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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

John E Meyers, Ronald M Miller, Martin L Rohling, Stephen S Kalat
One of the basic tasks performed by a neuropsychologist is to identify the difference between current performance and the premorbid expected performance. Baseline expected performance for Intellectually Impaired (n = 21), Developmentally Delayed (n = 40), Attention Deficit Disorder (n = 98), Learning Disability (n = 42), and "Normal" groups (n = 75) were developed along with a demographically corrected prediction of premorbid functioning and a word reading based prediction of premorbid functioning...
February 18, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Luciano Giromini, Fernando Barbosa, Giulia Coga, Andreia Azeredo, Donald J Viglione, Alessandro Zennaro
This study tested whether combining the Inventory of Problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) would increase sensitivity in the detection of experimentally feigned mental health problems, compared to using either test alone. Additionally, it also evaluated (a) the effects of administration order of these two tests and (b) the cultural and linguistic applicability of these tests to a European Portuguese population. The IOP-29 and TOMM were administered to a community sample of 100 nonclinical, adult volunteers from Portugal, with the instruction to feign mental health problems...
February 17, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Cecilia Monti, Matteo Sozzi, Massimo Corbo, Giulia Fronda, Michela Balconi
Prospective memory (PM) is a complex process involving multiple cognitive abilities. Several studies demonstrated the role of working memory (WM) in PM. However, to date, the extent to which PM and WM shared resources or, rather, they are distinct mechanisms is still debated. With the aim to investigate the role of WM in PM, we developed two experiments manipulating the WM load required by ongoing tasks to examine a patient with PM difficulties and dysexecutive syndrome following brain damage. Experiment 1 required a simple arithmetic activity together with a PM switching-task to be performed at a given time (time-based condition) or following cue presentation (event-based condition)...
February 14, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Paola Guariglia, Flavio Giaimo, Massimiliano Palmiero, Laura Piccardi
Reliable and valid measures are necessary to assess subjective working memory complaints that can be distinct from objective memory performance. The Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ) is a self-administered scale proposed by Vallat-Azouvi. It assesses the three different working memory domains (memory storage, attention, and executive functions) in accordance with Baddeley's working memory model. Our aim was to propose an Italian translation of the WMQ and provide normative data. We collected normative data from 697 healthy Italian participants aged between 18 and 88 years...
February 13, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Kathryn Ann Tolle, Annalise M Rahman-Filipiak, Andrew C Hale, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Robert J Spencer
The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) is used primarily as a measure of motor functioning, but some research indicates that performance on this test my also reflect cognitive factors, particularly attention and executive functioning. The aim of this study was to examine rule violations as a possible quantifiable measure of executive functioning, particularly inhibitory control. In a sample of 82 veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation at a Virginia (VA) outpatient clinic, we recorded instances of two types of rule violations: using the incorrect hand during insertion and placing pegs out of sequence...
February 8, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Tomer Elbaum, Lior Golan, Tamar Lupu, Michael Wagner, Yoram Braw
Response time (RT) measures in the Word Memory Test (WMT) offer to complement information derived from conventional accuracy measures. The current study aimed to validate the findings of Lupu, Elbaum, Wagner, and Braw in which RT variability was assessed, for the first time, in the WMT. A secondary aim was to suggest directions for the future research of RT measures in Forced-Choice Recognition Memory Performance Validity Tests (FCRM-PVTs). The study utilized a simulation research design, with participants performing the WMT's immediate recognition (IR) subtest (N = 59)...
February 6, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Kristen D Williams, Emily Hancock, Nicole Wozniak, Susan Oehler, Rose Manguso
Although the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a widely studied and utilized screening measure with an Effort Index (EI), there is a minimal amount of data available regarding the utility of the EI for forensic inpatients. Specific concerns include the possibility that the published cutoffs would result in high false positive rates. The present study investigated this issue by comparing the validity of the RBANS EI with that of the Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a forensic psychiatric setting (N = 117)...
February 6, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Kasey Metcalf, Mark Sabaz, Maysaa Daher, Grahame Simpson
Individuals with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently undergo repeat neuropsychological assessments. Reliable change (RC) methodologies based on general population normative data are often used to assess for clinically significant change. The consequence of applying such methodologies to an individual with a TBI needs investigation. The current study tested the validity of readily available formulae in moderate to severe TBI participants who were >2 years postinjury. Participants were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV/Wechsler Memory Scale-IV (WAIS/WMS-IV) battery on two occasions across an approximate 1 year interval...
February 6, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Chiara Concetta Incerti, Ornella Argento, Giuseppe Magistrale, Giancarlo Di Battista, Elisabetta Ferraro, Carlo Caltagirone, Valerio Pisani, Ugo Nocentini
Recent studies suggest that patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) might be at risk of unemployment due to physical and psychological symptoms. Furthermore, MS patients appear to be more exposed to a higher level of occupational stress, which might be linked to some personality characteristics. Our aim was to ascertain, by means of a longitudinal study, whether changes in occupational stress can be predicted by some personality traits, which could thereby become potential targets of therapeutic interventions...
February 5, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Lauren M D Faulkner, Kathryn A Tolle, Carrington R Wendell, Shari R Waldstein, Leslie I Katzel, Robert J Spencer
The Stroop Color and Word Test is a test of processing speed, response inhibition, and executive functioning (EF). This project examined whether extending the Stroop Color-Word trial beyond the standard time limit could more accurately assess performance on EF measures. Cognitively healthy older individuals (n = 198) enrolled in a study of cardiovascular health completed the Stroop as part of a neuropsychological battery. Two scores were computed for the Color-Word trial: the number of items completed within the first 45 seconds (traditional Color-Word score) and the speed of page completion beyond the first 45 seconds (Stroop-Extended score)...
February 5, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Karolina Byczewska-Konieczny
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between cognitive and behavioral symptoms of dysexecutive functioning, understood as two aspects of dysexecutive syndrome, in an elderly nonclinical sample. Most previous studies have concentrated on clinical population. However, nonclinical population of elderly adults is, in this context, a group of special interest due to a large body of evidence indicating that executive functions decrease pronouncedly in the course of normal aging. The data were collected from 40 participants aged 67-86 years...
February 5, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Ashlee R Loughan, Sarah E Braun, Autumn Lanoye
Adult primary brain tumor (PBT) survivors report persistent cognitive difficulties before, during, and after treatment, which are problematic for everyday functioning. Cognitive domains often affected by cancer treatment appear to be attention and executive functioning (EF). One validated measure developed to assess an individual's EF within daily living is the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult (BRIEF-A). To date, no published research has investigated the EF profile of PBT patients using the BRIEF-A...
February 4, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Takeshi Hatta, Hasegawa Yukiharu, Kimiko Katoh, Chie Hotta, Akihiko Iwahara, Taketoshi Hatta, Junko Hatta, Kazumi Fujiwara, Emi Ito
Relations between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people (65-75 years old) were examined by longitudinal behavioral data. Based on the individually calculated cognitive decline ratio in D-CAT (digit cancelation test) and in LMT (Logical Memory Test) during the period of 11 years, participants were classified into the Decline and the Maintain groups and group differences in the postural tremor measures (Quotient of Romberg) were compared. Significant group differences were shown in the postural tremor measure in D-CAT that reflects prefrontal function, but it was not the case in LMT...
January 28, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Virginie Descloux, Roland Maurer
Difficulty in navigating in a well-known environment (i.e., topographical disorientation) is an incapacitating syndrome. Despite the relatively high frequency after a right cerebral lesion, there is currently a dearth of neuropsychological tests to assess it. We propose a completely new test, the third in a battery of three, which assesses perspective taking, a crucial process in spatial orientation. In this test, inspired from Piaget and Inhelder Three Mountains, the subject must imagine a change in perspective in two conditions: after a rotational or a linear displacement...
January 24, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Giuseppe Paladina, Francesco Corallo, Rosanna Palmeri, Rosa Morabito, Alessia Bramanti, Silvia Marino, Edoardo Sessa
We describe an unusual case of a 68-year-old male affected by cerebral amyloid angiopathy and cortical blindness associated with Anton's syndrome. In addition, our patient presented with autotopagnosia, a form of agnosia characterized by loss of body spatial representation. Neuropsychological assessment evidenced cognitive impairment. Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed hemorrhagic foci in the left occipital and right occipito-parietal lobe, paratrigonal white matter, and post-ischemic parenchymal gliosis. The pattern-reversal of visual evoked potentials were indicative bilateral visual pathway of integrity of the...
January 20, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Shameka L Cody, Pariya L Fazeli, Michael Crowe, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Linda Moneyham, Despina Stavrinos, David E Vance, Karen Heaton
Some older adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) experience poor sleep which can worsen cognition. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and cognitive training have improved sleep and cognition in studies of older adults; yet, their combined influence is unknown in adults with HIV. Older adults with HIV (n = 33) and without HIV (n = 33) were randomized to receive 10 one-hour sessions of speed of processing (SOP) training with tDCS or sham tDCS over approximately 5 weeks. tDCS with SOP training did not improve sleep...
January 17, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Eivind Haga Ronold, Jutta Joormann, Åsa Hammar
Identifying vulnerability factors for relapse of depression is essential in planning preventive interventions. Emotional face processing in major depression (MDD) shows promise as a potential cognitive marker for depression. The current study investigates how working memory (WM) load in face processing relates to rumination and new episodes of MDD in a novel explorative paradigm. It was expected that history of MDD is associated with reduction of the ability to process sad stimuli in high WM load conditions and reduction of the ability to process happy stimuli in low WM conditions...
January 15, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Fanny L'Ecuyer-Giguère, Selma Greffou, Sabrina Tabet, Lucie C Frenette, Simon Tinawi, Mitra Feyz, Elaine de Guise
To compare the visual memory performance of uncomplicated and complicated mild TBI (mTBI) groups with that of a control group on the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT). We also aimed to explore the influence of factors such as age, gender, education, occupation, and intellectual functioning on visual memory in individuals with mTBI. The RCFT and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI-II) were administered to 138 participants (90 uncomplicated mTBI patients, 19 complicated mTBI patients, and 29 controls)...
January 15, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
John E Meyers
The 1-minute estimation test is a relatively new task. This article is an initial offering showing normative data for children from age six up through adulthood (age =76). The task is quite simple, the individual was simply asked to estimate the passage of time for 1 minute. The normative data indicate that children's data needs to be stratified by age, whereas adult data did not need to be stratified by age. Demographic variables such as handedness, gender and ethnicity were not significantly related to 1-minute estimation performance...
January 15, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Christopher M Nguyen, Christopher T Copeland, Deborah A Lowe, Daniel J Heyanka, John F Linck
The Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS) is a performance-based measure of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Executive dysfunction has been linked to impairment on other IADL measures but has not been thoroughly investigated with the TFLS. This study examined the contribution of executive functioning to IADLs on the TFLS among 228 older adults (M age =76.0 +/- 6.5 years; 59% females) who completed the TFLS as part of comprehensive assessment at an outpatient neuropsychology clinic. Executive functioning measures included the Trail Making Test (TMT) Part B, the Controlled Oral Word Association Test, and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence-II (WASI-II) Matrix Reasoning and Similarities subtests...
January 15, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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