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Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases

Philippe Gil de Mendonça
Background: The discovery of an unexpected genetic sequence raised doubts about the specificity of a primer pair targeting Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. This study aimed to check the specificity of this primer pair. Methods: Conventional end-point PCR and real-time PCR protocols using primers targeting the 18S rRNA gene V4 hypervariable region of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. were tested for potential cross-genera amplification using DNA from a palette of parasitic protists and pathogenic bacteria as a template...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Hassan Vatandoost, Ahmad Ali Enayati, Ahmad Raeisi, Mohamad Reza Abai, Yaser Salim-Abadie, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Azim Paksa, Fatemeh Nikpoor
Background: Anopheles stephensi is a key urban malaria vector in the Indian subcontinent and Middle East including south and southeast of Iran. Wide application of insecticides resulted in resistance of this species to various insecticides in these regions. This study was conducted to reveal the role of metabolic mechanisms in the development of resistance in An. stephensi to DDT and cyfluthrin. Methods: Field mosquito specimens were collected from Chabahar Seaport, southeast corner of Iran, in 2015...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mansour Nazari, Ali Najafi, Mohammad Reza Abai
Background: Scorpions have medical importance in the studied area with 2377 cases of envenoming during past six years. This study was the first to explore the scorpion species and dispersion in the Kazerun District during 2014-2015. Methods: The studied sites were selected based on different topographic conditions such as plain, foothill and mountainous which formed four geographical zones with three villages in each zone. The sampling was carried out twice each month throughout the year...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Suman Sundar Mohanty, Sunita Meena, Phool Chand Kanojia
Background: Transmission of malaria and dengue in the desert part of India is mainly caused by Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti respectively. The maintenance and transmission of the pathogens that cause malaria and dengue are dependent on the physiology of the mosquito vectors. We aimed to measure the energy contents in the mosquitoes transmitting malaria and dengue in the desert part of the country. Methods: Immature stages of mosquitoes were collected from six different larval habitats situated in Jodhpur City of Rajasthan state, India...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
K G Ajith Kumar, Reghu Ravindran, Joju Johns, George Chandy, Kavitha Rajagopal, Leena Chandrasekhar, Ajith Jacob George, Srikanta Ghosh
Background: We aimed to focus on the ixodid ticks parasitizing wild mammals and reptiles from Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghat, southern India. Methods: The taxonomic identification of ticks collected from wild mammals and reptiles was performed based on the morphology of adults. Results: We revealed eight species of ticks including, Amblyomma integrum , Rhipicephalus ( Boophilus ) annulatus , Haemaphysalis ( Kaiseriana ) spinigera , H...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Seyed Ebrahim Eskandari, Alireza Firooz, Mansour Nassiri-Kashani, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Amir Javadi, Akram Miramin-Mohammadi, Hossein Valian-Keshavarz, Ali Khamesipour
Background: Development of a topical treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important step in the improvement of lesion management. Amphotericin B (AmB) is effective against Leishmania species but it is toxic, a Nano-liposomal form of AmB with a size of about 100nm (Lip-AmB) was developed and showed to be effective against Leishmania major , and Leishmania tropica in vitro and against L. major in vivo in animal model. This study was designed to check the irritancy Draize test in rabbits and was completed in the Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy, TUMS, in 2012...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Edson Franzim-Junior, Maria Tays Mendes, Ana Carolina Borella Marfil Anhê, Thiago Alvares da Costa, Marcos Vinicius Silva, César Gómez Hernandez, Afonso Pelli, Helioswilton Sales-Campos, Carlo Jose Freire Oliveira
Background: Meccus pallidipennis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is only found in Mexico and is one of the most important vectors for Trypanosoma cruzi transmission there. Because data concerning the ability of this bug to adapt to different environments are scarce, we aimed to elucidate its biology, behavior and ability to acclimatize to different environmental conditions. Methods: From the eclosion of 90 1st instar nymphs, development was followed until the adult phase...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Omid Banafshi, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohamad Karimi, Faezeh Faghihi, Mojtaba Beik-Mohammadi, Sahere Gholami, Siavash Javaherizadeh, Hamideh Edalat, Hassan Vatandoost, Zakkyeh Telmadarraiy
Background: Since ticks are potent vectors of various diseases, identification of these species are clinically important to protect the public health and control veterinary problems in the communities. We aimed to figure out the frequency of ticks on cows, goats, sheep, lambs, turtles and also obscure hosts in Kurdistan Province, bordered with Iraq June 2012 to May 2013. Methods: The hosts were selected randomly and examined individually for tick infestation. In case of infestation, ticks were collected using forceps and then preserved in 70% ethyl alcohol...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Aioub Sofizadeh, Hamid Reza Shoraka, Fatemeh Mesgarian, Ghorban Mohammad Ozbaki, Abdolsamad Gharaninia, Ebrahim Sahneh, Rohollah Dankoob, Ali Malaka, Saeid Fallah, Shamsaddin Nemani
Background: Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) is one of the most medically important families of Diptera. The aims of this study were to determine fauna and larval habitat characteristics of mosquitoes in Golestan Province, during 2014-15. Methods: This study was conducted in larval habitats of mosquitoes and installed ovitraps in 14 districts of Golestan Province, Northern Iran in 2015. Samples were collected with a scoop by ladle handling for entomology. The collected larvae were transferred to Laboratory of Medical Entomology in lactophenol solution...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Kourosh Arzamani, Hassan Vatandoost, Yavar Rassi, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Mohammad Reza Abai, Mohammad Alavinia, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Mehdi Mohebali, Sayena Rafizadeh
Background: We aimed to determine the species composition, richness and diversity indices of the Phlebotomine sand flies at different topographic condition in visceral (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) foci in the northeast of Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2016 in North Khorasan Province. The sampling was focused on rural regions, where human cases of VL and/or CL were diagnosed and reported during last 5 years. Sand flies were collected three times each twenty days during peak periods of seasonal activity...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mojtaba Salimi, Yavar Rassi, Omid Chatrabgoun, Artin Kamali, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Vida Shiri-Ghaleh, Mehrdad Moradi, Sayena Rafizadeh, Kameran Akbarzadeh, Seyedeh Zahra Parkhideh
Background: Entomotoxicology as a subset of forensic entomology can be used by analysis of carcass feeding insects to detecting of drugs or toxins, as well as the cause and manner of death in cases of ante-mortem drugs intoxication. Morphine is one of the deacetylate metabolites of heroin. The aim of this study was to determine the presence and quantity of morphine in insects on the carcass and compare them with decomposing carcass. Methods: Field of this study was in Chalabeh District and toxicological tests were carried out at the Department of Forensic Toxicology, Legal Medicine Center, Kermanshah, Iran in 2017...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hassan Vatandoost, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Ahmad Raeisi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Fatemeh Nikpour
Background: Malaria continues to be a main vector-borne public health problem in Iran. The endemic foci of the disease are mainly located in south-eastern part of the country. Iran is now launching the elimination of malaria. Studies on the bioecology and susceptibility of malaria vectors to insecticide are essential in this phase. Methods: The literature on bio-ecology of Anopheles superpictus s.l. was reviewed in Iran in more than half a century. Different aspects including, distribution, key identification, larval habitats, flight range, seasonal activities, irritability/susceptibility to insecticides, and anthropophilicity index were identified...
September 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Alireza Khatami, Maria Emmelin, Rezvan Talaee, Akram Miramin-Mohammadi, Nessa Aghazadeh, Alireza Firooz, Berndt Stenberg
Background: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients who suffer from acute cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran, focusing on quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted at two different sites in Iran in 2010-2011. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with six men and six women parasitologically confirmed acute cutaneous leishmaniasis. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and translated into English. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Ali Reza Zahraei-Ramazani, Abedin Saghafipour, Hassan Vatandoost
Background: Cockroaches consists of 4000 species, of which 40 species are serious domestic pests. They have involved the mechanical transmission of various pathogenic viruses, bacteria, and protozoans to humans. This study aimed to determine different control methods of P. americana in sewage system of Esfahan City, central Iran using different insecticides recommended by WHO. Methods: Totally, 164 manholes with at least more than three cockroaches were selected until 2017 for this study...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Aref Teimouri, Mehdi Mohebali, Elham Kazemirad, Homa Hajjaran
Background: Leishmaniasis is a major medical health problem and distributes in nearly half of 31 provinces of Iran. We aimed to identify cutaneous and visceral Leishmania spp. isolated from infected humans and domestic dogs in various regions of Iran, 2010-2013. Methods: DNA was extracted from 108 lesion exudate samples of suspected patients to cutaneous leishmaniasis and nine liver and spleen aspirates of infected dogs cultured in RPMI-1640 and amplified using partial sequence of ITS1 gene...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Karla Dzul-Rosado, Cesar Lugo-Caballero, Juan Jose Arias-Leon, Freddy Pacheco-Tucuch, Gaspar Peniche-Lara, Jorge Zavala-Castro
Background: Tick-borne diseases are caused by several pathogens whose transmission could be associated to the life conditions of communities settled in endemic areas. We aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to the exposition and prevention of tick-borne diseases among people living in a typical Mayan community of Yucatan, Mexico between Dec 2012 and May 2013. Methods: A directed survey was applied to 212 (100%) householders (women and men) from Teabo, Yucatan, Mexico...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Adedotun A Adenusi, Mary I Akinyemi, Dele Akinsanya
Background: Domiciliary cockroaches are obnoxious pests of significant medical importance. We investigated the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in cockroaches and its attendant public health importance. Methods: Overall, 749 cockroaches ( Periplaneta americana , 509, Blattella germanica , 240) caught by trapping from 120 households comprising 3 different housing types in Somolu, Lagos metropolis, southwest Nigeria, in 2015 were screened for human intestinal parasites using standard parasitological techniques...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Ali Ramazani, Mahdi Tavakolizadeh, Samira Ramazani, Hamidreza Kheiri-Manjili, Mehdi Eskandari
Background: Development of resistance against the frontline anti-malarial drugs has created an alarming situation, which requires intensive drug discovery to develop new, more effective, affordable and accessible anti-malarial agents. The aim of this study was to assess antiplasmodial activity of the different fractions of root extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra. Methods: Roots of G. glabra were collected from Tarom district of Zanjan Province in 2016 and then dried root material was chopped and consecutively extracted by the percolation method using solvents of different polarity...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Kourosh Arzamani, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Seyed Mohammad Alavinia, Behruz Jafari, Jamshid Darvish
Background: Rodents are one of the most important hosts for some zoonotic diseases and also act as a reservoir of some ectoparasites and endoparasites. They cause damage to the farms and inflict public health. The aim of this study was to investigate the faunal composition of rodent in North Khorasan Province, Northeast of Iran. Methods: The sampling was carried out between 2011 to 2013. The specimens were collected using different methods including rodent death and live traps, digging of their burrow, and hand net from 75 different sample sites...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fatemeh Yousefbeyk, Hassan Vatandoost, Fereshteh Golfakhrabadi, Zahra Mirzaee, Mohammad Reza Abai, Gholamreza Amin, Mahnaz Khanavi
Background: Scrophularia striata is a perennial plant which is native in all parts of Iran, Turkey, and Azerbaijan. In this study, the total phenol content, antioxidant and larvicidal activities of total extract and different fractions of this plant were evaluated. Methods: The aerial parts of S. striata were collected from Boli village, Illam Province, western Iran in Apr 2013. The total phenol content of total extract and different fractions were evaluated by Folin-Ciocalteu method...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
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