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Journal of Public Health Research

Stefano Crenna, Antonio Osculati, Silvia D Visonà
The effective control of vaccine-preventable diseases generally requires indefinite maintenance of extremely high rates of timely vaccination. Therefore, vaccine hesitancy is of paramount importance and needs to be addressed. In Italy, regulations about vaccinations are controversial and, to some extent, inconsistent. Even though the childhood vaccinations are mandatory by law (Italian Law n. 891/1939, n. 292/1963, n.51/1966 and n. 165/1991), the limited deterrent effectiveness of the sanctioning system, and the changes introduced by the Italian Constitutional Law n...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Adelaide Conti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Silvia D Visonà, Simona Villani, Federica Manzoni, Yao Chen, Giorgio Ardissino, Francesca Russo, Matteo Moretti, Gulnaz T Javan, Antonio Osculati
The goal of this study is to understand more about the role of asbestos in causing human diseases, first of all mesothelioma, by investigating a large series of deaths due to asbestos-related diseases (ARDs). The main aim is to clarify if even very low amounts of asbestos can cause mesothelioma and other ARDs, as well as to find out if a different individual vulnerability can be important. This retrospective study included 188 subjects who died from asbestos related diseases in 2000-2017 in the area around Broni, Italy, where an important asbestos cement factory had been active from 1932 until 1993...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Ana Borovecki, Pamela Tozzo, Nicoletta Cerri, Luciana Caenazzo
In recent years, a social trend toward delaying childbearing has been observed in women of reproductive age. A novel technomedical innovation was commercialized for non-medical reasons to healthy, ostensibly fertile women, who wished to postpone motherhood for various reasons such as educational or career demands, or because they had not yet found a partner. As a consequence, these women may be affected by age-related infertility when they decide to conceive, and fertility preservation techniques can be obtained through the so-called social egg freezing ...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Claudia Casella, Vincenzo Graziano, Pierpaolo Di Lorenzo, Emanuele Capasso, Massimo Niola
Especially in oncology and in critical care, the provision of medical care can require therapeutic choices that could go beyond the patient's will or intentions of the protection of his health, with the possible adoption of medical behaviors interpreted as unreasonable obstinac y or, at the opposite extreme, as euthanasia. In some cases, the demand for obstinate therapeutic services could come from the patient or from his relatives, in which case the dilemma arises for the health professional between rejecting such a request, in respect of their professional autonomy, or abiding by it for fear of a professional care responsibility for therapeutic abandonment...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Eduardo Osuna, Antonio Pérez-Carrión, María D Pérez-Cárceles, Francisco Machado
The information process is considered a core element in decision- making and an obligatory matter of concern for the health professional. Rather than information per se , we should perhaps mention the need for communication between the health professional and the patient, which should be appropriate to each specific case and situation. Interaction and communication during the relationship generates a degree of trust that contributes to improving care quality and health-related results. The aim of this study is to know the perception of professionals on the quality of communication and its impact on the decision-making process of the patient and the degree of involvement of health professionals in the process of communication with the patient...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Belen Reynaldos, Faustina Sánchez-Rodríguez, Isabel Legaz, Eduardo Osuna
The healthcare professional plays a key role in the detection and subsequent channeling of a situation of violence to a judicial level for appropriate investigation. The mandatory reporting of gender violence has become a controversial issue among health care practitioners and victims. The objective of this study was to analyze the quality of the way in which injury reports on victims of gender violence is completed, through an analysis of the information they include, the readability and the degree to which the document can be understood...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Paola Delbon
The Authors review Law No. 219/2017, with its important contribution to defining the roles and responsibilities of subjects in care relationship - a dynamic relationship (over time, for the condition of the interested party, to people who may be involved) - and regulating advance directives and shared planning of care. The Law promotes and enhances the relationship of care and trust between doctor and patient, which includes the competence, professional autonomy and responsibility of the doctor and the decisional autonomy and right to self-determination - to make an informed and voluntary choice about treatment proposed by the doctor - of the patient...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Rukhsana Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Kaat Goorts, Sofie Vandenbroeck, Dorina Rusu, Marc Du Bois, Lode Godderis
Background: Long-term sickness absence is a growing concern in Belgium and other European countries. Since 2017, Belgian physicians of the sickness funding organisations are required to assess the re-integration possibilities within the first two months of sickness absence. Given the shortage of physicians in the assessment of work disability and the growing number of people in sickness absence, there is a need for a triage tool, allowing to assign return-to work support to patients having a high-risk profile not to resume work...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Jessica M Rath, Marisa Greenberg, Ollie Ganz, Lindsay Pitzer, Elizabeth C Hair, Haijun Xiao, Jennifer Cantrell, Donna Vallone
Campaign costs are rising, making ad execution testing more critical to determine effectiveness prior to media spending. Premarket testing occurs prior to messages' airing while in-market testing examines message attributes when messages are aired within a real-world setting, where context plays an important role in determining audience response. These types of ad testing provide critical feedback to help develop and deploy campaigns. Due to recent changes in media delivery platforms and audience tobacco use behavior, this study analyzes two nationally representative youth samples, aged 15-21, to examine if pre-market ad testing is an indicator of in-market ad performance for public health campaigns, which rely on persuasive messages to promote or reduce health behaviors rather than selling a product...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Lotte Prevo, Liesbeth Mercken, Maria Jansen, Stef Kremers
Background: Health disparities between populations with different socioeconomic status (SES) are increasing. Although a wide variety of support service organizations and arrangements are in place, no general overview of this social network, its reach, and harmonization of services surrounding low-SES populations are available. The present participatory health research study examined the current network structure and the utility of using social network analysis (SNA) as a tool to improve service delivery structures...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Gholam Abbas Shirali, Moloud Valipour Noroozi, Amal Saki Malehi
Background: A large number of occupational accidents happen at steel industries in Iran. The information about these accidents is recorded by safety offices. Data mining methods are one of the suitable ways for using these databases to create useful information. Classification and regression trees (CART) and chisquare automatic interaction detection (CHAID) are two types of a decision tree which are used in data mining for creating predictions. These predictions could show characteristics of susceptible people exposed to occupational accidents...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Guglielmo Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Linda M Niccolai, Anna L North, Alison Footman, Caitlin E Hansen
Background: A strong recommendation from a clinician is one of the best predictors of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among adolescents, yet many clinicians do not provide effective recommendations. The objective of this study was to understand how the lack of school entry requirements for HPV vaccination influences clinicians' recommendations. Design and Methods: Semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 32 clinicians were conducted in 2015 in Connecticut USA...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Monica Rana, Madhu Gupta, Prahbhjot Malhi, Sandeep Grover, Manmeet Kaur
Background: Bullying perpetration and victimization is associated with significant academic, psychosocial and health related problems among adolescents. There is a need to develop effective interventions to prevent bullying among adolescents, especially in low and middle income countries. This paper presents the study protocol to develop, and evaluate the effect of multi-component school based prevention program for bullying in India. Design: Quasi-experimental study...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Tulay G Soylu, Eman Elashkar, Fatemah Aloudah, Munir Ahmed, Panagiota Kitsantas
Background: Surveillance of disparities in healthcare insurance, services and quality of care among children are critical for properly serving the medical/healthcare needs of underserved populations. The purpose of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in children's (0 to 17 years old) health insurance adequacy and consistency (child has insurance coverage for the last 12 months). Design and methods: We used data from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health (n=79,474)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Alisa A Padon, Rajiv N Rimal, Michael Siegel, William DeJong, Timothy S Naimi, David H JernFigan
Background: Youth exposure to alcohol marketing has been shown to be an important contributor to the problem of underage drinking in the U.S. More work is needed on identifying and minimizing content with particular appeal to youth. Design and Methods: We tested the association between the youth-appeal of marketing content of televised alcohol advertisements and the brand-specific alcohol consumption of both underage youth and adults. We used existing data from three sources: a brand-specific alcohol consumption survey among underage youth ( N =1032), a brand-specific alcohol consumption survey among adults ( N ~13,000), and an analysis of content appealing to youth (CAY) in a sample of televised alcohol advertisements ( n =96) aired during the youth survey...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Joanna Sara Valson, V Raman Kutty
Non-communicable diseases are on the rise globally. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases continue to be a growing concern in both developed and developing countries. With significant rise in population and establishment of buildings, rapid changes have taken place in the built environment. Relationship between health and place, particularly with non-communicable diseases has been established in previous literature. This systematic review assesses the current evidence on influence of gender in the relationship between built environment and non-communicable diseases...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
Sara Santarossa, Sarah J Woodruff
The present study aimed to explore using popular technology that people already have/use as a health promotion tool, in a campus wide social media health promotion initiative, entitled #LancerHealth . During a two-week period the university community was asked to share photos on Twitter and Instagram of What does being healthy on campus look like to you ?, while tagging the image with #LancerHealth . All publically tagged media was collected using the Netlytic software and analysed. Text analysis (N=234 records, Twitter; N=141 records, Instagram) revealed that the majority of the conversation was positive and focused on health and the university...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
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