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Journals Pakistan Journal of Medical Sc...

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827885/esophageal-cancer-patient-survival-a-retrospective-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sajida Qureshi, Sumayah Khan, M Saeed Quraishy, Sidra Zaheer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern, tumor characteristics of esophageal cancer (EC) and survival of esophageal carcinoma patients presenting to upper GI Unit at Dr. Ruth K.M. Pfau Civil Hospital Karachi. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of histologically confirmed EC patients from 2016 to 2021 at Upper GI Unit - Dr. Ruth K.M. Pfau Civil Hospital, Karachi. Data were collected using a filled Proforma, medical records, pathology reports and surgical notes, and patients or their family members were contacted for informed consent...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827884/safety-of-high-risk-diabetic-patients-during-ramadan-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan-practicing-updated-idf-dar-guidelines
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qaisar Farooq, Tahir Ghaffar, Suleman Elahi Malik, Aziz Ul Hasan Aamir
OBJECTIVE: To determine trend of following medical advice and safety of high-risk diabetic patients during Ramadan practicing updated IDF DAR guidelines. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Outpatient Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Disorders Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar, Pakistan from April to June 2022, and comprised of high-risk diabetic patients (>6.0) based on updated IDF-DAR guidelines 2022 intending to fast. A questionnaire was designed to document patient risk factors score, type and duration of diabetes, HbA1c, comorbidities and complications developed during Ramadan...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827883/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-as-a-risk-factor-for-future-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-diabetes-hospital-karachi-pakistan
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Musarrat Riaz, Nazish Waris, Akifa Saadat, Asher Fawwad, Abdul Basit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the history of gestational diabetes mellitus and other risk factors in women presenting with Type-2 diabetes mellitus at a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Baqai Institute of Diabetology & Endocrinology (BIDE), Baqai Medical University (BMU), Karachi-Pakistan from July 2019 to May 2022. Women with Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) visiting outpatient department of BIDE with a previous history of GDM were recruited...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827882/effect-of-abo-blood-group-on-the-severity-and-clinico-pathological-parameters-of-covid-19
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lareb Asad, Talat Mirza, Santosh Kumar, Ambrina Khatoon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need to understand the factors affecting disease severity. Prior research has indicated the potential roles of the ABO blood group system in disease susceptibility and progression. Our objective was to investigate the association between ABO Blood groups and the severity of COVID-19 and clinicopathological parameters. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted across three locations of Ziauddin University Hospital, including COVID-19 outpatient departments (OPDs), wards, and intensive care units (ICUs) from May 2020 to December 2020...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827881/postoperative-intussusception-in-children-operated-for-primary-intussusception-a-very-rare-entity
#5
Muhammad Amjad Chaudhary, Chandni, Aisha Jamil, Sadia Asmat Burki
Postoperative intussusception (POI) after abdominal and non-abdominal operations is a rare but recognized condition discussed several times in literature. There are scarce reports regarding POI in children operated primarily for intussusception. We discuss three such cases that were seen in our institution in the last two years. The patients showed symptoms of atypical ileus that failed to resolve two to eight days following primary surgery. Ultrasound reported intussusception and surgical intervention was sought...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827880/comparison-of-doses-of-nebulized-magnesium-sulphate-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-with-salbutamol-in-children-with-status-asthmaticus
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rabia Asif, Heena Rais, Prinka Bai, Ramsha Aziz
OBJECTIVES: To compare the response between different doses of nebulized magnesium sulphate along with Salbutamol in children between two to 12 years of age with status asthmaticus. METHODS: This single blinded, randomized clinical trial was carried out at the Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Ziauddin University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan during October 2021 to September 2022. A total of 104 children aged between 2-12 years, with the diagnosis of asthma having "Pediatric Rapid Assessment Measure (PRAM)" score>4 and with reactive airways were included...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827879/correlation-of-uric-acid-with-microalbuminuria-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-normal-creatinine
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saima Zeb, Bakht Babar, Samina Bibi, Muhammad Akbar Shah
OBJECTIVE: To find the correlation of serum uric acid with microalbuminuria in Type-2 diabetic patients with normal creatinine. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic diseases, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan from 1st April, 2022 to 30th September, 2022. Total 160 diabetic patients between the age of 30 and 65 years were enrolled in the study. Type-2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria between 2...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827878/demographic-characteristics-and-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-colon-cancer-surgeries-at-a-newly-developed-cancer-center-in-peshawar-pakistan
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Riaz Ahmad, Hussain Jan Abbasi, Irfan Ul Islam Nasir, Muhammad Fahd Shah
OBJECTIVE: In Pakistan, colon cancer ranks fourth in incidence, exhibiting survival rates of 90% to 14%, contingent on TNM staging and early detection. This research focuses on the demographic involvement and short-term outcomes of elective colon cancer resections at a newly established tertiary care cancer center utilizing laparoscopic procedures. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of elective laparoscopic colorectal resections at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Peshawar, from April 2021 to February 2022 was conducted...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827877/up-regulation-of-systemic-and-local-bdnf-in-non-allergic-nasal-polyps-in-china
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiangmin Zhou, Qian Zhang, Yuzhu Wan, Li Shi
OBJECTIVE: Although the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in allergic rhinitis and/or nasal polyps (NPs) development has been studied, the contribution of BDNF in non-allergic NPs has not been evaluated yet. This study was to investigate the possible role of BDNF in non-allergic NPs pathogenesis. METHODS: The study was carried out at The Second Hospital of Shandong University from December 2020 to November 2021. The non-allergic NPs patients (n=26) and the control group (n=22) were included...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827876/analysis-of-human-abo-blood-group-as-a-risk-factor-with-knee-osteoarthritis-at-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shazia Rahman Shaikh, Aneela Atta Ur Rahman, Asadullah Makhdoom
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association and risk estimation of ABO blood group distribution and clinical attributes in patients with Knee Osteoarthritis. METHOD: This was a hospital-based study conducted at, Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad from December, 2019 to December, 2022 to investigate this least researched area of highly prevalent musculoskeletal disease in Pakistan. Non-Probability Convenience Sampling was used for selecting 190 cases of confirm Knee Osteoarthritis patients diagnosed by Orthopedic surgeon based on standard clinical and radiographic criteria...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827875/clinical-value-of-combined-detection-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-and-ca125-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-combined-with-malignant-pleural-effusion
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wanyu Yan, Yakun Li, Zhanxian Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of combined detection of carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA) and CA125 in the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) combined with malignant pleural effusion. METHODS: This was retrospective research. Fifty-six NSCLC patients combined with malignant pleural effusion in Baoding No.1 Hospital, China, from January 2020 to January 2022 were recruited as the malignant group, and another 56 NSCLC patients combined with pleural effusion in the same period were recruited as the benign group...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827874/multifactorial-analysis-of-willingness-to-undergo-subcutaneous-allergen-immunotherapy-in-pediatric-patients
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bo Ding, Jie Zhong, Chun Jiang, Tian Ma, Qiuzhi Shen, Yanming Lu
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors influencing the acceptance of allergen immunotherapy (AIT) for the treatment of allergic respiratory diseases by pediatric patients and their families. METHODS: A total of 406 children (210 males and 196 females) attending the pediatric outpatient clinics and wards of the Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from June 2020 to April 2022. Those who met the criteria for the AIT treatment, were included in the survey...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827873/clinical-efficacy-of-cyclosporin-and-natamycin-for-fungal-keratitis
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chengwen Yang, Jingjing Cai, Qiuhong Wei, Huifang Lian, Lin An
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical efficacy of cyclosporin (CYSP) and natamycin (NAT) as a combination therapy in patients with fungal keratitis. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. A total of 64 patients (64 eyes) with fungal keratitis treated by Baoding No.1 Central Hospital between December 2018 and May 2022 according to their treatment methods were divided into a monotherapy (MT) group receiving NAT eye drops solely and a combination therapy (CT) group given CYSP eye drops in addition to the exact treatment provided for the MT group...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827872/intrinsic-motivation-between-face-to-face-and-blended-learning-in-surgical-clinical-education
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Masood Jawaid, Zubia Masood, Nazish Imran
OBJECTIVE: The variability and opportunistic nature of surgical clinical education is the main problem for effective teaching and training of medical students. Incorporating online mediums including discussion forums, interactive videos/scenarios, static pages, and quizzes is known as blended learning (BL). This study aimed to compare the intrinsic motivation of surgical students enrolled in blended learning to those enrolled in face-to-face teaching (f2f teaching). METHODS: A quasi-experimental, cross-over study was conducted in Surgical Unit-I and Surgical Unit-II of Dow University Hospital, Karachi, from March to August 2014...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827871/enoxaparin-sodium-combined-with-magnesium-sulfate-in-the-treatment-of-severe-preeclampsia
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dawei Lu, Jie Yu, Lin Sang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the treatment of severe preeclampsia in newborns with enoxaparin sodium combined with magnesium sulfate. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 80 patients with severe preeclampsia admitted to Hefei Second People's Hospital, China from January 2019 to December 2020. Treatment records showed that 40 cases received magnesium sulfate treatment (single group), and 40 cases received enoxaparin sodium combined with magnesium sulfate treatment (combination group)...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827870/anca-associated-systemic-vasculitis-initially-mimicking-peripheral-neuropathy-in-an-elderly-woman
#16
Xiaojie He, Yaqing Wang, Xiaodong Li
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated systemic vasculitis (AASV) is a rare systemic immunological condition that predominantly impacts small arteries, veins, and capillaries, often leading to kidney damage and pulmonary injury. It is important to note that individuals primarily presenting with peripheral neuropathy (PN) are uncommon in AASV, which can result in significant misdiagnosis or undiagnosed cases. The severity and location of PN can vary among patients. In this article, we present a case of an AASV patient initially showing signs of PN...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827869/diversity-of-uropathogens-and-their-antibiotic-resistance-among-diabetic-patients-presented-to-mti-lady-reading-hospital-peshawar
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adeela Masood, Muhammad Bilal, Salim Badshah, Yaseen Khan
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to quantify the number of various bacteria that frequently cause UTI in diabetes patients as well as to gauge their susceptibility and resistance to antibiotics. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Internal Medicine Ward of Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan from June 2021 to December 2021, Patients with confirmed diabetes were included in the study; however, participants receiving antimicrobial medications for a maximum of 14 days were excluded from the study...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827868/predictors-of-cognitive-impairment-and-its-association-with-mortality-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muhammad Anees, Muhammad Shahbaz Pervaiz, Samreen Aziz, Irfan Elahi
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictors of cognitive impairment (CI) and its association with mortality in maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) patients. METHODS: This prospective follow up study was conducted at HD Department, Mayo Hospital, Lahore from September, 2021 to November, 2022. All patients undergoing MHD for more than three months and having age between 18-65 years were included while those with dialysis duration less than three months, history of neuropsychiatric illness was excluded...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827867/bilateral-inguinoscrotal-swelling-an-uncommon-presentation-of-omental-cystic-lymphangioma
#19
Sana Viqar, Chandni, Muhammad Amjad Chaudhary
Abdominal cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign tumour in children. It is often difficult to diagnosis pre-operatively due to a varied spectrum of symptoms. We report a case of a male infant who presented with gross bilateral inguinoscrotal swelling. Provisional diagnosis of congenital communicating hydrocele was made and investigation revealed a large abdominal cyst. Patient underwent explorative laparotomy and the cyst arising from greater omentum, extending into bilateral scrotum, was excised and bilateral herniotomy done...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38827866/ethical-leadership-behaviors-of-senior-managers-perceived-by-the-junior-managers-working-in-public-hospitals-in-hail-saudi-arabia
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Badr K Aldhmadi, Rakesh Kumar, Bilesha Perera, Mohammad A Algarni, Sage Mesias Raguindin, Ammar A Attar, Guidoume Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To examine junior managers experiences of ethical leadership behaviors exhibited by their senior managers. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 263 junior health care managers working in public hospitals in Hail, Saudi Arabia were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire between 20 November, 2022 and 15 February, 2023. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were employed in the analysis. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA) was used to conduct statistical analyses...
2024: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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