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JAMA Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31509185/explainable-artificial-intelligence-for-safe-intraoperative-decision-support
#1
Lauren Gordon, Teodor Grantcharov, Frank Rudzicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31509173/vein-first-ligation-procedure-for-lung-cancer-surgery
#2
Masahiro Yanagiya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31509169/association-between-liver-transplant-wait-list-mortality-and-frailty-based-on-body-mass-index
#3
Christine E Haugen, Mara McAdams-DeMarco, Elizabeth C Verna, Robert Rahimi, Matthew R Kappus, Michael A Dunn, Michael L Volk, Ahmet Gurakar, Andres Duarte-Rojo, Daniel R Ganger, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Daniela Ladner, Jacqueline Garonzik-Wang, Dorry L Segev, Jennifer C Lai
Importance: Among liver transplant candidates, obesity and frailty are associated with increased risk of death while they are on the wait-list. However, use of body mass index (BMI) may not detect candidates at a higher risk of death owing to the fact that ascites and muscle wasting are seen across transplant candidates of all BMI measurements. Objective: To evaluate whether the association between wait-list mortality and frailty varied by BMI of liver transplant candidates...
September 11, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31509168/association-of-sex-with-perceived-career-barriers-among-surgeons
#4
Nicole K Zern, Sherene Shalhub, Douglas E Wood, Kristine E Calhoun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31509166/vein-first-ligation-procedure-for-lung-cancer-surgery
#5
Han-Yu Deng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31509165/vein-first-ligation-procedure-for-lung-cancer-surgery
#6
Shiyou Wei, Lunxu Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483460/patient-characteristics-and-adenoma-detection-rates-reply
#7
Shashank Sarvepalli, Maged K Rizk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483459/patient-characteristics-and-adenoma-detection-rates
#8
Richard L Kravitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483458/carotid-endarterectomy-and-carotid-artery-stenting-for-patients-with-crescendo-transient-ischemic-attacks-a-systematic-review
#9
Arash Fereydooni, Jolanta Gorecka, Jianbiao Xu, Joseph Schindler, Alan Dardik
Importance: Thromboembolic stroke attributable to an ipsilateral carotid artery plaque is a leading cause of disability in the United States and a major source of morbidity. Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of carotid endarterectomy and carotid stenting at minimizing stroke risk in patients with minor stroke and transient ischemic attack. However, there is no consensus on guidelines for medical management and the timing of revascularization in patients with multiple recurrent episodes of transient ischemic attack over hours or days, an acute neurological event known as crescendo transient ischemic attack...
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483457/population-level-symptom-assessment-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-adenocarcinoma
#10
Stephanie Tung, Laura E Davis, Julie Hallet, Michail N Mavros, Alyson L Mahar, Lev D Bubis, Ahmed Hammad, Haoyu Zhao, Craig C Earle, Lisa Barbera, Natalie G Coburn, Mina Siqqidui, Qing Li, Maryam Elmi, Elizabeth Shin, Eugene Hsieh, Nik Goyert
Importance: Postoperative morbidity associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) remains as high as 70%. However, to our knowledge, few studies have examined quality of life in this patient population. Objective: To identify symptom burden and trajectories and factors associated with high symptom burden following PD for PA. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study of patients undergoing PD for PA diagnosed between 2009 and 2015 linked population-level administrative health care data to routinely prospectively collected Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) scores from 2009 to 2015, with a data analysis undertaken in 2018...
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483455/pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-espac%C3%A2-or-it-s-back
#11
Maxwell Trudeau, Charles M Vollmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483454/adopting-the-stitch-trial-crossing-the-chasm-from-publication-to-practice
#12
Christopher Yheulon, S Scott Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483453/patient-characteristics-and-adenoma-detection-rates
#13
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483452/eliminating-unnecessary-opioid-exposure-after-common-children-s-surgeries
#14
Calista M Harbaugh, Gracia Vargas, Courtney Shepard Streur, G Ying Li, Aaron L Thatcher, Jennifer F Waljee, Samir K Gadepalli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483448/patterns-of-recurrence-after-resection-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-espac-4-randomized-adjuvant-chemotherapy-trial
#15
Robert P Jones, Eftychia-Eirini Psarelli, Richard Jackson, Paula Ghaneh, Christopher M Halloran, Daniel H Palmer, Fiona Campbell, Juan W Valle, Olusola Faluyi, Derek A O'Reilly, David Cunningham, Jonathan Wadsley, Suzanne Darby, Tim Meyer, Roopinder Gillmore, Alan Anthoney, Pehr Lind, Bengt Glimelius, Stephen Falk, Jakob R Izbicki, Gary William Middleton, Sebastian Cummins, Paul J Ross, Harpreet Wasan, Alec McDonald, Tom Crosby, Yuk Ting, Kinnari Patel, David Sherriff, Rubin Soomal, David Borg, Sharmila Sothi, Pascal Hammel, Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle, Christine Tjaden, Oliver Strobel, Thilo Hackert, Markus W Büchler, John P Neoptolemos
Importance: The patterns of disease recurrence after resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma with adjuvant chemotherapy remain unclear. Objective: To define patterns of recurrence after adjuvant chemotherapy and the association with survival. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospectively collected data from the phase 3 European Study Group for Pancreatic Cancer 4 adjuvant clinical trial, an international multicenter study. The study included 730 patients who had resection and adjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer...
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31483447/patient-characteristics-and-adenoma-detection-rates
#16
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31461141/breast-cancer-recurrence-in-the-nipple-areola-complex-after-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-with-immediate-breast-reconstruction-for-invasive-breast-cancer
#17
Zhen-Yu Wu, Hee-Jeong Kim, Jong-Won Lee, Il-Yong Chung, Ji-Sun Kim, Sae-Byul Lee, Byung-Ho Son, Jin-Sup Eom, Sung-Bae Kim, Gyung-Yub Gong, Hak-Hee Kim, Sei-Hyun Ahn, BeomSeok Ko
Importance: The main concern associated with nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) is the risk of local breast cancer recurrence at the retained nipple-areola complex (NAC) consequent to occult nipple involvement. Long-term follow-up data regarding the oncologic safety of modern therapeutic NSM in terms of cancer recurrence at the NAC and survival are limited. Objective: To assess the incidence, risk factors, treatment, and long-term outcomes associated with cancer recurrence at the NAC in a large series of patients with invasive breast cancer who underwent NSM and immediate breast reconstruction...
August 28, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31461140/career-goals-salary-expectations-and-salary-negotiation-among-male-and-female-general-surgery-residents
#18
Kelsey Gray, Angela Neville, Amy H Kaji, Mary Wolfe, Kristine Calhoun, Farin Amersi, Timothy Donahue, Tracy Arnell, Benjamin Jarman, Kenji Inaba, Marc Melcher, Jon B Morris, Brian Smith, Mark Reeves, Jeffrey Gauvin, Edgardo S Salcedo, Richard Sidwell, Kenric Murayama, Richard Damewood, V Prasad Poola, Daniel Dent, Christian de Virgilio
Importance: In general surgery, women earn less money and hold fewer leadership positions compared with their male counterparts. Objective: To assess whether differences exist between the perspectives of male and female general surgery residents on future career goals, salary expectations, and salary negotiation that may contribute to disparity later in their careers. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was based on an anonymous and voluntary survey sent to 19 US general surgery programs...
August 28, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31461139/what-surgeons-need-to-know-about-the-bouffant-scandal
#19
Clayton C Petro, Michael J Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31461138/effect-of-low-dose-supplementation-of-arginine-vasopressin-on-need-for-blood-product-transfusions-in-patients-with-trauma-and-hemorrhagic-shock-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Carrie A Sims, Daniel Holena, Patrick Kim, Jose Pascual, Brian Smith, Neils Martin, Mark Seamon, Adam Shiroff, Shariq Raza, Lewis Kaplan, Elena Grill, Nicole Zimmerman, Christopher Mason, Benjamin Abella, Patrick Reilly
Importance: Current therapies for traumatic blood loss focus on hemorrhage control and blood volume replacement. Severe hemorrhagic shock, however, is associated with a state of arginine vasopressin (AVP) deficiency, and supplementation of this hormone may decrease the need for blood products in resuscitation. Objective: To determine whether low-dose supplementation of AVP in patients with trauma (hereinafter referred to as trauma patients) and with hemorrhagic shock decreases their need for transfused blood products during resuscitation...
August 28, 2019: JAMA Surgery
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