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JAMA Neurology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31107522/laterality-and-stimulation-bias-in-meta-analysis-of-placebo-responses
#1
Clas Linnman, Leon Morales-Quezada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31107521/concussions-and-dementia-are-statins-the-salve-in-the-wound
#2
Rachel A Whitmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31107518/maximizing-the-benefit-of-life-saving-treatments-for-pompe-disease-spinal-muscular-atrophy-and-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-through-newborn-screening-essential-steps
#3
Mei Baker, Robert Griggs, Barry Byrne, Anne M Connolly, Richard Finkel, Lucja Grajkowska, Amanda Haidet-Phillips, Laura Hagerty, Robert Ostrander, Lianna Orlando, Kathryn Swoboda, Michael Watson, R Rodney Howell
Importance: Newborn screening (NBS) identifies infants with specific congenital disorders for which earlier intervention cannot only prevent a lifetime of chronic disability but also, most importantly, save lives. In this article, we discuss complexities associated with NBS processes in the United States, with a focus on challenges in neuromuscular disorders. Observations: As new interventions for neuromuscular disorders become available, the clinical community must prepare to overcome the challenges of adding new diseases to screening panels and understand the rigorous evidence review at the federal level and the complex process of state-level implementation...
May 20, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31107515/association-between-statin-use-and-risk-of-dementia-after-a-concussion
#4
Donald A Redelmeier, Fizza Manzoor, Deva Thiruchelvam
Importance: Concussions are an acute injury that may lead to chronic disability, while statin use might improve neurologic recovery. Objective: To test whether statin use is associated with an increased or decreased risk of subsequent dementia after a concussion. Design, Setting, and Participants: Large extended population-based double cohort study in Ontario, Canada, from April 1, 1993, to April 1, 2013 (enrollment), and continued until March 31, 2016 (follow-up)...
May 20, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31107514/association-between-unrecognized-myocardial-infarction-and-cerebral-infarction-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Alexander E Merkler, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Monika M Safford, Caroline L Phillips, Costantino Iadecola, Vilmundur Gudnason, Jonathan W Weinsaft, Hooman Kamel, Andrew E Arai, Lenore J Launer
Importance: It is uncertain whether unrecognized myocardial infarction (MI) is a risk factor for cerebral infarction. Objective: To determine whether unrecognized MI detected by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is associated with cerebral infarction. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a cross-sectional study of ICELAND MI, a cohort substudy of the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study conducted in Iceland. Enrollment occurred from January 2004 to January 2007 from a community-dwelling cohort of older Icelandic individuals...
May 20, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31107506/laterality-and-stimulation-bias-in-meta-analysis-of-placebo-responses-reply
#6
Matthias Zunhammer, Ulrike Bingel, Tor D Wager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081876/derivation-and-external-validation-of-a-scoring-system-for-predicting-fracture-risk-after-ischemic-stroke-in-a-canadian-cohort
#7
Eric E Smith, Jiming Fang, Shabbir M Alibhai, Peter Cram, Angela M Cheung, Leanne K Casaubon, Eshita Kapoor, Peter C Austin, Moira K Kapral
Importance: The risk for low-trauma fracture is increased by more than 30% after ischemic stroke, but existing fracture risk scores do not account for history of stroke as a high-risk condition. Objective: To derive a risk score to predict the probability of fracture within 1 year after ischemic stroke and validate it in a separate cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prognostic study of a cohort from the Ontario Stroke Registry, a population-based sample of adults in Ontario, Canada, who were hospitalized with ischemic stroke from July 1, 2003, to March 31, 2012, with 1 year of follow-up...
May 13, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081875/error-in-table-1
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081871/frequency-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-with-low-dose-aspirin-in-individuals-without-symptomatic-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Wen-Yi Huang, Jeffrey L Saver, Yi-Ling Wu, Chun-Jen Lin, Meng Lee, Bruce Ovbiagele
Importance: Use of low-dose aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events remains controversial because increased risk of bleeding may offset the overall benefit. Among major bleeding events, intracranial hemorrhage is associated with high mortality rates and functional dependency. Objective: To assess the risk of intracranial hemorrhage associated with low-dose aspirin among individuals without symptomatic cardiovascular disease. Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
May 13, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081869/estimating-neurologic-prognosis-in-children-high-stakes-poor-data
#10
Monica E Lemmon, Peter A Ubel, Annie Janvier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081868/error-in-in-text-citations
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31081862/association-of-intensive-blood-pressure-reduction-with-risk-of-hematoma-expansion-in-patients-with-deep-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#12
Audrey C Leasure, Adnan I Qureshi, Santosh B Murthy, Hooman Kamel, Joshua N Goldstein, Daniel Woo, Wendy C Ziai, Daniel F Hanley, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Charles C Matouk, Lauren H Sansing, Kevin N Sheth, Guido J Falcone
Importance: Hypertension is the strongest risk factor for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) involving deep brain regions, but it appears to be unknown if intensive blood pressure reduction in the acute care setting decreases hematoma expansion or improves outcomes in patients with deep ICH. Objective: To determine whether intensive blood pressure reduction is associated with decreased risk of hematoma expansion and changes in 90-day modified Rankin Scale scores and if these associations are modified by the specific deep-brain nuclei involved...
May 13, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058964/the-final-nail-in-the-coffin-of-disease-modification-for-dopaminergic-therapies-the-leap-trial
#13
Alberto J Espay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058951/association-of-variants-in-pinx1-and-trem2-with-late-onset-alzheimer-disease
#14
Giuseppe Tosto, Badri Vardarajan, Sanjeev Sariya, Adam M Brickman, Howard Andrews, Jennifer J Manly, Nicole Schupf, Dolly Reyes-Dumeyer, Rafael Lantigua, David A Bennett, Phillip L De Jager, Richard Mayeux
Importance: Genetic causes of late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) are not completely explained by known genetic loci. Whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing can improve the understanding of the causes of LOAD and provide initial steps required to identify potential therapeutic targets. Objective: To identify the genetic loci for LOAD across different ethnic groups. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter cohort study was designed to analyze whole-exome sequencing data from a multiethnic cohort using a transethnic gene-kernel association test meta-analysis, adjusted for sex, age, and principal components, to identify genetic variants associated with LOAD...
May 6, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058947/effect-of-a-quality-improvement-intervention-on-adherence-to-therapies-for-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
M Julia Machline-Carrion, Eliana Vieira Santucci, Lucas Petri Damiani, M Cecilia Bahit, Germán Málaga, Octávio Marques Pontes-Neto, Sheila Cristina Ouriques Martins, Viviane Flumignan Zétola, Karina Normilio-Silva, Gabriel Rodrigues de Freitas, Alessandra Gorgulho, Antônio De Salles, Beatriz Gonzales Pacheco da Silva, Juliana Yamashita Santos, Isabella de Andrade Jesuíno, Priscila Regina Torres Bueno, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Hélio Penna Guimarães, Ying Xian, Janet Prvu Bettger, Renato D Lopes, Eric D Peterson, Otávio Berwanger
Importance: Translating evidence into clinical practice in the management of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) is challenging, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Objective: To assess the effect of a multifaceted quality improvement intervention on adherence to evidence-based therapies for care of patients with AIS and TIA. Design, Setting and Participants: This 2-arm cluster-randomized clinical trial assessed 45 hospitals and 2336 patients with AIS and TIA for eligibility before randomization...
May 6, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058924/spinal-claudication-secondary-to-anterior-disco-osteo-arterial-conflict-and-mimicking-stiff-person-syndrome
#16
Olwen C Murphy, Philippe Gailloud, Scott D Newsome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31058916/association-of-blood-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-tau-level-and-other-biomarkers-with-survival-time-in-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease
#17
Adam M Staffaroni, Abigail O Kramer, Megan Casey, Huicong Kang, Julio C Rojas, Christina D Orrú, Byron Caughey, I Elaine Allen, Joel H Kramer, Howard J Rosen, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Michael D Geschwind
Importance: Fluid biomarkers that can predict survival time in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) will be critical for clinical care and for treatment trials. Objective: To assess whether plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are associated with survival time in patients with sCJD. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal cohort study, data from 193 patients with probable or definite sCJD who had codon 129 genotyping referred to a tertiary national referral service in the United States were collected from March 2004 to January 2018...
May 6, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034074/association-between-peripheral-neuropathy-and-exposure-to-oral-fluoroquinolone-or-amoxicillin-clavulanate-therapy
#18
Daniel Morales, Alexandra Pacurariu, Jim Slattery, Luis Pinheiro, Patricia McGettigan, Xavier Kurz
Importance: Peripheral neuropathy has been associated with systemic fluoroquinolone exposure, but risk has been poorly quantified. Objective: To calculate relative and absolute risk estimates for the association of fluoroquinolone exposure with peripheral neuropathy and to examine how risk may be affected by timing of fluoroquinolone exposure and by other risk factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nested case-control study used anonymized data from all patients routinely registered with general practices in The Health Improvement Network database, a large primary care population database in the United Kingdom, from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2015...
April 29, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034041/attitudes-toward-physician-assisted-death-from-individuals-who-learn-they-have-an-alzheimer-disease-biomarker
#19
Emily A Largent, Mélanie Terrasse, Kristin Harkins, Dominic A Sisti, Pamela Sankar, Jason Karlawish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2019: JAMA Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31034032/risk-for-major-hemorrhages-in-patients-receiving-clopidogrel-and-aspirin-compared-with-aspirin-alone-after-transient-ischemic-attack-or-minor-ischemic-stroke-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-point-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Holly Tillman, S Claiborne Johnston, Mary Farrant, William Barsan, Jordan J Elm, Anthony S Kim, Anne S Lindblad, Yuko Y Palesch, J Donald Easton
Importance: Results show the short-term risk of hemorrhage in treating patients with acute transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with clopidogrel plus aspirin or aspirin alone. Objective: To characterize the frequency and kinds of major hemorrhages in the Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) trial. Design, Setting, and Participants: This secondary analysis of the POINT randomized, double-blind clinical trial conducted in 10 countries in North America, Europe, and Australasia included patients with high-risk TIA or minor AIS who were randomized within 12 hours of symptom onset and followed up for 90 days...
April 29, 2019: JAMA Neurology
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