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ISRN Organic Chemistry

B Narasimha Reddy, R P Singh
An efficient and novel synthesis of (R)-rugulactone has been achieved employing Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation of allyl alcohols followed by selective hydride reduction of epoxy alcohols and olefin cross metathesis reactions.
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Alfredo Ricci
The application of the most representative and up-to-date examples of homogeneous asymmetric organocatalysis to the synthesis of molecules of interest in medicinal chemistry is reported. The use of different types of organocatalysts operative via noncovalent and covalent interactions is critically reviewed and the possibility of running some of these reactions on large or industrial scale is described. A comparison between the organo- and metal-catalysed methodologies is offered in several cases, thus highlighting the merits and drawbacks of these two complementary approaches to the obtainment of very popular on market drugs or of related key scaffolds...
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Hailemichael Ayalew, Gebremedihin Reda, Tsegaye Gashaw, Neelaiah Babu, Raj Kumar Upadhyay
Four imines, the condensation products of 2,4-dioxo-4-phenylbutanal with four primary amines, were condensed with mercapto acetic acid to obtain thiazolidinon-4-ones which on subsequent condensation with vanillin and isatin separately yielded eight thiazolidin-4-one derivatives. The chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were elucidated by elemental analysis, molecular weight determination, IR and (1)H and (13)C NMR spectral measurements. Antibacterial and antifungal properties were studied in vitro against two bacteria and two fungi...
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Reddy Bodireddy Mohan, G Trivikram Reddy, N C Gangi Reddy
Bromination of aralkyl ketones using N-bromosuccinimide in presence of active Al2O3 provided either α -monobrominated products in methanol at reflux or mononuclear brominated products in acetonitrile at reflux temperature with excellent isolated yields depending on the nature of substrate employed. The α -bromination was an exclusive process when aralkyl ketones containing moderate activating/deactivating groups were subjected to bromination under acidic Al2O3 conditions in methanol at reflux while nuclear functionalization was predominant when aralkyl ketones containing high activating groups were utilized for bromination in presence of neutral Al2O3 conditions in acetonitrile at reflux temperature...
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Ipsita Mohanram, Jyotsna Meshram
The present work deals with the synthesis and evaluation of biological activities of 4-aminoantipyrine derivatives derived from a three-component Betti reaction. The synthesis was initiated by the condensation of aromatic aldehyde, 4-aminoantipyrine, and 8-hydroxyquinoline in presence of fluorite as catalyst in a simple one-step protocol. The reactions were stirred at room temperature for 10-15 min achieving 92-95% yield. The structures of synthesized derivatives were established on the basis of spectroscopic and elemental analysis...
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Marta Feroci, Isabella Chiarotto, Gianpiero Forte, Giovanna Simonetti, Felicia Diodata D'Auria, Louis Maes, Daniela De Vita, Luigi Scipione, Laura Friggeri, Roberto Di Santo, Silvano Tortorella
The use of electrogenerated acetonitrile anion allows the alkylation of N-Boc-4-aminopyridine in very high yields, under mild conditions and without by-products. The high reactivity of this base is due to its large tetraethylammonium counterion, which leaves the acetonitrile anion "naked." The deprotection of the obtained compounds led to high yields in N-alkylated 4-aminopyridines. Nonsymmetrically dialkylated 4-aminopyridines were obtained by subsequent reaction of monoalkylated ones with t-BuOK and alkyl halides, while symmetrically dialkylated 4-aminopyridines were obtained by direct reaction of 4-aminopyridine with an excess of t-BuOK and alkyl halides...
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Ahmed F Mabied, Elsayed M Shalaby, Hamdia A Zayed, Esmat El-Kholy, Ibrahim S A Farag, Naima A Ahmed
The structure of 2-[(4-chlorophenylazo) cyanomethyl] benzoxazole, C15H9ClN4O (I), has triclinic ([Formula: see text]) symmetry. The structure displays N-H ⋯ N hydrogen bonding. The structure of 2-[(arylidene) cyanomethyl] benzoxazoles, C17H10N2O3 (II), has triclinic ([Formula: see text]) symmetry. The structure displays C-H ⋯ N, C-H ⋯ C hydrogen bonding. In (I), the chlorophenyl and benzoxazole groups adopt a trans configuration with respect to the central cyanomethyle hydrazone moiety. Compound (II) crystallized with two molecules in the asymmetric unit shows cisoid conformation between cyano group and benzoxazole nitrogen, contrary to (I)...
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Thangasamy Elavarasan, Durairaj Peter Bhakiaraj, Mannathusamy Gopalakrishnan
A new series of novel heterocyclic compounds containing both tetrazoles and piperidine nuclei together, namely, 1-(1-aryl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-2-(piperidin-1-yl)ethanone (22-28), were synthesized by the treatment of the respective 2-chloro-1-(1-aryl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)ethanone (15-21) with piperidine in acetonitrile for 6 h. A series of novel tetrazole substituted piperidine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antimicrobial activity using serial dilution method. The structures of the synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, mass spectral data, and elemental analysis...
2014: ISRN Organic Chemistry
José C F Alves
This paper reports an overview on the chemistry of the indole alkaloid goniomitine focusing, mainly, on the methods of synthesis related to this natural product and analogs.
December 23, 2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Mohammad Reza Poor Heravi
We prepared a brand new molecule in one step for the synthesis of bis-indolylindane-1,3-dione and indan-1,3-diones from the reaction of ninhydrin and 3 substituted/unsubstituted indoles using [Hbim]BF4 ionic liquid in excellent yields. The method was also used for the synthesis of novel indene-1,3(2H)-denies derivatives.
December 16, 2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Bandita Datta, Mohamed Afzal Pasha
Silica-ZnCl2 has been found to be an efficient and eco-friendly catalyst for the synthesis of substituted 4-methylcoumarins from ethyl acetoacetate and substituted phenols under "neat" conditions in an oil bath at 80°C. The experimental procedure is simple, includes shorter reaction times (15-65 min), compatible with sensitive functional groups, and results in excellent yield of the products.
December 16, 2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Carlos A D Sousa, José E Rodríguez-Borges, Cristina Freire
New L-serine derivative ligands were prepared and tested as cocatalyst in the Diels-Alder reactions between cyclopentadiene (CPD) and methyl acrylate, in the presence of several Lewis acids. The catalytic potential of the in situ formed complexes was evaluated based on the reaction yield. Bidentate serine ligands showed good ability to coordinate medium strength Lewis acids, thus boosting their catalytic activity. The synthesis of the L-serine ligands proved to be highly efficient and straightforward.
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Ahmad Reza Massah, Roozbeh Javad Kalbasi, Mahdiehsadat Khalifesoltani, Fariba Moshtagh Kordesofla
Sulfonamides amines, alcohols, and phenols were efficiently acylated with carboxylic acid anhydrides and chlorides using ZSM-5-SO3H as catalyst under mild and solvent-free conditions. Also, direct esterification of alcohols with carboxylic acids occurred readily in the presence of this catalyst. Different types of amides and esters were obtained in moderate to high yields and purity after a simple workup. No chromatographic separation is needed for isolation of the acylated product. The catalyst was recovered and reused for up to four times without a noticeable decrease in catalytic activity...
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Shubha Jain, Deepika Rajguru, Balwant S Keshwal, Aman D Acharya
A rapid, clean, and highly efficient method for synthesis of dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives by one-pot, three-component condensation of aromatic aldehydes, malononitrile, and 4-hydroxycoumarin using DABCO as catalyst in solvent-free neat conditions is described. The present method has the advantages of mild reaction conditions, short reaction times, easy isolation of products, and excellent yields.
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Mohamed Alswah, Adel Ghiaty, Ahmed El-Morsy, Kamal El-Gamal
2-([1,2,4]Triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-4-ylthio)acetic acid hydrazide (10) was used as a precursor for the syntheses of novel quinoxaline derivatives with potential anticonvulsant properties. The newly synthesized compounds have been characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, and mass spectral data followed by elemental analysis. The anticonvulsant evaluation was carried out for eleven of the synthesized compounds using metrazol induced convulsions model and phenobarbitone sodium as a standard. Among this set of tested compounds, two of them (14, and 15b) showed the best anticonvulsant activities...
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Ian Cumpstey
This review covers methods for modifying the structures of polysaccharides. The introduction of hydrophobic, acidic, basic, or other functionality into polysaccharide structures can alter the properties of materials based on these substances. The development of chemical methods to achieve this aim is an ongoing area of research that is expected to become more important as the emphasis on using renewable starting materials and sustainable processes increases in the future. The methods covered in this review include ester and ether formation using saccharide oxygen nucleophiles, including enzymatic reactions and aspects of regioselectivity; the introduction of heteroatomic nucleophiles into polysaccharide chains; the oxidation of polysaccharides, including oxidative glycol cleavage, chemical oxidation of primary alcohols to carboxylic acids, and enzymatic oxidation of primary alcohols to aldehydes; reactions of uronic-acid-based polysaccharides; nucleophilic reactions of the amines of chitosan; and the formation of unsaturated polysaccharide derivatives...
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Vijay K Das, Ashim J Thakur
A feasible "NOSE" (nanoparticles-catalyzed organic synthesis enhancement) protocol has been developed for N,N-diformylation of bisuracil derivatives using nano-Al2O3 rods as an efficient, inexpensive, and recyclable catalyst under solvent-free reaction condition at 40°C. The catalyst was reused up to the 4th cycle without affecting the rate and yield of the N,N-diformylation products appreciably.
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
M K Prashanth, M Madaiah, H D Revanasiddappa, K N Amruthesh
Condensation of amine 1 with aldehyde 2 gives Schiff base, N-(4-((benzofuran-2-ylmethylene) amino)phenyl)acetamide 3. Schiff base on N-acylation with different substituted acid chlorides in the presence of triethylamine gives the corresponding benzamides, N-acetyl-N-(4-((benzofuran-2-ylmethylene)amino)phenyl)substitutedbenzamide (NABP) 5a-j. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR FT-IR, and mass spectral studies. Compounds 3 and 5a-j have been screened for their antimicrobial activity using the disc diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method against the selected bacterial and fungal strain...
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
A M Elmaghraby, I A Mousa, A A Harb, M Y Mahgoub
Synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one and 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-thione derivatives from aldehydes, 1,3-dicarbonyl derivatives and urea or thiourea using granite and quartz as new, natural and reusable catalysts. Some of the 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-thione derivatives were used to prepare new heterocyclic compounds. The antimicrobial activity of selected examples of the synthesized compounds was tested and showed moderate activity.
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
Wenzhi Yang, Sultan Akhtar, Klaus Leifer, Helena Grennberg
Suspensions of graphene, prepared from graphite foil by sonochemical exfoliation, have been treated with new nonpolar pyrenebutyric amides. The assemblies, in suspension and after deposition on solid supports, were characterized by NMR, absorption, and fluorescence spectroscopy and by transmission electron microscopy, where the well-defined shape and size of an appended [60]fulleropyrrolidine unit facilitates TEM detection of the nonstationary molecules. The accumulated evidence, also including direct comparisons of carbon nanotubes treated with pyrene amides under the same conditions, proves the successful noncovalent functionalization of graphene suspended in non-polar solvent with non-polar pyrene derivatives...
2013: ISRN Organic Chemistry
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