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Materia Socio-medica

Silva Banovic, Lejla Junuzovic Zunic, Osman Sinanovic
Introduction: Population aging increases the number of people with dementia. Dementia is a set of symptoms that include memory difficulties, learning difficulties, speech and language difficulties, disorientation in time and space, difficulties in understanding and behavioral changes. Dementia is not part of natural aging and needs to be understood as such and have to be recognized at time to provide adequate support for people with dementia. Aim: To present the importance of communication: To present communication difficulties which are the result of dementia; To present adaptations in the way of communicating with people with dementia...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Yara F Alhamdani, Hisham A Rizk, Mohammed R Algethami, Asma M Algarawi, Roia H Albadawi, Sofana N Faqih, Elaf H Ahmed, Ohud J Abukammas
Introduction: Acute Appendicitis is the most common emergent abdominal surgery worldwide. diagnosis based on clinical assessment, laboratory and radiological investigations and appendectomy is the treatment of choice. Removing a normal appendix is a relatively common surgical issue, defined as negative appendectomy (NA). Multiple risk factors contribute to NA; female gender, normal WBC, normal CRP count, and CT scan unavailability. However, recently NA is decreasing in incidence after CT scan and Alvarado scoring...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Aleka Kyriakopoulou, Evangelia Meimeti, Ioannis Moisoglou, Anna Psarrou, Xeni Provatopoulou, Georgios Dounias
Introduction: Acute leukemia, accounting for 20% of all cancers diagnosed in individuals younger than 19 years old, is the most prevalent childhood malignancy. Among environmental risk factors, parental occupational exposures have attracted scientific interest as potential predisposing factors for childhood leukemia. The role of parental occupational exposure to social contacts, harmful chemicals, electromagnetic fields and ionizing radiation has been investigated with conflicting and inconsistent results...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Evangelos Bouros, Vassilios Protogerou, Ourania Castana, Georgios Vasilopoulos
Introduction: Wind instrumentalists require a sophisticated functioning of their respiratory system. Aim: The purpose of this research is to examine the function of the respiratory system of wind instrumentalists. Material and methods: Thirty-two adult professional musicians from two philharmonic bands (Piraeus and Zografou Municipality) participated in the survey. Each participant, after completing a questionnaire given, went through two spirometric tests, one before and one after the rehearsal...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Mojdeh Banaei, Azam Moridi, Sareh Dashti
Introduction: Considering physical and emotional changes affecting women's sexual function in postpartum period. Aim: This study was conducted to determine the sexual dysfunction and postpartum-related factors in Bandar Abbas women in 2016. Material and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study used systematic random sampling on 432 postpartum women referred to Bandar Abbas Healthcare Centers. Data were collected by Demographic and Obstetrics Questionnaire and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Questionnaire through interview and were analyzed by using SPSS ver...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Asma Zaidan, Muhab Hindi, Ahmed Bishara, Samar Alolayan, Hassan Abduljabbar
Introduction: Episiotomy is an intended incision made through the perineal body to enlarge the vaginal orifice during the second stage of labor to ease the parturition. A cross sectional study in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, showed that 35% of the females in 2012 had an episiotomy, this slightly increased in 2015 to (36.4%). Given the increase rates of episiotomy and the significance of patients' awareness, there were very limited data on the awareness of episiotomy among women. Aim: Aim of this study is to estimate the extent of the awareness regarding the episiotomy procedure among women in Saudi Arabia...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Reza Fattahian, Reza Asgari Gorji, Masoud Sadeghi, Seyed Reza Bagheri
Introduction: Cerebral arterial variations are commonly associated with cerebrovascular disease and should be considered during brain surgeries. Since some cerebrovascular diseases are seen in certain breeds, it seems that different distributions of cerebral arterial variations depend on race. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the random incidence of vascular anomalies of the circle of Willis in autopsy of the cadavers. Material and Methods: In this study, 107 autopsy cadavers were examined...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Enisa Hodzic, Amira Drakovac, Edin Begic
Introduction: Heart rhythm disorders are quite common in the clinical course of acute myocardial infarction and have a significant influence on the prognosis of the disease. Aim: To investigate the type and frequency of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by sex and age, according to localization of myocardial infarction, and correlated with troponin and C reactive protein (CRP). Material and Methods: A prospective, analytical, comparative clinical study was performed...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Dimitra Latsou, Mary Geitona
Introduction: The financial crisis in Greece had its strongest impact on unemployment, which led to exacerbation of shrinking incomes and depression symptoms. Aim: To investigate the combined effects of unemployment and economic distress on the Greek population mental health in times of economic crisis. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Piraeus Manpower Employment Organization (OAED), during September-December 2017, with 21,600 unemployed people records...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Roberta Perkovic, Ana Sucic, Ivan Vasilj, Branko Kristo
Introduction: The most common mental disorders in elderly, beside dementia, are depression and anxiety, which are important public health problem, although they are diagnosed and treated in under 20% of the population. Mental health care for elderly is one of the indicators of quality or omissions in the health system of a country. Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the incidence of depression and anxiety among the elderly in the Livno area. Material and methods: Across-sectional study was carried out in the Livno area through June 2017 on a sample of 100 respondents (N=100)...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Selma Sinanovic, Slobodan Loga, Mirsad Muftic, Mirza Jahic, Alma Glinac, Munib Smajovic
Introduction: Time management is an important aspect of successful leadership and involves mastering your own work and time instead of allowing them to master you. Time management is a daily process that is applied in order to rationally use time, work schedules, lists of tasks, delegation of responsibilities and everything else that helps to efficiently use time. Material and methods: This research was prospective, descriptive, analytical and controlled. There was 100 medical worker involved, who have managing jobs of different levels and 100 medical workers who do not have managing jobs, who represented the control group...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Brikena Allkoja
Introduction: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a 25-item screening measure for emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents ages 4 to 17. Aim: To evaluate the reliability and factor structure of SDQ teacher version in a sample of Albanian elementary school children. Material and Methods: Teachers of children (N = 542) from three elementary schools of Tirana city, Albania, (aged 6 to 12 years, grade 1-4) completed the Albanian version of SDQ...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Vesna Cukic, Aida Ustamujic
Introduction: Health Introduction: The two types of tuberculosis (TB) are: pulmonary TB (PTB) and extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). Objective: to represent the frequency of ETPB of all localization , ratio between EPTB and PTB and demographic characteristics of EPTB in FBiH in the period of four years : from 2014 to 2017. Material and methods: This is the retrospective analysis of all the reported cases of TB in FBiH with the special insight in EPTB from 2014 to 2017...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Aikaterini Stavrianou, Theodora Kafkia, Alexandra Mantoudi, Eugenia Minasidou, Anna Konstantinidou, Despoina Sapountzi-Krepia, Alexandra Dimitriadou
Background: In Greece it is quite common for family members to provide informal unpaid care for another family member during hospitalization, alongside healthcare professionals. Understaffing and lack of nursing personnel, due to austerity measures implemented in Greece during the last eight years, force families to provide informal care during hospitalization. The aim of the research was to study the role of informal caregivers (IC) during a family's member hospitalization, factors affecting their presence and patient's needs that were met by them...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Mojdeh Banaei, Shahnaz Torkzahrani, Giti Ozgoli, Mohsen Azad, Fatemeh Mahmoudikohani, Asiyeh Pormehr-Yabandeh
Introduction: Pregnancy and childbirth are important periods of women's life that cause hormonal and bodily changes, and these changes could have significant effects on sexual function. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of PLISSIT-based counselling model on the sexual function of women during the first six months after childbirth. Material and Methods: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial study from June to November, 2015...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Vasileios Dedes, Apostolos Stergioulas, Georgios Kipreos, Ariadni Maria Dede, Athanasios Mitseas, Georgios I Panoutsopoulos
Introduction: People suffering from tendinopathies exhibit reduced mobility due to the pain caused by the movement of the tendons involved. Recently, shockwave therapy has been used as a treatment option, which is non-invasive, simpler, faster and safer. Aims: To record the intensity of the pain, the functionality of the upper and lower limbs and quality of life before treatment with shock waves, immediately after the treatment and the 4-week follow-up. Methodology: The sample consisted of 384 patients, suffering from a tendinopathy...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Azra Lukac, Nenad Sulovic, Sonja Smiljic, Aleksandra N Ilic, Orhan Saban
Introduction/ Goals: The aim of our study was to point out the importance of the risk factors associated with cervical cancer in an asymptomatic population. Methodology: The study included 860 patients in the period from January 2017 to January 2018, which covered more than 80% of the targeted population in this municipality over the one year study, according to the National Program for Cervical Cancer Prevention in Montenegro. Results: The incidence of PAP III results was statistically significantly higher in women between 40 and 45 years of age compared to other age groups (p< 0...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Mansour Ranjbar, Hasan Siamian, Mohammad Javad Fallahpour
Background: Cancer is a disease caused by abnormal cells shape change and loss of cell variation. Cancer patients suffer from mental and physical problems, which affect their social quality of life (QOL). A cancer diagnosis and its treatment can be expensive. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study, 183 patients referring to the Sari Comprehensive Cancer Center were enrolled. The data on QOL of patients and the cost of diagnosis and treatment were collected in QLQ questionnaire-C30...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Jamshid Jamali, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi, Peyman Jafari
Introduction: In recent years, Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) model has been widely used to assess measurement in variance, called Differential Item Functioning (DIF) analyses, in psychological and medical studies. Aim: This simulation study aimed at assessing the effect of sample size, scale length, and magnitude of the uniform-DIF on detecting uniform-DIF with the MIMIC model when it has cross-loading in multidimensional scales. Material and Methods: In this Monte Carlo simulation study, we calculated power, Type I error rates, the bias of parameters estimation, Coverage Probability (CP), and Convergence Rate (CR) was used to assess the performance of the MIMIC model...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Maha Hussain Alhainiah, Hasan S O Abdulljabbar, Yasir Ahmad Bukhari
Introduction: The incidence of grand multiparty in Saudi Arabia is high; there are no adequate studies about the grand multiparty. Aim: The aim to determine the prevalence, fetal and maternal outcomes in grand multipara women in comparison to primipara's women. Methods: A retrospective study, the data was collected from our hospital records of labour and delivery unit started from January 2016 to December 2016. Results: The analysis was done in 415 charts divided into two group 1 consist of (120 primigravidas) used as the control and group 2 the study group (295 grand multiparas)...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
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