journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694143/oral-soft-tissue-metastasis-from-breast-cancer-as-the-only-primary-source-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Nausheen Aga, Ruchira Shreevats, Sonia Gupta, Harman Sandhu, Muna E M Hassan, Harnisha V Prajapati
Background  Breast cancer is one of the most lethal neoplasms causing death. Oral cavity is the rare site of distant metastasis from breast cancer. Very little research has been conducted to date to analyze breast cancer as the sole primary source of metastasis to the oral soft tissues. The goal of this study was to examine the published cases of oral soft tissue metastasis from breast cancer as the only primary source to date. Methods  An electronic search of the published literature was performed without publication year limitation in PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Science Direct, Embase, and Research Gate databases, using mesh keywords like ("Breast cancer", OR "Breast carcinoma") AND ("Metastasis" OR "Metastases"), And ("Oral soft tissues" OR "Tongue" OR "Palate" OR "Tonsil" OR "Buccal mucosa" OR "Floor of mouth" OR "Vestibule" OR "Salivary glands")...
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694142/prediction-pressure-ulcers-in-high-care-unit-patients-evaluating-risk-factors-and-predictive-scale-using-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anies Dewi Wirati Indraswari, Umi Aisyiyah, Kurniawan Kurniawan, Meircurius Dwi Condro Surboyo
Background  The incidence of ulcer pressure in the high care unit (HCU) was relatively high and could be reliably predicted using tools such as the Norton and Jackson/Cubbin scales. However, other risk factors, such as age, gender, consciousness, systemic condition, duration of treatment, and use of restraint, may contribute to the occurrence of ulcer pressure. This study was conducted to analyze the relationship of various risk factors for pressure ulcers and prediction of ulcer pressure, using Norton and Jackson/Cubbin scale, to incident pressure ulcers in HCU patient...
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694141/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-compared-to-the-open-procedure-in-patients-with-gallbladder-disease
#3
REVIEW
Debajit Kumar Roy, Rahaman Sheikh
Background  Conflicting evidence regarding the laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy outcomes in scientific literature impacts the medical decision-making for patients with gallbladder disease. This study aimed to compare a range of primary and secondary outcomes between patients receiving laparoscopic cholecystectomy and those with open intervention. Methods  Articles published from 1993 to 2023 were explored by utilizing advanced filters of PubMed Central/Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL, JSTOR, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and EBSCO...
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694140/plastic-surgeon-versus-orthopedic-surgeon-where-would-you-go-for-your-hand-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-in-saudi-arabia
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muna F Alnaim, Nouf M AlRabiah, Hanan Ahmed M Al Kaabi, Basem Zogel, Samar Alfaifi, Nora Ibrahim AlMssallem, Bassmh A Al Dafer
Background  Hand surgery has become a well-established medical specialty in recent years, with many highly trained hand surgeons practicing in various cities throughout Saudi Arabia. It is crucial to assess the public's knowledge and awareness regarding hand surgery specialists and to identify the existence of bias in the public's perception of plastic and Orthopedic surgeons. Methods  A self-administered questionnaire was designed and disseminated to adults in Saudi Arabia via Google Forms. The questionnaire addressed participants' knowledge about which type of surgeon they would consult for various hand-related issues...
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694139/disadvantaged-patients-health-care-providers-and-natural-disaster-preventive-planning
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmed Alnajar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694138/pancreatic-parenchymal-atrophy-and-pancreatic-fat-accumulation-measured-by-multidetector-computed-tomography-as-a-stable-marker-of-chronic-progressive-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kshipra Devadiga, Khanak K Nandolia, Mahendra Singh, Pankaj Sharma, Udit Chauhan, Ravi Kant
Background  The most crucial step in the management of type 2 diabetes is identifying its pathogenesis and progression. Fat accumulation in the pancreas and decreased parenchymal volume can influence pancreatic function due to insulin resistance or β-cell dysfunction. This study aims to find out the difference in pancreatic volume and fat content by using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) between normal subjects and patients with different durations of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694137/mpig6b-gene-related-myelofibrosis-a-rare-inherited-disease-that-is-frequently-described-in-arab-population
#7
Leen Jihad Attar, Almothana Alelaimat, Alaa Alshorman, Tariq N Aladily
The megakaryocyte and platelet inhibitory receptor gene G6P (MPIG6B) is located on chromosome 6p21.33. It encodes G6b-B; an inhibitory receptor expressed on the surface of platelets. It regulates platelets production, aggregation, and activation. We describe a case of a 31-year-old man who presented with a long history of thrombocytopenia, anemia, and hepatosplenomegaly. The patient received multiple blood transfusions and his clinical course was stable. A bone marrow biopsy showed morphologic features similar to primary myelofibrosis...
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694135/predictors-of-intensive-care-unit-admissions-in-patients-presenting-with-coronavirus-disease-2019
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lahib Douda, Heraa Hasnat, Jennifer Schwank, Sarien Nassar, Nancy M Jackson, Jeffrey C Flynn, Joseph Gardiner, Dawn P Misra, Abdulghani Sankari
Background  Increased mortality rates among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) positive patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) highlight a compelling need to establish predictive criteria for ICU admissions. The aim of our study was to identify criteria for recognizing patients with COVID-19 at elevated risk for ICU admission. Methods  We identified patients who tested positive for COVID-19 and were hospitalized between March and May 2020. Patients' data were manually abstracted through review of electronic medical records...
January 2024: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144916/assessing-the-merits-and-effectiveness-of-peer-teaching-in-small-groups-through-the-employment-of-different-learning-media
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava
Background  Peer teaching is a well-acknowledged method to facilitate teaching and learning among medical students. The objective of the study was to assess the merits and effectiveness of peer teaching in small groups using a student-centered approach through the employment of different learning media. Methods  This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among a group of 34 students from third professional year. Purposive sampling was used, wherein students were subdivided into five small groups...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144915/understanding-the-gap-between-nursing-workforce-in-the-united-states-and-population-needs-a-policy-brief
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mayar Al Mohajer
Purpose  This report is intended to analyze the root causes for the current gap between the nursing workforce and population needs in the United States. It aims to consolidate what is known about these contributing reasons and provide evidence-based recommendations for action. Methods  The report utilized the Sample, Phenomenon of Interest, Design, Evaluation, Research type framework to develop the research question and the 5 Whys methodology for the root cause analysis. Results  This report highlighted six major causative problems, including workforce market mismatch, poor financing design, inadequate governance, flawed technologies, insufficient research, and suboptimal service delivery...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144914/inpatient-outcomes-for-myocarditis-related-heart-failure
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Alabbas, Cheryl Gibson, Abdulrahman Morad, Mohammad Alhoda Mohammad Alahmad
Background  Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of hospitalizations among adults, accounting for high rates of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Myocarditis is a less common etiology of HF, and its outcomes are less well understood. Methods  We used the Nationwide Readmissions Database from 2016 to 2019, extracting adult patients with a primary diagnosis of HF who were admitted between January and November of each year studied. We excluded patients with missing data on event time or length of stay...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144913/cholera-an-overview-with-reference-to-the-syrian-outbreak
#12
REVIEW
Munawar Hraib, Sara Alaidi, Sarah Jouni, Sana Saad, Mohammad Muna, Nour Alaidi, Zuheir Alshehabi
Cholera is an acute type of diarrheal disease caused by intestinal infection with the toxin-producing bacteria Vibrio cholerae. The disease is still endemic in almost 69 countries, accounting for around 2.86 million cases and 95,000 deaths annually. Cholera is associated with poor infrastructure, and lack of access to sanitation and clean drinking water. The current cholera outbreak in Syria is associated with more than 10 years of conflict, which has devastated infrastructures and health services. There were 132,782 suspected cases reported between August 25, 2022 and May 20, 2023 in all 14 governorates, including 104 associated deaths...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144912/primary-sarcomas-of-the-larynx-a-case-series-of-four-different-histopathologic-types
#13
Ala S Abu-Dayeh, Khaled A Murshed, Adham Ammar, Mahir Petkar
Primary laryngeal sarcomas are rare. Their nomenclature and classification are similar to soft tissue counterparts; however, there are notable differences between clinical presentation, behavior, treatment, and follow-up. There is sparse information regarding the clinical features, biologic behavior, and treatment modalities of laryngeal sarcomas. To increase our understanding about these tumors, we describe herein an additional series of four cases of different pathologic types of laryngeal sarcomas, including low-grade chondrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, well-differentiated liposarcoma, and undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144911/nasoenteric-tube-placement-in-patients-with-esophageal-varices-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-and-society-guidelines
#14
REVIEW
Osama Qasim Agha, Muhammad Alsayid, Justin Reynolds
Esophageal varices are a common complication of portal hypertension and variceal bleeding can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hospitalized patients with cirrhosis might require nasoenteric tube (NET) placement, commonly for nutritional support and/or medication administration. However, the fear of causing massive variceal bleeding among clinicians might lead to hesitancy or complete avoidance of NET placement in patients who either have a known history of esophageal varices or are at risk to have them...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144910/geographical-origin-wash-access-and-clinical-descriptions-for-patients-admitted-to-a-cholera-treatment-center-in-northwest-syria-between-october-and-december-2022
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ahmad Hmaideh, Maia C Tarnas, Wasim Zakaria, Ahmad Oussama Rifai, Mosab Ibrahem, Yaser Hashoom, Nusaima Ghazal, Aula Abbara
Background  On September 10, 2022, a cholera outbreak was declared in Syria for the first time in over a decade of protracted conflict. As of May 20, 2023, 132,782 suspected cases had been reported, primarily in northwest and northeast Syria. We aim to provide a detailed description of water sources and clinical status of a patient cohort seen at a cholera treatment center (CTC) in northwest Syria. Methods  We retrospectively identified patients with confirmed cholera who presented to the CTC in Idlib governorate between October 8 and December 18, 2022...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38144909/role-of-multidisciplinary-team-meetings-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-diseases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Ayaz Khan, Nahid Sherbini, Sami Alyami, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Suliman Alrajhi, Reem Abdullah, Dhafer AlGhamdi, Rajkumar Rajendram, Hana Bamefleh, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Background  Decisions on the management of interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and prognostication require an accurate diagnosis. It has been proposed that multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings for ILD (ILD-MDT) improve these decisions in challenging cases of ILD. However, most studies in this field have been based on the decisions of individual clinicians and there are few reports on the outcomes of the ILD-MDT approach. We therefore describe the experience of the ILD-MDT meetings at our institution. Methods  A single-center retrospective review of the electronic health care records of patients discussed in the ILD-MDT meetings at our institution from February 2016 to January 2021 was performed...
October 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37799186/assessment-of-anxiety-among-people-with-various-physical-activity-levels-during-lockdown-in-karachi-pakistan
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noor Ul Ain, Muriam Arif, Mariam Sultan Dar, Umm E Habiba, Mahjabeen Shah, Uzma Naseeb
Background  The purpose of this study is to make it easier to counsel the general public on how to promote their psychological health and better lifestyle by boosting their physical activity in the event of more devastating future waves of coronavirus disease 2019. Coronavirus disease is a viral infection first reported in Wuhan, China, which led to a worldwide pandemic and lockdown. In addition to physical health, the uncertainty of situation and fear of infection have further affected the mental health of the individuals...
July 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37799185/a-pilot-standardized-simulation-based-mechanical-ventilation-curriculum-targeting-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-and-critical-care-medicine-fellows
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amina Pervaiz, Asil Daoud, Abdulrazak Alchakaki, Shyam Ganti, Divya Venkat, Sarah Lee, Abdulghani Sankari
Introduction  The mastery of mechanical ventilation (MV) management is challenging, as it requires the integration of physiological and technological knowledge with critical thinking. Our aim was to create a standardized curriculum with assessment tools based on evidence-based practices to identify the skill deficit and improve knowledge in MV management. Methods  For 3 years, 3 hours of standardized curriculum for each first-year pulmonary critical care medicine (PCCM) and critical care medicine (CCM) fellows was integrated into the orientation (chronologically): (1) a baseline knowledge pretest; (2) a 1-hour one-on-one case-based simulation session with debriefing...
July 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37799184/comparison-of-the-arterial-paco-2-values-and-etco-2-values-measured-with-sidestream-capnography-in-patients-with-a-prediagnosis-of-copd-exacerbation
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gökhan İşat, Tuba Cimilli Öztürk, Özge Ecmel Onur, Serdar Özdemir, Ebru Ünal Akoğlu, Fatma Tokgöz Akyıl, Hacer Kuzu Okur
Background  Aim of this study is to investigate whether end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO 2 ) values can be used instead of partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2 ) values in guiding treatment, and determining treatment benefits in patients that received a pre-diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation at the emergency department. Methods  This observational prospective study was conducted with patients who presented to the emergency department with the complaint of shortness of breath and were diagnosed with COPD exacerbation...
July 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37799183/yoga-as-adjunct-therapy-for-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Abhijit Dutta, Aruchunan Mooventhan, L Nivethitha
Background  Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a prevalent cardiovascular condition that can significantly impact the quality of life and increase mortality risk. Yoga is a mind-body therapy that has been studied as a potential complementary treatment for CHF. However, the effectiveness of yoga in improving outcomes in patients with CHF remains uncertain. Methods  We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of yoga on outcomes in patients with CHF...
July 2023: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
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