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Avicenna Journal of Medicine

Ahmad Kaako
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Tagrid Y Ahmad, Hasan N Al Houri, Abdullah N Al Houri, Nagham Y Ahmad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
V Dinesh Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Khaled A Karkout, Saleema Al Sherif, Qutaiba Hussein, Alia Albawardi, Yousef Boobes
Hepatitis C virus infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It remains a major challenge for management and treatment, especially in patients with renal transplant. The new direct-acting antiviral agents gave big hopes to both clinicians and patients that they can overcome this challenge without major side effects. Studies recently have supported this claim; however, they are still few, limited, and may give false hopes. In the following case report, we present a case, supported by histological evidence about a possible acute rejection of kidney transplant after treatment with these new medications...
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Ahmad Alfaseh, Mhd Nabeel Rajeh, Ghiath Hamed
Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) is a systemic disease with involvement of the cervical, supraclavicular, and mediastinal lymph nodes. It is commonly diagnosed in patients within the second and third decades of their lives. Diagnosis is usually made based on the distinct morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics, with the tissue biopsy being the cornerstone of workup. Extranodal presentation of HL is unusual and seldom encountered. Primary HL of the central nervous system (CNS) is exceedingly rare. We herein report a case of a 38-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with primary CNS-HL...
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Rami M Abazid, Ahmad Almeman, Akram F Eldesoky, Habiba S Alenzi, Nora A Altorbak, Sarah A Altorbak, Bashayer Almotyri, Osama A Smettei
Background: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is commonly used to diagnose coronary artery diseases (CADs). We aimed to determine the utility of CCTA among patients suspected with CAD at the Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim. Materials and Methods: CCTA results of 425 cardiac patients, complaining of chest pain with suspected CAD, were used to classify coronary artery stenosis into two types: obstructive if the luminal stenosis was ≥50% or nonobstructive if it was <50%...
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Shahad Yousef Alsaigh, Amal Aboud Alasmari, Anadel Hassan Hakeem, Amairah Fahad Aloushan, Fatemah Saleh Bin Saleh, Alaa Althubaiti, Zeyad Yousef
Background: Surgeons are at an increased risk of contracting blood-borne pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate gender difference, surgical position, surgical experience, and subspecialty regarding surgeons' compliance to standard precautions. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed using a purposive sampling. A total of 241 surgeons were surveyed from June 2017 to January 2018. Results: In total, 179 (74...
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Sakineh Dadipoor, Ali Ramezankhani, Teamur Aghamolaei, Ali Safari-Moradabadi
Context: The importance of research is revealed by the fact that the top seven science producing countries in the world are the same seven countries worldwide in terms of the research facilities. Aim: To explore the barriers to research activities among the students of the Hormozgan Medical University. Settings and Design: A total of 400 students affiliated with the Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences participated in this cross-sectional study...
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Omar Midani, Tala Tillawi, Ahmad Saqer, Mohammad Bakri Hammami, Hazem Taifour, Heba Mohammad
Background: Injury is an important cause of mortality and morbidity. It is the second most common cause of death in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for the last 15 years, claiming more than 1200 lives annually. Those numbers can be significantly reduced through first aid (FA) education and training. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude toward FA in the UAE. Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed through nonprobability sampling method to more than 500 residents across the UAE, aged at least 30 years...
January 2019: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Yaseen Rafee, B Keith English
Bartonella henselae , the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD), is one of the most common causes of regional lymphadenitis in children. Other less common manifestations of B. henselae infection including fever of unknown origin, neuroretinitis, and osteomyelitis are being increasingly recognized. We describe a 3-year-old female with a recent history of typical CSD involving lymph nodes who developed osteomyelitis of the skull, a very rarely recognized complication of this infection.
October 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Mais Arwani, Abhishek Purohit, Abdullah Haddad, Sandeep Rana
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a well-described disease. It is characterized by rapidly progressive dementia, myoclonus, ataxia, pyramidal, and extrapyramidal signs. There are well-defined electroencephalogram and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and markers found in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The gold standard for diagnosing CJD remains brain biopsy. We present a case of a patient with a family history of biopsy-proven CJD who initially presented with symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. A month later, he developed ataxia, ophthalmoparesis, and then dysarthria...
October 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Abdul Rahman Bizri, Jawad Fares, Umayya Musharrafieh
Background: The Syrian crisis has altered the epidemiology of infectious diseases in countries hosting large numbers of refugees. Lebanon witnessed several outbreaks linked to the presence of significant numbers of Syrian refugees, namely, Hepatitis A virus (HAV). We explore the epidemiology of HAV in Lebanon and the impact of the Syrian war during the 2014 outbreak and suggest solutions to prevent and minimize the HAV spread amid the current socioeconomic conditions. Methods: We reviewed all HAV cases reported to the Epidemiologic Surveillance Unit at the Ministry of Public Health between January 2001 and December 2017...
October 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Hasan Kweder, Housam Eidi
Introduction: Vitamin D (VD) deficiency is a major public health problem worldwide. In spite of its high prevalence, particularly among elderly people, VD deficiency is still underestimated by many physicians. Increasingly, VD deficiency is associated with several known geriatric syndromes. Methods: The study sample consisted of 125 patients, aged 75 years and older, admitted to the acute geriatric unit. The plausible association between the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and patient age, sex, body mass index, renal function, cholecystectomy history, and the prescribed drugs had been investigated...
October 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Harry Menon, Adip Pillai, Jeanine Aussenberg-Rodriguez, John Ambrose, Irini Youssef, Elizabeth A Griffiths, Omar Al Ustwani
Background: Most hospitals still use unfractionated heparin (UFH) as the primary agent for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in the hospital setting due to ease of use and insignificant cost. However, the risk of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) has led some groups to favor other options for therapeutic and prophylactic anticoagulation. This is particularly relevant in light of recent data demonstrating a lower rate of HIT in patients receiving enoxaparin compared with UFH...
October 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Nassar Taha Yaseen, Fateh A Al-Khaqani, Abbas Ali Mansour
Purpose: Chronic posttraumatic brain injury (TBI) pituitary dysfunction is not a newly discovered subject, it has been reported more frequently, probably due to increasing chances of exposure to its causes, mainly the road traffic accidents, sport-related injuries, falls, and injuries during wars. This study aims to estimate the frequency of pituitary dysfunction 3 months or more after head trauma and the patterns of hormonal deficiencies. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2016 and August 2017...
October 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Khaled Moustafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Alexey Youssef, Samar Yaseer, Rim Harfouch, Maya Marouf, Foz Hasan
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has been an endemic disease in Syria for decades. The first reports of CL from the Syrian city Aleppo date back to the 17th century. The recent crisis has further empowered the spread of this infection not only in Syria, but also in the neighboring countries. Here, we describe a case of a 67-year-old patient with a 6-month, nonhealing ulcerative lesion of the left auricle. It was initially diagnosed as either a squamous or a basal cell carcinoma. However, the biopsy revealed an unexpected finding of Leishmania amastigotes in the histiocytes...
July 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Rami Mahmood Abazid, Mohamed Shoman, Osama A Smettie, Osama A Elamin
Bioprosthetic valve thrombosis (BPVT) is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) is commonly used for ovulation induction and has been associated with arterial and venous thrombosis. We reported a case of BPVT related to in vitro fertilization in a 39-year-old female, who underwent redo mitral valve replacement. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of hMG-induced BPVT in a young female patient.
July 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Tagrid Younes Ahmad, Hasan Nabil Al Houri, Abdullah Nabil Al Houri, Nagham Younes Ahmad
Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a highly malignant tumor that originates mainly from mesenchymal tissue. It is considered a rare childhood malignancy; therefore, presentation in adulthood is scarce. In this case report, a 36-year-old male patient presented with a rapidly progressive RMS of the left orbit. The patient was treated in a different institution with radiochemotherapy with good response. However, relapse occurred after 2 months of completing the course, as rapid growing proptosis. Computed tomography scan revealed a lesion in the left orbit with invasion of the left ethmoid cells and the left maxillary sinus...
July 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Ayman Aljomaa
A clinically significant obturator nerve injury is uncommon after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and lymphadenectomy. If the injury is due to a direct intraoperative event such as transection or stretching of the nerve, the patients present typically in the immediate postoperative period. On the other hand, an indirect injury through compression of the nerve through a pelvic fluid collection (hematoma or lymphocele) progresses insidiously and delays the presentation of these patients making a dilemma in recognizing these patients and differentiating them from those with other causes of neurological deficits...
July 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
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