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BioResearch Open Access

Sanket Pattanaik, Chase Arbra, Heather Bainbridge, Sarah Grace Dennis, Stephen A Fann, Michael J Yost
Vascularization remains a substantial limitation to the viability of engineered tissue. By comparing in vivo vascularization dynamics of a self-assembled prevascular endothelial-fibroblast model to avascular grafts, we explore the vascularization rate limitations in implants at early time intervals, during which tissue hypoxia begins to affect cell viability. Scaffold-free prevascular endothelial-fibroblast constructs (SPECs) may serve as a modular and reshapable vascular bed in replacement tissues. SPECs, fibroblast-only spheroids (FOS), and silicone implants were implanted in 54 Sprague Dawley rats and harvested at 6, 12, and 24 h ( n  = 5 per time point and implant type)...
2019: BioResearch Open Access
Elise C Brown, Tamara Hew-Butler, Charles R C Marks, Scotty J Butcher, Myung D Choi
Although traditional high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been effective in improving body composition and physical fitness, it is unclear how multimodal HIIT affects these variables. This study compared the differences between these two training programs on body composition and physical fitness in apparently healthy, nonobese young adult females. A total of 16 participants (mean age = 23 ± 5.08 years) completed a 12-week HIIT intervention with two treatment groups: rowing and multimodal. Immediately before and after the intervention, the following measures were assessed: body mass index (BMI), total body mass, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, total body fat %, visceral adipose tissue, lean mass, bone mineral outcomes, cardiovascular fitness, and muscular fitness...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Michelle A Kominiarek, Heidi Vyhmeister, Lauren C Balmert, Paige Fairchild, Hallie Tolo, William Grobman, Melissa Simon
To evaluate the feasibility (adherence to the study protocol and satisfaction) of using an activity tracking device (ATD) in group prenatal care. Women participated if they (1) were in group prenatal care, (2) owned a smartphone, and (3) had no activity restrictions. Women were instructed to wear and sync the ATD daily. Protocol adherence and satisfaction were assessed via surveys. Mixed models assessed the relationship between gestational age and ATD data. Self-reported energy expenditure from the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) was compared with ATD-calculated energy expenditure...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Jennie Orlando, Cornelia deRiese, Eric Blackwell, Suzanne Graham, Jennifer Phy
Adenomatoid uterine tumors are rare, and their appearance on medical imaging modalities is not well established. We present a case of an adenomatoid uterine tumor reviewing a unique sonographic presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), gross surgical appearance of the tumor, and microscopic pathology images. A 29-year-old gravida 0 Caucasian woman presented with dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, and desire to conceive. Transvaginal ultrasound revealed a 2.7 cm round, well-circumscribed posterior intramural uterine mass...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Bolaji Lilian Ilesanmi-Oyelere, Jane Coad, Nicole Roy, Marlena Cathorina Kruger
Owing to conflicting results of the association between body composition and bone mineral density (BMD), we investigated the relationship between fat mass (FM), lean mass (LM), and BMD in New Zealand postmenopausal women. We hypothesized that increased LM will indicate a higher BMD. A cross-sectional study was performed examining the associations between body composition, anthropometric measures, activity energy expenditure, and bone health status (using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DXA]). A total of 127 healthy postmenopausal women aged between 54 and 81 years...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Kamonwan Jenwitheesuk, Ajanee Mahakkanukrauh, Wiyada Punjaruk, Kriangsak Jenwitheesuk, Bowornsilp Chowchuen, Suthin Jinaporntham, Krittinant Uraiwan, Phasuk Limrattanapimpa
Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is a common consequence resulting from radiation in patients with cancer. Presently, hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is proposed to have a role in improving wound healing in ORN patients. There is no strong scientific evidence to confirm the benefits of HBOT for treatment of ORN as an adjunctive treatment. This study aimed to determine the benefits of adjunctive treatment of HBOT in ORN. A retrospective study was conducted at the Srinagarind Hospital, the Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Thailand, between 2011 and 2017...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Michelle L Pickett, Molly Allison, Katelyn Twist, Jennifer R Klemp, Megha Ramaswamy
Over 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and incarcerated women face unique risks associated with poor access to healthcare. Regular mammography can diagnose breast cancer early, giving the patient the best chance of survival. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of jail incarcerated women who have received a mammogram and were up-to-date based on the most recent United States Preventive Services Task Force recommendations. This was a secondary analysis of data collected among jailed women who participated in a cervical cancer literacy program...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Holli A DeVon, Karen Vuckovic, Larisa A Burke, Sahereh Mirzaei, Katherine Breen, Nadia Robinson, Jessica Zegre-Hemsey
The purpose of the study was to determine whether older (≥65 years) and younger (<65 years) women presenting to the emergency department (ED) with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) varied on risk factors, comorbid conditions, functional status, and symptoms that have implications for emergent cardiac care. Women admitted to five EDs were enrolled. The ACS Symptom Checklist was used to measure symptoms. Comorbid conditions and functional status were measured with the Charlson Comorbidity Index and Duke Activity Status Index...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Deirdre Cocks Eschler, Georgia Kulina, Adolfo Garcia-Ocana, Jiawen Li, Thomas Kraus, Carol J Levy
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can cause short- and long-term complications to the mother and fetus. While the precise mechanisms in preserving glucose balance in a healthy pregnancy are unknown, various growth factors and hormones have been implicated or associated with GDM risk in humans or rodents, including prolactin, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), osteoprotegerin (OPG), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL). We aimed to evaluate the relationship of these and other protein markers in women with GDM...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Yu Li, Haiyan Lin, Ping Pan, Dongzi Yang, Qingxue Zhang
Central obesity (CO) is a defining characteristic of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and PCOS-induced disorders are likely to be exacerbated in the presence of CO. This study aims to evaluate the impact of CO on infertile women with PCOS undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).It is a retrospective and case-control study. One hundred eighty-eight infertile PCOS women undergoing IVF were divided into CO group ( n  = 70, waist circumference [WC] ≥80 cm) and noncentral obesity (NCO) group ( n  = 118, WC <80 cm)...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Walter H Moos, Douglas V Faller, Ioannis P Glavas, David N Harpp, Michael H Irwin, Iphigenia Kanara, Carl A Pinkert, Whitney R Powers, Kosta Steliou, Demetrios G Vavvas, Krishna Kodukula
Hearing loss, the most common neurological disorder and the fourth leading cause of years lived with disability, can have profound effects on quality of life. The impact of this "invisible disability," with significant consequences, economic and personal, is most substantial in low- and middle-income countries, where >80% of affected people live. Given the importance of hearing for communication, enjoyment, and safety, with up to 500 million affected globally at a cost of nearly $800 billion/year, research on new approaches toward prevention and treatment is attracting increased attention...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Paula Fratini, Nathia Nathaly Rigoglio, Gustavo de Sá Schiavo Matias, Ana Claudia O Carreira, Rose Eli Grassi Rici, Maria Angelica Miglino
Regenerative medicine has been growing because of the emergent need for tissues/organs for transplants and restorative surgeries. Biological scaffolds are important tools to try to solve this problem. The one used in this reserach was developed by an acellular biological scaffold from canine placenta with a rich source of cellular matrix. After decellularization, the cellular matrix demonstrated structural preservation with the presence of important functional proteins such as collagen, fibronectin, and laminin...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Zachary S Zeigler, Natasha Birchfield, Karen Moreno, Darith James, Pamela Swan
Weight Cycling (WC) is a prevalent behavior associated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) health. However, a 2010 review on the effects of WC and blood pressure (BP) determined that there was not enough evidence to draw definitive conclusions. Central BP is the principal predictor of CV risk compared to peripheral BP. The influence that WC may have specifically on central BP is unknown. Cross-sectional observation of self-reported history of WC on measures of CV health was undertaken. Seventy-five women completed a Weight and Lifestyle Inventory questionnaire, which is considered a reliable index of WC ( r  = 0...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Sebastian Dorn, Christian Schoergenhofer, Michael Krainer, Markus Müller, Bernd Jilma
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is known to activate the canonical NF-κB pathway similar to TNF. The exact mechanism of the entire signaling cascade is still under investigation. The involvement of linear ubiquitylation as upregulating component has already been shown recently in some cell lines, but not in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells. The downregulating function of the ABIN-1 (A20 binding and inhibitor of NF-κB) as linear ubiquitylation antagonist has been shown in combination with some NF-κB-inducing pathways, but not with TRAIL...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Zainab Taha, Sakina E Eltom
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among Arab women in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). The incidence of breast cancer has substantially increased in recent years among this women population, especially those younger than 50, and the incidence is expected to double by 2030. Considerable experimental evidence supports the potential role of dietary habits and lifestyle in cancer etiology and cancer prevention. In this review we examined the literature for evidence to link dietary choices and the rise in incidence and mortality of breast cancer among women in EMR...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Afsana Bhuiyan, Farhana Sultana, Jessica Yasmine Islam, Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Quamrun Nahar
Prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is the most effective preventive method against invasive cervical cancer, the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in Bangladesh. Evidence on women's knowledge and perception about cervical cancer and HPV vaccination are needed for effective implementation of national cervical cancer prevention programs. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of cervical cancer, HPV, and HPV vaccination among urban professional women in Bangladesh...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Jeanette M Ricci, Victoria Flores, Isabela Kuroyama, Arash Asher, Heather P Tarleton
Fatigue, stress, and depression contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among cancer survivors. This study examined the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training (CART) on HRQoL and biomarkers of stress. Cancer survivors ( n  = 76, 91% female, 39% breast cancer, 32% gynecologic cancer) were enrolled in CART for three 60-min sessions, weekly, for 26 weeks. Participants completed the National Institutes of Health's Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (NIH PROMIS) fatigue assessment and the SF-36...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Hiroyuki Minemura, Yoshinori Tanino, Kazuhiko Ikeda
Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by systemic inflammatory symptoms such as fever and weight loss. Human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) is thought to be a causable pathogen in all HIV-positive and some HIV-negative MCD patients. Furthermore, the term idiopathic MCD (iMCD) was recently proposed to represent a group of HIV-negative and HHV-8-negative patients with unknown etiologies. Although the international diagnostic criteria for iMCD require exclusion of infection-related disorders, autoimmune/autoinflammatory diseases and malignant/lymphoproliferative disorders to make an iMCD diagnosis, the relationships and differences between these disorders and MCD have not yet been clarified...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Kelly A Bosak, Vlad B Papa, Morgan G Brucks, Cary R Savage, Joseph E Donnelly, Laura E Martin
The precision health initiative is leading the discovery of novel biomarkers as important indicators of biological processes or responses to behavior, such as physical activity. Neural biomarkers identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) hold promise to inform future research, and ultimately, for transfer to the clinical setting to optimize health outcomes. This study investigated resting-state and functional brain biomarkers between midlife women who were maintaining physical activity in accordance with the current national guidelines and previously acquired age-matched sedentary controls...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Caleb W Grote, Paul C Cowan, David W Anderson, Kimberly J Templeton
Metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be associated with adverse metal reactions, including pseudotumors. This case report describes a 58-year-old female with an MoM THA-related pseudotumor that caused unilateral leg edema from compression of her external iliac vein. After thorough preoperative workup to rule out infection and deep vein thrombosis and consultation with a vascular surgeon, the patient underwent revision THA and excision of her pseudotumor. She had complete resolution of her swelling at 4 years after surgery...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
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