Journals Case Reports in Dermatological...

Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
R Afiouni, G Abadjian, F Stephan
Reactive angioendotheliomatosis (RAE) is a rare benign skin condition characterized histologically by the proliferation of dermal vessels and endothelial cells that occurs secondary to an underlying disease such as infections or lymphoproliferative disorders. To our knowledge, no previous cases of RAE associated with ulcerative colitis (UC) were reported in the literature. Therefore, we report the case of a 46-year-old man with a history of UC presenting with RAE confirmed on histopathology and immunostaining...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Kateryn Michelle Perez Willis, Rosario Ramirez Galvez
Biostimulators are the latest trends in cosmetic procedures, substances such as PDLLA are used to induce collagen synthesis by a subclinical inflammatory reaction. We are describing a granuloma-like reaction case presentation 4 months after the application of PDLLA and its complete resolution with injections of triamcinolone. A 45-year-old female with any past medical history of allergies or immune diseases was injected with PDLLA on the mandibular border and cheek area to correct skin laxity. Four months after the application, the patient reported facial edema and granuloma-like reactions according to clinical examination on all the application areas...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Lindsey J Wanberg, Brittney Schultz, Amrita Goyal
Subcorneal pustular dermatosis (SPD) is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by pustules on the trunk and intertriginous areas. While oral dapsone is the first-line treatment for SPD, alternative options are necessary for patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, drug hypersensitivity reactions, or refractory disease. To date, no consensus exists regarding next-best agents for SPD. In this report, we present a patient with significant SPD who developed dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome and then was successfully treated with colchicine and adalimumab...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Ayrton I Bangolo, Karen Yelton-Torres, Atharv Mahajan, Vrusha Patel, Laiba Sajjad, Prince Ofori Ansong, Monisha Kashyap, Umesh Batura, Madhavi Ravulapalli, Ayodya Perera, Simcha Weissman
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare, acute skin eruption characterized by the development of numerous nonfollicular sterile pustules. Most cases are caused by drug reactions, among which Diltiazem has been incriminated. Herein, we present an 83-year-old female who presented for evaluation of generalized skin rash 3 days after initiation of Diltiazem. She was eventually diagnosed with AGEP, Diltiazem was discontinued, and systemic steroids were administered with the resolution of symptoms...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Rehab Y Al-Ansari, Leena Abdulrahman Almuhaish, Khaled Abdullah Hassan, Tawasoul Fadoul, Alexander Woodman
BACKGROUND: A fixed drug eruption (FDE) is an immunological cutaneous adverse reaction, classified as a cutaneous adverse drug reaction (CADR) and characterized by well-defined lichenoid lesions that occur at the same site each time. Ceftriaxone is a third-generation antibiotic of cephalosporin antibiotics of the beta-lactam antibiotic family, which has typical in vitro activity against many Gram-negative aerobic bacteria. This is the first clinical case from Saudi Arabia and the fifth in the world to document a woman's experience with recurrent FDE after repeated ceftriaxone use...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Trinh Thi Diem Nguyen, Trinh Ngoc To Chau, Phuong Thi Doan Vo, Hao Trong Nguyen
Pemphigus foliaceus is an uncommon autoimmune intraepidermal blistering disease characterized by immunoglobulin (Ig) G autoantibodies that attack desmoglein-1 in the epidermis. There are two predominant forms of pemphigus foliaceus, sporadic and endemic. Sporadic pemphigus foliaceus is known to be more prevalent in middle-aged and elderly people and to be extremely rare in children. Less than 40 nonendemic pediatric pemphigus foliaceus cases have been documented in the literature. This report documents a case of sporadic pemphigus foliaceus in a 3-year-old Vietnamese girl who presented with generalized scaling and crusted erosions over the body...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Satyajit Pandurang Kulkarni, Pallavi Satyajit Kulkarni, S Kumar
India has a long history of using sudation therapy and oil massage as Ayurvedic treatments. However, nothing is known about its side effects, and just two studies have identified side effects as cutaneous adverse drug reactions brought on by Ayurvedic oil massage. We are presenting the example of a 72-year-old adult man who visited our hospital and had his right knee massaged with Nirgudi oil followed by sudation therapy. Erythema, papules, itchiness, and scorching pain were some of his symptoms. However, these sensations only partially abated once we quit sudation therapy...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Eleanor Tung-Hahn, Ghassan El-Haddad, Jonathan Strosberg
Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) encompass a diverse range of biologically and behaviorally distinct epithelial malignancies that derive from neuroendocrine cells. These neoplasms are able to secrete a variety of bioactive amines or peptide hormones. The majority of NENs are well-differentiated and are defined as neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). While NETs are known to frequently metastasize to lymph nodes, liver, and lungs, spread to the skin is extremely rare and is often a late finding. Because cutaneous metastasis from a visceral site represents distant tumor dissemination, prompt histologic diagnosis is critical in terms of selecting further treatment options and ultimately impacts subsequent prognosis...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Sara Ibrahim-Shaikh, Noah Shaikh, Nour Daboul, Esra Alshaikhnassir, Maria Hafez, Monika E Freiser
Dermal metastasis is a rare manifestation of visceral disease, and esophageal adenocarcinomas represent around only 1% of primaries that present with cutaneous metastasis. In this case, we discuss a patient who presented with a painless submental mass and extensive right neck cutaneous induration and erythema. Core needle biopsy demonstrated poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Blood testing also demonstrated elevated carbohydrate antigen 19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen, and alkaline phosphatase. PET/CT followed by esophagoscopy led to the diagnosis of esophageal signet-cell adenocarcinoma primary with isolated dermal metastasis...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Emad Bahashwan, Jaber Alfaifi, Sahar Elmaghawri Mohamed Moursi, Youssef Elbayoumi Soliman
Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is a genetically inherited epidermal disorder due to the mutation of the ABCA12 gene, which is responsible for lipid transportation, and presents with large keratinised scales characterised by deep erythematous fissures, with ectropion and eclabium. A moderate number of cases and a high mortality rate have been recorded. In this case report, a pregnant lady gave birth to a 33-week-old premature foetus with characteristic symptoms of HI. After admitting him to the NICU, a multidisciplinary treatment approach was conducted with paediatric dermatologists, ophthalmologists, urologists, and dieticians...
2024: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Fenohasina Rakotonandrasana, Fandresena Arilala Sendrasoa, Andrianandrianina Mbolatiana Kiady Armando Rakotomanana, Herin'Ny Fitiavana Princia Andriatahina, Voahanginirina Nathalie Ralimalala, Samson Léophonte Ramily, Moril Sata, Onivola Raharolahy, Malalaniaina Andrianarison, Irina Mamisoa Ranaivo, Lala Soavina Ramarozatovo, Fahafahantsoa Rapelanoro Rabenja
Bullous hemorrhagic dermatosis is an adverse reaction occurring within 5 to 21 days after anticoagulation; the diagnosis is to be evoked in the presence of hemorrhagic bullous lesions at a distance from the injection site in the days following the introduction of anticoagulant; this is a diagnosis of exclusion. It is a rare pathology that mainly affects the elderly. A 54-year-old man presented with bullous hemorrhagic lesions on the left upper limb starting at the 4th day after enoxaparin injection, diagnosed as a bullous hemorrhagic dermatosis induced by enoxaparin...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Sean McCormack, Noor Tazudeen, Benjamin C Garden
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory dermatosis associated with overactive T helper 1/T helper 17 (Th1/Th17) cells. HS has been effectively treated with biologic medications; however, many such biologics lack large randomized controlled trials. Only one such biologic, adalimumab, has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HS. Other such biologics currently being studied for HS downregulate Th1/Th17 inflammatory pathways. We describe a patient with atopic dermatitis (AD) and comorbid HS, both of which improved several months into treatment with dupilumab...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Peeyush Shivhare, Naqoosh Haidry, Anka Sharma, Deepali Agrawal, Abhishek Gupta, Shalini Subramanyam
Erythema multiforme (EM) is an acute inflammatory, mucocutaneous, psychosomatic, and vesiculobullous condition that varies from minor to major forms. The acral distribution of target lesions is a characteristic of this condition. The aetiology of erythema multiforme is multifactorial. 90% of the cases are triggered by a herpes infection, whereas 10% occur secondary to drug intake. The offending drugs include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, and anticonvulsants. The present case series discusses four cases of drug-induced erythema multiforme and their management...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Nguyen Nhat Pham, Thuy Thi Phan Nguyen, Thao Thi Phuong Vu, Hao Trong Nguyen
Autoimmune bullous diseases (AIBDs) following coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccination have been previously documented in medical literature, given the comparable nature of the RNA antigen in these vaccines to that of the cellular nuclear matter. However, pemphigus foliaceus has been reported less frequently than other postimmunization AIBDs worldwide. Two women were admitted to our hospital with skin erosion over their faces, trunks, and extremities after receiving COVID-19 vaccination. Upon examination and consultation with pathologists, the diagnosis of pemphigus foliaceus was confirmed for both patients...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Hannah C Tolson, Mariana McCune, Miranda Yousif, David DiCaudo, Elizabeth Dupuy
Reactive granulomatous dermatitis (RGD) is an umbrella term to describe a reaction pattern characterized by skin-colored to erythematous papules, plaques, and nodules although other morphologies have been described. RGD has rarely been reported in children, and in this report, we present the case of a 3-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who presented with firm, tender nodules, and ulcerated plaques on her extremities. Histopathologic examination showed foci of dense granulomatous inflammatory infiltrates composed of histiocytes, neutrophils, and multinucleate giant cells...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Rand Murshidi, Heba Al-Lala
Ectodermal dysplasias (ED) encompass a collection of conditions wherein the development of two or more structures derived from the ectoderm exhibits abnormal patterns. One example of such a rarity within the spectrum of ectodermal dysplasias is hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, also known as Clouston syndrome. This particular variant is distinguished by a triad of clinical characteristics, which encompass partial-to-complete alopecia, nail dystrophy, and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. It stands as a scarcely encountered autosomal-dominant inherited disorder, resulting from a mutation in the GJB6 gene that encodes the gap junction protein connexin 30...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Mónica Guevara, Michelle Mafla, Camila Miño
Mal de Meleda (MDM) is a rare autosomal palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) skin disorder (estimated incidence of 1 per 100,000 people) commonly associated with consanguinity and early childhood onset. MDM is characterized by bilateral diffusion of PPK plaques with delimited yellowish lesions that transgredien to the dorsum of the hands and feet. Additional features include nail dystrophy, lichenoid lesions, hyperhidrotic maceration, involvement of the knees and elbows, malodor, fungal superinfections, and digital constrictions...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Asmaa Laanaya, Mehdi Ami Ali, Amal Miqdadi, Mostapha Noussair, Mourad Nafaa, Lahcen Belyamani
Nitric acid (NA) is corrosive. On contact with the skin, liquid splashes with nitric acid and may produce severe burns. These burns usually take on a characteristic yellowish hue. We report the case of a 54-year-old man presenting a nitric acid burn with a pathognomonic skin lesion and perfect healing. NA is a chemical that is important in industry, and it is a very strong acid that is used for engraving, metal refining, electroplating, and fertilizer manufacturing. Skin contact with NA leads to severe burns...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Hiroshi Kitagawa, Isao Sugimoto, Toshinori Bito, Keiichi Yamanaka, Hiroto Terashi
A 51-year-old Japanese woman presented with translucent papules on the periorbital area and cheeks that had progressively enlarged over five years. She underwent a skin biopsy and was diagnosed with multiple apocrine hidrocystomas. Her lesions became more pronounced and obscured her vision when her body warmed up, such as during bathing. To alleviate her symptoms, we began treatment by partially resecting the tumors on the lower eyelids. After surgery, her vision was no longer obscured. Approximately 1.5 years later, she underwent ablative 10,600 nm carbon dioxide fractional laser therapy for the mildly enlarged apocrine hidrocystomas on her lower eyelids and cheeks...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Yuehua He, Huiling Zhu, Hang Ji, Weining Huang, Zhongrong Liu
Chondrocutaneous branchial remnants (CCBRs) are rare congenital heterotopic tissue formations originating from the first or second embryonic branchial arches. Clinically, CCBRs are characterized predominantly by unilateral and solitary cartilaginous nodules found on the lower neck region. Herein, we present a case of CCBRs in a 9-year-old male patient who presented with horn-shaped projecting masses on either side of the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. The pathological report following surgical resection revealed that the lesion was located in the dermis and consisted primarily of hyaline cartilage tissue enclosed by a fibrous capsule, with few local vascular proliferations...
2023: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
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