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David ChamÉ-vÁzquez, Guillermo Ibarra-nÚÑez
The genus Phonotimpus Gertsch Davis, 1940 includes four species all known only from Mexico (World Spider Catalog 2018). P. separatus and P. eutypus were described by Gertsch Davis (1940) from San Luis Potosí and from Nuevo León, respectively. Phonotimpus pennimani and P. talquian, described by Chamé-Vázquez, Ibarra-Núñez Jiménez (2018), are the southernmost species in this genus (Chamé-Vázquez et al. 2018), and have restricted allopatric geographic distributions in Chiapas. This genus differs from other American phrurolithid genera by the following combination of characters: posterior eye row recurved, posterior median eyes closer to posterior lateral eyes than to each other, posterior median eyes smaller than posterior lateral eyes, females with dorsal scutum on the opisthosoma; palpi of males with retrolateral and dorsal tibial apophyses not joined at the base, and copulatory bulb with a conductor, embolus and embolar basal process (Gertsch Davis 1940; Penniman 1985; Chamé-Vázquez et al...
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Fredy Palacino-rodrÍguez, Leonardo Dionel Rache-rodrÍguez, Daniel R Castillo
The final stadium larva of Erythrodiplax abjecta (Rambur) is described and illustrated based on reared and field collected specimens from Colombia.
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Sunil Joshi, R S Ramya, Omprakash Navik, S A Pawar, U B Hole, A B Tambe
The soft scale Pulvinaria indica (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Coccidae) was described by Avasthi Shafee in 1985 from four females collected on Duranta repens Linn. from Simhachalam, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India. The original description, however, was scanty and attempts to locate the type material were unsuccessful. To facilitate the identification and separation of P. indica from other similar species, we redescribe and illustrate the adult female, based on newly collected specimens found on an economically important new host plant...
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Samuel W James, Marie L C Bartz, David W G Stanton, Ana C Conrado, Lise Dupont, Shabnam Taheri, Elodie da Silva, LuÍs Cunha, George G Brown
Following many decades of work on the taxonomy, biology and ecology of the globally-distributed tropical earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus (Müller, 1857), morphological and molecular data have shown that the stability and effectiveness of nomenclature depends on the designation of a neotype from the type locality. We do that, with all the required justifications, and provide sufficient information to permit the correct identification of this species.
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
J Souto, O Reverter-Gil
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a number of species of bryozoans were described in the genus Smittia Hincks, 1879 (a junior synonym of a dipteran genus). Jullien and/or Calvet named several species, mainly from the Bay of Biscay. Some of them have been re-examined in recent years and ascribed to Smittina Norman, 1903 and other genera. Five species, however, have remained unstudied. Here, type specimens of S. colletti, S. decipiens, S. fallax, S. gemmata, S. grimaldi and S. immersa-together with new specimens recently collected-are examined...
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
David T Drumm, Julianne Knight-Gray
Examination of material from the Wakulla River in north-western Florida revealed the presence of a new species of the amphipod genus Hyalella. It appears to be most closely related to H. azteca (Saussure) sens. strict., but can be distinguished by the nature of maxilla 1 and the telson. The setation of uropod 3 has been given systematic importance for this genus, but we show in the present paper that this character exhibits high intraspecific variation, even within the same individual. This is the first formally described species of Hyalella from Florida...
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Parisa Abdoli, Ali Asghar Talebi, Samira Farahani, Jose Fernandez-Triana
The genus Choeras Mason, 1981 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Microgastrinae) in northern Iran is studied taxonomically. Specimens were collected using Malaise traps during 2010 and 2011. A total of five species were identified, three being new species which are described and illustrated: Choeras formosus Abdoli Fernandez-Triana sp. nov., C. fulviventris Fernandez-Triana Abdoli sp. nov. and C. qazviniensis Fernandez-Triana Talebi sp. nov. Two species (i.e., C. taftanensis and C. tiro) are new provincial records. The number of Choeras species in Iran is now raised to seven...
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Michele LeocÁdio, JosÉ Ricardo M Mermudes
Immature stages of Stolas aenea and S. nudicollis are described based on specimens collected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Descriptions including chaetotaxy, illustrations and photographs (including SEM images) are given for eggs, first and last instar stages. New host plant records are presented for both species. This is the first detailed description for any species in the genus Stolas. Morphological comparisons with other Mesomphaliini species are provided.
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Paola D'alessandro, Mattia Iannella, Maurizio Biondi
A taxonomic revision of the species attributed to the flea beetle subgenus Blepharidina s. str. Bechyné, 1968 from sub-Saharan Africa is provided. The subgenus comprises 20 species, including the following six new species here described: B. aliquantula sp. nov. from Somalia, B. himba sp. nov. from Namibia, B. kasigauensis sp. nov., B. kenyana sp. nov., B. regalini sp. nov. from Kenya, and B. matabelelandensis sp. nov. from Zimbabwe. A key to all the species is given, with photos of their habitus, aedeagus, spermatheca, and main external diagnostic characters...
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Tomoyuki Komai, Mai Hibino
The present study deals with a collection of deep-sea shrimp of the pandalid genus Pandalopsis Spence Bate, 1888 from the Nemuro Strait, Hokkaido, southwestern part of the Sea of Okhotsk. Three new species are described and illustrated: Pandalopsis capillus n. sp., P. houyuu n. sp. and P. princeps n. sp. In addition, Pandalopsis glabra Kobjakova, 1936, a species endemic to the Sea of Okhotsk, is supplementary reported. Most specimens were collected from steep slopes or hard bottoms at depths greater than 400 m by commercial shrimp trap or gill nets operated by local fishermen...
January 15, 2019: Zootaxa
Da-Peng Zhang, Chen Lin, Zhan Yin
The genus Haplotropis Saussure, 1888 belongs to family Pamphagidae, superfamily Acridioidea. It contains three species: Haplotropis brunneriana Saussure, 1888; Haplotropis xiai Ye, Shi Li 2016 and Haplotropis zhuoluensis Ye, Shi Li 2016 distributed mainly in Amur River region of Asia and China only (Saussure, 1888; Bey-Bienko et Mishchenko, 1951; Otte, 1994; Yin, Shi et Yin, 1996; Storozhenko Paik, 2011; Yin et al, 2014, Dong et al, 2015; Ye et al, 2016; Zhang et al, 2017; Cigliano et al, 2018). A new species Haplotropis aqiensis sp...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Juan F Campodonico, AndrÉs Fierro
Pseudoamycle polylepisae gen. et sp. nov. is described from northernmost Chile (Arica and Parinacota Region). It is characterized by the small and brown body, head with no preocular flange, cephalic process porrect and dorsoventrally compressed, dorsal surface from lateral view not angulate at level of eyes, eyes round, tegmina concolorous and vein MP of tegmen pectinate. The new taxon was found to be associated with Polyepis rugulosa Bitter (Rosaceae).
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Igor A Belousov, Ilya I Kabak, Joachim Schmidt
Himalotrechus humeratus gen. n., sp. n. is described from the easternmost portion of the Greater Himalaya in the Arunachal Pradesh State of India. The relationships of this new genus within Trechini are discussed based on the relevant characters in external and genital morphology. Himalotrechus gen. n. is likely to be a member of the Epaphiopsis Complex (Deuve et al., 2016).
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Cristina Anne Rheims
Vindullus Simon, 1880 is revisited and two species, erroneously allocated in Olios Walckenaer, 1837, are transferred to the genus. Vindullus fugiens (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1890) comb. nov. and V. guatemalensis (Keyserling, 1887) comb. nov. were described based on male specimens from Guatemala. Both species are redescribed and illustrated. A revised diagnosis is given for the genus including newly evaluated characters for freshly collected females of V. angulatus Rheims Jäger, 2008. In addition, an illustrated identification key for all known males of the genus is provided, new distribution records are listed for V...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Hee-Wook Cho
The mature larvae of the nominotypical subgenus Gonioctena Chevrolat, 1836 are redescribed and illustrated: G. coreana (Bechyně, 1948), G. gracilicornis (Kraatz, 1879), G. jacobsoni (Ogloblin Medvedev, 1956), and G. viminalis (Linnaeus, 1758). The tubercular pattern, chaetotaxy, and shape of tarsugulus were used as diagnostic characters for the species determination of Gonioctena s. str. larvae. The literature on larval morphology of each species has been summarized. Furthermore, the biology, behavior, and host plant are presented...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Alan F Burke, John M Jr Leavengood, Clarke H Scholtz, Catherine L Sole
Bostrichoclerus bicornus Van Dyke is known from southwest United States and northwest Mexico. To date, only two specimens have been captured: the holotype, collected on Isla Angel de la Guarda, in the Gulf of California, Mexico, and a second individual collected in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The original description of B. bicornus is brief and lacks any images. Considering its rarity, we present the redescription of this species based on the examination of the holotype and compare this taxon to similar genera of New World Tillinae...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Andre V Bochkov, Pavel B Klimov, Da-Hee Kim, Maciej Skoracki
We report two host-specific lineages of scab mites of the genus Caparinia, parasitizing European and African hedgehogs. Based on morphology, these mite lineages are closely related sister groups. The morphological differences, however, are subtle and do not provide clear-cut evidence for the existence of separate species. CO1 divergence between these lineages was 7.4-7.8%, well above the CO1 barcoding gaps or thresholds commonly used to separate species, whereas divergence of five nuclear genes was very low, 0...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Kai Wang, Ke Jiang, Jinlong Ren, Dahu Zou, Jiawei Wu, Jing Che, Cameron D Siler
Despite being recognized as ecologically and biogeographically important, the biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountain Region, particularly along the upper Mekong River, remains poorly understood. Here we describe a new species of Mountain Dragon of the genus Japalura sensu lato Gray, 1853 from the headwater region of the Mekong River in Chamdo, Tibet Autonomous Region, China. The species is recognized as a member of the Japalura flaviceps Barbour Dunn 1919 complex, and it can be distinguished readily from all congeners by a suite of morphological characteristics, including its dwarf appearance (small body size and disproportionally short tails and short hind limbs), smooth or weakly keeled ventral scales, feebly developed vertebral crests in males, and by the absence of distinct gular spots in males and females...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Amir Dehghani, Alireza Sari, Reza Naderloo
In the present study, shrimps belonging to the genus Alpheus from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman are documented based on the existing literature and extensive new sampling from 2013 to 2018 along the Iranian coast. A total of 35 species are recorded from the region, of which 40% (14 species) and 60% (21 species) are new records for the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, respectively. Among 19 sampling localities, A. lobidens De Haan, 1849, A. edwardsii (Audouin, 1826) and A. edamensis De Man, 1888 occurred in 14, 13 and 9 localities, respectively...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
Mael G Glon, Roger F Thoma, Marymegan Daly, John V Freudenstein
Lacunicambarus diogenes (Girard 1852) was, until recently, considered to be one of the most widely distributed North American crayfish species, occurring in 31 U.S. States and one Canadian province east of the North American Rocky Mountains. Glon et al. (2018) investigated this claim and found that L. diogenes sensu lato was actually a species complex. The authors redescribed L. diogenes and restricted its range to the Atlantic Coastal Plain and Piedmont ecoregions of eastern North America. In doing so, they also revealed the existence of several probable undescribed species of Lacunicambarus that were previously considered to be L...
January 14, 2019: Zootaxa
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