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Pharmacy Practice

Manuel J Carvajal, Ioana Popovici
A comprehensive literature review was conducted on the concept of job satisfaction in the pharmacist workforce field and the facets it comprises, as well as its measurement, aiming to (i) review the nature, mechanisms, and importance of job satisfaction in the context of the pharmacist workforce, (ii) survey some of the most salient facets that configure job satisfaction, and (iii) discuss validity and measurement issues pertaining to it. Although female pharmacists generally hold less appealing jobs, earn lower wages and salaries, and are promoted less frequently than their male counterparts, they report higher levels of job satisfaction...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Van D Tran, Valeria V Dorofeeva, Ekaterina E Loskutova
Objective: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the psychometric properties of a scale for measuring the quality of patient medication counseling by using the Rasch model. Methods: In this study, the scale was developed based on the literature review. It consisted of 31 items across five subscales: introduction, problem identification, content, behavior, and conclusion. A convenient sample of community pharmacists was recruited from four major cities in Vietnam: Hanoi, Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh, and Can Tho...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Inas R Ibrahim, Subish Palaian, Mohamed I Ibrahim
Background: Because community pharmacists are the most accessible healthcare professionals, they are often involved in managing minor ailments within the community setting. Objective: This study evaluated the community pharmacists' history taking practice, medicine dispensing and advice in response to acute diarrhea. Methods: Authors conducted a simulated-patient study in 75 community pharmacies in Baghdad, Iraq from February to May 2015. The female simulated-patient complained of acute diarrhea that had lasted for one day and requested for medicine to treat her condition...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Jennifer E Isenor, Kathryn L Slayter, Donna M Halperin, Shelly A Mcneil, Susan K Bowles
Background: The expansion of pharmacist scope of practice to include provision of immunizations has occurred or is being considered in various countries. There are limited data evaluating the experiences of Canadian pharmacists in their role as immunizers. Objective: To describe the experiences of pharmacists in the Canadian province of New Brunswick as immunizers, including vaccines administered and perceived barriers and facilitators to providing immunizations...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Charlotte D Van Der Luit, Iris R De Jong, Marieke M Ebbens, Sjoerd Euser, Sjoerd L Verweij, Patricia M Van Den Bemt, Hanneke M Luttikhuis, Matthijs L Becker
Background: Medication discrepancies are a common occurrence following hospital admission and carry the potential for causing harm. However, little is known about the potential risk factors involved in medication discrepancies. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine how frequently medication discrepancies occur and their associated risk factors, in patients hospitalized via the emergency department of the Spaarne Gasthuis Hospital, located in The Netherlands...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Erika Olsson, Karin Svensberg, Helle Wallach-Kildemoes, Emma Carlsson, Caroline Hällkvist, Susanne Kaae, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Background: Generic substitution (GS), is a cost-containment strategy meant to contain pharmaceutical expenditure without compromising health objectives. In order to shape GS into a policy that is both efficient and safe it is crucial to understand which factors are most important for patients' trust in GS. Objective: To assess Swedish patients' level of trust in the bioequivalence of cheap and expensive generic medicines, and the association between trust and various factors...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Lara Mroueh, Dana Ayoub, Maya El-Hajj, Sanaa Awada, Samar Rachidi, Salam Zein, Amal Al-Hajje
Background: Diabetes type 2 is considered one of the main public health concerns. Lack of adherence to treatment leads to poor therapeutic outcome, poor glycemic control, and high risk for developing diabetes complications. Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate adherence to oral antidiabetic medication in Diabetes type 2 Lebanese patients, and to evaluate factors leading to low adherence. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatients endocrinology clinics of two hospitals and four private clinics located in Beirut-Lebanon...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Katherine Lawson, Celeste M Vinluan, Aida Oganesyan, Eugenia C Gonzalez, Amanda Loya, Justin J Strate
Objectives: To determine the correlation between falls and two medication factors: the class of medications and potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) prescribed to community-dwelling older adults aged 55 and older. Methods: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Home health patients residing in a Texas/Mexico border community and reporting at least one fall within the past month. Medication use, medication classification, and potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) recorded by level of falls; non-fallers and recurrent fallers...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Fernanda O Prado, Kérilin S Rocha, Dyego C AraúJo, Luiza C Cunha, Tatiane C Marques, Divaldo P Lyra
Objective: To measure undergraduate pharmacy and medical students' collaborative attitudes regarding Pharmacist-Physician collaboration. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from September 2016 to February 2017 in Northeast Brazil. Pharmacy and medical students from the first and the last year of courses were invited to complete Portuguese version of Scale of Attitudes Toward Pharmacist-Physician Collaboration (SATP2 C). Descriptive and comparative analyses were performed using IBM SPSS (22 version)...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Marguerite C Sendall, Liz Ostermann, Carolyn Brown, Laura Mccosker
Objectives: To identify community pharmacists' perceptions of their role, knowledge and confidence in relation to bowel cancer and breast cancer screening health promotion. Methods: This was a mixed-methods study with community pharmacists and key informants in the Metro South Health (MSH) region of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. In Part 1, quantitative data was collected from community pharmacists via an electronic survey. In Part 2, qualitative data was collected from community pharmacists and key informants via in-depth interviews...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Fathi A Amer, Malik S Mohamed, Abubaker I Elbur, Sulafa I Abdelaziz, Zeinab A Elrayah
Background: High level of self-efficacy and adherence to self-care activities have a positive impact on the achievement of glycemic goal among diabetic patients. In Sudan, there is a gap in knowledge related to self-efficacy management and its influence on adherence to self-care activities and overall disease control. Objective: To identify the influence of management self-efficacy on adherence to self-care activities and treatment outcome among Sudanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Lama Faddoul, Bahia Chahine, Sahar Haydar, Sahar Abourida, Souheil Hallit, Etwal Bou Raad
Objective: The objective of this study is to compute the potential benefit of Pramipexole ER on total levodopa equivalent dose (LED) and Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Score (UPDRS-III) compared to mono- or combined therapy of pramipexole IR and/or carbidopa/levodopa. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study conducted in a specialized PD (Parkinson Disease) and movement disease center in Lebanon between January and December 2017. Results: A total of 176 patient's record was reviewed...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Jodi-Ann Mckenzie, Cameil Wilson-Clarke, Jennifer Prout, Jacqueline Campbell, Rhea-Danielle Douglas, Maxine Gossell-Williams
Background: Pharmacist managed warfarin clinics can improve the anticoagulation status of non-valvular patients. The first of such services was implemented at the Cornwall Regional Hospital in Jamaica in 2013. Objectives: To assess the anticoagulation control of patients on warfarin therapy over six months in the pharmacist managed warfarin clinic at Cornwall Regional Hospital. Methods: Retrospective docket review for the period January 2014 to December 2016 was done to include data of patients attending routine clinic appointments for at least six months...
October 2018: Pharmacy Practice
David A Holdford
A growing body of research demonstrates the effectiveness of evidence-based pharmacy practice, but too many practice innovations fail to survive past the initial implementation and study phase. This paper presents the resource-based theory of competitive advantage as a framework for describing, understanding, and predicting the adoption and dissemination pharmacy service innovations into routine practice. The theory argues that the sustainability of any business innovation (e.g., pharmacy service) is based upon (1) the internal resources of the firm offering it, (2) the firm's capabilities in using those resources, (3) the competitive advantage to the firm of its resources and capabilities, (4) the attractiveness of the market in which it competes, and (5) the innovation's contribution to financial performance of the firm...
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Rachel Tan, Biljana Cvetkovski, Vicky Kritikos, Kwok Yan, David Price, Peter Smith, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich
Background: Community pharmacists have a key role to play in the management of allergic rhinitis (AR). Their role is especially important because the majority of medications used to treat AR are available for purchase over-the-counter (OTC), allowing patients to self-select their own medications and bypass the pharmacists. Patients' self-selection often results in suboptimal treatment selection, undertreated AR and poor clinical outcomes. In order for pharmacists to optimise the care for AR patients in the pharmacy, pharmacists need to be able to identify patient cohorts who self-select and are at high risk of mismanagement...
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Khalid A Al-Kubaisi, Mark De Ste Croix, Don Vinson, Suleiman I Sharif, Abduelmula R Abduelkarem
[This corrects the article on p. 1172 in vol. 16, PMID: 30023027.].
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Hicham Mansour, Mireille Feghali, Nadine Saleh, Mona Zeitouny
Objectives: Explore antibiotic use, assess conformity with evidence-practice guidelines, and describe knowledge and attitudinal factors among Lebanese dentists. Methods: National cross-sectional telephonic survey, using a standardized questionnaire addressing demographic, educational and professional data, usual antibiotics prophylactic and curative prescription pattern and influential factors, knowledge concerning antibiotics use in selected patient-populations, and attitude regarding antimicrobial resistance...
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Samah Tawil, Katia Iskandar, Pascale Salameh
Background: Suboptimal pain control has been frequently reported in healthcare settings and documented to negatively impact patients' health. Patients' perception regarding pain management may influence their satisfaction regarding treatment. Objectives: This study focuses on the assessment of patients' satisfaction regarding pain therapy and defining patient-related barriers for its implication. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two tertiary care hospitals from April till July 2017...
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Chris F Johnson, Ola Ali Nassr, Catherine Harpur, David Kenicer, Alex Thom, Gazala Akram
Background: Benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescribing has slowly decreased over the past 20 years, however long-term chronic prescribing still occurs and is at odds with prescribing guidance. Objectives: To identify the pattern of benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic prescribing in psychiatric inpatients at discharge and 12 months post-discharge. Methods: Retrospective observational longitudinal cohort study of patients admitted to two adult psychiatric wards between June and November 2012 (inclusive) who were discharged with a prescription for a benzodiazepine or z-hypnotic drug...
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Isabelle Arnet, Michael Holden, Sotiris Antoniou
Objectives: To evaluate a prompt card (i.e., a post-card sized tool that lists counselling prompt information) with 5 key elements and 3 open key questions to ask patients in community pharmacies. Methods: Community pharmacists practicing in England and accredited to perform consultations used the prompt card during a formal consultation with emphasis on patients receiving oral anticoagulation. Main outcome measure was the number of performed consultations with pharmacists' thoughts and feedbacks in writing...
July 2018: Pharmacy Practice
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