JAMA Neurology

Roland Veltkamp, Lesly A Pearce, Eleni Korompoki, Mukul Sharma, Scott E Kasner, Danilo S Toni, Sebastian F Ameriso, Hardi Mundl, Turgut Tatlisumak, Graeme J Hankey, Arne Lindgren, Scott D Berkowitz, Antonio Arauz, Serefnur Ozturk, Keith W Muir, Ángel Chamorro, Kanjana Perera, Ashfaq Shuaib, Salvatore Rudilosso, Ashkan Shoamanesh, Stuart J Connolly, Robert G Hart
Importance: The concept of embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) unifies a subgroup of cryptogenic strokes based on neuroimaging, a defined minimum set of diagnostic tests, and exclusion of certain causes. Despite an annual stroke recurrence rate of 5%, little is known about the etiology underlying recurrent stroke after ESUS. Objective: To identify the stroke subtype of recurrent ischemic strokes after ESUS, to explore the interaction with treatment assignment in each category, and to examine the consistency of cerebral location of qualifying ESUS and recurrent ischemic stroke...
July 6, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Eileen B Leary, Kathleen T Watson, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Susan Redline, Kristine Yaffe, Laurel A Ravelo, Paul E Peppard, James Zou, Steven N Goodman, Emmanuel Mignot, Katie L Stone
Importance: Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been linked with health outcomes, but little is known about the relationship between REM sleep and mortality. Objective: To investigate whether REM sleep is associated with greater risk of mortality in 2 independent cohorts and to explore whether another sleep stage could be driving the findings. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter population-based cross-sectional study used data from the Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men (MrOS) Sleep Study and Wisconsin Sleep Cohort (WSC)...
July 6, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Sara Mazzucco, Linxin Li, Peter M Rothwell
Importance: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure may prevent recurrent stroke after cryptogenic transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke (TIA/stroke) in patients aged 60 years or younger. Patent foramen ovale is associated with cryptogenic stroke in the older population, but risk of recurrence is unknown. Data on prognosis of patients receiving medical treatment at older ages (≥60 years) are essential to justify trials of PFO closure. Objective: To examine the age-specific risk of recurrence in patients with cryptogenic TIA/stroke with PFO...
July 6, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Alexander E Merkler, Neal S Parikh, Saad Mir, Ajay Gupta, Hooman Kamel, Eaton Lin, Joshua Lantos, Edward J Schenck, Parag Goyal, Samuel S Bruce, Joshua Kahan, Kelsey N Lansdale, Natalie M LeMoss, Santosh B Murthy, Philip E Stieg, Matthew E Fink, Costantino Iadecola, Alan Z Segal, Marika Cusick, Thomas R Campion, Ivan Diaz, Cenai Zhang, Babak B Navi
Importance: It is uncertain whether coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke than would be expected from a viral respiratory infection. Objective: To compare the rate of ischemic stroke between patients with COVID-19 and patients with influenza, a respiratory viral illness previously associated with stroke. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at 2 academic hospitals in New York City, New York, and included adult patients with emergency department visits or hospitalizations with COVID-19 from March 4, 2020, through May 2, 2020...
July 2, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Omar Abdel-Mannan, Michael Eyre, Ulrike Löbel, Alasdair Bamford, Christin Eltze, Biju Hameed, Cheryl Hemingway, Yael Hacohen
Importance: Neurological manifestations have been reported in adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by the highly pathogenic virus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Objective: To report the neurological manifestations of children with COVID-19. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this case-series study, patients younger than 18 years who presented with SARS-CoV-2 infection and neurological symptoms to Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (London, UK) between March 1, 2020, and May 8, 2020, were included after infection was confirmed by either a quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay by nasopharyngeal swab or a positive test result for IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in serum...
July 1, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Charbel Moussa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Shahram Oveisgharan, Robert S Wilson, Lei Yu, Julie A Schneider, David A Bennett
Importance: Indicators of early-life cognitive enrichment (ELCE) have been associated with slower cognitive decline and decreased dementia in late life. However, the mechanisms underlying this association have not been elucidated. Objective: To examine the association of ELCE with late-life Alzheimer disease (AD) and other common dementia-related pathological changes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This clinical-pathological community-based cohort study, the Rush Memory and Aging Project, followed up participants before death for a mean (SD) of 7...
June 29, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Benjamin P George, Adam G Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Timothy J Hohman, Catherine C Kaczorowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Peter A LeWitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Céline Louapre, Nicolas Collongues, Bruno Stankoff, Claire Giannesini, Caroline Papeix, Caroline Bensa, Romain Deschamps, Alain Créange, Abir Wahab, Jean Pelletier, Olivier Heinzlef, Pierre Labauge, Laurent Guilloton, Guido Ahle, Mathilde Goudot, Kevin Bigaut, David-Axel Laplaud, Sandra Vukusic, Catherine Lubetzki, Jérôme De Sèze
Importance: Risk factors associated with the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are unknown. Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) may modify the risk of developing a severe COVID-19 infection, beside identified risk factors such as age and comorbidities. Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with MS and COVID-19 and identify factors associated with COVID-19 severity. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Covisep registry is a multicenter, retrospective, observational cohort study conducted in MS expert centers and general hospitals and with neurologists collaborating with MS expert centers and members of the Société Francophone de la Sclérose en Plaques...
June 26, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Suzanne Craft, Rema Raman, Tiffany W Chow, Michael S Rafii, Chung-Kai Sun, Robert A Rissman, Michael C Donohue, James B Brewer, Cecily Jenkins, Kelly Harless, Devon Gessert, Paul S Aisen
Importance: Insulin modulates aspects of brain function relevant to Alzheimer disease and can be delivered to the brain using intranasal devices. To date, the use of intranasal insulin to treat persons with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease dementia remains to be examined in a multi-site trial. Objective: To examine the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of intranasal insulin for the treatment of persons with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease dementia in a phase 2/3 multisite clinical trial...
June 22, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Neha S Raghavan, Logan Dumitrescu, Elizabeth Mormino, Emily R Mahoney, Annie J Lee, Yizhe Gao, Murat Bilgel, David Goldstein, Theresa Harrison, Corinne D Engelman, Andrew J Saykin, Christopher D Whelan, Jimmy Z Liu, William Jagust, Marilyn Albert, Sterling C Johnson, Hyun-Sik Yang, Keith Johnson, Paul Aisen, Susan M Resnick, Reisa Sperling, Philip L De Jager, Julie Schneider, David A Bennett, Matthew Schrag, Badri Vardarajan, Timothy J Hohman, Richard Mayeux
Importance: Genetic studies of Alzheimer disease have focused on the clinical or pathologic diagnosis as the primary outcome, but little is known about the genetic basis of the preclinical phase of the disease. Objective: To examine the underlying genetic basis for brain amyloidosis in the preclinical phase of Alzheimer disease. Design, Setting, and Participants: In the first stage of this genetic association study, a meta-analysis was conducted using genetic and imaging data acquired from 6 multicenter cohort studies of healthy older individuals between 1994 and 2019: the Anti-Amyloid Treatment in Asymptomatic Alzheimer Disease Study, the Berkeley Aging Cohort Study, the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention, the Biomarkers of Cognitive Decline Among Normal Individuals cohort, the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, and the Alzheimer Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, which included Alzheimer disease and mild cognitive impairment...
June 22, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Robert W Regenhardt, Jesse M Thon, Alvin S Das, Olga R Thon, Andreas Charidimou, Anand Viswanathan, M Edip Gurol, Bart K Chwalisz, Matthew P Frosch, Tracey A Cho, Steven M Greenberg
Importance: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri), a distinct subtype of cerebral amyloid angiopathy, is characterized by an autoimmune reaction to cerebrovascular β-amyloid deposits. Outcomes and response to immunosuppressive therapy for CAA-ri are poorly understood. Objective: To identify clinical, neuroimaging, laboratory, pathologic, or treatment-related associations with outcomes after an episode of CAA-ri. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study of prospectively identified individuals who presented from July 3, 1998, to November 27, 2017, with a median follow-up of 2...
June 22, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Sean N Neifert, Ian T McNeill, Robert J Rothrock, John M Caridi, J Mocco, Eric Karl Oermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Xiaohui Liu, Hua Guo, Yifeng Du
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Shama Karanth, Peter T Nelson, Yuriko Katsumata, Richard J Kryscio, Frederick A Schmitt, David W Fardo, Matthew D Cykowski, Gregory A Jicha, Linda J Van Eldik, Erin L Abner
Importance: Quadruple misfolded proteins (tau neurofibrillary tangles, amyloid-β [Aβ], α-synuclein, and transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 [TDP-43]) in the same brain are relatively common in aging. However, the clinical presentation, associated factors, frequency in community-based cohorts, genetic characteristics, and cognitive trajectories associated with the quadruple misfolded proteins phenotype are not well understood. Objective: To describe the quadruple misfolded proteins phenotype, including the trajectories of global cognition, in an autopsy cohort...
June 22, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Daniel Ontaneda, Jeffrey A Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Gregory W J Hawryluk, Jessica L Nielson, J Russell Huie, Lara Zimmermann, Rajiv Saigal, Quan Ding, Ryan Hirschi, Frederick A Zeiler, Adam Ferguson, Geoffrey Manley
Importance: Intracranial pressure (ICP) elevation is a compartment syndrome that impairs blood flow to the brain. Despite the importance of ICP values in neurocritical care, normal ICP values and the precise ICP threshold at which treatment should be initiated remain uncertain. Objective: To refine our understanding of normal ICP values and determine the ICP threshold most strongly associated with outcome. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective observational study (2004-2010), with outcomes determined at hospital discharge...
June 15, 2020: JAMA Neurology
Consuelo H Wilkins, Suzanne E Schindler, John C Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2020: JAMA Neurology
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