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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

Stefan Ihde, Lukasz Palka
The aim of this article was to present the treatment method applied to a patient who suffered from a multiple fracture of the right maxilla, as a result of an accident that happened to him at an early age. The main consequence of this injury was an inhibited growth of the maxillary bone segment due to the lack of functional stimulus. The treatment consisted of four phases: the removal of all the teeth in the upper right maxilla, the immediate restoration with bicortical implants, the immediate prosthetic rehabilitation, and closing the oroantral communication...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ashish Katiyar, Kirtija Gupta, Swati Solanki, Sukriti Gupta
Odontomas are usually one of the most common odontogenic tumors of the jaw and are perhaps more accurately defined as a hamartoma than a true neoplasm. It is asymptomatic, nonaggressive, slow growing, and benign nature. They are considered to be the malformations of the dental tissue and can sometimes interfere with the eruption of the associated tooth leading to its impaction or delayed eruption. Complex odontomas in primary teeth are rare and unusually diagnosed before the second decade of life. This article aims to present the case of a child with complex odontoma and its effective treatment planning...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Shankar Singh, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Naresh Kumar Sharma, Arun Pandey
Cysticercosis in human is caused by larva of cyclophyllid cestode named Taenia solium . Worm infestation is quite common in developing countries due to poor sanitation, habit of open defection. This condition primarily involves central nervous system. We present a rare case of myocysticercosis involving the masseter muscle.
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Nitasha Gandhi, Harit Talwar, Sumir Gandhi, Vijay Alageshan, George Abraham, Surbhi Mehdiratta
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity is relatively common in the Indian subcontinent with surgical resection and adjuvant radiotherapy/chemotherapy being the treatment modality of choice. Prosthetic rehabilitation with an obturator following resection is more economical and yields satisfactory results. Better patient acceptance and comfort necessitates hollowing the prosthesis to a great extent. This novel method modifies the existing lost-wax technique in fabricating a definitive hollow maxillary obturator...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Arsheed Hussain Hakeem, Imtiyaz Hussain Hakeem, Fozia Jeelani Wani
Large defect of the lip and buccal mucosa created due to wide resection of the cancer is difficult to reconstruct and always a challenge. Such defects are complex as there is loss of outer skin, muscle, soft tissue, and inner mucosal lining. We report the use of submental artery island flap (SAIF) in the reconstruction of a large defect of oral commissure and buccal mucosa in a 70-year-old female with the diagnosis of verrucous carcinoma. The final outcome was optimal in terms of cosmetic and functional results...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Preeti Singh, Priyanka Nath, Sukhvinder Bindra, Sadam Srinivasa Rao, K V Ramana Reddy
Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of the mandibular third molar at highest risk for acute pericoronitis using clinical and radiographic analysis. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 patients ranging in age from 18 to 55 years suffering from pericoronitis were examined. Subjective and objective observations were recorded that included the age, gender, angulation of partially impacted mandibular third molar, the frequency of pericoronitis in a year, the presence of impinging maxillary third molar, the extent of soft tissue coverage over the impacted mandibular third molar, the clinical signs evaluated in the patient, the class and position of the impacted mandibular third molar, and the presence of distal radiolucency with respect to the impacted mandibular third molar...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Uma Shankar Pal, Dipti Daga, R K Singh, Lakshya Kumar, Mayank Singh
Purpose: The aim is to evaluate the outcome and compare the stability with two-time use of platelet-rich growth factor (PRGF) versus one-time use of PRGF in immediate placement of dental implant in infected socket. Materials and Methods: This study comprised placement of immediate implant in infected sockets in 100 patients with two-time use of PRGF (Group B) versus one-time use of PRGF (Group A). Proper administration of antibiotics, careful debridement of the socket, and meticulous suturing were done in every case...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Savina Gupta, Amit Kumar Sharma, Jeetendra Purohit, Rahi Goyal, Yogendra Malviya, Sugandha Jain
Introduction: Temperomandibular joint (TMJ) is subjected to many disorders commonly called Temperomandibular disorders (TMDs); such as TMJ hypermobility, ankylosis, internal derangement, degenerative joint disease. Internal derangement is characterized by abnormal relationship of articular disc to the condyle and disc to fossa. In past many non-invasive conservative treatment modalities were tried out for its treatment which are joint unloading, use of anti-inflammatory agents, physiotherapy etc...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Neetu Rani, Shalini Kaushal, Surendra Singh, Nandlal, M A Khan, Anjani Kumar Pathak
Introduction: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is considered as the second-generation platelet concentrate, contains combined properties of fibrin, platelets, leukocytes, growth factors, and cytokines that make it as healing biomaterial with incredible potential for hard tissue and soft tissue regeneration. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of PRF with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) graft (R. T. R) and compare it with β-TCP allograft alone in the treatment of mandibular Grade II furcation defects...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ranganath Ratnagiri, Shubhranshu Jena, P Parvathi, R Srikanth, G S N Raju
Background: Oral cancers are some of the most common cancers in India. Most patients present with locally advanced disease requiring extensive resection resulting in large defects. Reconstruction of these defects plays a major role in restoring form and function to these patients, as well as enabling the delivery of adjuvant therapy on time. Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to analyze the learning curve involved in microvascular surgery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the case records of all patients of oral cancers, who underwent resection and reconstruction between January 2008 and December 2012 at our institute, was done...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Shreya Singh, Vineeta Gupta, Ruchieka Vij, Rashmi Aggarwal, Bhagwat Sharma, Madhav Nagpal
Introduction: Oral leukoplakia, oral submucous fibrosis, and oral lichen planus are the precancerous or potentially malignant lesions and conditions whereas oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a cancerous or malignant lesion of the oral cavity. They have characteristic clinical and histopathological features. These diseases not only originate from epithelium but also associated with chronic inflammation juxta-epithellialy. Mast cells present in the connective tissue stroma and release pro-inflammatory and mitogenic cytokines...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Alok Kumar Sethi, Indu Bhusan Kar, Tanmoy Mohanty, Niranjan Mishra, Akhilesh Kumar Singh
Aim and Objectives: The aim is to know the augmented new bone formation in postsurgical bony defects in the maxillofacial region when filled with plasma-enriched demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA). Materials and Methods: The study group included 45 patients, selected randomly, and divided in three equated groups. In Group I (control) patients, the wound was closed primarily without incorporating any graft in the bony defect. In Group II, the defect was filled with DFDBA alone and in Group III with DFDBA enriched with platelet-rich plasma (PRP)...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ankit Arora, Sandeep Kumar Pandey, Ajoy Roychoudhury, Ongkila Bhutia, Radhika Tandon, Sahil Parvez Gagnani, Rahul Yadav
Purpose: We describe the piezo-osteotomy feasibility in rehabilitation and harvesting of osteo-odonto lamina in modified osteo-odonto keratoprosthesis (MOOKP) surgery. Surgery was evaluated regarding operative technique and success of the keratoprosthesis (KPros) in terms of perception to light (+ve) to finger counting (+ve). Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 12 patients undergone MOOKP surgery procedures. Harvesting of osteo-odonto-lamina was performed using piezosurgical osteotomy during 2007-2012...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Saurabh Srivastava, Shadab Mohammad, Shalini Gupta, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Rakesh Kumar Dixit, Vibha Singh, Fahad Mansoor Samadi
Introduction: Cancer of oral cavity is the uncontrolled expansion of damaged cell within the mouth cavity. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy was focused to kill the cancer cell, but it would affect the surrounding normal cells during oral cancer treatment. This study included the evaluation of chemoprotective effects of curcumin (CU), as an herbal remedy, on 5-FU-induced-cytotoxicity toward oral cancer treatment, loaded within a nanocarrier system. CU was combined with 5-FU chemotherapy as a combinational drug-delivery system to evaluate synergistic effects...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Abdul Ahad Khan, Anchal Srivastava, Deepak Passi, Manisha Devi, Lokesh Chandra, Mansi Atri
Aims and Objectives: Aims and objectives of the study were to study the effectiveness of Raj-yoga meditation and pranayama in patients with myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS) and compared the effects with ongoing conventional noninvasive treatment modalities. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 30 patients divided equally (10 each) into 3 group, i.e., control group (conventional, noninvasive treatment), Experimental A group (conventional, noninvasive treatment with raj-yoga meditation therapy and pranayama), and Experimental B group (Raj-yoga meditation therapy and pranayama only)...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Vikram Ahuja, Vikash Ranjan, Deepak Passi, Rashi Jaiswal
Aim and Objectives: The aim and objectives of this study are to investigate the various types of stress-inducing factors, most prevalent etiological factor and to determine the correlation between stress and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in Dental students in Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A sample of 450 students were selected for the study divided into two groups of undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) students further subdivided into UG (1st , 2nd , 3rd , and 4th , interns) and PG (1st , 2nd , 3rd year)...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
N Santhoshi Revathy, R Kannan, R S Karthik, M S Senthil Kumar, M A I Munshi, R Vijay
Aim: This study was to evaluate and compare the bone regeneration potential of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) placed in one of the extracted sockets after the surgical removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. Patients and Methods: Twenty-five patients (10 females and 15 males; 18-35 years old) were taken for surgical removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molar, performed in the same session. The autologous PRF was placed in one of the extracted sockets whereas the opposite side was taken as control side, and primary closure was done...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Tushar Manohar Rothe, Prachur Kumar, Navin Shah, Rakesh Shah, Ananth Kumar, Devika Das
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) screws and modified arch bar. Materials and Methods: This study is a randomized clinical trial in which all participants were divided into two groups of ten in each group and designated as Group A and Group B. In Group A, IMF was achieved by the use of four to six 2×8mm stainless steel IMF screws. In Group B, IMF was achieved by modified screw arch bar. Results: In the present study, a total of twenty patients were analyzed...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Mohammed Asdullah, Afroz Alam Ansari, Masood Hassan Khan, Nasir A Salati, Kauser J Khawja, Arti S Sachdev
Introduction: The lingula is used for identifying the site for injection of local anesthetics and for excision of nerve in facial neuralgia. The relationship between lingula and lingual nerves may aid in risk associated with an impacted third molar. Due to its connection to nerve and vascular structures, the study of the lingula provides important information related to oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures, such as the sagittal split ramus osteotomy and the intraoral vertico-sagittal ramus osteotomy carried out to correct dento facial deformities...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Akhilanand Chaurasia, Gaurav Katheriya
Background: Injuries of the maxillofacial complex represent one of the most important health problems worldwide. At present, in developing India, due to poor traffic sense, maxillofacial trauma and fractures are most epidemiologic diseases. Mandible is the largest and strongest facial bone and it is the second most commonly fractured bone. Mandibular fractures can involve only one site or can often involve multiple anatomic sites simultaneously. Aims: The present study is aimed to know the age- and sex-related prevalence of parasymphyseal fracture, fracture of angle, condylar fracture, symphyseal fracture, and coronoid fracture of mandible in North Indian population...
July 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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