journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34319373/insights-on-neural-response-to-racist-threats
#1
Robert O Motley, Cynthia Rogers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34319369/association-of-racial-discrimination-with-neural-response-to-threat-in-black-women-in-the-us-exposed-to-trauma
#2
Negar Fani, Sierra E Carter, Nathaniel G Harnett, Kerry J Ressler, Bekh Bradley
Importance: Racial discrimination has a clear impact on health-related outcomes, but little is known about how discriminatory experiences are associated with neural response patterns to emotionally salient cues, which likely mediates these outcomes. Objective: To examine associations of discriminatory experiences with brainwide response to threat-relevant cues in trauma-exposed US Black women as they engage in an attentionally demanding task. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1, 2014, to July 1, 2019, among 55 trauma-exposed US Black women to examine associations of racial discrimination experiences with patterns of neural response and behavior to trauma-relevant images in an affective attentional control task...
July 28, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34319368/intergenerational-effects-of-racism-can-psychiatry-and-psychology-make-a-difference-for-future-generations
#3
Claudia Lugo-Candelas, Lillian Polanco-Roman, Cristiane S Duarte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34319366/race-and-ethnicity-of-editorial-board-members-and-editors-as-an-indicator-of-structural-racism-in-psychiatry-and-neuroscience-journals
#4
Ruth S Shim, Laura M Tully, Grace Yu, E Cristina Monterozza, Mary Blendermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34319365/association-between-mood-disorders-and-risk-of-covid-19-infection-hospitalization-and-death-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Felicia Ceban, Danica Nogo, Isidro P Carvalho, Yena Lee, Flora Nasri, Jiaqi Xiong, Leanna M W Lui, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Hartej Gill, Rene N Liu, Prianca Joseph, Kayla M Teopiz, Bing Cao, Rodrigo B Mansur, Kangguang Lin, Joshua D Rosenblat, Roger C Ho, Roger S McIntyre
Importance: Preexisting noncommunicable diseases (eg, diabetes) increase the risk of COVID-19 infection, hospitalization, and death. Mood disorders are associated with impaired immune function and social determinants that increase the risk of COVID-19. Determining whether preexisting mood disorders represent a risk of COVID-19 would inform public health priorities. Objective: To assess whether preexisting mood disorders are associated with a higher risk of COVID-19 susceptibility, hospitalization, severe complications, and death...
July 28, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34319349/reinforcement-learning-disruptions-in-individuals-with-depression-and-sensitivity-to-symptom-change-following-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#6
Vanessa M Brown, Lusha Zhu, Alec Solway, John M Wang, Katherine L McCurry, Brooks King-Casas, Pearl H Chiu
Importance: Major depressive disorder is prevalent and impairing. Parsing neurocomputational substrates of reinforcement learning in individuals with depression may facilitate a mechanistic understanding of the disorder and suggest new cognitive therapeutic targets. Objective: To determine associations among computational model-derived reinforcement learning parameters, depression symptoms, and symptom changes after treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this mixed cross-sectional-cohort study, individuals performed reward and loss variants of a probabilistic learning task during functional magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and follow-up...
July 28, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34313711/association-between-mental-health-disorders-and-mortality-among-patients-with-covid-19-in-7-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Guillaume Fond, Katlyn Nemani, Damien Etchecopar-Etchart, Anderson Loundou, Donald C Goff, Seung Won Lee, Christophe Lancon, Pascal Auquier, Karine Baumstarck, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Dong Keon Yon, Laurent Boyer
Importance: Heterogeneous evidence exists for the association between COVID-19 and the clinical outcomes of patients with mental health disorders. It remains unknown whether patients with COVID-19 and mental health disorders are at increased risk of mortality and should thus be targeted as a high-risk population for severe forms of COVID-19. Objective: To determine whether patients with mental health disorders were at increased risk of COVID-19 mortality compared with patients without mental health disorders...
July 27, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34287639/addressing-structural-racism-and-inequities-in-depression-care
#8
Nathalie Moise, Sidney Hankerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34287638/changes-in-attributable-fractions-and-causal-inference-for-schizophrenia-and-other-psychiatric-outcomes
#9
Tyler J VanderWeele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34287622/evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-vs-mindfulness-meditation-in-brain-changes-during-reappraisal-and-acceptance-among-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Philippe R Goldin, Matthew Thurston, Santiago Allende, Craig Moodie, Matthew L Dixon, Richard G Heimberg, James J Gross
Importance: Cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) are thought to help patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) via distinct emotion-regulation mechanisms. However, no study has compared the effects of CBGT and MBSR on brain and negative emotion indicators of cognitive reappraisal and acceptance in patients with SAD. Objective: To investigate the effects of CBGT and MBSR on reappraisal and acceptance in patients with SAD and to test whether treatment-associated brain changes are associated with social anxiety symptoms 1 year posttreatment...
July 21, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34287621/development-over-time-of-the-population-attributable-risk-fraction-for-cannabis-use-disorder-in-schizophrenia-in-denmark
#11
Carsten Hjorthøj, Christine Merrild Posselt, Merete Nordentoft
Importance: Cannabis use and potency of cannabis have increased during the past 2 decades. If the association between cannabis use and schizophrenia is causal, this should be reflected in an increase in the proportion of cases of schizophrenia being attributable to cannabis, the population-attributable risk fraction (PARF). Objective: To determine whether the PARF for cannabis use disorder in schizophrenia has increased over time. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based historical prospective cohort study included all people in Denmark born before December 31, 2000, who were alive and 16 years or older at some point from January 1, 1972, to December 31, 2016...
July 21, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34287614/suicide-attempts-of-muslims-compared-with-other-religious-groups-in-the-us
#12
Rania Awaad, Osama El-Gabalawy, Ebony Jackson-Shaheed, Belal Zia, Hooman Keshavarzi, Dalia Mogahed, Hamada Altalib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34259822/association-of-toxoplasma-gondii-seropositivity-with-cognitive-function-in-healthy-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Lies de Haan, Arjen L Sutterland, Jasper V Schotborgh, Frederike Schirmbeck, Lieuwe de Haan
Importance: The parasite Toxoplasma gondii has been associated with behavioral alterations and psychiatric disorders. Studies investigating neurocognition in people with T gondii infection have reported varying results. To systematically analyze these findings, a meta-analysis evaluating cognitive function in healthy people with and without T gondii seropositivity is needed. Objective: To assess whether and to what extent T gondii seropositivity is associated with cognitive function in otherwise healthy people...
July 14, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34259821/probability-of-transition-to-psychosis-in-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-an-updated-meta-analysis
#14
Gonzalo Salazar de Pablo, Joaquim Radua, Joana Pereira, Ilaria Bonoldi, Vincenzo Arienti, Filippo Besana, Livia Soardo, Anna Cabras, Lydia Fortea, Ana Catalan, Julio Vaquerizo-Serrano, Francesco Coronelli, Simi Kaur, Josette Da Silva, Jae Il Shin, Marco Solmi, Natascia Brondino, Pierluigi Politi, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Importance: Estimating the current likelihood of transitioning from a clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR-P) to psychosis holds paramount importance for preventive care and applied research. Objective: To quantitatively examine the consistency and magnitude of transition risk to psychosis in individuals at CHR-P. Data Sources: PubMed and Web of Science databases until November 1, 2020. Manual search of references from previous articles. Study Selection: Longitudinal studies reporting transition risks in individuals at CHR-P...
July 14, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34259808/beyond-voluntariness-ethics-and-incentives-for-contraception
#15
Anne Drapkin Lyerly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34259798/efficacy-and-cost-benefit-of-onsite-contraceptive-services-with-and-without-incentives-among-women-with-opioid-use-disorder-at-high-risk-for-unintended-pregnancy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Sarah H Heil, Heidi S Melbostad, Alexis K Matusiewicz, Catalina N Rey, Gary J Badger, Donald S Shepard, Stacey C Sigmon, Lauren K MacAfee, Stephen T Higgins
Importance: Rates of in utero opioid exposure continue to increase in the US. Nearly all of these pregnancies are unintended but there has been little intervention research addressing this growing and costly public health problem. Objective: To test the efficacy and cost-benefit of onsite contraceptive services with and without incentives to increase prescription contraceptive use among women with opioid use disorder (OUD) at high risk for unintended pregnancy compared with usual care...
July 14, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34232251/association-of-emotion-regulation-trajectories-in-childhood-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-atypical-anorexia-nervosa-in-early-adolescence
#17
Mariella Henderson, Helen Bould, Eirini Flouri, Amy Harrison, Gemma Lewis, Glyn Lewis, Ramya Srinivasan, Jean Stafford, Naomi Warne, Francesca Solmi
Importance: People with anorexia nervosa often experience difficulties regulating their emotions. There is no longitudinal evidence as to whether these differences are already present in childhood or when they begin to emerge. Objective: To investigate the association between emotion regulation trajectories from 3 to 7 years of age and symptoms of anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa in adolescence. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included all children with complete exposure data in the Millennium Cohort Study, a UK general population birth cohort...
July 7, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34190970/charting-new-phenomenological-paths-for-empirical-research-on-delusions-embracing-complexity-finding-meaning
#18
Rosa Ritunnano, Matthew Broome, Giovanni Stanghellini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34190969/error-in-abstract
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34190963/association-of-brain-reward-response-with-body-mass-index-and-ventral-striatal-hypothalamic-circuitry-among-young-women-with-eating-disorders
#20
Guido K W Frank, Megan E Shott, Joel Stoddard, Skylar Swindle, Tamara L Pryor
Importance: Eating disorders are severe psychiatric disorders; however, disease models that cross subtypes and integrate behavior and neurobiologic factors are lacking. Objective: To assess brain response during unexpected receipt or omission of a salient sweet stimulus across a large sample of individuals with eating disorders and healthy controls and test for evidence of whether this brain response is associated with the ventral striatal-hypothalamic circuitry, which has been associated with food intake control, and whether salient stimulus response and eating disorder related behaviors are associated...
June 30, 2021: JAMA Psychiatry
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