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Case Reports in Radiology

Liliana Moreno-Astudillo, Yolanda Villaseñor-Navarro, Vyanka Sánchez-Goytia, Fany Porras-Reyes, Alfredo Lara-Mercado, Isabel Sollozo-Dupont
Metastasis to the breast from all other primary sites is unusual. Twelve patients were diagnosed between 2007 and 2017 at National Cancer Institute, Mexico. Solitary or multiple masses, round or oval, and hypoechoic and solid lesions with posterior acoustic shadowing were patterns commonly reported in these patients; other arrangements include diffuse involvement of the breast simulating an inflammatory carcinoma. The development of a breast metastasis is revealed, in our experience, as a negative prognostic factor...
2019: Case Reports in Radiology
Francisco Barbosa De Araujo Neto, Camila Corona De Godoy Bueno, Liege Tambelini Gomes, Daniela Alejandra Ortiz Navas, Mark Wanderley, Stefanie Gallotti Borges Carneiro, Rita Karine Veras Gomes De Mello, Laura Mendes Coura, Larissa Sayuri Missumi, Henrique Durante, Ricardo Francisco Cintra Zagatti, Márcio Valente Yamada Sawamura
Cryptococcal infection results from inhalation of fungal spores and usually is confined to the lungs, but may disseminate systemically. Radiologically, cryptococcal infection has multiple forms of presentation. The diagnosis is usually based on fungal isolation from cultured clinical specimens. Long term antifungal therapy is recommended, but surgical procedures may eventually be necessary when large thoracic symptomatic masses are present. We report a case of a 41-year-old male, immunocompetent, investigating a palpable mass in the left supraclavicular region associated with unintentional weight loss over the last three months...
2019: Case Reports in Radiology
Andrew B Ross, Kirkland W Davis, Darya Buehler, Brian Y Chan
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), sometimes known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a rare histiocytic disorder that most commonly presents as painless, massive cervical lymphadenopathy in young adults. Extranodal disease can occur in up to 40% of patients but primary involvement of bone is rare. We present two cases of primary RDD of bone: one case of multifocal osseous RDD presenting as a painful lesion in the elbow, and one case of a solitary osseous lesion presenting as a painful lesion in the wrist...
2019: Case Reports in Radiology
Djivèdé Witchékpo Maurice Mohamed Akanni, Kouassi Paul N'zi, Kofi-Mensa Savi de Tové, Laura Petrovai
The choledochal cyst is a rare congenital malformation of the bile ducts. It is considered as a precancerous state. The incidence of cancer in choledochal cyst increases with age and occurs around 32 years old. Therefore, young adults are often involved. In adults, clinical signs are rare and unspecific. We are reporting here the case of a cholangiocarcinoma in choledochal cyst in young adult diagnosed by ultrasonography, CT scan, and MRI and confirmed by histopathological examination.
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Rashid Al Umairi, Ahmed Al Abri, Atheel Kamona
Localized hepatobiliary tuberculosis (TB) is a rare disorder which can present with an obstructive jaundice mimicking other noninfectious causes such as cholangiocarcinoma. Here, we report a case of porta hepatis tuberculosis in 19-year-old female who presented with an obstructive jaundice, and her computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a hepatic hilar mass with radiological features mimicking a malignant biliary tumor. We also review the literature related to this disorder.
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
P Tirukonda, S Wu, J Brar, K S Ng, S Mirsadraee
We describe 3 cases of omental lipoma of whom 2 presented with symptomatic haemorrhage. Notably the haemorrhage in the 2 reported cases was from foregut arteries. Thorough knowledge of anatomy and embryology is critical in identifying the source of haemorrhage and differentiating this condition from other common causes of mesenteric haemorrhage. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case series reporting this uncommon cause for abdominal haemorrhage. The successful management of this condition using superselective embolization is discussed...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Ruth Steiger, Lisa-Maria Walchhofer, Andreas Rietzler, Katherina J Mair, Michael Knoflach, Bernhard Glodny, Elke R Gizewski, Astrid E Grams
With phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) energy metabolites can be visualised. In this case study, we report on a patient with stenosis and wall contrast enhancement in the left internal carotid and the right vertebral artery, due to giant cell arteritis. 31P MRS revealed a decreased inorganic phosphate-to-phosphocreatine ratio (Pi/PCr) in regions with a prolonged mean transit time (MTT). After systemic therapy and angioplasty of the right vertebral artery, the stenosis and the symptoms improved and the area of prolonged MTT became smaller...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
C L Fonseka, A G T A Kariyawasam, S D A L Singhapura, C M de Silva, T E Kanakkahewa, I G T M Senarathna, C K Bodinayake
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/4215041.].
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Katherine Chung, Umar Tariq, Rabia M Khan, Thomas P Nickles, Joseph H Lock
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) may manifest as superficial cerebral venous thrombosis (SCVT) or deep cerebral venous thrombosis (DCVT). Of the two patterns, DCVT is less commonly observed, although it often results in greater morbidity and mortality due to involvement of the deep gray nuclei. It can present at any age and typically results in edema of the bilateral thalami, with occasional extension into the basal ganglia. Unilateral thalamic infarct is rare and results in an ambiguous imaging pattern. We present the clinical and neuroimaging profile of an acute unilateral thalamic venous infarct in an infant secondary to bilateral DCVT...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
M Hamard, S P Martin, S Boudabbous
Retroodontoid pseudotumor (ROP) is a nonneoplasic lesion of unknown etiology, commonly associated with inflammatory conditions, and the term of pannus is usually used. Less frequently, ROP formation can develop with other noninflammatory entities, with atlantoaxial instability as most accepted pathophysiological mechanism for posttraumatic or degenerative ROP. As it can clinically and radiologically mimic a malignant tumor, it is paramount for the radiologist to know this entity. Magnetic resonance imaging is the modality of choice to reveal the possible severe complication of ROP in the form of a compressive myelopathy of the upper cervical cord...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Fatima Sharif, Paul Samuel Sander, Ali Sharif, Grace Montenegro, Robert Garrett
Internal hernias involve herniation of viscera into an abdominal compartment through a defect in the mesentery or peritoneum. Herniation may occur through normal anatomic structures or through pathologic defects secondary to congenital abnormality, inflammation, trauma, or surgery. Patients with an internal hernia most commonly present with acute bowel obstruction. While internal hernia is an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction, making up approximately 0.2-0.9% of cases (Choi, 2017), the incidence is increasing due to greater use of techniques such as Roux-en-Y for liver transplant and gastric bypass...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
V Chandra, E Wajswol, M Shahid, A Kumar, S Contractor
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an alternative interventional procedure used to manage refractory Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) when conservative medical therapy has failed. However, TIPS is not always technically successful because of hepatic vein thrombosis and inability to catheterize the hepatic veins. In these situations, direct intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (DIPS) with access to the portal vein from the IVC has been shown to be a viable alternative that may ameliorate portal hypertension in these patients...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Marie Tominna, Sayf Al-Katib
Various typical and atypical imaging findings for pulmonary sarcoidosis have been described in the literature. Ground-glass opacities are one of the atypical manifestations, reported as diffuse or patchy ill-defined opacities frequently associated with additional findings and interstitial nodules. We performed a literature review to determine if our case had previously been described. The literature describes cases of mass-like consolidations, but there are no reports of mass-like ground-glass opacities. The appearance of the ground-glass opacities in our case is unique, appearing as discrete well-defined mass-like ground-glass opacities in a peribronchovascular distribution without additional parenchymal findings typically seen in sarcoidosis...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Ahmed Fathala, Alaa Alduraibi, Moheieldin M Abouzied
Gastrointestinal Bleeding Scintigraphy (GIBS) of 99m Tc-labelled red blood cells is a relatively simple examination to perform, with high diagnostic accuracy and a relatively lower radiation dose. A positive scan can either suggest surgery without further investigation or can indicate angiography, a more targeted procedure. Whipple pancreatoduodenectomy is most often performed for tumors of the head of the pancreas. Pancreatoduodenectomy has 30%-40% morbidity and mortality, and while post-pancreatoduodenectomy hemorrhage is seen in less than 10% of patients, it accounts for 11%-38% mortality...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Alqasem Fuad H Al Mosa, Mohammed Ishaq, Mohamed Hussein Mohamed Ahmed
Chest tube malpositioning is reported to be the most common complication associated with tube thoracostomy. Intraparenchymal and intrafissural malpositions are the most commonly reported tube sites. We present a case about a 21-year-old patient with cystic fibrosis who was admitted due to bronchiectasis exacerbation and developed a right-sided pneumothorax for which a chest tube was inserted. Partial initial improvement in the pneumothorax was noted on the chest radiograph, after which the chest tube stopped functioning and the pneumothorax remained for 19 days...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
William Ryan, Farouk Dako, Gary Cohen, David Pryluck, Joseph Panaro, Emily Cuthbertson, Dmitry Niman
Patients with liver disease and portal hypertension who have had surgical formation of an abdominal stoma are at risk of developing peristomal varices. These varices have a predilection for bleeding. Ideally, portal decompression via TIPS procedure is performed, with or without direct embolization of the bleeding varix. When TIPS is not an appropriate option due to significant liver disease and hepatic encephalopathy there are other approaches to treat peristomal variceal hemorrhage. We report the embolization of such a varix via direct percutaneous puncture under ultrasound guidance when portal decompression was not an appropriate option...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Fatima Zahra Mrabet, Jihane Achrane, Yassir Sabri, Fatima Ezzahra El Hassani, Sanaa Hammi, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi
Hydatic disease has always been the most common in countries where large amount of sheep and cattle is raised, but increased travel and immigration have made this condition a serious worldwide public problem. Cyst hydatid may affect all parts of the human body like the heart, the bone marrow, the eye, the brain, the kidney, and the spermatic cord. Humans can become infested by accidentally ingesting the eggs that are passed in the feces from definitive hosts (usually a canid, such as a wolf, fox, or dog). Even in endemic countries, the primitive pleural hydatid cyst is exceptional, and it is very difficult to distinguish from other pleural and parietal cystic masses especially that in majority of cases the immunologic tests are negative...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
James Haug, A S Katkar, James Covelli
Intussusception of the appendix is a relatively rare event that is usually asymptomatic but can present similar to other acute and chronic abdominal conditions. We present two separate cases of suspected appendiceal intussusception mimicking cecal masses. The authors also present a cursory review of the limited number of literatures available concerning this entity to help the radiologist avoid misdiagnosis and potentially unnecessary invasive intervention.
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Gernot Rott, Frieder Boecker
Segmental arterial mediolysis of an omental artery is an exceptionally rare condition. A 69-year-old man presented with haemoperitoneum six days after being hospitalized due to pneumogenic sepsis. Computed tomography of the abdomen showed a short segment dilatation of an omental artery in the left upper abdomen, compatible with segmental arterial mediolysis. Angiographic examination revealed alterations of omental branches of the right gastroepiploic artery and an aneurysm of the left omental artery, both characteristic of segmental arterial mediolysis...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
Zhen Kang, Xiangde Min, Liang Wang
Background: Abernethy malformation is a rare splanchnic vascular abnormality characterizing extrahepatic abnormal shunts that is classified into types I and II. Abernethy malformation type I has a female predilection and is associated with a variety of concurrent hepatic benign or malignant tumours while type II with concurrent tumours is very rare in females. Case Report: We report a rare female case of Abernethy malformation type II with concurrent occupying lesion in the right liver, which was successfully transplanted; the occupying lesion was pathologically proven to be nodular hyperplasia...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
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