideation is prevalent in medical students. The factors related to school admission processes and medical school environments contribute to this high prevalence. The consequences of suicidal ideation include suicide attempts and completed suicide. This article reviewed the recent literature on suicidal ideation in medical students. Materials and methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify the articles published on the prevalence of suicidal ideation and associated factors in medical students...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Ahmed Al Ansari, Mona R Arekat, Abdel Halim Salem
Construct: We assessed the validity of the modified System for Evaluation of Teaching Qualities (mSETQ) in evaluating clinical teachers in Bahrain. Background: Clinical teacher assessment tools are essential for improving teaching quality. The mSETQ is a teaching quality measurement tool, and demonstrating the validity of this tool could provide a stronger evidence base for the utilization of this questionnaire for assessing medical teachers in Bahrain. Approach: This study assessed the construct validity of this questionnaire in medical schools across Bahrain using 400 medical students and 149 clinical teachers...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Efrain Riveros-Perez, Mary E Arthur, Ankit Jain, Vikas Kumar, Alexander Rocuts
Problem: Passing the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) basic examination is required to progress through anesthesiology training in USA. Failing the test may be related to medical knowledge gaps, presence of negative psychosocial factors, and/or individual approaches to learning. This article describes the experience of development and implementation of a multifaceted remediation program (MRP) in residents who failed the ABA basic test. Intervention: This is a retrospective analysis of four cases of residents who failed the ABA basic test between 2016 and 2017...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Amal I Linjawi, Lama S Alfadda
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess students' perception, attitudes, and readiness toward online dental education in Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods: This is a longitudinal study using a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire distributed to a cohort group of undergraduate dental students at King Abdulaziz University, Faculty of Dentistry, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during their fourth year (T1) and internship year (T2). It assessed technological access, computer skills, online skills, and motivation level in using e-learning for personal and learning purposes; and overall readiness for e-learning adoption in dental education...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Marilaeta Cindryani, I Made Gede Widnyana, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit Aribawa, Tjokorda Ga Senapathi
Background: Anesthesia crisis management (ACM) simulation would expose anesthesiology residents and trainees to dynamic emergencies that need quick yet effective responses to gain their core strength and capabilities as anesthesiologists. Our department had already employed ACM simulation into modules and practiced in examinations. The aim is to enhance professional working ethics and human responsibility in residents, which would be accomplished in semi-realistic simulation. This would be a useful tool for lecturers to evaluate current teaching methods and measure protégés in daily emergencies, which should be done better in continuous pattern...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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