Maulik K Lathiya, Susan M Cullinan
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is a rare but serious medical emergency where the aorta's inner layer tears. Females are less likely to develop it than males, and AD cases with unusual symptoms can be hard to diagnose. Diagnosing AD can be further complicated as its symptoms and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes can mimic acute coronary syndrome, and it is challenging to distinguish it without risk factors. Case Report . This case report describes a 60-year-old female patient who presented with unusual symptoms, including pain in her chest, neck, left arm, and lower extremities...
2023: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Eiji Nakamura, Kazuyoshi Takagi, Kousuke Saku, Shinya Negoto, Tomoyuki Anegawa, Shinichi Imai, Hiroyuki Otsuka, Shinichi Hiromatsu, Eiki Tayama
Background . A large thrombus entrapped in the patent foramen ovale (PFO) is an extremely rare condition. Moreover, it is considered even rarer after temporary inferior vena cava filter (TIVCF) placement for the prevention of fatal pulmonary embolism due to venous thromboembolism (VTE). Case Report . A 58-year-old man presented with syncope following chest pain and dyspnea due to PE exacerbation during TIVCF protection, which then led to cardiogenic shock. Echocardiography revealed a large thrombus entrapped in the PFO, and computed tomography (CT) showed a bilateral pulmonary artery embolism...
2023: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Yonathan Aliye Asfaw, Ayush Anand, Helen Huang, Muhammad Taimur, Sujan Poudel, Rajeswar Kumar, Mhmod Kadom, Sangam Shah, Gavrilo Lazovic, Ivan Rodriguez
Cellulitis is a potentially serious bacterial skin infection. Penile cellulitis refers to the inflammation of the penile shaft and commonly occurs in uncircumcised, sexually active young adults. We reported the case of a 25-year-old heterosexual circumcised male patient with a two-day history of swelling and pain over the penile shaft. Local examination revealed a diffusely swollen penile shaft, erythematous, warm to the touch, and tender. The penile discharge culture was suggestive of a Streptococcus species infection...
2023: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Belayneh Dessie Kassa, Mekbib Amede, Mollalign Wubante, Mebratu Libanos, Kumlachew Geta
BACKGROUND: The most frequent atrioventricular tachycardia in the emergency room is atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). The first treatment option for ending stable narrow QRS complex SVTs is vagal maneuvers and adenosine. When adenosine or vagal maneuvers fail to change a patient's rhythm to normal sinus rhythm, long-acting AV nodal-blocking medications, including nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (verapamil and diltiazem), flecainide, or beta-blockers, are employed...
2023: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Nicholas Valentini, Cynthia Chen
INTRODUCTION: We describe the case of a 47-year-old female who presented to an academic tertiary emergency department with two to three days of worsening fever, headache, malaise, and rigors. A broad infectious workup revealed a diagnosis of Human Herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) meningoencephalitis without any additional identifiable causes. HHV-6, the virus responsible for the childhood disease roseola, is a common cause of fever, seizures, diarrhea, and a characteristic faint-pink rash in children...
2023: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
David Steele, P Kjell Ballard, Riley Burke, Brian Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is routinely administered intravenously (IV) and intraosseously (IO) in response to exsanguination. CASE: This report describes a patient who sustained multiple high-powered rifle gunshot wounds that received battlefield-environment intramuscular (IM) administration of TXA due to inability to obtain IV / IO access. This case represents the unlikely positive outcome in the setting of multiple remarkable obstacles, which may have been ameliorated by novel administration of TXA...
2022: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
David P Betten, Ian S Batson, Leah N Babiarz, Kristen N Owen
The violent nature of generalized tonic-clonic seizures puts individuals at risk of a large number of potential injuries. These can occur due both to the profound muscular contractions that accompany these episodes as well as falls and other traumatic events that occur due to the period of loss of consciousness that occurs during generalized seizures. While injuries such as soft tissue contusions, tongue biting, dental injuries, and facial lacerations resulting from falls from standing predominate, bony injuries are not uncommon...
2022: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Daniel Keller, Matthew Morris, Ryan McLaughlin, David Evans, Michael Joyce
Ectopic pregnancies develop outside of the uterus and lead to significant maternal morbidity and mortality if they rupture. As the primary diagnostic tool for these presentations, ultrasound has a growing list of signs and measurements that help distinguish between intrauterine and ectopic pregnancies, the latter being exceedingly rare once a woman has entered her second trimester. The present case reports a series of Emergency Department visits by a woman carrying a second-trimester pregnancy-deemed intrauterine on transabdominal ultrasound due to gestational age and location-who developed massive hemoperitoneum and was diagnosed with a ruptured 15-week tubo-ovarian pregnancy on laparotomy...
2022: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Theodore Strom, Mark McIntosh
Acute aortic occlusion (AAO) is a rare and life-threatening condition that is rarely described in limited case series over the past several decades. The etiology and management are diverse across documented accounts, but prompt recognition facilitated by performing a thorough vascular and neurologic exam is critical to prevent delayed diagnosis and adverse outcomes. We report a patient who presented to the emergency department with the complaint of acute-onset lower extremity paralysis due to acute aortic occlusion...
2022: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Gabriel Morales, Marie Fiero, Jesselle Albert, Jane Di Gennaro, Anthony Gerbino
Cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE) is a rare but serious cause for acute neurologic deficit that occurs most often in divers who breathe compressed gas at depth or iatrogenically from a variety of invasive medical procedures. We present a rare case of CAGE caused by inhaling helium from an unregulated, high-pressure gas cylinder. Following inhalation, the patient experienced loss of consciousness, neurologic deficits, pneumomediastinum, and pneumothorax requiring transfer and treatment at a hyperbaric facility with resulting resolution of neurologic symptoms...
2022: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Takanori Kono, Takahiro Shojima, Tomoyuki Anegawa, Hiroyuki Otsuka, Eiki Tayama
Complete circumferential dissection is a rare clinical presentation of aortic dissection, wherein the dissected flap has the potential to cause intimo-intimal intussusception, which can lead to several catastrophic complications. We report a case of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection with intimo-intimal intussusception causing unstable cerebral ischemic symptoms. An 82-year-old man was taken to another hospital with severe intermittent dizziness. Head magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple right-hemispheric cerebral infarctions...
2022: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Matthew Apicella, Maximiliano Mayrink, Chetan D Rajadhyaksha, David A Farcy
Transvaginal small bowel evisceration is a rare surgical emergency that requires urgent surgery to prevent bowel necrosis, sepsis, and death. It was first reported in 1864 by Hyernaux with less than 100 cases reported since the original publication. The overall mortality rate is reported as 5.6 percent. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with a chief complaint of moderate abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding for 1 hour. The patient reported that she underwent a robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy 11 weeks prior for uterine fibroids...
2022: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Matthew Earle, James Bailey, Ross P Berkeley
Infectious endocarditis is a relatively uncommon entity that may present with a variety of clinical scenarios, ranging from a stable patient with nonspecific symptoms to a critically ill patient suffering from embolic disease. We report a case of an otherwise healthy 35-year-old female who presented to the Emergency Department with gradually progressive dyspnea, weight loss, and lower extremity edema. As part of her initial evaluation, a chest radiograph was performed and demonstrated Hampton's Hump, a peripheral wedge-shaped opacity consistent with a possible pulmonary infarct...
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Rachid Attou, Sébastien Redant, Thierry Preseau, Kevin Mottart, Louis Chebli, Patrick M Honore, David De Bels, Andrea Gallerani
We report the cases of two patients experiencing persistent severe hypothermia. They were 45 and 30 years old and had a witnessed cardiac arrest managed with mechanized cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for 4 and 2.5 hours, respectively. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used in both patients who fully recovered without any neurological sequelae. These two cases illustrate the important role of extracorporeal CPR (eCPR) in persistent severe hypothermia leading to cardiac arrest.
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Waleed Salem, Mohamed Gafar Abdelrahim, Layth Al Majmaie, Mohammed Dahdaha, Faten Al-Bakri, Amr Elmoheen
Cardiac complications following snakebites are uncommon but fatal. Here, we discuss a case of a snakebite that led to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Forty-five-year-old male presented to the emergency room with snakebite on the right middle finger. He was given symptomatic treatment and admitted for observation. His vital signs and initial investigations were normal except for the white blood count that was high. During observation, he developed vomiting and bradycardia. He was diagnosed with a right bundle branch block on ECG...
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Hazuki Koguchi, Kimihiko Kusashio, Akihiro Fujita, Nao Yamamoto
Background: Selective nonoperative management has become the standard for liver injuries. Accordingly, we cannot perform surgery for liver injuries as frequently as in the past. This report is aimed at sharing a valuable experience of postoperative complications after surgery for a liver injury. Case Presentation . A 40-year-old man was stabbed in his abdomen and underwent an emergency laparotomy for a severe liver injury. Five months after the operation, he developed fever, and purulent discharge was observed from an abdominal fistula...
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Andrija Karačić, Borna Vojvodić
Abdominal self-stabbing, a type of sharp abdominal trauma, is a rare form of attempted suicide. Such cases are not commonly seen in the emergency department, but a prompt and well-reasoned decision is essential in the management of these patients. We report a case of a SI-ASW and a literature review to show the management of the aforementioned condition.
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Orazio Stefano Giovanni Filippelli, Anna Maria Giglio, Simona Paola Tiburzi, Maria Teresa Archinà, Ercole Barozzi, Pietro Maglio, Stefano Candido, Roberta Viotti, Umberto Riccelli, Mario Pezzi, Carmelo Romano, Anna Maria Scozzafava, Maria Laura Guzzo
In Catanzaro, Italy, an adult male with severe burns all over his body and in a state of coma was promptly rescued by the medical team at the air ambulance service (HEMS), who provided airway safety through laryngeal mask placement (LMA). The patient was subsequently transferred to the nearest Hub center, where an emergency tracheostomy was performed to ensure better airway management during the flight to the nearest available major burn center. This is the first documented case at regional level of a patient undergoing rapid tracheostomy through an imminent transfer with air ambulance...
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
John Ko, Jeffrey S Freed
The delicate nature of the skin in elderly patients poses a difficult challenge to healthcare providers. Emergency departments are frequently presented with traumatic skin tears and soft tissue avulsions in this group of patients. Procedures aimed at closure of these types of wounds often result in worsening of the tears. The DermaClip® skin closure device, which can eliminate the need for anesthesia, addresses these disadvantages and allows for atraumatic, cosmetically satisfactory closure in a rapid and efficient manner, saving time, and costs...
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Tsuyoshi Nojima, Takafumi Obara, Kohei Tsukahara, Atsunori Nakao, Hiromichi Naito
Introduction: Most physicians are not familiar with postoperative changes to the orbit, so radiologists and clinicians may sometimes find it challenging to conduct a proper radiological assessment of the globe of the eye and orbital abnormalities. We present a patient with head trauma who had surgery for retinal detachment with implantation of silicone encircling bands. This case report may help clinicians recognize imaging characteristics after ophthalmic surgery to prevent misdiagnosis and unnecessary workup...
2021: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
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