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Health Psychology Review

Matthias B Aulbach, Keegan Knittle, Ari Haukkala
Dual-process models integrate deliberative and impulsive mental systems and predict dietary behaviours better than deliberative processes alone. Computerized tasks such as the Go/No-Go, Stop-Signal, Approach-Avoidance, and Evaluative Conditioning have been used as interventions to directly alter implicit biases. This meta-analysis examines the effects of these tasks on dietary behaviours, explores potential moderators of effectiveness, and examines implicit bias change as a proposed mechanism. Thirty randomized controlled trials testing implicit bias interventions (47 comparisons) were included in a random-effects meta-analysis, which indicated small cumulative effects on eating-related behavioural outcomes (g = -0...
January 24, 2019: Health Psychology Review
Dominika Kwasnicka, Jennifer Inauen, Wim Nieuwenboom, Johanna Nurmi, Annegret Schneider, Camille E Short, Tessa Dekkers, A Jess Williams, Walter Bierbauer, Ari Haukkala, Federica Picariello, Felix Naughton
Theories of behaviour change and health behaviour change interventions are most often evaluated in between-person designs. However, behaviour change theories apply to individuals not groups and behavioural interventions ultimately aim to achieve within-person rather than between-group change. Within-person methodology, such as N-of-1 (also known as single case design), can circumvent this issue, though has multiple design-specific challenges. This paper provides a conceptual review of the challenges and potential solutions for undertaking N-of-1 studies in health psychology...
January 9, 2019: Health Psychology Review
Sebastian Potthoff, Othman Rasul, Falko F Sniehotta, Marta Marques, Fiona Beyer, Richard Thomson, Leah Avery, Justin Presseau
Theories of behaviour used to understand healthcare professional behaviour often focus on the deliberative processes that drive their behaviour; however, less is known about the role that implicit processes such as habit have on healthcare professional behaviour. This systematic review aimed to critically appraise and synthesise research evidence investigating the association between habit and healthcare professional behaviour. A search of five databases (PsycINFO, EMBASE, Scopus and CINAHL) was conducted up until 29 February 2016 to identify studies reporting correlations between habit and healthcare professional behaviours...
January 8, 2019: Health Psychology Review
Elizabeth Broadbent, Jan W Schoones, Jitske Tiemensma, Ad A Kaptein
Recent research has examined patients' drawings of their illness as a means to identify patients' illness representations. The aim of this systematic review was to examine which representations are evident in patients' drawings, and whether drawing assessments are associated with patient outcomes. Ten electronic databases were searched for published journal papers in English up to July 1 2017. Narrative synthesis summarized findings by participant characteristics, study design, illness representations, and associations with outcomes...
December 17, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Lucy Finkelstein-Fox, Crystal L Park
Chronic illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, and chronic pain often create intense and pervasive stress. Although much research has focused on the importance of coping in managing chronic illness, the importance of controllability appraisals in determining the efficacy of various coping strategies (i.e., the 'goodness-of-fit hypothesis;' Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) for individuals living with chronic illness has yet to be established. To evaluate support for the goodness-of-fit hypothesis, we conducted a systematic literature review, identifying and synthesizing results of 15 studies that reported on conditional effects of problem-, emotion-, and meaning-focused coping strategies, depending on controllability appraisals...
December 17, 2018: Health Psychology Review
I A Nikoloudakis, R Crutzen, A L Rebar, C Vandelanotte, P Quester, M Dry, A Skuse, M J Duncan, C E Short
Computer-tailored interventions, which deliver health messages adjusted based on characteristics of the message recipient, can effectively improve a range of health behaviours. Typically, the content of the message is tailored to user demographics, health behaviours and social cognitive factors (e.g., intentions, attitudes, self-efficacy, perceived social support) to increase message relevance, and thus the extent to which the message is read, considered and translated into attitude and behaviour change. Some researchers have suggested that the efficacy of computer-tailored interventions may be further enhanced by adapting messages to suit recipients' need for cognition (NFC) - a personality trait describing how individuals tend to process information...
December 2018: Health Psychology Review
Jemma Todd, Dimitri M L van Ryckeghem, Louise Sharpe, Geert Crombez
Studies investigating attentional biases towards pain information vary widely in both design and results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the degree to which attentional biases towards pain occur when measured with the dot-probe task. A total of 2168 references were screened, resulting in a final sample of 4466 participants from 52 articles. Participants were grouped according to pain experience: chronic pain, acute pain, anticipating experimental/procedural pain, social concern for pain, or healthy people...
December 2018: Health Psychology Review
Tim Gomersall
This article explores the potential of complex adaptive systems (CAS) theory to inform behaviour change research. A CAS describes a collection of heterogeneous agents interacting within a particular context, adapting to each other's actions. In practical terms, this implies that behaviour change is (1) socially and culturally situated; (2) highly sensitive to small baseline differences in individuals, groups, and intervention components; and (3) determined by multiple components interacting 'chaotically'. Two approaches to studying CAS are briefly reviewed...
December 2018: Health Psychology Review
Holly Gwyther, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, João Luis Alves Apóstolo, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
Interventions to minimise, reverse or prevent the progression of frailty in older adults represent a potentially viable route to improving quality of life and care needs in older adults. Intervention methods used across European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing collaborators were analysed, along with findings from literature reviews to determine 'what works for whom in what circumstances'. A realist review of FOCUS study literature reviews, 'real-world' studies and grey literature was conducted according to RAMESES (Realist and Meta-narrative Evidence Synthesis: Evolving Standards), and used to populate a framework analysis of theories of why frailty interventions worked, and theories of why frailty interventions did not work...
December 2018: Health Psychology Review
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Joanne Parsons, Felix Naughton, Emily Anne Fulton, Ildiko Tombor, Katherine E Brown
Smoking in pregnancy remains a global public health issue due to foetal health risks and potential maternal complications. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to explore: (1) whether digital interventions for pregnancy smoking cessation are effective, (2) the impact of intervention platform on smoking cessation, (3) the associations between specific Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) delivered within interventions and smoking cessation and (4) the association between the total number of BCTs delivered and smoking cessation...
December 2018: Health Psychology Review
Lisa Murphy, Samantha Dockray
The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the direction and strength of associations between the Consideration of Future Consequences (CFC) scale and intended and actual engagement in three categories of health-related behaviour: health risk, health promotive, and illness preventative/detective behaviour. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that measured CFC and health behaviour. In total, 64 effect sizes were extracted from 53 independent samples. Effect sizes were synthesised using a random-effects model...
December 2018: Health Psychology Review
Sulamunn R M Coleman, Aaron L Pincus, Joshua M Smyth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Desmond McEwan, Mark R Beauchamp, Christina Kouvousis, Christina M Ray, Anne Wyrough, Ryan E Rhodes
In this meta-analysis, we sought to examine the 'active ingredients' (or behaviour change techniques; BCTs) used within theory-based physical activity interventions compared to interventions with no stated theory. We retrieved 171 peer-reviewed studies (224 total interventions) that used a controlled experimental design from 68 previous reviews of physical activity interventions. Data from each intervention were coded with regard to their use of theory and inclusion of 16 BCT clusters within the physical activity intervention...
November 9, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Fiona B Gillison, Peter Rouse, Martyn Standage, Simon J Sebire, Richard M Ryan
A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted of the techniques used to promote psychological need satisfaction and motivation within health interventions based on self-determination theory (SDT; Ryan & Deci, 2017. Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York, NY: Guilford Press). Eight databases were searched from 1970 to 2017. Studies including a control group and reporting pre- and post-intervention ratings of SDT-related psychosocial mediators (namely perceived autonomy support, need satisfaction and motivation) with children or adults were included...
October 8, 2018: Health Psychology Review
R M Carr, A Prestwich, D Kwasnicka, C Thøgersen-Ntoumani, D F Gucciardi, E Quested, L H Hall, N Ntoumanis
Several interventions have targeted dyads to promote physical activity (PA) or reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), but the evidence has not been synthesised. Sixty-nine studies were identified from MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science, and 59 were included in the main meta-analyses (providing 72 independent tests). Intervention details, type of dyadic goal, participant characteristics, and methodological quality were extracted and their impact on the overall effect size was examined. Sensitivity analyses tested effect robustness to (a) the effects of other statistically significant moderators; (b) outliers; (c) data included for participants who were not the main target of the intervention...
October 4, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Ryan E Rhodes, Samantha M Gray, Cassandra Husband
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the current effectiveness of physical activity (PA) interventions to change affective judgements (AJ) and subsequent behaviour and explore potential moderators. Eligible studies were published in a peer-reviewed English journal and included an experimental design in the PA domain with a measure of AJ as the dependent variable, among adults (>17 years). Literature searches concluded in July 2017 using 11 common databases, with additional hand searching conducted in February 2018...
September 27, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Lisa M McAndrew, Marcus Crede, Kieran Maestro, Sarah Slotkin, Justin Kimber, L Alison Phillips
Consistent with the common-sense model of self-regulation, illness representations are considered the key to improving health outcomes for medically unexplained symptoms and illnesses (MUS). Which illness representations are related to outcomes and how they are related is not well understood. In response, we conducted a meta-analysis of the relationship between illness representations, self-management/coping, and health outcomes (perceived disease state, psychological distress, and quality of life) for patients with MUS...
September 9, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Lizzie Caperon, Bianca Sykes-Muskett, Faye Clancy, James Newell, Rebecca King, Andrew Prestwich
Several interventions encouraging people to change their diet have been tested in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) but these have not been meta-synthesised and it is not known which elements of these interventions contribute to their effectiveness. The current review addressed these issues. Randomised controlled trials of dietary interventions in LMICs were eligible and identified via eight publication databases. Elements of both the intervention and comparison groups (e.g., behaviour change techniques (BCTs), delivery mode), participant characteristics and risk of bias were coded...
September 2018: Health Psychology Review
Darby Saxbe, Geoffrey W Corner, Mona Khaled, Katelyn Horton, Brian Wu, Hannah Lyden Khoddam
Men appear to gain weight during the transition to parenthood, and fathers are heavier than non-fathers. Paternal perinatal weight gain may set weight trajectories in midlife and have long-term health implications. Since men do not undergo the physical demands of pregnancy and breastfeeding, the specific mechanisms underlying weight gain in new fathers warrant investigation. This review aims to stimulate research on paternal perinatal weight gain by suggesting testable potential mechanisms that (1) show change across the transition to parenthood and (2) play a role in weight and body composition...
September 2018: Health Psychology Review
Justin D Smith, Kaitlyn N Egan, Zorash Montaño, Spring Dawson-McClure, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Madeline Larson, Sara M St George
Considering the immense challenge of preventing obesity, the time has come to reconceptualise the way we study the obesity development in childhood. The developmental cascade model offers a longitudinal framework to elucidate the way cumulative consequences and spreading effects of risk and protective factors, across and within biopsychosocial spheres and phases of development, can propel individuals towards obesity. In this article, we use a theory-driven model-building approach and a scoping review that included 310 published studies to propose a developmental cascade model of paediatric obesity...
September 2018: Health Psychology Review
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