Fumihiro Ochi, Hisamichi Tauchi, Hiromitsu Miura, Tomozo Moritani, Toshiyuki Chisaka, Takashi Higaki, Mariko Eguchi
BACKGROUND: In this study, we report the case of a 14-month-old female patient transferred from another hospital to our hospital with a 9-day history of fever and worsening dyspnea. Case Report . The patient tested positive for influenza type B virus 7 days before being transferred to our hospital but was never treated. The physical examination performed at presentation revealed redness and swelling of the skin at the site of the peripheral venous catheter insertion performed at the previous hospital...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Claire Frauenfelder, Elizabeth Maughan, Johnny Kenth, Reema Nandi, Simon Jones, Robert Walker, Bill Walsh, Nagarajan Muthialu, Iain Bruce, Richard Hewitt, Colin Butler
INTRODUCTION: The primary cause of death in Morquio A syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) IVA) is airway obstruction, brought about by an inexorable and pathognomonic multilevel airway tortuosity, buckling, and obstruction. The relative pathophysiological contributions of an inherent cartilage processing defect versus a mismatch in longitudinal growth between the trachea and the thoracic cage are currently a subject of debate. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) and multidisciplinary management continue to improve life expectancy for Morquio A patients by slowing many of the multisystem pathological consequences of the disease but are not as effective at reversing established pathology...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Chiara Zeroli, Armela Gorica, Giulia Claire D'Aleo Canova, Monica Caruso, Paolo Castelnuovo, Francesca De Bernardi
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile generalized vasculitic syndrome of childhood of unknown ethology. The most severe complication may involve the hearth and include acute myocarditis with hearth failure, arrythmia, and coronary artery aneurism. The typical clinical symptoms are fever, conjunctivitis, rash, cervical lymphadenopathy, and mucocutaneous changes, and the diagnosis is made by the clinical criteria. Early use of aspirin and immunoglobuline improves symptoms and prevent heart complications...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Lybil Mendoza Alvarez, Dhanashree Rajderkar, Genie L Beasley
BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum, the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, typically presents in children with gastrointestinal bleeding. Case Presentation . An 11-year-old Caucasian male presented with a 6 week history of abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. He was found to have iron deficiency anemia, markedly elevated serum and fecal inflammatory markers, and imaging showing a contained bowel perforation. He was evaluated for infectious etiologies and later underwent extensive testing for inflammatory bowel disease...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Sheida Amini, Mohsen Jari
BACKGROUND: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) with early manifestations simulating IgA vasculitis is a very rare childhood systemic disease. Case Presentation . A 10-year-old boy presented initially with cutaneous, skeletal, and abdominal signs suggestive of IgA vasculitis. Over time, the worsening of skin ulcers, orchitis, and renal involvement led to the diagnosis of GPA according to cytoplasmic positive antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and renal biopsy. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should be awared of the diagnostic pitfalls when making a clinical diagnosis of IgA vasculitis in children older than 7 years...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Raed Al-Taher, Abdallah Alabadla, Salameh Al-Halaseh, Ghasaq Saleh
Intussusception is the invagination of a proximal bowel segment into a distal segment causing bowel obstruction, especially in children. In some cases, it can be caused by a pathological lead point, such as Burkitt lymphoma. Burkitt lymphoma has several patterns of clinical presentations, such as jaw or facial bone tumor in the endemic form, in contrast to an abdominal presentation most often with massive disease and ascites. We describe a case of a 4-year-old male who presented bowel obstruction. Using X-ray and ultrasound findings, ileocecal intussusception was then diagnosed...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Anne Sofie Steinbring Jørgensen, Ivan Arsic, Niels Pedersen, Lena Hagelskjær Kristensen, Michael F Nielsen, Thomas Balslev
BACKGROUND: Splenic abscesses are rare and potentially fatal. Diagnosis is often delayed due to vague symptoms, and laboratory findings are varying and often nonspecific. Ultrasound and computed tomography have a high sensitivity in detecting splenic abscesses. Splenectomy was previously considered the gold standard for treatment, but in recent years, a shift has been seen towards a more conservative approach, i.e., ultrasound-guided aspiration or drainage in combination with adequate antibiotics in selected cases...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Deepa Banker, Bhavdeep Mungala, Zankhana Parekh, Shachi Ganatra, Vimal Maheshwari, Yashica Raj, Utsav Patel, Digant Patel, Kishan Chamar, Vasu Solanki
Microdeletion of the short arm of chromosome 18 is one of the most common chromosome deletion syndromes. Its estimated frequency is 1 in 50,000 live-born infants, with female prevalence over males. Around 150 cases have been described till now. The reported abnormalities include growth deficiency, hypotonia, microcephaly, dysmorphic facial features such as ptosis, epicanthal folds, hypertelorism and micrognathia, and relatively small hands and feet. Our patient was a full-term low birth weight (2150 gm) female newborn, showing cleft upper lip and palate (hard and soft palate), bilateral congenital Talipes Equinovarus with rocker bottom foot, microcephaly, atrial septal defect...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
S Aimée Kissou, Souleymane B W Adjaba, Jacqueline Tamini, Hélène Traore
Pulmonary agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly of unknown cause, consisting of a complete absence of the lung parenchyma, bronchi, and vascularization. It may or not be associated with other malformations. The authors report a case of right pulmonary agenesis diagnosed in a four-month-old infant who had no previous pathological history and was growing well. The circumstance of discovery was respiratory distress during an infectious episode. The diagnosis was suspected on a standard chest X-ray and confirmed on a chest CT scan...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Toshihiko Kakiuchi, Tetsuya Nosho
Foreign body ingestion is one of the common problems among children. A three-year-old girl presented to the emergency department 2 h after ingesting three small disk-type neodymium magnets. She had no gastrointestinal symptoms. Abdominal radiography revealed a foreign body in the left upper quadrant, which was the three circular magnets. Fluoroscopy was performed. She was placed in the right lateral decubitus position for 3 min and slowly returned to the supine position. Abdominal fluoroscopy revealed a foreign body migrating near the middle of the spine...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Marco Lecis, Katia Rossi, Maria Elena Guerzoni, Ilaria Mariotti, Lorenzo Iughetti
BACKGROUND: Lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency, also known as Pompe disease, is an autosomal recessive disorder that leads to the accumulation of glycogen in lysosomes and cytoplasm, resulting in tissue destruction. Infantile-onset GAA deficiency is characterized by cardiomyopathy and severe generalized hypotonia. Without treatment, most patients die within the first two years of life. The demonstration of reduced GAA activity, followed by sequencing of the GAA gene, confirms the disease...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Yuya Kinoshita, Rieko Sakamoto, Yusuke Hattori, Keishiro Furuie, Shohei Kuraoka, Yuko Hidaka, Hiroshi Tamura, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Kimitoshi Nakamura
Potter syndrome, first reported in 1946 by Edith Potter, refers to fatal cases of bilateral renal aplasia with pulmonary hypoplasia, peculiar facial features, and limb deformities. Presently, patients with oligohydramnios showing similar pathological manifestations due to oligohydramnios caused by conditions other than bilateral renal aplasia have been reported, and are known as the Potter sequence. There are limited studies and unclear guidelines on the safest delivery time and detailed postpartum management for patients with the Potter sequence...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Shooq Alkhalifa, Aysha Darwish, Mohamed Awadh, Salman M Alkhalifa, Abdulla Darwish
Congenital tufting enteropathy (CTE), also known as intestinal epithelial dysplasia (IED), is a rare autosomal recessive disorder due to EPCAM gene mutation. It is a rare congenital enteropathy that presents in early infancy as an intractable diarrhea that is independent of breast formula feeding that requires life-long total parental nutrition (TPN) to acquire adequate calories and fluid intake or small bowel transplantation in severe cases. Here, we report a case of intestinal failure due to congenital tufting enteropathy in a 3-year-old girl who presented with loose stools and failure to thrive...
2023: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ritika Nangia, Margaret Kahwaty, Ashutosh Sachdeva, Nidhi Kotwal
Hemoptysis can complicate seizures, albeit rarely. This unfamiliar presentation, reported infrequently in adults, can also affect children. This remains a rare clinical entity in pediatrics and we report one such case and its association with sterol carrier protein (SCP) gene mutation. We present a case of a 16-year-old male with recurrent episodes of hemoptysis following seizures. The diagnostic workup for etiology of the hemoptysis was unrevealing and he was ultimately treated for neurogenic pulmonary edema as a diagnosis of exclusion...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Andrea Guala, Giulia Folgori, Micaela Silvestri, Michelangelo Barbaglia, Cesare Danesino
Vitamin B6 is a micronutrient required by the body. It acts as a coenzyme in biochemical reactions. Vitamin B6 toxicity is not caused by the intake of food-based sources. The few reported cases of vitamin B6 toxicity are always caused by overdosing of nutritional supplements. Chronic toxicity typically occurs with peripheral neuropathy such as paraesthesia, ataxia, and imbalance, paradoxically mimicking vitamin B6 deficiency. However, the prognosis is favorable, and symptoms usually show improvement once excessive vitamin B6 levels return to the physiological range...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Shinya Tomori, Seigo Korematsu, Taichi Momose, Yasuko Urushihara, Shuji Momose, Koichi Moriwaki
BACKGROUND: Kikuchi's disease with only extracervical lymphadenopathy is rare. Case Presentation . A 15-year-old male has presented with a fever lasting more than 1 week and right axillary lymphadenopathy. An axillary lymph node biopsy revealed coagulation necrosis, nuclear decay products, infiltration of histiocytes, and enlarged lymphocytes; he was diagnosed with Kikuchi's disease. The only four adult patients with Kikuchi's disease presenting without cervical lesions have been previously reported...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Kristie Searcy, Apoorva Jagadish, Patricia Pichilingue-Reto, Radhakrishna Baliga
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a heterogenous, predominantly pulmonary disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that has resulted in catastrophic illness around the world. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a triad of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and end organ damage. This is present in severe cases of COVID-19 and in hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) commonly caused by Escherichia coli (E.coli) 0157:H7. We report a novel case of a toddler who presented with classic features suggestive of HUS characterized by bloody diarrhea followed by thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and acute kidney injury, in whom a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for SARS-CoV-2 was positive...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Maha Alotaibi, Ali Aldossari, Imran Khan, Leena Alotaibi
Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SEDKF) is a rare skeletal dysplasia associated with kyphosis and low bone mineral density, significantly delayed growth, and skeletal deformities. Blood lysosomal enzyme levels have also been shown to be elevated with a delay in development. The first variant described was compound heterozygosity for mutations in the MBTPS1 gene: a 1-bp duplication and a missense mutation. In the current study, we examined a Saudi consanguineous family. Clinical features like spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, indicative of characteristic skeletal abnormalities, and impaired cognitive abilities were observed...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Rami A Misk, Lama Qawasme, Fawzy M Abunejma, Bahaa Ibrahim Abu Rahma, Ehab Mohammad Abuawwad, Raja Imad Abu Iram, Abdulrahman Hussein Karaki, Tareq Z Alzughayyar, Jihad Samer Zalloum
A pseudo-TORCH syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by intracranial calcification and microcephaly, leading to spasticity and seizures, but the serology of TORCH infection is negative. We present a 4-day-old female patient with jaundice, abnormal movement, and convulsions who was found to be homozygous for the missense USP18 gene mutation that causes pseudo-TORCH syndrome 2 (PTORCH2). The patient was managed with conservative measures.
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ahmad Al Hammouri, Rami A Misk, Hamza Abumunshar, Fawzy M Abunejma, Tasnim S Idrees, Mahmoud Abu Arqoub, Deiaa Malhis, Abdullah Shroof, Tareq Z Alzughayyar
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine arterial thrombosis is extremely rare. Multiple inherited coagulopathies were found to be associated with thrombophilia and an increased risk of intrauterine arterial thrombosis. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase MTHFR (C667T) polymorphism was found to be associated with mild hyper-homocysteinemia, which, in turn, can promote thrombotic complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reported a case of intrauterine upper limb ischemia in a neonate who was found to be heterozygous for the 677C > T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene despite the dispute regarding its clinical significance as a risk of arterial thrombosis...
2022: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.