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JAMA Psychiatry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865282/association-of-cohort-and-individual-substance-use-with-risk-of-transitioning-to-drug-use-drug-use-disorder-and-remission-from-disorder-findings-from-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#1
Louisa Degenhardt, Chrianna Bharat, Meyer D Glantz, Nancy A Sampson, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura H Andrade, Brendan Bunting, Alfredo Cia, Giovanni de Girolamo, Peter De Jonge, Koen Demyttenaere, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Meredith G Harris, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Aimee Nasser Karam, Elie G Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Victor Lasebikan, Sing Lee, Daphna Levinson, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate Scott, Dan J Stein, Hisateru Tachimori, Nathan Tintle, Yolanda Torres, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Limited empirical research has examined the extent to which cohort-level prevalence of substance use is associated with the onset of drug use and transitioning into greater involvement with drug use. Objective: To use cross-national data to examine time-space variation in cohort-level drug use to assess its associations with onset and transitions across stages of drug use, abuse, dependence, and remission. Design, Setting, and Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys carried out cross-sectional general population surveys in 25 countries using a consistent research protocol and assessment instrument...
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865251/toward-an-improved-understanding-of-anhedonia
#2
Randy P Auerbach, David Pagliaccio, Diego A Pizzagalli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865249/prediction-models-for-suicide-attempts-and-deaths-a-systematic-review-and-simulation
#3
Bradley E Belsher, Derek J Smolenski, Larry D Pruitt, Nigel E Bush, Erin H Beech, Don E Workman, Rebecca L Morgan, Daniel P Evatt, Jennifer Tucker, Nancy A Skopp
Importance: Suicide prediction models have the potential to improve the identification of patients at heightened suicide risk by using predictive algorithms on large-scale data sources. Suicide prediction models are being developed for use across enterprise-level health care systems including the US Department of Defense, US Department of Veterans Affairs, and Kaiser Permanente. Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of suicide prediction models in predicting suicide and suicide attempts and to simulate the effects of implementing suicide prediction models using population-level estimates of suicide rates...
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865243/emergency-department-management-of-deliberate-self-harm-a-national-survey
#4
Jeffrey A Bridge, Mark Olfson, Jeffrey M Caterino, Sara Wiesel Cullen, Amaya Diana, Martin Frankel, Steven C Marcus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865236/association-of-brain-functions-in-children-with-anhedonia-mapped-onto-brain-imaging-measures
#5
Narun Pornpattananangkul, Ellen Leibenluft, Daniel S Pine, Argyris Stringaris
Importance: Anhedonia can present in children and predict detrimental clinical outcomes. Objective: To map anhedonia in children onto changes in intrinsic large-scale connectivity and task-evoked activation and to probe the specificity of these changes in anhedonia against other clinical phenotypes (low mood, anxiety, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). Design, Setting, and Participants: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were from the first annual release of the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development study, collected between September 2016 and September 2017 and analyzed between April and September 2018...
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865235/error-in-discussion-section
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865234/why-less-is-always-more-in-the-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorders
#7
David J Nutt, Antoni Gual, Peter Anderson, Jürgen Rehm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865232/evaluation-of-drinking-risk-levels-as-outcomes-in-alcohol-pharmacotherapy-trials-a-secondary-analysis-of-3-randomized-clinical-trials
#8
Daniel E Falk, Stephanie S O'Malley, Katie Witkiewitz, Raymond F Anton, Raye Z Litten, Megan Slater, Henry R Kranzler, Karl F Mann, Deborah S Hasin, Bankole Johnson, Didier Meulien, Megan Ryan, Joanne Fertig
Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration recognizes total abstinence and no heavy drinking days as outcomes for pivotal pharmacotherapy trials for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Many patients have difficulty achieving these outcomes, which can discourage seeking treatment and has slowed the development of medications that affect alcohol use. Objective: To compare 2 drinking-reduction outcomes with total abstinence and no heavy drinking outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were obtained from 3 multisite, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials of medications for treating alcohol dependence (naltrexone, varenicline, and topiramate) in adults with DSM-IV-categorized alcohol dependence...
March 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840048/long-term-risk-of-neuropsychiatric-disease-after-exposure-to-infection-in-utero
#9
Benjamin J S Al-Haddad, Bo Jacobsson, Shilpi Chabra, Dominika Modzelewska, Erin M Olson, Raphael Bernier, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Henrik Hagberg, Svante Östling, Lakshmi Rajagopal, Kristina M Adams Waldorf, Verena Sengpiel
Importance: The developmental origins of mental illness are incompletely understood. Although the development of autism and schizophrenia are linked to infections during fetal life, it is unknown whether more common psychiatric conditions such as depression might begin in utero. Objective: To estimate the risk of psychopathologic conditions imparted from fetal exposure to any maternal infection while hospitalized during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 1 791 520 Swedish children born between January 1, 1973, and December 31, 2014, were observed for up to 41 years using linked population-based registries...
March 6, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840042/monoamine-oxidase-b-total-distribution-volume-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-major-depressive-disorder-an-11c-sl25-1188-positron-emission-tomography-study
#10
Sho Moriguchi, Alan A Wilson, Laura Miler, Pablo M Rusjan, Neil Vasdev, Stephen J Kish, Grazyna Rajkowska, Junming Wang, Michael Bagby, Romina Mizrahi, Ben Varughese, Sylvain Houle, Jeffrey H Meyer
Importance: Monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) is an important, high-density enzyme in the brain that generates oxidative stress by hydrogen peroxide production, alters mitochondrial function, and metabolizes nonserotonergic monoamines. Recent advances in positron emission tomography radioligand development for MAO-B in humans enable highly quantitative measurement of MAO-B distribution volume (MAO-B VT), an index of MAO-B density. To date, this is the first investigation of MAO-B in the brain of major depressive disorder that evaluates regions beyond the raphe and amygdala...
March 6, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840041/autism-risk-and-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#11
George M Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840040/effectiveness-of-training-therapists-to-deliver-an-individualized-mental-health-intervention-for-children-with-asd-in-publicly-funded-mental-health-services-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Scott Roesch, Colby Chlebowski, Mary Baker-Ericzen, William Ganger
Importance: Publicly funded mental health services play an important role in addressing co-occurring mental health problems in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, therapists report lacking training to effectively serve this complex population. Objective: To test the effectiveness of training community therapists in An Individualized Mental Health Intervention for ASD (AIM HI) on challenging behaviors across 18 months among children with ASD and identify moderators and mediators of any intervention effects...
March 6, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840039/autism-risk-and-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-reply
#13
Magdalena Janecka, Sven Sandin, Abraham Reichenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840037/association-of-early-life-stress-with-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Bart N Ford, Robert H Yolken, Robin L Aupperle, T Kent Teague, Michael R Irwin, Martin P Paulus, Jonathan Savitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810728/big-data-from-health-records-in-mental-health-care-hardly-clairvoyant-but-already-useful
#15
Gregory E Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810723/association-of-delirium-response-and-safety-of-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-and-prevention-of-delirium-a-network-meta-analysis
#16
Yi-Cheng Wu, Ping-Tao Tseng, Yu-Kang Tu, Chung-Yao Hsu, Chih-Sung Liang, Ta-Chuan Yeh, Tien-Yu Chen, Che-Sheng Chu, Yutaka J Matsuoka, Brendon Stubbs, Andre F Carvalho, Saho Wada, Pao-Yen Lin, Yen-Wen Chen, Kuan-Pin Su
Importance: Although several pharmacological interventions for delirium have been investigated, their overall benefit and safety remain unclear. Objective: To evaluate evidence regarding pharmacological interventions for delirium treatment and prevention. Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Central, Web of Science, ClinicalKey, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to May 17, 2018. Study Selection: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) examining pharmacological interventions for delirium treatment and prevention...
February 27, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810722/association-of-maternal-prenatal-vitamin-use-with-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-recurrence-in-young-siblings
#17
Rebecca J Schmidt, Ana-Maria Iosif, Elizabeth Guerrero Angel, Sally Ozonoff
Importance: Maternal use of folic acid supplements has been inconsistently associated with reduced risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the child. No study to date has examined this association in the context of ASD recurrence in high-risk families. Objective: To examine the association between maternal prenatal vitamin use and ASD recurrence risk in younger siblings of children with ASD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study analyzed data from a sample of children (n = 332) and their mothers (n = 305) enrolled in the MARBLES (Markers of Autism Risk in Babies: Learning Early Signs) study...
February 27, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810720/the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-small-effects-the-new-normal-in-academic-psychiatry
#18
Martin P Paulus, Wesley K Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810718/omission-of-additional-contributions
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810716/pharmacologic-intervention-for-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-delirium-looking-beneath-the-modeling
#20
Dan G Blazer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
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