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Longyong Chen, DianLong Zhang, Li Yu, He Dong
This study aims to investigate the role of targeting lncRNA myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) in protection against hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury in H9c2 cells in vitro and myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo by regulating expression of NF-kB and p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA). H9C2 cells were infected with lentivirus expressing the short-hairpin RNA direct against human MIAT gene (Lv-MIAT shRNA) or lentivirus expressing scrambled control (Lv-NC shRNA) or PUMA siRNA or p65 siRNA or their control siRNA respectively...
April 11, 2019: Bioengineered
Ningning Zhang, Tristen Wright, Paige Caraway, Jianfeng Xu
Expression of recombinant proteins fused to a novel glycomodule tag, termed hydroxyproline (Hyp)-O-glycosylated peptides (HypGP), was earlier found to boost secreted protein yields up to 500-fold in plant cell culture. Here, this technology was applied to the expression of human protease inhibitor α1-antitrypsin (AAT) in tobacco BY-2 cell culture. A designer HypGP tag composed of a "Ala-Pro" motif of 20 units, or (AP)20 , was engineered either at the N- or C-terminal end of AAT. The (AP)20 tag substantially increased the secreted yields of the recombinant AAT up to 34...
April 8, 2019: Bioengineered
Sepideh Farakhor, Vahid Shalchyan, Mohammad Reza Daliri
Brain micro-electrical stimulation and its applications are among the most important issues in the field of brain science and neurophysiology. Deep brain stimulation techniques have been used in different theraputic or alternative medicine applications including chronic pain control, tremor control, Parkinson's disease control and depression control. Recently, brain electrical stimulation has been used for tele-control and navigation of small animals such as rodents and birds. Electrical stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) area has been reported to induce a pleasure sensation in rat which can be used as a virtual reward for rat navigation...
March 27, 2019: Bioengineered
Project Nshimiyimana, Long Liu, Guocheng Du
α-keto acids are organic compounds that contain an acid group and a ketone group. L-amino acid deaminases are enzymes that catalyze the oxidative deamination of amino acids for the formation of their corresponding α-keto acids and ammonia. α-keto acids are synthesized industrially via chemical processes that are costly and use harsh chemicals. The use of the directed evolution technique, followed by the screening and selection of desirable variants, to evolve enzymes has proven to be an effective way to engineer enzymes with improved performance...
March 15, 2019: Bioengineered
Lihong Du, Zhen Zhang, Qingyang Xu, Ning Chen
Tryptophan, an aromatic amino acid, has been widely used in food industry because it participates in the regulation of protein synthesis and metabolic network in vivo. In this study, we obtained a strain named TRP03 by enhancing the tryptophan synthesis pathway, which could accumulate tryptophan at approximately 35 g/L in a 5 L bioreactor. We then modified the central metabolic pathway of TRP03, to increase the supply of the precursor phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), the genes related to PEP were modified. Furthermore, citric acid transport system and TCA were upregulated to effectively increase cell growth...
March 13, 2019: Bioengineered
Rui Zhang, Shujing Xu, Xinyue Li, Xiaowei Han, Zhifeng Song, Junpei Zhou, Zunxi Huang
β-N-Acetylglucosaminidases (GlcNAcases) possess many important biological functions and are used for promising applications that are often hampered by low-activity enzymes. We previously demonstrated that most GlcNAcases of the glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 20 showed higher activities than those of other GH families, and we presented two novel GH 20 GlcNAcases that showed higher activities than most GlcNAcases. A highly flexible structure, which was attributed to the presence of to a high proportion of random coils and flexible amino acid residues, was presumed to be a factor in the high activity of GH 20 GlcNAcases...
December 2019: Bioengineered
Xiaocui Liu
Trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline (Hyp) production by Escherichia coli (E. coli) in fermentation is a high-oxygen-demand process. E. coli secretes large amounts of soluble protein, especially in the anaphase of fermentation, which is an important factor leading to inadequate oxygen supply. And acetic acid that is the major by-product of Hyp production accumulates under low dissolved oxygen (DO). To increase DO and achieve high-level Hyp production, soluble protein was hydrolysed by adding protease in Hyp fermentation...
December 2019: Bioengineered
Busra Ozkan, Yasemin Budama-Kilinc, Rabia Cakir-Koc, Sevim Mese, Selim Badur
The diagnosis of influenza A virus is essential since it can be confused with influenza A like illness and lead to inaccurate drug prescription. In this study, the M2e peptide, a strategic antigen that is conserved in all virus subtypes, was used as a diagnostic marker of influenza A. For the first time, M2e-specific IgY antibody was covalently conjugated to alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme in the presence of glutaraldehyde. The antibody-enzyme bioconjugate was characterized by fluorescence and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2019: Bioengineered
Qingyang Xu, Fang Bai, Ning Chen, Gang Bai
In this study, waste bacterial cell (WBC) was recovered and used as an alternative to yeast extract in L-tryptophan fermentation. The effects of sulfuric acid concentration and temperature on the hydrolysis of WBC were optimized and the amino acid content in the waste bacterial cell hydrolysate (WBCH) was increased. Plackett-Burman and Box-Behnken design analysis revealed the optimum composition of the WBCH-based fermentation medium to be 22.47 g/L WBCH, 2.26 g/L KH2 PO4 , and 1.25 mg/L vitamin H. L-tryptophan yield and productivity with WBCH as the nitrogen source were 52...
December 2019: Bioengineered
Feng Gao, Hao Wu, Rui Wang, Yang Guo, Zefeng Zhang, Tao Wang, Guoliang Zhang, Changjiang Liu, Junfeng Liu
This study is aimed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the role of miR-485-5p in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). The expression of miR-485-5p were quantified with real time quantitative PCR and it was found that the level of miR-485-5p was lower in SCLC tissues than normal tissues. In cultured SCLC cell lines, overexpression of miR-485-5p reduced cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro, whereas knockdown of miR-485-5p performed contrary. FLOT2 expression was obviously upregulated and negatively correlated with miR-485-5p expression level in SCLC tissues...
December 2019: Bioengineered
Ying Zhou, Jingying Wang, Xiujun Gao, Kai Wang, Wenwei Wang, Qi Wang, Peisheng Yan
The deep-sea bacterium strain FA13 was isolated from the sediment of the South Atlantic Ocean and identified as Bacillus circulans based on 16S ribosomal DNA sequence. Through liquid fermentation with five media, the cell-free supernatant fermented with ISP2 showed the highest inhibition activities against mycelial growth of Aspergillus parasiticus mutant strain NFRI-95 and accumulation of norsolorinic acid, a precursor for aflatoxin production. Based on ISP2, uniform design was used to optimize medium formula and fermentation conditions...
December 2019: Bioengineered
Hongchu Wang, Pengfei Wu
RNA-protein interactions (RPIs) play a very important role in a wide range of post-transcriptional regulations, and identifying whether a given RNA-protein pair can form interactions or not is a vital prerequisite for dissecting the regulatory mechanisms of functional RNAs. Currently, expensive and time-consuming biological assays can only determine a very small portion of all RPIs, which calls for computational approaches to help biologists efficiently and correctly find candidate RPIs. Here, we integrated a successful computing algorithm, conjoint triad feature (CTF), and another method, chaos game representation (CGR), for representing RNA-protein pairs and by doing so developed a prediction model based on these representations and random forest (RF) classifiers...
2018: Bioengineered
Yanshun Kang, Xiaolin Xu, Huiran Pan, Jing Tian, Weihua Tang, Siqi Liu
In this report, the decolorization features of extracellular enzymes and mycelia separately prepared from Aspergillus sp. TS-A CGMCC 12,964 (120 h) were investigated. The fermentation broth of TS-A degraded 98.6% of Mordant Yellow 1 (50 mg/L) at an initial pH 6 within 1 h with over 70% of the dye (50 mg/L) degraded by extracellular enzymes and 18.8% removed by live mycelia. The degradation products of the dye were analyzed by UV-Vis and FTIR spectra. The decolorization rates of extracellular enzymes and mycelia were examined under different contact periods, dye concentrations and pH values...
2018: Bioengineered
Fernando Perez Rojo, Rikard Karl Martin Nyman, Alexander Arthur Theodore Johnson, Maria Pazos Navarro, Megan Helen Ryan, William Erskine, Parwinder Kaur
In recent years there has been great progress with the implementation and utilization of Clustered Regularly Interspaced Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) systems in the world of genetic engineering. Many forms of CRISPR-Cas9 have been developed as genome editing tools and techniques and, most recently, several non-genome editing CRISPR-Cas systems have emerged. Most of the CRISPR-Cas systems have been classified as either Class I or Class II and are further divided among several subtypes within each class...
2018: Bioengineered
Yuhui Wang, Mo Xian, Xinjun Feng, Min Liu, Guang Zhao
Ethylene glycol (EG) is an important chemical used as antifreeze and a raw material in polyester synthesis. The EG biosynthetic pathway from D-xylose with D-xylonate as key intermediate has some advantages, but showed low EG production. Here, we reconstructed and optimized this pathway in Escherichia coli. In view of the greater intracellular prevalence of NADH, an aldehyde reductase FucO using NADH was employed to convert glycoaldehyde into EG, in replacement of NADPH-dependent reductase YqhD. To suppress the accumulation of by-products acetate and glycolate, two genes arcA and aldA were knocked out...
2018: Bioengineered
Yangyang Zheng, Qianqian Yuan, Hao Luo, Xue Yang, Hongwu Ma
Poly-(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB) is a polyester with biodegradable and biocompatible characteristics suitable for bio-plastics and bio-medical use. In order to reduce the raw material cost, cheaper carbon sources such as xylose and glycerol were evaluated for P3HB production. We first conducted genome-scale metabolic network analysis to find the optimal pathways for P3HB production using xylose or glycerol respectively as the sole carbon sources. The results indicated that the non-oxidative glycolysis (NOG) pathway is important to improve the product yields...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Wei Zhang, Chen Niu, Rui-Yang Fu, Zheng-Yu Peng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of genes encoding SR proteinsand alternative splicing of IL4 and TLR4 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) H37Rv-infected macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate into macrophages with 200 nM PMA, and H37Rv strains were used for macrophage infection. After RNA extraction, qRT-PCR was performed to evaluate the expression of many SR proteins as well as the alternative splicing of IL4 and TLR4...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Lin Sun, Xiaoyu Zhang, Jiucheng Xu, Wei Wang, Ruonan Liu
In recent years, tumor classification based on gene expression profiles has drawn great attention, and related research results have been widely applied to the clinical diagnosis of major gene diseases. These studies are of tremendous importance for accurate cancer diagnosis and subtype recognition. However, the microarray data of gene expression profiles have small samples, high dimensionality, large noise and data redundancy. To further improve the classification performance of microarray data, a gene selection approach based on the Fisher linear discriminant (FLD) and the neighborhood rough set (NRS) is proposed...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Roy D Sleator
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Nasrin Shadjou, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Balal Khalilzadeh
Tissue engineering has been emerging as a valid approach to the current therapies for bone regeneration/substitution. Tissue-engineered bone constructs have the potential to alleviate the demand arising from the shortage of suitable autograft and allograft materials for augmenting bone healing. Scaffolds play a central role in tissue engineering research, they not only provide as structural support for specific cells but also provide as the templates to guide new tissue growth and construction. In this survey we describe application of graphene based nano-biomaterials for bone tissue engineering...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
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