Latif Dar, Alhareth Baarimah, Saeed Alshehrani, Alhassan Alasiri, Mohammad Alassiri, Saleh Al-Ghamdi
Unlike female genital mutilation, the alteration of male genitals has not received much attention. Circumcision is the most common and oldest surgical procedure being performed. When performed by surgeons or well-trained personal the procedure is safe, but most of the times it is being performed by untrained people with no or little medical background. This has led to many complications. Total skin loss is an uncommon but serious complication. There is an ongoing debate regarding the management of this complication...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Navid Masoumi, Mostafa Farajpour, Atoosa Gharib
Intra-abdominal cancer in an adult with undescended testis (UDT) is rare owing to widespread screening and management during childhood. Here, we present a 33-year-old gentleman with a complaint of abdominal pain and pelvic mass which appeared to be an uncorrected UDT with cancerous degeneration. Additional evaluation revealed a suspicious mass in the retrovesical space which remained after chemotherapy. Histologic evaluation after resection of this mass indicated cancer spread of testicular origin behind the bladder...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Matthew Skalak, Rami Jirjis, Barrett G Anderson, Brandi D Miller
Penile rings have been used to help sustain erection and enhance sexual pleasure for centuries. Constriction of the penis reduces the outflow of blood from the cavernosal tissue. However, if left for an extended time period, a condition called penile ring entrapment can occur. This may result in severe edema, gangrene, necrosis, and even penile amputation. Penile ring entrapment is a very rare condition; complete urinary obstruction with concomitant bladder rupture as a result renders this case even more extraordinary...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Abbas Basiri, Behzad Narouie, Saeed Reza Ghanbarizadeh, Hamidreza Rouientan, Mohadese Ahmadzade
INTRODUCTION: The ureteropelvic junction obstruction is more common in children; however, it can also affect adults. The management of this condition has shifted toward a nonoperative approach with serial ultrasonography and renography. Case Presentation . The ureteropelvic junction obstruction imaging with significant renal function deterioration in an adult patient is described in this report. Laparoscopic exploration revealed aberrant vessels that compress the ureteropelvic junction against the lower pole of the kidney...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Brecht Devos, Hendrik Vandeursen, Olivier d'Archambeau, Eric Vergauwe
BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysm (PA) with associated arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare delayed bleeding complication, occurring in less than 1% of patients after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Case presentation . A 54-year-old man underwent PNL on February 28, 2023, for a large renal calculus in the right kidney lower pole, with postoperative delayed bleeding: macroscopic hematuria and bladder clot retention after 3 weeks. An iatrogenic PA and AVF were diagnosed after the failure of conservative measures...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Ameer Kakaje, Ammar Fadel, Osama Hosam Aldeen, Othman Hamdan
Priapism is a prolonged involuntary erection that can have severe complications if left untreated. Ischaemic priapism is very rare in children and requires urgent intervention to prevent permanent erectile dysfunction and penile shortening. It can be caused by ischaemia in sickle cell anaemia, leukaemia, trauma, drugs, or idiopathy. Homocystinuria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that can cause hyperhomocysteinemia and hypercoagulability. Very few reports suggested that priapism can be caused by hyperhomocysteinemia, and they were in adults...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Anthony Kanbar, Charbel Dabal, Joey El Khoury, Rami Halabi, Serge Assaf, Anthony Mina, Sabine Breidi, Maher Abdessater, Raghid El Khoury
Polyorchidism, or supernumerary testis, is a rare congenital abnormality of the genitourinary system. In this paper, we present the case of triorchidism in a seven-year-old asymptomatic child with a suspect left scrotal mass detected on routine physical examination. Imaging studies revealed a third testicle in the left hemiscrotum, with comparable dimensions, signal intensity on MRI, and Doppler flow on ultrasound with the ipsilateral testis. We also discuss the clinical presentations, classifications, and current diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of this condition...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Alicia Blondeau, Aurélie Grandmougin, Clément Larose, Charles Mazeaud
Penile fracture is a urological emergency, and surgery is usually recommended to prevent complications. However, proximal locations are scarce and not well investigated. We present two rare penile fractures involving the proximal corpora cavernosa with an original conservative strategy to manage this clinical presentation. Twenty-five- and thirty-eight-year-old men with no previous medical history were admitted to the emergency room for penile trauma during sexual intercourse a few months apart. Both presented with "butterfly pattern" ecchymosis with a palpable hematoma on the perineum...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Katharina Mitchell, Reima El Naili, Lakshmikumar Pillai, Eric Mark Lopez, John Riordan, Wallis Marsh, Adam Luchey, Ali Hajiran
Statistically, the chance of having concurrent renal cell carcinoma (RCC), urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UC), and a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of the renal parenchyma is less than one in a trillion. Herein, we describe an unusual case of a 67-year-old female who presented with bilateral flank pain and severe gross hematuria. Cross-sectional imaging revealed two large heterogeneous, endophytic renal masses with a single enlarged paracaval lymph node. Diagnostic cystoscopy was performed for completion of gross hematuria evaluation and revealed a concurrent papillary bladder tumor...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Maëlle Plawecki, Marie Bistoquet, Pierre-Edouard Grillet, Nicolas Abdo, Jean-Sébastien Souweine, Jean-Paul Cristol
A HIV-infected female treated with a combination of emtricitabine/elvitegravir/tenofovir since 2017 presented an acute renal failure during her hospitalization for a SARS-CoV2 pneumonia. A computed tomography demonstrated left ureterohydronephrosis and ureteral stone. Fragments extracted by ureteroscopy showed a calculus composed of atazanavir and calcium oxalate. The patient's medical history showed atazanavir intake during ten years and then discontinued in 2017. This case report emphasizes that drug-induced urolithiasis should be considered when renal function declines, even far from discontinuation of atazanavir and without clinical signs of renal colitis...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Anthony Guglin, Robert Weiss, Adityabikram Singh, Anugya Mittal, Thomas Hwang, Ankit Shah
A 37-year-old male with a history of chronic nephrolithiasis presented to the ED with gross hematuria, clot retention, and right flank pain. The patient had radiological findings of perinephric stranding, marked hydronephrosis, and marked thinning of the right renal parenchyma on computed tomography (CT), all suggestive of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP). The specimen following radical nephrectomy revealed urothelial carcinoma (UC) in a background of XGP but with no evidence of spread to regional lymph nodes...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Azadeh Nazemi, Katherine Shapiro, Shavy Nagpal, Nirit Rosenblum, Benjamin M Brucker
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a hereditary tissue and collagen synthesis disorder that can predispose patients to gynecologic and obstetric complications. Female patients often suffer from bothersome pelvic floor disorders, but due to the medical complexity of EDS, special considerations are needed for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse and associated incontinence. In this paper, we present three unique cases of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in EDS patients and delve deeper into the multidisciplinary approach involving urogynecology, rheumatology, physiatry, gastroenterology, and anesthesiology required to appropriately manage this condition...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Andrew Williams, Amr A Elbakry, Tyler Trump, Ion Prisneac, Matthew Smolkin, David Zekan, Mohamad W Salkini
Prostate cancer patients routinely undergo surveillance for recurrence using prostate-specific antigen (PSA). While PSA's benefit in screening is controversial, its use for detecting recurrence in patients with history of prostate cancer is pivotal. Rising PSAs with the newly advanced prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography (PSMA PET) can help localize the location of recurrences for better excision and management. Here, we present a 55-year-old with prostate cancer, with initially undetectable postprostatectomy PSA levels, who later presented with a PSA of 3...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Cassandra Heaney, Paul Lee, Andrew Winer
An intrauterine device (IUD) is a highly effective and widely utilized option for long-acting reversible contraception. IUDs are generally well-tolerated with a low rate of serious complications. Perforation of an IUD through the uterine wall and into the urinary bladder is a rare event that may be asymptomatic. The approach for surgical removal primarily depends on the location of the device. We present a case report of a 41-year-old woman who was found to have a partially intravesical IUD and associated 2...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Makito Miyake, Nobutaka Nishimura, Tatsuki Miyamoto, Takuto Shimizu, Kenta Ohnishi, Shunta Hori, Yosuke Morizawa, Daisuke Gotoh, Yasushi Nakai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Tomomi Fujii, Kiyohide Fujimoto
Enfortumab vedotin (EV), a nectin-4-directed antibody conjugated to monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), has been approved for patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (aUC) previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and immune inhibitors. Taxane agents and MMAE share antitumor mechanisms through microtubule disruption, thus raising a notable concern regarding cross-resistance between these drugs. This case report describes two patients with taxane-based chemotherapy-refractory aUC who responded well to EV...
2023: Case Reports in Urology
Fadhel Yusuf, Amr Elmekresh, Senthil Kumar, Fariborz Bagheri
A 50-year old male patient with morbid obesity was admitted for removal of large staghorn calculi and multiple small stones in the left kidney. The patient was managed by Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Surgery was carried out in prone position and Alken's metal dilators were used for tract dilation. Alken dilators were inserted without any challenges, and the procedure was completed in a shorter span of time than anticipated with total operative time of 2 hours, including the change of positioning from lithotomy to prone...
2022: Case Reports in Urology
Yuichi Machida, Hiroki Yoshiuchi, Yuko Kitano, Yoshikazu Kuroki, Masato Kamizuru, Junji Uchida
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of thrombi in the renal vein (RV) and inferior vena cava (IVC) requires advanced laparoscopic experience. We present three cases of hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (HALN) using a novel technique for treating advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with thrombi in the RV and IVC. Case Presentation . Three patients with RCC with RV or IVC thrombus below level I underwent HALN. Two patients had right RCC with RV and IVC thrombi. One patient had left RCC with an RV thrombus...
2022: Case Reports in Urology
Hugo Otaola-Arca, Patricio Vargas, Daniel Hasson, Marcelo Orvieto, Carmen Niño-Taravilla, Hugo Bermúdez
Chylous ascites is an uncommon complication after surgery that can result in malnutrition and immunodeficiency. Therefore, surgical interventions are reserved for refractory patients, and the primary success factor for these interventions is locating the point of leakage, which is often tricky. We describe a case of a 56-year-old male with chylous ascites after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and lumbo-aortic lymphadenectomy for kidney cancer. The patient was initially managed with dietary modifications and drainage placement...
2022: Case Reports in Urology
David Zekan, Kareem Wasef, Zachary Werner, Robert Grammer, Cara Lombard, Adam Luchey, Ali Hajiran
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) secondary to renal-cell carcinoma (RCC) are well-described in the literature. Independently, renal vein and inferior vena cava tumor thrombi can be detected in locally-advanced RCC. A 67-year-old gentleman presented with a cT1b renal mass detected on workup for elevated creatinine. Multiphase CT imaging obtained for partial nephrectomy surgical-planning revealed an initially-missed renal cortical AVM. This drastically changed the plan for intervention, including use of an open approach with AVM embolization by interventional radiology prior and avoidance of a nephron-sparing approach...
2022: Case Reports in Urology
Victor A Abdullatif, Jacob Novack, Philip J Shalhoub, Todd G Campbell, Joel E Abbott
INTRODUCTION: Bladder neck abscesses are rare urologic pathologies with very few cases published in modern literature. This report explores a case of a bladder neck mass incidentally found on computed tomography (CT) imaging in a patient with an iliopsoas abscess. Case Presentation. We present a case of a 60-year-old woman who was recently treated for sepsis secondary to an iliopsoas abscess in July of 2022. A CT scan revealed an indeterminate structure in the posterior inferior left paramedian bladder wall...
2022: Case Reports in Urology
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