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JAMA Surgery

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31090893/fracture-risk-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-vs-adjustable-gastric-banding-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#1
Elaine W Yu, Seoyoung C Kim, Daniel J Sturgeon, Katherine G Lindeman, Joel S Weissman
Importance: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with significant bone loss and may increase fracture risk, whereas substantial bone loss and increased fracture risk have not been reported after adjustable gastric banding (AGB). Previous studies have had little representation of patients aged 65 years or older, and it is currently unknown how age modifies fracture risk. Objective: To compare fracture risk after RYGB and AGB procedures in a large, nationally representative cohort enriched for older adults...
May 15, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31090889/transition-planning-for-the-senior-surgeon-guidance-and-recommendations-from-the-society-of-surgical-chairs
#2
Todd K Rosengart, Gerard Doherty, Robert Higgins, Melina R Kibbe, Anne C Mosenthal
Importance: Aging is well documented to be associated with declines in cognitive function and psychomotor performance, but only limited guidance is currently available from medical professional societies or regulatory agencies on how to translate these observations into the appropriate monitoring of physician performance. Observations: The Society of Surgical Chairs conducted a panel discussion at its 2017 annual meeting and a subsequent survey of its membership in 2018 to develop recommendations for the transitioning of the senior surgeon...
May 15, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31090887/questioning-the-higher-abscess-rate-and-overall-cost-of-care-associated-with-nonoperative-management-of-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis-reply
#3
Lindsay A Sceats, Cindy Kin, Kristan L Staudenmayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31090883/questioning-the-higher-abscess-rate-and-overall-cost-of-care-associated-with-nonoperative-management-of-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis
#4
Paulina Salminen, Juha Grönroos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31090879/planning-for-retiring-from-operating-will-you-still-need-me-will-you-still-feed-me-when-i-m-sixty-four
#5
Julie Ann Freischlag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31090877/understanding-the-long-term-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-from-weight-loss-to-bone-health
#6
Margaret E Smith, Amir A Ghaferi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066900/error-in-figure
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066898/review-of-the-east-practice-management-guideline-evaluation-and-management-of-traumatic-diaphragmatic-injuries
#8
Jose J Diaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066891/when-i-m-64-slices-prognostication-in-geriatric-trauma
#9
Areti Tillou, Jonathan R Hiatt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066889/association-between-use-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-and-postoperative-complications-in-colorectal-surgery-the-postoperative-outcomes-within-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-power-study
#10
Javier Ripollés-Melchor, José M Ramírez-Rodríguez, Rubén Casans-Francés, César Aldecoa, Ane Abad-Motos, Margarita Logroño-Egea, José Antonio García-Erce, Ángels Camps-Cervantes, Carlos Ferrando-Ortolá, Alejandro Suarez de la Rica, Ana Cuellar-Martínez, Sandra Marmaña-Mezquita, Alfredo Abad-Gurumeta, José M Calvo-Vecino
Importance: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) care has been reported to be associated with improvements in outcomes after colorectal surgery compared with traditional care. Objective: To determine the association between ERAS protocols and outcomes in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Postoperative Outcomes Within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol (POWER) Study is a multicenter, prospective cohort study of 2084 consecutive adults scheduled for elective colorectal surgery who received or did not receive care in a self-declared ERAS center...
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066880/association-of-brain-atrophy-and-masseter-sarcopenia-with-1-year-mortality-in-older-trauma-patients
#11
Christopher Tanabe, May J Reed, Tam N Pham, Kevin Penn, Itay Bentov, Stephen J Kaplan
Importance: Older adults are disproportionately affected by trauma and accounted for 47% of trauma fatalities in 2016. In many populations and disease processes, described risk factors for poor clinical outcomes include sarcopenia and brain atrophy, but these remain to be fully characterized in older trauma patients. Sarcopenia and brain atrophy may be opportunistically evaluated via head computed tomography, which is often performed during the initial trauma evaluation. Objective: To investigate the association of masseter sarcopenia and brain atrophy with 1-year mortality among trauma patients older than 65 years by using opportunistic computed tomography imaging...
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066879/association-of-statewide-implementation-of-the-prehospital-traumatic-brain-injury-treatment-guidelines-with-patient-survival-following-traumatic-brain-injury-the-excellence-in-prehospital-injury-care-epic-study
#12
Daniel W Spaite, Bentley J Bobrow, Samuel M Keim, Bruce Barnhart, Vatsal Chikani, Joshua B Gaither, Duane Sherrill, Kurt R Denninghoff, Terry Mullins, P David Adelson, Amber D Rice, Chad Viscusi, Chengcheng Hu
Importance: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a massive public health problem. While evidence-based guidelines directing the prehospital treatment of TBI have been promulgated, to our knowledge, no studies have assessed their association with survival. Objective: To evaluate the association of implementing the nationally vetted, evidence-based, prehospital treatment guidelines with outcomes in moderate, severe, and critical TBI. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care (EPIC) Study included more than 130 emergency medical services systems/agencies throughout Arizona...
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066878/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-knowing-not-guessing
#13
Olle Ljungqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31066875/age-associated-risk-of-90-day-postoperative-mortality-after-cytoreductive-surgery-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#14
Alexander Melamed, Alexandra S Bercow, Katherine Bunnell, J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Jason D Wright, Laurel W Rice, Marcela G Del Carmen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31054243/the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-cardiac-surgery-revolution
#15
Olle Ljungqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31054241/guidelines-for-perioperative-care-in-cardiac-surgery-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-society-recommendations
#16
Daniel T Engelman, Walid Ben Ali, Judson B Williams, Louis P Perrault, V Seenu Reddy, Rakesh C Arora, Eric E Roselli, Ali Khoynezhad, Marc Gerdisch, Jerrold H Levy, Kevin Lobdell, Nick Fletcher, Matthias Kirsch, Gregg Nelson, Richard M Engelman, Alexander J Gregory, Edward M Boyle
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) evidence-based protocols for perioperative care can lead to improvements in clinical outcomes and cost savings. This article aims to present consensus recommendations for the optimal perioperative management of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A review of meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials, large nonrandomized studies, and reviews was conducted for each protocol element. The quality of the evidence was graded and used to form consensus recommendations for each topic...
May 4, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31042287/surname-update-in-byline-and-author-contributions
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31042283/effect-of-vein-first-vs-artery-first-surgical-technique-on-circulating-tumor-cells-and-survival-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-randomized-clinical-trial-and-registry-based-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#18
Shiyou Wei, Chenglin Guo, Jintao He, Qunyou Tan, Jiandong Mei, Zhenyu Yang, Chengwu Liu, Qiang Pu, Lin Ma, Yong Yuan, Feng Lin, Yunke Zhu, Hu Liao, Wenping Wang, Zheng Liu, Qiang Li, Bin Jiang, Chuan Li, Liang Xia, Kejia Zhao, Fanyi Gan, Jiahan Cheng, Zhu Wu, Yun Wang, Yidan Lin, Yingli Kou, Guowei Che, Longqi Chen, Jing Li, Lunxu Liu
Importance: It is important to develop a surgical technique to reduce dissemination of tumor cells into the blood during surgery. Objective: To compare the outcomes of different sequences of vessel ligation during surgery on the dissemination of tumor cells and survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, randomized clinical trial was conducted from December 2016 to March 2018 with patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received thoracoscopic lobectomy in West China Hospital, Daping Hospital, and Sichuan Cancer Hospital...
May 1, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31042279/complicated-and-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis-are-different-diseases-do-not-compare-apples-with-oranges
#19
Paulina Salminen, Juha Grönroos, Tero Rautio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2019: JAMA Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31042278/diagnostic-modalities-for-acute-compartment-syndrome-of-the-extremities-a-systematic-review
#20
Sharri J Mortensen, Molly M Vora, Amin Mohamadi, Casey L Wright, Philip Hanna, Aron Lechtig, Jonathan Egan, Patrick M Williamson, John J Wixted, Seward B Rutkove, Ara Nazarian
Importance: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) can cause catastrophic tissue damage leading to permanent muscle and nerve loss. Acute compartment syndrome is a clinical diagnosis, with intracompartmental pressure (ICP) used in equivocal cases. There are no reliable diagnostic methods. The clinical evaluation is impossible to standardize, and the threshold for ICP has been known to be unreliable; thus, guidelines for diagnosis can result in overtreatment or delayed diagnosis. Objective: To present and review the advantages and disadvantages of each diagnostic modality and identify gaps that need to be addressed in the future and to review the most used and appropriate animal and human ACS models...
May 1, 2019: JAMA Surgery
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