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International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS

Fatemeh Ghaemmaghami, Mojgan Karimi-Zarchi, Mahin Gharebaghian, Tahere Kermani
Myomectomy is the most common surgery with cesarean section. There is controversy between obstetricians about doing myomectomy with cesarean section. A 29 years old primigravida patient presented with a large lower segment myoma (20 cm.) who underwent myomectomy during cesarean section at the term pregnancy. Myoma weighted 1500 gr. She didn't have intra-operative hemorrhage or any post-partum complications. Seems that there is no absolute contra-indication for myomectomy during cesarean section specially if the surgeon has enough experience and the myoma is large, located at the lower segments...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Mohamed A Elblbesy, Maisa E Moustafa
Erythrocytes aggregation takes places under low shear conditions or at stasis. All suggested mechanisms of erythrocytes aggregation indicated the importance role of fibrinogen and other blood proteins in enhanced erythrocyte aggregation. Recently a special attention is given to the cellular factors that may effect on erythrocytes aggregation. The present study inferred the effect of the cellular properties of erythrocytes on their aggregation. In the present study, aggregation index was calculated by a simple microscopic method...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Hari A Prasad, Naveed Pasha, Mohammed Hilal, G S Amarnath, Vinaya Kundapur, M Anand, Sumeet Singh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The popularity of ceramic restorations can be attributed to its life-like appearance, durability and biocompatibility and therefore ceramic restorations have been widely used for anterior and posterior teeth. Ceramic restorations have esthetic and biocompatible advantages but low fracture resistance. Since it has high flexural strength and fracture resistance, yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) is the dental material most commonly used for the core of ceramic crowns and fixed dental prosthesis...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Kazuya Toda, Shoketsu Hitoe, Shogo Takeda, Norihito Shimizu, Hiroshi Shimoda
Circadian rhythms play key roles in the regulation of physiological and behavioral systems including wake-sleep cycles. We evaluated the effects of passionflower (aerial parts of Passiflora incarnata Linnaeus) extract (PFE) on circadian rhythms using NIH3T3 cells and mice. PFE (100 μg/mL) induced high-amplitude rhythms in the expression of period circadian protein (Per) 2, cryptochrome (Cry) 1, superoxide dismutase (SOD) 1, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in vitro from 12 h after a treatment with serum-rich medium...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Nadia Velazquez-Hernandez, Marisela Aguilar-Duran, Alma Rosa Perez-Alamos, Sergio Estrada-Martinez, Jose M Salas-Pacheco, Luis Francisco Sanchez-Anguiano, Ada A Sandoval-Carrillo, Brissia Lazalde-Medina, Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel
The mannose-binding lectin (MBL) 2 gene has an important function in the innate immune response and activation of the third pathway of the complement system. Some studies have assessed the association of the MBL2 gene polymorphisms with cervicovaginal infections (CVI); however, there is no information about this association in Mexican women. This study aimed to determine the association between the MBL2 codons 54 and 57 gene polymorphisms with CVI in a sample of Mexican women. Through a cross-sectional study, blood samples and cervicovaginal cultures were obtain from 354 women...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Edith Maldonado-Soto, Luis Francisco Sanchez-Anguiano, Jesus Hernandez-Tinoco, Agar Ramos-Nevarez, Sandra Margarita Cerrillo-Soto, Ada Agustina Sandoval-Carrilo, Jose Manuel Salas-Pacheco, Elizabeth Irasema Antuna-Salcido, Sergio Estrada-Martinez, Carlos Alberto Guido-Arreola
The association between T. gondii infection and obesity has been scantly studied. Through an age-, and gender-matched case-control study, we determined the association of T. gondii infection and obesity using serological and molecular methods. Cases included 203 persons with obesity, and controls included 203 persons without obesity. Participants were tested for the presence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA). IgG seropositive individuals were further tested for the presence of anti-T...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Henry O Meissner, Alina Mscisz, Marek Baraniak, Ewa Piatkowska, Pawel Pisulewski, Mieczyslaw Mrozikiewicz, Teresa Bobkiewicz-Kozlowska
In two trials, dietary and Glucosinolates' characteristics in four Maca phenotypes have been examined with an extension into the determination of DNA sequences. Hypocotyls of the four prime phenotypes of Peruvian Maca - Lepidium peruvianum Chacon, labelled as "Yellow", "Black", "Red" and "Purple" were separated from mixed Maca crops cultivated in four geographically-distant locations in the Peruvian Andes at altitudes between 2,800m and 4,300 m a.s.l. It was found that at higher altitudes where Red and Purple Maca phenotypes were grown, the significantly higher (P<0...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Hassan Dana, Ghanbar Mahmoodi Chalbatani, Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh, Rezvan Karimloo, Omid Rezaiean, Amirreza Moradzadeh, Narges Mehmandoost, Fateme Moazzen, Ali Mazraeh, Vahid Marmari, Mohammad Ebrahimi, Mohammad Menati Rashno, Saeid Jan Abadi, Elahe Gharagouzlo
One of the most important advances in biology has been the discovery that siRNA (small interfering RNA) is able to regulate the expression of genes, by a phenomenon known as RNAi (RNA interference). The discovery of RNAi, first in plants and Caenorhabditis elegans and later in mammalian cells, led to the emergence of a transformative view in biomedical research. siRNA has gained attention as a potential therapeutic reagent due to its ability to inhibit specific genes in many genetic diseases. siRNAs can be used as tools to study single gene function both in vivo and in-vitro and are an attractive new class of therapeutics, especially against undruggable targets for the treatment of cancer and other diseases...
June 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
C S Shruthi, R Poojya, Swati Ram, Anupama
PATIENT: This report describes the case of a 68 year old female patient who presented with the chief complaint of difficulty in chewing and poor aesthetics due to missing teeth. The patient was interested in saving the remaining natural teeth and desired minimal tissue coverage from the prosthesis. After consideration of all the factors involved, it was deemed advisable to resort to a palate free maxillary telescopic complete denture and a mandibular removable partial denture. DISCUSSION: Considering the age of the patient and the cost involved, implant supported prosthesis was ruled out as a treatment option for the patient...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Juan Rebollo, Jan Geliebter, Niradiz Reyes
Endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1), also known as endocan, is a soluble proteoglycan expressed by the vascular endothelium, which also circulates in the bloodstream. Inflammatory cytokines and proangiogenic growth factors increase its expression, and increased serum levels have been reported in several cancer types and immunocompetent patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression profile of CXC-chemokines and the effects of ESM-1 gene knockdown in proliferation, migration and CXC-chemokine expression in highly metastatic human prostate PC-3 cells...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Ezarul Faradianna Lokman, Hussin Muhammad, Norizah Awang, Maizatul Hasyima Omar, Fazliana Mansor, Fatin Saparuddin
Dioscorea hispida (D.hispida) is the most well-known starchy tuber in Malaysia and called 'ubi gadong'. Despite concerns over toxicity effects, the tuber is known to possess therapeutic values due to the presence of bioactive compounds such as saponins. This study was performed to identify the changes in gene expression profiles associated with hepatoxicity in pregnant rat treated with D.hispida using RT² Profiler PCR Array. The identification of steroidal saponins from D.hispida was carried out by UHPLC/MS method...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Robert M Reed, Saif M Borgan, Michael Eberlein, Monica Goldklang, Joshua Lewis, Michael Miller, Mohamad Navab, Bo S Kim
AIM: To demonstrate a direct inhibitory effect of cigarette smoke exposure on paraoxonase 1 activity in a murine in vivo model. METHODS: At 8 weeks old, we randomized 10 C57/bl6 mice to an environment consisting of either filtered air or cigarette smoke for 6 months. Smoke exposure (7 hours per day, 5 days per week) was standardized using a model TE-10 smoking machine and adjusted to maintain constant sidestream and mainstream smoke. After 6 months of exposure, we assessed differences in lung air space, cholesterol, lipid, and lipoprotein profiles, as well as paraoxonase activity in mice exposed to cigarette smoke extract compared to unexposed control mice...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Osama Al-Amer
E-cadherin is a cell surface adhesion molecules that play an important role in tissue differentiation. FGFR1 is expressed in the developing and mature skeleton in patterns suggestive of both unique and redundant function. Expression levels of E-cadherin and FGFR1 during osteoblastogenesis unclear. In this study primary calvarial mouse osteoblasts were differentiated to mature osteoblasts in osteogenic medium. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, alizarin red staining, gene expression (Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), collagen 1 (COL1A2), osteocalcin, E-cadherin and FGFR1) and protein expression (E-cadherin and FGFR1) of osteogenic-cultured primary mouse osteoblast were analysed in this study...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
K P Divakar
Forensic Odontology a branch of Forensic sciences uses the skill of the dentist in personal identification during mass calamities, sexual assault and child abuse to name a few. This branch not stranger to many has been growing tenfold in its potential and its ability to bring the forlorn to justice where a dental remains is the only available evidence. It's role and importance in the judiciary is fast growing and hence in depth knowledge in this field seems more than justified.
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Mojtaba Ahmadinejad, Koorosh Ahmadi, Izadmehr Ahmadinejad, Amir Masoud Hashemian, Peyman Khademhoseini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pilonidal sinus is a disease in the sacrococcygeal region diagnosed through the purulent discharges of the above-said region. Although the exact pathology and etiology of those suffering from pilonidal is not clear yet, the presence of hair seemingly plays a major role in the process of infection and the granulation tissue. Several techniques have been identified for pilonidal surgery. These techniques primarily fall within two categories: Primary repair and Lay open...
December 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Adel Johari Moghadam, Saied Azizinejad
INTRODUCTION: Although cardiac rehabilitation is known as a tool to reduce the overall risk of cardiovascular complications, its specific role in the reduction of hs-CRP as a marker of inflammation and a proven marker of cardiovascular risk needs further investigation. AIM: The present study aims at elucidating the effects of a full course of conventional cardiac rehabilitation program for the period of eight weeks, on the levels of hs-CRP in patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery...
December 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Hilal S Mohammed, Sumeet Singh, Prasad A Hari, G S Amarnath, Vinaya Kundapur, Naveed Pasha, M Anand
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chemical cleansing by denture cleansers is first choice for denture plaque control. The most common problems while using denture cleansers are hardening, porosity, odor sorption, water sorption, solubility, and colour change, bacterial and fungal growth. Chemical cleansing procedures have been found to have an effect on the physical and mechanical properties of denture liners. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of commercially available denture cleansers on surface hardness and roughness of acrylic and silicon based denture liners at various time interval...
December 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Mahmood Akbaryan, Farideh Darabi, Zahra Soltani
Dermatomyositis is an idiopathic inflammatory myopathy that cause skin and muscle complications. The ethiology is not understood well yet. Released cytokines including interferon and interleukins are suggested to make inflammatory responses in the skin or muscle. Muscle weakness and skin lesions including heliotrope rash, shawl sign and Gottron's papules are the most common symptoms. A biopsy (muscle or skin) is always the most reliable method for diagnosis. Corticosteroids in association with immunosuppressive agents are used as standard treatment...
December 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
Azamsadat Mousavi, Mojgan Karimi-Zarchi, Nadere Behtash, Mitra Modares-Gilani, Mahnaz Mokhtari-Gorgani, Nili Mehrdad, Mitra Rouhi, Pouria Yazdian Anari
BACKGROUND: Epithelial ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecology malignancy. The aim of this study was to assess the role of intraperitoneal chemotherapy with carboplatin, as a consolidative treatment, in reducing relapse and increasing survival of patients in advanced epithelial ovarian cancers, as well as evaluation of its toxicity. METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted on 30 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer in stages II-IV in Gynecology oncology department in Valiasr University Hospital, Tehran during 2005-2010...
December 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
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