Shinya Tomori, Seigo Korematsu, Taichi Momose, Yasuko Urushihara, Shuji Momose, Koichi Moriwaki
BACKGROUND: Kikuchi's disease with only extracervical lymphadenopathy is rare. Case Presentation . A 15-year-old male has presented with a fever lasting more than 1 week and right axillary lymphadenopathy. An axillary lymph node biopsy revealed coagulation necrosis, nuclear decay products, infiltration of histiocytes, and enlarged lymphocytes; he was diagnosed with Kikuchi's disease. The only four adult patients with Kikuchi's disease presenting without cervical lesions have been previously reported...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Kristie Searcy, Apoorva Jagadish, Patricia Pichilingue-Reto, Radhakrishna Baliga
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a heterogenous, predominantly pulmonary disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that has resulted in catastrophic illness around the world. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a triad of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and end organ damage. This is present in severe cases of COVID-19 and in hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) commonly caused by Escherichia coli (E.coli) 0157:H7. We report a novel case of a toddler who presented with classic features suggestive of HUS characterized by bloody diarrhea followed by thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and acute kidney injury, in whom a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for SARS-CoV-2 was positive...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Maha Alotaibi, Ali Aldossari, Imran Khan, Leena Alotaibi
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SEDKF) is a rare skeletal dysplasia associated with kyphosis and low bone mineral density, significantly delayed growth, and skeletal deformities. Blood lysosomal enzyme levels have also been shown to be elevated with a delay in development. The first variant described was compound heterozygosity for mutations in the MBTPS1 gene: a 1-bp duplication and a missense mutation. In the current study, we examined a Saudi consanguineous family. Clinical features like spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, indicative of characteristic skeletal abnormalities, and impaired cognitive abilities were observed...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Rami A Misk, Lama Qawasme, Fawzy M Abunejma, Bahaa Ibrahim Abu Rahma, Ehab Mohammad Abuawwad, Raja Imad Abu Iram, Abdulrahman Hussein Karaki, Tareq Z Alzughayyar, Jihad Samer Zalloum
A pseudo-TORCH syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by intracranial calcification and microcephaly, leading to spasticity and seizures, but the serology of TORCH infection is negative. We present a 4-day-old female patient with jaundice, abnormal movement, and convulsions who was found to be homozygous for the missense USP18 gene mutation that causes pseudo-TORCH syndrome 2 (PTORCH2). The patient was managed with conservative measures.
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ahmad Al Hammouri, Rami A Misk, Hamza Abumunshar, Fawzy M Abunejma, Tasnim S Idrees, Mahmoud Abu Arqoub, Deiaa Malhis, Abdullah Shroof, Tareq Z Alzughayyar
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine arterial thrombosis is extremely rare. Multiple inherited coagulopathies were found to be associated with thrombophilia and an increased risk of intrauterine arterial thrombosis. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase MTHFR (C667T) polymorphism was found to be associated with mild hyper-homocysteinemia, which, in turn, can promote thrombotic complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reported a case of intrauterine upper limb ischemia in a neonate who was found to be heterozygous for the 677C > T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene despite the dispute regarding its clinical significance as a risk of arterial thrombosis...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Jami Wang, Isabella Brown, Heidi Goodarzi
Minocycline, a type of tetracycline, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is commonly prescribed in dermatology for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Common side effects of minocycline include nausea, vertigo, and dizziness while less common side effects include hyperpigmentation. In this case study, we found an 18-year-old female who presented with dark blue pigmentation in her upper gum after using minocycline on and off for 4 years. After discontinuation of the minocycline for 2 years, the pigmentation decreased gradually...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Lamidi Audu, Amina Gambo, Tokan Silas Baduku, Bilkisu Farouk, Anisa Yahaya, Kefas Jacob
Thanatophoric dysplasia (TD) is a rare but uniformly lethal inherited disorder of the skeletal system resulting from defects in the fibroblast growth factor receptor-3 gene on the short arm of chromosome ##4. It is characterised by pronounced shortening of the tubular bones resulting in significant short stature, macrocephaly, a funnel-shaped chest, protuberant abdomen, redundant skin in the limbs, and typical facies among others. The two clinical types of TD are differentiated by typical cranial and tubular bone configurations...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Mohammad Hosein Ataee Nakhaei, Sahar Safapour Moghadam, Saeedeh Yaghoubi
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, which was initially reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, had a rapid spread throughout the world becoming a new global crisis. Today, very little is known about neonatal COVID-19 infection. Herein, we tried to define the clinical and demographic characteristics, risk factors, and laboratory and imagining findings of neonates who tested positive for COVID-19 and were admitted to the NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb Hospital, Zahedan, Iran, from June 2021 to July 2021...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Aiko Murakami, Rhiana L Lau, Robert Wallerstein, Tamara Zagustin, Garett Kuwada, Prashant J Purohit
Rhabdomyolysis is diagnosed with creatinine kinase (CK) elevation beyond 1000 U/L or ten times above the normal upper limit. Severe episodes can be fatal from electrolyte imbalance, acute renal failure, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. A 13-month-old child was admitted with a CK of 82,090 U/L in the setting of respiratory tract infection-related hyperthermia of 106.9° farenheit. His medical history was significant for prematurity, dystonia, and recurrent rhabdomyolysis. His home medications clonazepam, clonidine, and baclofen were continued upon admission...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Christy L Pylypjuk, Katarina Nikel, Chelsea Day, Ladonna Majeau, Adelicia Yu, Yasmine ElSalakawy, M Florencia Ricci
Objective: To describe the early neurodevelopmental outcomes following fetal exposure to previable preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (pPPROM). Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a subgroup of neonates born following pPPROM from a retrospective cohort study (2009-2015). Surviving infants who underwent standardized neurodevelopmental evaluation at 18-24 months corrected age (CA) between 2017 and 2019 were eligible for inclusion. Data abstracted from hospital charts were linked to prospectively collected developmental outcomes stored in an electronic database from a regional neonatal follow-up clinic...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ali Alsuheel Asseri, Ahmed Al-Jarie, Alshima Alassim, Mohamed E Hamid, Hamza AlGhamdi
Invasive fungal infection is a major threat to chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients. We present a rare case of invasive mycosis in a CGD boy. An 11-year-old preadolescent boy presented with fever, hypoxia, and dyspnea. Physical examination revealed left neck enlarged lymph nodes with healed scars. The chest revealed bilateral diminished air entry with bilateral coarse crackles. Peripheral blood leukocyte count was 28.260/ μ L with 84% neutrophil, 11% lymphocyte, and 4.4% monocyte. The patient's condition deteriorated regardless of the empirical antibacterial against MRSA and suspected tuberculosis...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ricardo Barrientos, Carlos Sisniega, Samanta Catueno, Robin Hougen, Ashley Hanna, Utpal Bhalala
We report a rare case of middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke in a teenage girl with initial improvement, followed by progression to malignant MCA infarction, requiring an urgent decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC). Additionally, we report improvement in all areas, including language, comprehension, and motor skills at discharge and the 4-month follow-up. This rare presentation highlights the importance of monitoring the neurological status of a patient with an MCA infarct for progression to a life-threatening malignant MCA infarct...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Gopinathan Gangadharan Nambiar, Eyad Hanna, Julia Shelton, Rose Lee
Xylobezoar is a rare clinical condition in which undigested paper becomes trapped in the gastrointestinal tract causing varying degrees of gastrointestinal obstruction. This condition can be suspected in children with a history of gastric surgeries, decreased gastrointestinal motility, or pica. Xylobezoar presents with symptoms ranging from chronic abdominal pain to gastrointestinal perforation. Surgical intervention is often required as endoscopic removal is challenging and not always successful. Chemical dissolution has been shown to be effective in treating certain bezoars...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Shun Suzuki, Mitsuru Seki, Koichi Kataoka, Reina Koga, Tomoyuki Sato, Masaaki Kawada, Takanori Yamagata
PHACE syndrome is a congenital disorder often associated with a cervicofacial infantile hemangioma and complicated cardiovascular malformations. Patients with PHACE syndrome often have complex aortic arch anomalies, longer aortic stenosis or agenesis segments, and increased vascular tortuosity; therefore, perioperative management and surgical repair are challenging. We report a case of a female infant with PHACE syndrome and complex cardiovascular anomalies such as a double aortic arch associated with interruption of the left aortic arch, coarctation of the right aortic arch, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, and atrial septal defect...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Shereen M Mohamed, Hasan M Isa, Amarjit K Sandhu
Ectopia cordis is a rare type of malformation where the heart is not located normally. It may be partially or completely located outside the thoracic cavity and can be associated with other congenital abnormalities. It results from failure of maturation of midline mesoderm and ventral body formation during embryogenic formation. The exact etiology remains unknown. The literature review reveals the prognosis for infants with ectopia cordis is very poor. Here, we are reporting the first case of a fetus that was prenatally diagnosed with ectopia cordis that was associated with omphalocele documented in our country...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Chetna Mangat, Mikaela DeCoster, Natasa Milosavljevic, Lisa Hiskey, Elizabeth H Ristagno, Nadir Demirel
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) is a rare respiratory disorder. During infancy, it typically presents with hypoxemia, tachypnea, and respiratory distress, and is commonly misdiagnosed as common childhood illnesses such as pneumonia, reactive airway disease, or bronchiolitis. Lack of awareness about this relatively new and rare disorder in primary care and acute care settings lead to delayed diagnosis and unnecessary use of antibiotics. Case Presentation ...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Patrick DeMoss, Nancy Tang, Kristen Yeom, Audris Chiang, Ann L Marqueling, Michael R Jeng
Xanthoma disseminatum is a normolipemic non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by red-brown rubbery papules of the skin which coalesce into plaque-like lesions with symmetric involvement of face, flexor, and intertriginous areas. Less commonly, xanthoma disseminatum may affect mucosal linings, abdominal organs, and the central nervous system, leading to endocrinopathies. We report a 12-year-old adolescent with mucosal, central nervous system, and painful cutaneous lesions, further complicated by diabetes insipidus and amenorrhea...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Yasuaki Matsumoto, Katsuyoshi Shimozawa, Junko Yamanaka, Yukari Atsumi, Tomomi Ota, Shinji Mochizuki, Hiroyuki Shichino
Pediatric rib osteomyelitis is a rare disease occurring predominantly in the neonatal period and early childhood and accounting for about 1% of all pediatric osteomyelitis. Compared to osteomyelitis in other parts of the body, pediatric rib osteomyelitis shows few localized findings (such as redness and swelling) and often an indolent lesion as well either of which may delay diagnosis and thus make treatment more difficult. A previously healthy one-year-old girl came to our department with a chief complaint of fever lasting for three days...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Leen Jamel Doya, Maria Naamah, Hanin Ahmed Mansour, Ali Ibrahim, Ammar Omran
Corrosive substance ingestion is a very serious home accident, mostly common in developing countries. It frequently causes esophageal burns in the acute stage and esophageal stricture, stenosis, and even cancer in the chronic stage. Severe cases of caustic esophagitis may require esophageal replacement. We describe a case of balloon endoscopy dilation in a two-year-old girl with a severe stricture of the esophagus resulting from accidental ingestion of a corrosive substance (strong alkaline liquid) which helped the patient preserve the esophagus and prevent esophageal replacement...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Anna Rzeszotarska, Marta Pawlak, Chmielarz-Czarnocińska Anna, Justyna Szczapa-Jagustyn, Jarosław Kocięcki, Joanna Siwiec-Siwiec-Prościńska, Anna Gotz-Więckowska
Serious ocular complications due to SARS-CoV-2 disease in children are rare. Herein, we present a case report of a seven-year-old patient, who was diagnosed with pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS) due to COVID-19 and developed the ocular manifestations comprising diplopia and binocular optic disc edema. The patient condition improved within few weeks without any ocular sequels so far.
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
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