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Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559830/blood-groups-and-breast-cancer
#1
Anusha Sultan Meo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559829/the-role-of-ataturk-university-in-data-and-publication-production-for-sigmoid-volvulus-and-ileosigmoid-knotting
#2
Sabri Selcuk Atamanalp, Esra Disci, Refik Selim Atamanalp
Objective: Sigmoid Volvulus (SV) and Ileosigmoid Knotting (ISK) are rare intestinal obstruction forms, but Turkey is endemic for these diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of our publications in the world literature. Methods: We electronically searched Web of Science database to evaluate the manuscripts published during June 1966 to July 2018. Results: Total 788 manuscripts have been published by 289 different organizations (2...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559828/study-of-curriculum-of-doctor-of-physical-therapy-programme-based-on-world-federation-of-medical-education-standards
#3
Syed Shakil-Ur-Rehman, Shakeel Ahmad, Raheela Yasmin
Objective: To evaluate the curriculum for Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) programme based on World Federation of Medical Education (WFME) standards. Methods: A questionnaire was constructed based on WFME 'Should' and 'Must' standards. It was validated by five experts in two rounds. It is comprised of Items/ questions with Yes/No options. The questionnaire was filled by the DPT Faculty and final year students at Riphah International University, Islamabad from March 01, to April 30, 2017...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559827/toxoplasmosis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#4
Khalid Abdul Basit, Sadaf Nasir, Ejaz Vohra, Muhammad Kashif Shazlee
Toxoplasmosis is an obligate intracellular, food borne parasite disease with variable clinical presentation. Although the neurological presentation of toxoplasmosis in immunocompetent patients is uncommon, broad differential diagnosis should be kept in consideration when attending to similar patients. Twenty years old man with no known co-morbid conditions presented with fever and unilateral limb weakness for three weeks. It increased gradually, associated with altered level of consciousness for the last five days, diagnosed as acute toxoplasmosis...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559826/tuberculous-meningitis-vasculitis-and-pericarditis-presented-by-deep-coma
#5
Sultan Abdulwadoud Alshoabi
A 32 years old male patient presented to the emergency room with complete loss of consciousness since three hours. This was after two weeks of night fever, sweating and considerable loss of weight with self-treatment by antipyretic drugs. In the last two days, the patient develops confusion and altered behavior. Clinical examination revealed high-grade fever and coma. CXR revealed mild cardiomegaly. Treatment started with intravenous fluids, antipyretics, and antibiotics. On the next day , Echocardiography revealed mild Mitral regurgitation (MR), mild pericardial effusion with thickening of the pericardial membrane that suggested pericarditis...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559825/vitamin-e-deficiency-in-south-asian-population-and-the-therapeutic-use-of-alpha-tocopherol-vitamin-e-for-correction-of-anemia
#6
REVIEW
Tanveer Jilani, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal
Mild to moderate vitamin E deficiency because of inadequate consumption of vitamin E-rich foods and intestinal fat malabsorption is common in growing children, women of reproductive age and elderly South Asian population. Severe vitamin E deficiency may lead to peripheral and motor neurodegenerative diseases (e.g ataxia and motor skeletal myopathy), impaired immune response and free radical-induced hemolytic anemias. Vitamin E insufficiency and/or deficiency status in the general Pakistani population has not been sufficiently investigated...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559824/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-great-obstetric-challenge
#7
Sarah Kazi
Objective: To determine the prevalence, etiology and complications of emergency obstetric hysterectomy (EOH) at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study which was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II, Civil Hospital Karachi from March 2015 to March 2017. All patients undergoing EOH were included in the study. Data was collected from medical files and labor room registers in accordance with ethical guidelines...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559823/neural-mechanisms-underlying-visual-pareidolia-processing-an-fmri-study
#8
Gulsum Akdeniz, Sila Toker, Ibrahim Atli
Objectives: Pareidolia is the interpretation of previously unseen and unrelated objects as familiar due to previous learning. The present study aimed to determine the specific brain areas that exhibited activation during real-face and face-pareidolia processing. Methods: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) scans were performed on 20 healthy subjects under real-face and face-pareidolia conditions in National Magnetic Resonance Research Center (UMRAM), Ankara, Turkey from April 2016 to January 2017...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559822/clinical-application-of-multicolor-optical-coherence-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-retinal-pathologies
#9
Hunain Ghoghari, Syed Fawad Rizvi, Kaunain Razzak, Hina Loya
Objective: To assess the clinical application of multicolor optical coherence tomography (OCT) using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) in different retinal pathologies. Methods: This observational study was conducted at the Layton Rahmatullah Benevolent Trust (LRBT), Free Base Eye Hospital, Karachi, from April 2018 to June 2018. It includes 36 patients suffering from different retinal pathologies including diabetic retinopathy, age related macular degeneration, and vitreomacular interface disorders using multicolor optical coherence tomography as a screening tool...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559821/influence-of-elderly-patients-coronary-artery-lesion-severity-on-cardiac-remodeling-and-left-ventricular-function
#10
Chao Wang, Xiang Tian, Huixin Cai, Liang Feng
Objective: To analyze the correlation between coronary artery lesion and cardiac function change among elderly patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: A total of 171 elderly patients with CHD hospitalized from 2009 to 2016 were selected. Their ultrasonic cardiographic and coronary angiographic data were collected, and the correlation between coronary artery lesion and left ventricular remodeling, systolic and diastolic function was analyzed. Results: Coronary artery lesion among elderly patients with CHD was closely related with left ventricular remodeling and systolic function change, but not significantly correlated with diastolic function change...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559820/impact-of-morning-and-rotational-duties-on-physical-health-of-nurses-working-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-karachi
#11
Amjad Ali, Abdur Rasheed, Subia Naz
Background & Objectives: In the system related to health care, shifting duties are considered essential and obligatory to make sure the stability of care in hospitals. Scheduling and shifting are the key uniqueness of shift work and nurses are mostly bounded into different schedules that facilitate 24-hour care. Our objective was to identify the impact of morning and rotational duties on physical health of nurses working in tertiary care hospitals. Methods: A total of 154 nurses from two tertiary care hospitals in Karachi were included in this study...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559819/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-postoperative-patients-a-retrospective-study
#12
Aylin Durmaz Edeer, Saadet Comez, Hale Turhan Damar, Aysegul Savci
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) in postoperative patients. Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study was conducted from August 2016 to October 2016 at two university hospitals and one public hospital. Total 217,354 patients records who underwent surgery in between 2010 and 2015 were examined. The study sample consisted of 123 patients who had postoperative venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and whose discharge details, consultation data, diagnostic reports, and tests were examined in detail...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559818/is-human-milk-feeding-protective-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#13
Ayesha Muneer, Attia Bari, Summaira Naveed, Agha Shabbir Ali
Objective: To find the association between breast milk feeding with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Methods: This was a cross sectional study to examine the effects of breast milk feeding on ROP. Premature newborns below 34 weeks from neonatal unit retinopathy of prematurity program during the years 2015 to 2017 of The Lahore General Hospital were included. We recorded the gestational age, birth weight, presence of ROP and the type of feeding (breastfeeding vs...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559817/titanium-elastic-nailing-in-pediatric-femoral-diaphyseal-fractures-in-the-age-group-of-6-15-years-mid-term-and-long-term-outcomes
#14
Kayaokay Kemal, Kemal Aktuglu
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Titanium Elastic Nailing (TEN) used in the surgical treatment of pediatric femoral shaft fractures and the effect of the complications to the outcome. Another objective was to assess the changing of Limb Length Discrepancy (LLD) and angulation degree with prolonged follow-up time and to evaluate whether the patient had a functional problem because of this situation. Methods: Thirty children between the ages of 6 and 15 who had femur shaft fractures were evaluated...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559816/outcomes-of-cataract-surgery-in-microophthalmia
#15
Saima Majid, Asim Ateeq, Sadia Bukari, Munawar Hussain
Objective: To find out outcomes of cataract surgery with Microophthalmia in children less than two years. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi from January 2016 to August 2017. It included thirty micro ophthalmic eyes of infants with visually significant cataract of age less than two years who had cataract surgery without intraocular lens implantation. Axial length of globe was 19 mm or less in all thirty eyes of seventeen infants...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559815/infection-markers-as-predictors-of-bacteremia-in-an-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-study
#16
Pinar Sen, Tuna Demirdal, Salih Atakan Nemli, Ilknur Vardar, Mehmet Kizilkaya, Atilla Sencan, Huriye Erbak Yilmaz
Objective: Although several biomarkers have been evaluated for the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis, the gold standard biomarker has not yet been found. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR), neopterin, pro-adrenomedullin (pro-ADM) and the other infection markers to predict bacteremia in patients with SIRS, sepsis and severe sepsis/septic shock. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on septic patients in a tertiary referral hospital between December 2014- July 2015...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559814/phacoemulsification-in-the-anterior-chamber-an-alternative-surgical-technique-in-post-vitrectomy-cataract
#17
Tao Yu, Xu-Guang Han, Ying-Mei Li, Yu-Guang Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the characteristics, safety and effectiveness of a modified technique of phacoemulsification in post-vitrectomy cataracts. Methods: This retrospective clinical trial comprised 31 patients (31 eyes) with post-vitrectomy cataract, who had undergone phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation. An alternative surgical technique known as phacoemulsification in the anterior chamber was used for nucleus management in those cases...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559813/does-playing-video-games-effect-cognitive-abilities-in-pakistani-children
#18
Aliya Hisam, Syed Fawad Mashhadi, Mahum Faheem, Mahrukh Sohail, Bilal Ikhlaq, Irfan Iqbal
Objective: To find out the effect of playing video games on cognitive abilities among teenagers. Methods: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted at two schools in Rawalpindi from August 2014 till February 2015. A sample size of 171 was calculated by using WHO sample size calculator using non-probability convenient sampling technique. A mixed questionnaire was used as a data collection tool and two groups were defined as video gamers and non-video gamers...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559812/potential-use-of-multi-strain-synbiotics-for-improving-postnatal-head-circumference
#19
Ipek Guney Varal, Nilgun Koksal, Hilal Ozkan, Onur Bagci, Pelin Dogan
Background & Objective: Preterm infants need nutritional and medical requirements in accordance with the physiologic maturity at birth and maintaining optimal postnatal corporal and cerebral growth is one of the main targets of medical caregivers. However, only a few strategies exist to improve the outcomes of infants in a pathogen-rich and nutrient-poor neonatal intensive care unit environment. In this pilot study, we hypothesize that synbiotics may enhance brain growth, which is reflected indirectly by an increase in head circumference through several signalling molecules...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559811/do-we-use-antibiotics-judiciously-enough-a-study-in-accident-emergency-department-of-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#20
Omar Abbas Malik, Asim Saeed Khan
Objective: To determine whether antibiotics are necessary for all minor wounds presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department at a tertiary care Centre in Pakistan. Methods: One hundred and five patients presenting to the Accident & Emergency Department, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, with open wounds were included in the study and divided into two: Groups A (study) and B (control), with Group-A receiving conservative therapy. Eighty-four patients were included in the final analysis as the rest were lost to follow up...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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