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JAMA Pediatrics

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081878/machine-learning-at-the-clinical-bedside-the-ghost-in-the-machine
#1
Joseph J Zorc, James M Chamberlain, Lalit Bajaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081874/error-in-text
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081864/assessment-of-validity-and-reliability-of-the-1-minute-sit-to-stand-test-to-measure-the-heart-rate-response-to-exercise-in-healthy-children
#3
Gregory Reychler, Nicolas Audag, Natalia Morales Mestre, Gilles Caty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081863/patterns-of-texting-and-driving-in-a-us-national-survey-of-millennial-parents-vs-older-parents
#4
Jennifer Gliklich, Rie Maurer, Regan W Bergmark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081861/association-of-increased-safe-household-firearm-storage-with-firearm-suicide-and-unintentional-death-among-us-youths
#5
Michael C Monuteaux, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
Importance: Firearm injury is the second leading cause of death in the United States for children and young adults. The risk of unintentional and self-inflicted firearm injury is lower when all household firearms are stored locked. Objective: To estimate the reduction in youth firearm suicide and unintentional firearm mortality that would result if more adults in households with youth stored household guns locked. Design, Setting, and Participants: A modeling study using Monte Carlo simulation of youth firearm suicide and unintentional firearm mortality in 2015...
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081859/treachery-on-the-rocks-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-reply
#6
Fernando M de Benedictis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081857/association-of-early-life-exposure-to-income-inequality-with-bullying-in-adolescence-in-40-countries
#7
Frank J Elgar, Genevieve Gariepy, Melanie Dirks, Sophie D Walsh, Michal Molcho, Alina Cosma, Marta Malinowska-Cieslik, Peter D Donnelly, Wendy Craig
Importance: While the association between income inequality and interpersonal violence has been attributed to the psychosocial effects of inequality (eg, increased class anxiety, reduced social capital), longitudinal evidence for this pathway is limited by a reliance on small ecological studies and cross-sectional data. The developmental consequences of early-life inequality for subsequent involvement in violence have not been investigated. Objective: To examine the association between income inequality during infancy and early childhood and adolescents' involvement in bullying others, experiences of being bullied, or both...
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081856/comparison-of-machine-learning-optimal-classification-trees-with-the-pediatric-emergency-care-applied-research-network-head-trauma-decision-rules
#8
Dimitris Bertsimas, Jack Dunn, Dale W Steele, Thomas A Trikalinos, Yuchen Wang
Importance: Computed tomographic (CT) scanning is the standard for the rapid diagnosis of intracranial injury, but it is costly and exposes patients to ionizing radiation. The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) rules for identifying children with minor head trauma who are at very low risk of clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) are widely used to triage CT imaging. Objective: To examine whether optimal classification trees (OCTs), which are novel machine-learning classifiers, improve on PECARN rules' predictive accuracy...
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081855/treachery-on-the-rocks-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#9
Martí Pons-Odena, Alberto Medina, Vicent Modesto-Alapont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058999/tobacco-harm-reduction-for-women-who-cannot-stop-smoking-during-pregnancy-a-viable-option
#10
Ratika Kumar, Gillian Sandra Gould
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058952/maternal-exposure-to-air-pollution-during-pregnancy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-offspring
#11
Abin Chandrakumar, Geert Willem 't Jong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058949/electronic-cigarette-use-in-us-households-with-children-the-new-secondhand-smoke
#12
Jenny L Carwile, Abby F Fleisch, Kirsten Young, Katherine A Ahrens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058925/typo-in-results-section
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058920/maternal-exposure-to-air-pollution-during-pregnancy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-offspring-reply
#14
Lief Pagalan, Michael Brauer, Bruce Lanphear
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058918/association-of-sociodemographic-factors-with-adherence-to-age-specific-guidelines-for-asymptomatic-umbilical-hernia-repair-in-children
#15
Jonathan L Hills-Dunlap, Patrice Melvin, Dionne A Graham, Mark A Kashtan, Seema P Anandalwar, Shawn J Rangel
Importance: Current guidelines recommend delaying repair of asymptomatic umbilical hernia in children until after age 4 to 5 years to allow for spontaneous closure. Objective: To examine the association of sociodemographic factors with adherence to age-specific guidelines for asymptomatic umbilical hernia repair in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, children 17 years and younger who underwent umbilical hernia repair from January 2013 to June 2018 at 47 freestanding children's hospitals participating in the Pediatric Health Information System database were eligible for study inclusion...
May 6, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058915/association-of-visual-impairment-with-economic-development-among-chinese-schoolchildren
#16
Catherine Jan, Rongbin Xu, Dongmei Luo, Xiuqin Xiong, Yi Song, Jun Ma, Randall S Stafford
Importance: Few studies have reported the association of economic growth with trends of visual impairment in schoolchildren in China or elsewhere. Objectives: To describe 30-year trends and patterns in visual impairment in China and to explore the association between visual impairment and economic development. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this time series analysis of 7 successive cross-sectional surveys from 1985 to 2014, a total of 1 951 084 schoolchildren aged 7 to 18 years from all provinces and autonomous regions of mainland China, excluding Tibet, were studied...
May 6, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034045/effect-of-gastric-residual-evaluation-on-enteral-intake-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Leslie A Parker, Michael Weaver, Roberto J Murgas Torrazza, Jonathon Shuster, Nan Li, Charlene Krueger, Josef Neu
Importance: Evaluating prefeed gastric residuals is considered routine care but has little supporting evidence. Objective: To determine the effect of omitting prefeed gastric residual evaluation on nutritional outcomes in extremely preterm infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-center randomized clinical trial compared the omission of gastric residual evaluation with prefeed gastric residual evaluation. Infants were recruited from a level 4 neonatal intensive care unit and were enrolled from October 17, 2013, to October 8, 2016, and then followed up for 6 weeks after birth...
April 29, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034035/problems-with-quality-measurement-using-international-statistical-classification-of-diseases-tenth-revision-clinical-modification-the-elephant-no-one-knows-is-in-the-room
#18
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034019/diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-in-child-and-adolescent-health-1990-to-2017-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-2017-study
#19
Robert C Reiner, Helen Elizabeth Olsen, Chad Thomas Ikeda, Michelle M Echko, Katherine E Ballestreros, Helen Manguerra, Ira Martopullo, Anoushka Millear, Chloe Shields, Alison Smith, Bryan Strub, Molla Abebe, Zegeye Abebe, Beyene Meressa Adhena, Tara Ballav Adhikari, Mohammed Akibu, Rajaa M Al-Raddadi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Olatunde Aremu, Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Aleksandra Barac, Till W Bärnighausen, Quique Bassat, Isabela M Bensenor, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Ali Bijani, Nigus Bililign, Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Jung-Chen Chang, Fiona J Charlson, Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne, David Teye Doku, Dumessa Edessa, Ziad El-Khatib, Holly E Erskine, Alize J Ferrari, Nancy Fullman, Rahul Gupta, Hamid Yimam Hassen, Simon I Hay, Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Amaha Kahsay, Amir Kasaeian, Tesfaye Dessale Kassa, Seifu Kebede, Yousef Saleh Khader, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Mohammed Nuruzzaman Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Yohannes Kinfu, Sonali Kochhar, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Ai Koyanagi, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Fekede Asefa Kumsa, Heidi J Larson, Janni Leung, Abdullah A Mamun, Suresh Mehata, Mulugeta Melku, Walter Mendoza, Haftay Berhane Mezgebe, Ted R Miller, Nurilign Abebe Moges, Shafiu Mohammed, Ali H Mokdad, Lorenzo Monasta, Subas Neupane, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum, Yirga Legesse Nirayo, Vuong Minh Nong, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Andrew T Olagunju, Bolajoko Olubukunola Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, George C Patton, David M Pereira, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Usha Ram, Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Andre M N Renzaho, Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Luca Ronfani, Gregory A Roth, Saeid Safiri, Benn Sartorius, James G Scott, Katya Anne Shackelford, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar Sreeramareddy, Mu'awiyyah Bable Sufiyan, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Roman Topor-Madry, Bach Xuan Tran, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan A Uthman, Stein Emil Vollset, Kidu Gidey Weldegwergs, Andrea Werdecker, Harvey A Whiteford, Tissa Wijeratne, Naohiro Yonemoto, Marcel Yotebieng, Liesl J Zuhlke, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Nicholas J Kassebaum
Importance: Understanding causes and correlates of health loss among children and adolescents can identify areas of success, stagnation, and emerging threats and thereby facilitate effective improvement strategies. Objective: To estimate mortality and morbidity in children and adolescents from 1990 to 2017 by age and sex in 195 countries and territories. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study examined levels, trends, and spatiotemporal patterns of cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes using standardized approaches to data processing and statistical analysis...
April 29, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034004/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-stability-of-the-early-autism-spectrum-disorder-phenotype-in-the-general-population-starting-at-12-months
#20
Karen Pierce, Vahid H Gazestani, Elizabeth Bacon, Cynthia Carter Barnes, Debra Cha, Srinivasa Nalabolu, Linda Lopez, Adrienne Moore, Sunny Pence-Stophaeros, Eric Courchesne
Importance: Universal early screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in primary care is becoming increasingly common and is believed to be a pivotal step toward early treatment. However, the diagnostic stability of ASD in large cohorts from the general population, particularly in those younger than 18 months, is unknown. Changes in the phenotypic expression of ASD across early development compared with toddlers with other delays are also unknown. Objectives: To examine the diagnostic stability of ASD in a large cohort of toddlers starting at 12 months of age and to compare this stability with that of toddlers with other disorders, such as developmental delay...
April 29, 2019: JAMA Pediatrics
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